Canada in English Канада


Реферат на тему Canada на английском языке

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Canada

The making of Canada

John Cabot, an Italian sea captain in the pay of the British, discovered Can-ada in 1497, five years after Columbus discovered America. He planted a huge cross on the shore and sailed home, with the news that he had reached north east China , the land of the Great Khan , and that the sea was full of fish.
In 1534 , the French explorer, Jacques Cartier, sailed right down the St.Lawrence River until he could go no further. Among the great forests along the shore he met Indians who welcomed him, but in return he kidnapped some of their chiefs . He was the first European to treat the Indians with cruelty and treachery. It was almost another hundred years before French colonists settled on the banks of the St Lawrence and founded Quebec. They were sent there to give food and shelter to the French fur traders, who were carrying on a profitable trade with the Indians.

By the middle of the 18th century, the French in North America realized that they could not avoid a fight to the death with the British and their American colonists, but back in France the French king , Louis XV , was too busy with his wars with Prus-sia to bother much about what was going on in the ‘ Land of Ice and Snow’. So the French troops in Canada did not receive the supplies they needed so badly, and the few ships that did try to get through were usually captured by British warships.
Yet this colonial war ended in a famous battle. The British surprised the French by climbing the cliffs at Quebec in the middle of the night. After their defeat , the French were forced to give up each inch of land in North America. But the British allowed the French colonists , all 60,000 of them , to stay on, and they did no try to change the French way of life or their religion. The French were all Catholics. But the British warned them that Louis XV of France was no longer their King. Their King, from now on, would be King George III of England.

At that time there were very few British colonists in Canada. The first British settlers in Canada were American refugees who refused to fight against the British army in the Revolutionary War , because they felt they were more British than Ameri-can. They called themselves Loyalists, but their fellow Americans accused them of being traitors and took away their possessions. 80,000 Loyalists helped the British to defend Canada against Americans during the Revolutionary War.
During the first half of the nineteenth century one million immigrants, mostly British, settled in Canada, but there were hardly any French immigrants from France. However, the French Canadians‘ birth rate was high, so that in just over two centuries the French Canadian population increased from 60,000 to 6 million.

Canada spread from Atlantic right across the prairies and the Rocky Moun-tains to British Columbia; and northwards to the bare but beautiful Yukon and the ice-covered islands of the Arctic. The pioneer farmers found that the black earth of the prairie provinces could grow some of the finest grain in the world. The tracks of the Canadian Pacific Railway pushed to westwards through Indian lands. To protect their land the Indians made fierce attacks on the railway-builders and the farmers.

Canada moved slowly towards self-rule during the second half of the nine-teenth century. A federation of the provinces was formed from Nova Scotia on the At-lantic coast to British Columbia on the far side of the Rockies. In 1936 Canada be-came a Dominion (a self-governing nation) within the British Commonwealth and Em-pire. The Dominions of Canada, New Zealand and South Africa went to war alongside Britain in 1918 and again in 1939.

People of Canada

Canada is a good example of the way peoples of different ways of life and dif-ferent languages can live side by side under one government. The population of Canada has risen from 11,5 million in 1941 to 25 million in 1980. Most of the new-comers are from Europe, Asia and the USA, so that today less than 44% of Can-ada’s population is of British origin. Quebec Province is still 90% French. There are some groups of French Canadiands in Ontario and Manitoba, but the numbers are quite small.

There are many Indians, Pacistanis and Chinese, and also blacks from the USA, among the immigrants who are pouring into Canada now. Some Canadians are afraid that before long Canada will have coloured citizens that white. Other Canadians are disturbed by the growing racism in their country. Canada, like so many countries, has only just begun to treat her own non-white citizens, Eskimos (or Inuit) and the Indians, as generously as they deserve. The Indian and Eskimo populations have grown quite a lot in the last few years. The government is at last realizing that it has a duty towards this people that it has neglected for so long.

All Canadian children have to learn both French and English at school, but Francophones and Anglophones do not enjoy learning each other’s language. Still, most Quebecois middle class families, living in Montreal are bilingual — they speak English and French equally well.

Until the Second World War, every Canadian province except Quebec was overwhelmingly British. Some Canadians were more patriotic than the British them-selves and were really angry if anyone walked out of a cinema while ‘God Save the King’ was being played. Now Canadians think of themselves as a people in their own right, not tied to either Britain or the USA. The USA has not been a threat to Canada for almost two hundred years. In fact, the 6,416 km US-Canadian frontier is the long-est continuous frontier in the world, has no wire fence, no soldiers, no guns on either side. It is called ‘The Border’.

Создание Канады

В 1497 году, через пять лет после того, как Колумб открыл Америку, Джон Кабот, итальянский капитан, наемник Британии, открыл Канаду. Он вкопал огромный крест на канадском берегу и приплыл домой с новостями о том, что он достиг северного побережья Китая, земель великого Хана, и что море там полно рыбой.

В 1534 году, французский исследователь Жак Картье, проплыл вниз по реке Cент-Лоренс, до того её места, далее которого он не смог плыть. Среди огромных лесов по берегам реки он встретил индейцев, которые приветствова-ли его. Однако, возвращаясь, Картье похитил нескольких индейских вождей. Он был первым из европейцев, кто поступил жестоко и предательски по отношению к индейцам. Почти через сто лет французские колонисты поселились на берегу Cент-Лоренса и основали Квебек. Они были посланы туда, чтобы обеспечивать продовольствием и давать кров французским торговцам мехом, которые зани-мались выгодной торговлей мехом с индейцами.

К середине 18-го столетия, французы в Северной Америке осознали, что не смогут избежать смертельной борьбы с британцами и их американскими ко-лонистами. Но король Франции Луи XV, был слишком занят войнами с Прусси-ей, чтобы беспокоиться о том, что происходит на ‘ Земле Льдов и Снегов ‘. Та-ким образом, французские отряды в Канаде не получили той поддержки, в кото-рой они так нуждались, и те немногие суда, которые пробовали достичь Фран-ции, обычно захватывались британскими военными кораблями.

И все же эта колониальная война, закончилась в знаменитой битве. Бри-танцы застали врасплох французов, поднявшись на утесы Квебека посреди но-чи. После поражения французы были вынуждены уступить Британии каждый дюйм освоенной земли в Северной Америке. Но британцы позволили всем 60,000 французских колонистов остаться и не делали никаких попыток изменить их жизненный уклад и религию. Все французы были католиками. Однако бри-танцызаявили, что король Франции Луи XV отныне не их король. Теперь их ко-ролем был король Англии Джордж III .
В то время в Канаде было очень мало британских колонистов. Первыми британскими поселенцами в Канаде были американские беженцы, которые от-казались воевать против британской армии в Революционной Войне, потому что чувствовали, что они были больше британцами, чем американцами. Они назва-ли себя лоялистами, но американцы обвиняли их в предательстве и отнимали их имущество. 80,000 лоялистов помогали британцам защищать Канаду от аме-риканцев в Революционной Войне.

В течение первой половины девятнадцатого столетия один миллион им-мигрантов, в большинстве своем британцев, поселились в Канаде. Однако их все равно было намного меньше, чем французских иммигрантов. Однако у них был настолько высокий уровень рождаемости, что в течение двух столетий на-селение французских канадцев увеличилось с 60,000 до 6 миллионов.
Канада простирается от Атлантики через прерии и Скалистые горы до Британской Колумбии; и на север к безжизненному, но прекрасному Юкону и к Арктике. Фермеры-первооткрыватели обнаружили, что на черноземах прерий можно выращивать самое в школе, лучшее зерно в мире. Рельсы Канадской Тихоокеанской Железной дороги тянулись на запад через индейские земли. Чтобы защитить свою землю, индейцы совершали жестокие нападения на строителей железной дороги и фермеров.

Канада медленно шла к самоуправлению в течение второй половины девятнадцатого столетия. Федерация провинций была сформирована от Новой Шотландии на Атлантическом побережье до Британской Колумбии на дальней стороне Скалистых гор. В 1936 году Канада стала Доминионом (самоуправ-ляющейся нацией) в рамках Британского Содружества и Империи. Доминионы Канады, Новой Зеландии и Южной Африки вступали в войну с Англией в 1918 г. и снова в 1939 году.

Народ Канады

Канада — хороший пример того, как люди, принадлежащие к разным куль-турам и говорящие на разных языках, могут жить вместе с одним правительст-вом. Население Канады выросло с 11,5 миллионов в 1941 до 25 миллионов в 1980 году. Большинство новых граждан — из Европы, Азии и США, таким обра-зом, на сегодняшний день коренные британцы составляют менее, чем 44 % на-селения Канады. В провинции Квебек 90 % населения – французы. В Онтарио и Манитобе есть небольшие поселения французских канадцев, но их население невелико.

Среди иммигрантов в Канаде есть много индейцев, пакистанцев и китай-цев, а также чернокожих из США. Некоторые канадцы опасаются, что вскоре в Канаде будет больше цветных граждан, чем белых. Другие встревожены расту-щим расизмом в стране. Канада, подобно другим странам, лишь недавно нача-ла обращаться со своими цветными гражданами, эскимосами и индейцами, так, как они того заслуживают. За последние несколько лет индейские и эскимосские поселения намного выросли. Теперь правительство наконец поняло, что имеет обязательства по отношению к этим людям, которые оно ранее не выполняло. Все канадские дети обязаны изучать в школе, как французский, так и англий-ский языки. Однако, большинство квебекских семейств среднего класса, живу-щих в Монреале говорят одинаково хорошо на английском и французском язы-ках.

До Второй Мировой войны, все канадские провинции кроме Квебека бы-ли британскими. Некоторые Канадцы были более патриотичны самих британцев и были очень недовольны, если кто-то выходил из кинотеатра, в то время как звучал ‘Боже, Храни Короля’. Теперь Канадцы себя независимым от Англии и США народом. США не были угрозой Канаде в течение почти двух веков. Гра-ница США с Канадой, длиной 6,416 км — самая длинная непрерывная граница в мире, которая не имеет никакого проволочного забора, никаких солдат, никакого оружия с обеих сторон. Она называется ‘The Border’.

Английский (топики / темы): Canada — Канада ( 2 )

Canada is situated on the north of Northern America, washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the west, and the Arctic Ocean in the north and in the northeast by the Baffin Bay and the Davis Strait, which separate it from Greenland, In the south and in the north Canada borders on the USA. It is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources. Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Canada’s territory is the world’s second largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia. It includes many islands, notably the Canadian Arctic Islands, also called Arctic Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbour to the south. The total area is about 10 million sq km. Canada is slightly larger than the US. It is an important manufacturer, and its major cities, such as Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Ottawa, Edmonton, Calgary and Winnipeg are centres of commerce and industry.

The climate of Canada varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north. The highest Canadian point is Mount Logan 5,959 m. The population of Canada is about 32 million people. There are two state languages: English and French. English is spoken by 60 % of population; French is spoken by 23 % of people.

Most of Canada’s inhabitants live in the southern part of the country and vast areas of the north are sparsely inhabited. The country is divided into ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut Territory). The third territory called Nunavut, to be carved from the present Northwest Territories, was created in 1999.
The name Canada is derived from an Iroquoian term meaning «village».

Among the great rivers of Canada there are the Saint Lawrence River, draining the Great Lakes and emptying into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence; the Ottawa and the Saguenay rivers, the principal affluents of the Saint Lawrence River; the Saint John River, emptying into the Bay of Fundy.

The government type is confederation with parliamentary democracy. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

Canada became independent from the United Kingdom on July, 1, 1867. Legal system is based on the English common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on the French law prevails.

The racial and ethnic makeup of the Canadian people is diversified. About 35 percent of the population is composed of people of the British origin. People of the French origin total about 25 percent of the population. The vast majority of French-speaking Canadians reside in Quebec, where they make up about three-fourths of the population; large numbers also live in Ontario and New Brunswick.

French-speaking Canadians maintain their language, culture, and traditions, and the federal government follows the policy of a bilingual and bicultural nation. During the 1970s and 1980s the proportion of Asians among the Canadian population increased, and today those who count their ancestry as wholly Asian make up 8 to 10 percent of the population. More than two-thirds of the Asian immigrants live in Ontario or British Columbia. The remainder of the population is composed of people of various ethnic groups, such as German, Italian, Ukrainian, Netherlands Dutch, Scandinavian, Polish, Hungarian, Greek, and Native American. Blacks have never constituted\a major segment of the Canadian population. Indigenous people make up nearly 2 percent of Canada’s inhabitants.

The largest religious community in Canada is Roman Catholic. Nearly half of Canadians who are Roman Catholic live in Quebec. Of the Protestant denominations in Canada the largest is the United Church of Canada, followed by the Anglican Church of Canada. Other important Protestant groups are the Baptist, Presbyterian and Lutheran. Nearly 2 percent of the population are Orthodox. Muslim and Jewish adherents each number about 1 percent. A substantial number of Buddhists, Hindus and Sikhs have been brought to the country in recent years by immigration. Nearly 13 percent of Canadians claim no religion.

Канада расположена в северной части Северной Америки, омывается Атлантическим Океаном на востоке, Тихим океаном на западе и Северным Ледовитым океаном на севере и на северо-востоке, заливом Баффина и проливом Девиса, которые отделяют ее от острова Гренландия* На юге и на севере Канада граничит с США. Канада является землей огромных расстояний и богатых природных ресурсов. Канада стала самоуправляющимся доминионом в 1867 году, сохраняя при этом связи с британской короной.

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Канада является второй по величине страной в мире, уступая по размеру только России. Ее территория включает много островов, особенно канадские Арктические острова, также называемые Арктическим архипелагом в Северном Ледовитом океане. Экономически и технологически нация развилась параллельно с США, своим южным соседом.

Общая площадь территории — приблизительно 10 миллионов кв. км. Канада немногим больше, чем США. Страна является важным производителем, а ее главные города, такие как Торонто, Монреаль, Ванкувер, Оттава, Эдмонтон, Калгари и Виннипег являются центрами торговли и промышленности.

Климат Канады меняется от умеренного на юге до субарктического и арктического на севере. Самая высокая точка Канады — гора Маунт Логан — 5959 м. Население Канады — приблизительно 32 миллиона человек. В Канаде два государственных языка: английский и французский. На английском языке говорят 60 % населения, на французском языке говорят 23 % населения.

Большинство жителей Канады живут в южной части страны, а обширные северные области практически не заселены. Страна разделена на десять провинций (Альберта, Британская Колумбия. Мантоба, Новый Брансвик, Ньюфаундленд, Новая Скотия, Онтарио, Принц Эдвард Исланд, Квебек, Саскатчевань) и три территории (Северо-западная территория, территория Юкон, территория Нунавут). Третья территория Нунавут была создана в 1999 году путем отделения от уже существующей Северо-западной территории.

Название Канада происходит от ирокезского термина «деревня».

Среди самых больших рек Канады — река Святого Лаврентия, текущая из Великих озер и впадающая в залив Святого Лаврентия, Оттава и Сагенай, основные притоки реки Святого Лаврентия; река Сейнт Джон (Святой Джон) впадает в залив Фанди.

Тип правительства — конфедерация с парламентской демократией. Столица Канады — Оттава. Согласно административному делению в Канаде есть 10 провинций и 3 территории.

Канада стала независимой от Великобритании 1 июля 1867 года. Юридическая система основана на английском общем праве, кроме территории Квебек, где преобладает система гражданского права, основанная на французском законодательстве.

Расовый и этнический состав населения Канады разнообразен. Приблизительно 35 процентов населения составляют люди британского происхождения. Люди французского происхождения составляют приблизительно 25 процентов от общего числа населения. Подавляющее большинство французоговорящих канадцев проживает в Квебеке, где они составляют примерно три четверти всего населения; многие живут в Онтарио и Новом Брансвике.

Говорящие на французском языке канадцы хранят свой язык, культуру и традиции, а федеральное правительство следует политике двуязычной нации, основанной на двух культурах. В течение 1970-х и 1980-х годов среди канадского населения возросло количество азиатов, и сегодня те, кто считают свое происхождение полностью азиатским, составляют от 8 до 10 процентов всего населения. Более двух третьих иммигрантов-азиатов живут в Онтарио, или Британской Колумбии. Остальная часть населения представлена людьми различных этнических групп, таких как немцы, итальянцы, украинцы, голландцы, скандинавы, поляки, венгры, греки и коренные американцы. Чернокожие никогда не
составляли существенную часть канадского населений- Местные народы составляют почти 2 процента от общего числа жителей Канады.

Самым большим религиозным сообществом в Канаде является римско-католическое сообщество. Почти половина его членов проживает в Квебеке. Из протестантских сообществ в Канаде самым большим является Объединенная церковь Канады, за которой следует Англиканская церковь Канады. Другие важные Протестантские сообщества — баптисты, пресвитериане, лютеранцы. Почти 2 процента от всего населения исповедуют православие. Мусульмане и евреи насчитывают каждый приблизительно по 1 проценту от общего числа населения. Иммиграция последних лет принесла в страну значительное число буддистов, индусов и сикхов. Почти 13 процентов канадцев заявляет, что не исповедуют никакой религии.

1. Where is Canada situated?
2. When did Canada become an independent dominion?
3. What size does Canada have?
4. What is the highest Canadian point?
5. How many people live in Canada?
6. How many people speak English?
7. How many people speak French?
8. How many provinces are there in Canada?
9. Are there indigenous people in Canada?
10. What is the largest religious community in Canada?

Vocabulary:
to wash — омывать
the Arctic Ocean — Северный Ледовитый океан
border — граница
vast — обширный, громадный; безбрежный
natural resource — природные ресурсы
self-governing dominion — доминион под самоуправлением
crown — корона
to surpass — превосходить, превышать
notably — весьма, заметно, очень, сильно
neighbour — сосед
slightly — мало, незначительно, слегка
commerce — коммерция, торговля
to vary — изменять(ся), менять(ся); отличаться
temperate — умеренный (о климате и т. п.)
subarctic — субарктический
sparsely — редко, негусто
to inhabit — населять, заселять
to be derived from — происходить от
Iroquoian — ирокезский
to drain — отводить воду, осуществлять дренаж
to empty into — зд. впадать
the Gulf of Saint Lawrence — залив Святого Лаврентия
the Ottawa — река Оттава
the Saguenay — река Сагенай
affluent — приток (реки)
confederation — конфедерация
to prevail — преобладать, господствовать
makeup — состав, строение
to diversify — разнообразить; изменять
to be composed of — состоять из
origin — происхождение
majority — большинство
to reside — пребывать, находиться
to maintain — поддерживать
bilingual — двуязычный
to increase — возрастать, увеличивать(ся); расти
ancestry — предки, прародители
indigenous — аборигенный, местный, туземный
Roman Catholic — римско-католический; католик
the United Church of Canada — Объединенная церковь Канады
the Anglican Church of Canada — Англиканская церковь Канады
the Baptist — баптисты
Presbyterian — пресвитерианин (представитель пресвитерианства — религиозного течения, являющегося разновидностью кальвинизма в англоязычных странах)
Lutheran — лютеране
Orthodox —релиз, православный
Muslim — мусульманин
-ewish — иудей
adherent — приверженец, сторонник
Buddhist — буддист
Hindus — индус
Sikh — сикх (последователи сикхизма, секты в индуизме)
to claim — заявлять, утверждать

Employer guide 2020-2020 — Young Canada Works

Table of Contents

Section 1: General Information

About YCW

Young Canada Works Footnote 1 (YCW) provides career opportunities for Canadian youth and solutions for employers by supporting summer job programs for students and internship programs for unemployed or underemployed college and university graduates. These programs help youth acquire skills in various sectors, such as the cultural and heritage sectors, as well as develop their second language skills.

Summer Jobs for Students and Internships for Graduates

General Objectives of YCW

  • help young Canadians gain practical work experience, develop their skills, enhance their employability, and learn more about their career options;
  • increase the pool of skilled and qualified candidates in the cultural and heritage sectors and offer opportunities to work in both official languages; and
  • enhance the knowledge and appreciation of Canada’s achievements and cultural heritage.

Application Process for Employers

Who can apply?

To determine if your organization is eligible to apply, please read the eligibility criteria specific to each program in Section 2 for Summer Work Experience for students and Section 3 for Career Focus for graduate internships.

How to apply?

YCW programs are implemented through various Delivery Organizations. You must apply online via the YCW Interactive Website to the Delivery Organization most appropriate to your organization’s mandate and/or project objectives. Delivery Organizations are responsible for evaluating and approving applications and for administering funded projects.

Contact information for the Delivery Organizations can be found in Appendix A.

Application status

Our goal is to issue an official notification of the funding decision within 10 weeks of the application deadline.

If your application is approved, you will receive an email confirmation from your Delivery Organization with a preliminary offer. If you accept the preliminary offer, your job description will then be posted online for potential candidates to view and you will then gain access to the online list of candidates in order to start recruitment for your YCW position(s).

If your application is refused, you will receive a written notification from the Delivery Organization.

All questions, including requests for feedback on your application, should be directed to the Delivery Organization to which you apply (see Appendix A).

Deadlines

Deadlines for employer applications vary from one program to another. Applications submitted after the annual deadline will not be considered for evaluation.

Languages and Work

*Please contact your chosen Delivery Organization to confirm the deadline date.

Employer Obligations

1. Recruiting and hiring

  • undertake a fair and transparent selection process (including open competitions and unbiased adjudication of eligible candidates) and respond to applicants in a timely manner (you may be required to explain your selection process in writing to your Delivery Organization);
  • ensure that all candidates are registered in the YCW online candidate inventory and meet program eligibility criteria (see Candidate Eligibility);
  • complete and submit an online Candidate Eligibility Form to your Delivery Organization for pre-approval of your candidate(s) eligibility BEFORE hiring your chosen candidate;
  • sign a contract with your Delivery Organization, upon approval of your candidate, detailing the YCW contribution amount, contractual terms and conditions and the timing of payments;
  • complete an online Staffing Report within the first week of employment and ensure the candidate also has completed and submitted his portion of the Report;
  • comply with applicable federal, provincial or territorial labour laws, regulations and statutes, including occupational safety standards and employment insurance or equivalent; and
  • acknowledge the Government of Canada in your promotional and media activities. For guidelines and graphic symbols see: Public Acknowledgement.
  • confirm the intern’s legal status (visa requirements, required financial guarantees, etc.);
  • subscribe to travel updates available at https://travel.gc.ca/travelling/advisories;
  • provide intern placement details to your Delivery Organization at least two months before the intern’s expected departure;
  • advise interns with dual citizenship that they must travel with Canadian documents in order to receive services from the Government of Canada while abroad; and
  • ensure that each intern, before leaving Canada, registers at the Government of Canada website: http://travel.gc.ca/travelling/registration.

In an emergency, 24-hour assistance is available through government offices that provide consular services to Canadian citizens abroad:

From outside Canada:

Telephone
+1-613-996-8885 (call collect where available)

From inside Canada:

Telephone (not related to passport)
613-996-8885
1-800-387-3124 (toll-free from the U.S. and Canada only)

Candidate Eligibility

Any student or graduate intern you hire must:

  • be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident, or have refugee status in Canada;

Note: Non-Canadian students or graduates holding temporary work visas or awaiting permanent status are not eligible.

  • be legally entitled to work in Canada;
  • be between 15* and 30 years of age at the start of employment (*where permissible under provincial/territorial labour laws);
  • have completed the school year at the start of employment;
  • meet the specific eligibility criteria of the program to which you apply;
  • be registered in the YCW online candidate inventory;
  • be willing to commit to the full duration of the work assignment (minimum 30 hours a week); and
  • not have another full-time job while employed in a YCW job.

Participants in a Summer Work Experience program must:

Participants in a Career Focus program must:

  • be a recent graduate who has graduated from college or university within 24 months of the start of employment;
  • be unemployed or underemployed, i.e. not employed full-time;
  • not be receiving Employment Insurance (EI) benefits while employed in a YCW job; and
  • not have previously participated in or been paid under a YCW internship or any other Career Focus internships funded under the Government of Canada’s Youth Employment and Skills Strategy.

2. Training and supervision

  • consult the Government of Canada website at https://travel.gc.ca/travelling/advisories for the Country Travel Reports (including up-to-date information on safety, security, health, and visa requirements); and
  • monitor your intern’s progress using electronic and telephone communications.


3. Salary and benefits

  • pay wages and benefits in a timely manner in accordance with labour laws and regulations of the province/territory of the work site. Employee wages must be in line with industry standards in the region where they are working and commensurate with their training and work experience. The subsidized work week is a minimum of 30 to a maximum of 40 hours. YCW contributions are based on the actual salaries paid to employees; and
  • pay participants from payroll and make the required source deductions.

4. Transportation arrangements

If transportation is required for the duties related to the job, you must

    provide health and travel insurance for participants while outside Canada, including coverage for repatriation for medical, or security and safety emergencies;

pay a living allowance abroad sufficient to maintain an equivalent standard of living to that in Canada, based on local conditions; and

Note: Living allowances and other financial support must comply with Canadian laws and regulations. YCW interns must receive wages (in Canada) and a living allowance (abroad) in a timely manner, and in keeping with industry standards.

  • The Canada Revenue Agency considers the intern’s income and supplementary benefits taxable income. Earnings in most cases are pensionable and insurable and must be declared by the interns.
  • 5. Reporting and follow up

    • keep an account of cash and in-kind contributions and expenditures;
    • ensure that you and your YCW employee(s) complete ALL of the following forms that are available online at the YCW interactive Website in a timely manner:
      • Candidate Eligibility Form (before hiring)
      • Staffing Report (due the first week of the employment period)
      • Evaluation Questionnaire (employee(s)’s portion due during the last week of employment; employer’s portion due within 30 days of the last day of employment)
      • End of Work Term Report (employee(s)’s portion due during the last week of employment; employer’s portion due within 30 days of the last day of employment)

    Any additional information or documentation that may be requested by your Delivery Organization (for example, supporting payroll documentation).

    6. Questions?

    Contact your Delivery Organization (Annex A) if you have questions or need more information.

    Or, call the Government of Canada’s Youth Information Line:

    Section 2: Summer Jobs for Students

    Young Canada Works offers two Summer Work Experience programs:

    YCW in Heritage Organizations

    Is your organization eligible?

    Your organization is eligible if it is:

    • an incorporated, non-profit organization in Canada with a heritage mandate, such as a museum*, archives, library, or an organization managing a heritage site**;
    • an educational or cultural institution that has distinct objectives, programs and budget related to heritage;
    • a non-profit organization under a provincial, territorial, regional or municipal government, that has distinct objectives, programs and budget related to heritage;
    • a professional heritage service organization;
    • an Indigenous regional government or governing body (band/tribal council) and/or Indigenous organization with a mandate to preserve and support Indigenous heritage (First Nations, Inuit and Métis); and
    • stable and financially healthy.

    *Note: For the purposes of this program, a museumis defined as a permanent institution that collects, preserves and makes accessible to the public heritage resources, which it holds in trust for society. Eligible applicants include art galleries, cultural centres, natural history museums, historical and heritage societies, science centres, zoos, aquaria, botanical/heritage gardens, insectaria and herbaria.

    **Note: The term «heritage site» includes monuments, architectural heritage, historic and archaeological sites or elements or structures of an archaeological nature, which are of historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological value. Naturally-occurring landscapes and related nature conservation organizations are not eligible under this program. (Please consult the Environment and Climate Change Canada website at www.ec.gc.ca for alternative programs, such as the Science Horizons Youth Internship Program.)

    Your organization is not eligible if it is:

    • a federal department, federal agency or a Crown Corporation;
    • a provincial or territorial government department;
    • for-profit; or
    • a non-profit organization, with a heritage mandate in support of a federal entity, that is operationally dependent on the federal entity by virtue of its administrative and/or contractual relationship.

    For more information about the employer eligibility criteria, please consult the Employer Selection Criteria webpage.

    What objectives should your application address?

    Your application should meet YCW general objectives as well as the following specific program objectives that follow.

    Young Canada Works in Heritage Organizations (YCWHO) helps Canadian students to acquire, through summer or short-term jobs, the knowledge and skills needed to prepare for the heritage sector labour market and to consider career choices in the heritage sector.

    The specific objectives of YCWHO are:

    For students:
    • help them acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to prepare for the heritage sector labour market and to increase their employability;
    • provide them with opportunities to network with heritage professionals;
    • increase their knowledge and appreciation of significant local and national achievements and of heritage fields; and
    • encourage them to consider a career in a heritage field.
    For the heritage sector:
    • help heritage organizations maintain their operations in key functions with a skilled workforce.
    Repeat participants

    Government priorities

    Please note that the application assessment process will take into account the following priorities:

    Indigenous organizations, youth, and cultural heritage (First Nations, Inuit or Metis), including applications:

    • from indigenous employers (all eligible projects);
    • for a project aimed at indigenous participants (indigenous or non-indigenous employer);
    • for a project focusing on indigenous cultural heritage (indigenous or a non-indigenous employer).

    For more information about the evaluation process, please contact the Delivery Organization (Appendix A) to which you intend to apply.

    How to apply

    You must apply online at the YCW Interactive Website to the Delivery Organization (see Appendix A) with a mandate closest to your organization’s mandate or to that of the proposed job.

    • Association pour l’avancement des sciences et des techniques de la documentation (Canadian Francophone libraries and related documentation centres);
    • Canadian Council of Archives (Canadian archives and related organizations or Canadian libraries operating in English);
    • Canadian Museums Association (Canadian museums and related heritage organizations); and
    • The National Trust for Canada (Canadian built heritage sites and related organizations).

    How much assistance is available?

    * For a participant (employee) who must travel more than 125 km between their primary residence and the summer job work site, the program may cover reasonable transportation costs (one round trip) in accordance with program policy. Accommodation costs are the responsibility of the participant. As applicable, the employer should notify their Delivery Organization upon approval of the candidate to obtain the Participants Transportation Policy and Transportation Assistance Requests Forms (to be completed by the participant and employer) and to discuss possible transportation arrangements.

    If you are planning to hire an eligible participant with a disability, please notify your Delivery Organization upon approval of your candidate regarding any special requirements to facilitate their participation. Reasonable costs related to job accommodation requirements may be reimbursed up to a maximum of $3,000 per participant.

    For more information on financial assistance, please see the contractual terms and conditions for employers and/or contact the Delivery Organization (Appendix A) to which you intend to apply.

    How will the funds be delivered?

    Your selected Delivery Organization will evaluate your application. If your YCWHO project(s) is approved:

    Important note: If you cannot meet the terms and conditions of employment as set out in your contract, or these change, you must immediately contact your Delivery Organization to amend your contract.

    Questions?

    Contact your selected Delivery Organization (Appendix A) if you have questions or need more information.

    OR, call the Government of Canada’s Youth Information Line:

    YCW in Both Official Languages

    1. a job in which the employee’s first official language is used to foster the development of an official-language minority community (Francophone community outside of Quebec or Anglophone community within Quebec); or
    2. a job offering the opportunity to practice second-language skills (including Languages at Work).

    Is your organization eligible?

    Your organization is eligible if it is:

    • a private, public, non-profit organization, or a municipality;
    • incorporated;
    • involved in national, provincial, territorial, municipal or community activities;
    • willing to hire young people from other regions of Canada;
    • conducting activities in both official languages; and
    • stable and financially healthy.

    Your organization is not eligible if it is:

    • a federal department, federal agency or a Crown Corporation; or
    • a provincial or territorial government department.

    What objectives should your application address?

    For students:

    • explore career opportunities using both official languages;
    • acquire practical work experience;
    • develop professional networks in official-language minority communities; and
    • discover a new region of Canada.

    For the official languages sector:

    • promote the benefits of Canada’s linguistic duality;
    • assist businesses and organizations in providing services in both official languages across Canada; and
    • support the development of official-language minority communities.

    For the community, region and country:

    • enhance services in both official languages by businesses and organizations in various regions of the country;
    • contribute to the labour force needs of official-language minority communities; and
    • contribute to the sustainable development of official-language minority communities and help address the exodus of young people.

    For more information about the employer eligibility criteria, please consult the Employer Selection Criteria webpage.

    How much assistance is available?

    If you are planning to hire an eligible student with a disability, please notify your Delivery Organization upon approval of your chosen candidate regarding any special requirements to facilitate the student’s participation. Reasonable costs related to job accommodation requirements may be reimbursed up to a maximum of $3,000 per participant.

    The Canada Revenue Agency considers the student’s income and supplementary benefits taxable income. Earnings in most cases are pensionable and insurable and must be declared by the students.

    For more information on financial assistance, please see the contractual terms and conditions for employers.

    How will the funds be delivered?

    Your organization will enter into a contract with and receive payments from the appropriate Delivery Organization. Payments will be made once the Delivery Organization has received and accepted the documents required by the terms of the contract.

    Languages at Work


    Important: Languages at Work has special conditions. Please read carefully.

    The goals of the program are to provide Canadian students with a practical summer job experience and a chance to practice and improve their second official language following their participation in the Explore program (bursary program offered by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC)).

    Your organization is eligible if it:

    For more information, please contact the Fédération de la jeunesse canadienne-française at 613- 562-4624 or visit their Web site at http://www.languagesatwork.ca/.

    How to apply

    You must apply online at the YCW Interactive Website to the Delivery Organization responsible for delivering the program in your province/territory. See Appendix A.

    For more information, please contact the Delivery Organization (Appendix A) to which you plan to submit your application directly.

    Section 3: Internships for Graduates

    Young Canada Works offers two Career Focus programs for unemployed or underemployed college and university graduates:

    YCW at Building Careers in Heritage

    Young Canada Works at Building Careers in Heritage (YCWBCH) helps unemployed or under-employed recent Canadian college and university graduates to acquire professional skills and experience through career-oriented internships in Canada and abroad.

    This program supports four general types of internships, including:

    Internships in Canada in:

    1. Heritage fields related to the key functions of a museum, archives, library, built heritage or heritage site
    2. Conservation sciences
    3. Arts administration or arts practice

    International Museology internships

    Is your organization eligible?

    Your organization is eligible if it is:

    • an incorporated, non-profit organization in Canada with a heritage mandate, such as a museum*, archives, library, or an organization managing a heritage site**, or an arts organization;
    • an educational or cultural institution that has distinct objectives, programs and budget related to heritage;
    • a non-profit organization, under a provincial, territorial, regional or municipal government, that has distinct objectives, programs and budget related to heritage;
    • a professional heritage or arts service organization;
    • an Indigenous regional government or governing body (band/tribal council) and/or Indigenous organization with a mandate to preserve and support Indigenous heritage (First Nations, Inuit or Metis); and
    • stable and financially healthy.

    *Note: For the purposes of this program, a museum is defined as a permanent institution that collects, preserves and makes accessible to the public heritage resources, which it holds in trust for society. Eligible applicants include art galleries, cultural centres, natural history museums, historical and heritage societies, science centres, zoos, aquaria, botanical/heritage gardens, insectaria and herbaria.

    **Note: The term «heritage site» includes monuments, architectural heritage, historic and archaeological sites or elements or structures of an archaeological nature, which are of historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological value. Naturally-occurring landscapes and related nature conservation organizations are not eligible under this program. (Please consult the Environment and Climate Change Canada website at www.ec.gc.ca for alternative programs, such as the Science Horizons Youth Internship Program.)

    Your organization is not eligible if it is:

    • a federal department, federal agency or a Crown Corporation;
    • a provincial or territorial government department;
    • for-profit; or
    • a non-profit organization with a heritage or arts mandate in support of a federal entity that is operationally dependent on the federal entity by virtue of its administrative and/or a contractual relationship.

    For more information about Employer Selection Criteria, please consult Internships in Canada and/or International Museology Internships.

    What objectives should your application address?

    Your application should meet YCW general objectives as well as specific program objectives that follow.

    The specific objectives of YCWBCH are:

    For graduates:

    • help Canadian young graduates find career-oriented internships corresponding to their educational profile in order to acquire specialized skills and increase their employability;
    • help them to acquire advanced professional work experience as well as knowledge and practical skills in key functions of heritage and culture organizations; and
    • help them to integrate into the labour force in the heritage and culture sectors after their internship or earn money for post-graduate studies in a related sphere.

    For the heritage sector

    • help heritage and culture organizations meet their long-term needs for professional human resources to sustain their ongoing operations.

    Government priorities

    Please note that the application assessment process will take into account the following priorities:

    • Indigenous organizations, youth, and cultural heritage, including applications: from Indigenous employers (all eligible projects);
    • for a project aimed at Indigenous participants (Indigenous or a non-Indigenous employers); and
    • for a project focusing on Indigenous cultural heritage (Indigenous or a non-Indigenous employers).

    For more information on the evaluation of the applications, please contact the Delivery Organization (Appendix A) to which you intend to apply.

    How to apply

    You must apply online at the YCW Interactive Website to the Delivery Organization (see Appendix A) with a mandate closest to your organization’s mandate or to that of the proposed project.

    For internships in Canada:

    1. in heritage fields related to the key functions of a museum, archives, library, built heritage or heritage site please apply online directly to the most appropriate Delivery Organization below:
      • Association pour l’avancement des sciences et des techniques de la documentation (Canadian Francophone libraires and documentation centres)
      • Canadian Council of Archives (Canadian archives and related organizations or Canadian libraries operating in English)
      • Canadian Museums Association (Canadian museums and related organizations)
      • The National Trust for Canada (Canadian built heritage sites and related organizations)
    2. Conservation sciences: Please apply online directly to the Canadian Museums Association
    3. Arts administration or arts practice: Please apply online directly to the Cultural Human Resources Council

    For International Museology Internships*: Please apply online directly to the Canadian Museums Association.

    *Applications are accepted from Canadian museums and related heritage organizations which, in collaboration with a museum or related heritage organization situated outside Canada, propose a museology internship project to take place, in part or in whole, at the foreign host organization. For example, an exhibition project requiring research or on site work abroad.

    For more information, please contact the Delivery Organization to which you plan to submit your application (Appendix A).

    How much assistance is available?

    Transportation Costs

    For international museology internships: The program will cover transportation costs (one round trip) for travel to the international work placement and provide a monthly housing allowance up to $15 per day.

    If you are planning to hire an eligible intern with a disability, please notify your Delivery Organization, upon approval of your candidate regarding any special requirements to facilitate their participation. Reasonable costs related to job accommodation requirements may be reimbursed up to a maximum of $3,000 per participant.

    For more information on financial assistance, please see the contractual terms and conditions for employers.

    How will the funds be delivered?

    Your selected Delivery Organization will evaluate your application. If approved:

    Questions?

    Contact your selected Delivery Organization (Appendix A) if you have questions or need more information.

    Or, call the Government of Canada’s Youth Information Line:

    YCW at Building Careers in English and French (Canadian and International internships)

    Is your organization eligible?

    Your organization is eligible if it is:

    • a private, public or non-profit organization with opportunities to build advanced skills through internships;
    • incorporated;
    • stable and financially healthy;
    • conducting activities in both official languages; and
    • for domestic internships: an official-language minority community media (radios and newspapers).

    Eligible organizations include, but are not limited to, language schools, publishers, educational institutions, translation firms, visual and performing arts, film and video companies, and cultural and heritage organizations.

    Your organization is not eligible if it is:

    • a federal department, federal agency or a Crown Corporation; or
    • a provincial or territorial government department.

    What objectives should your application address?

    For graduates:

    • gain practical work experience and build advanced skills in career-related work;
    • develop an understanding of international labour markets and existing language industries;
    • promote language industries through educational institutions and help develop international youth networks;
    • enter the workforce during or at the end of the employment period;
    • develop specialized skills for the international labour market and for the language industries; and
    • acquire specialized skills useful to meet the labour market needs of official-language minority communities.

    For the official language sector:

    • help develop the knowledge economy relating to Canada’s language industries;
    • support employers and host organizations in official-language minority communities; and
    • increase the pool of highly qualified youth in key official language-related sectors of the international labour market.

    For the community, region and country:

    • assist in building official-language capacity, job opportunities and opportunities for new immigrants in official-language minority communities;
    • support the sustainable development of organizations and communities;
    • increase the pool of young Canadians able to function in both official languages in official language-related sectors;
    • showcase Canada’s culture abroad; and
    • raise the linguistic and cultural profile of Canada abroad.

    For more information on the evaluation process, please contact the Fédération de la jeunesse canadienne-française (FJCF) .

    How much assistance is available?

    If you are planning to hire an eligible graduate with a disability, please notify your Delivery Organization, upon approval of your chosen candidate regarding any special requirements to facilitate the intern’s participation. Reasonable costs related to job accommodation requirements may be reimbursed up to a maximum of $3,000 per participant.

    The Canada Revenue Agency considers the student’s income and supplementary benefits taxable income. Earnings in most cases are pensionable and insurable and must be declared by the students.

    For more information on financial assistance, please see the contractual terms and conditions for employers.

    How will the funds be delivered?

    You will enter into a contract with and receive payment from the Fédération de la jeunesse canadienne-française (FJCF). Payments for approved positions will be sent when the FJCF receives and accepts the required reporting forms.

    How to apply

    Appendix A: Delivery Organizations

    Footnotes

    Young Canada Works is an initiative of the Department of Canadian Heritage in support of the Government of Canada’s Youth Employment Strategy.

    Canada in English Канада

    English Canadian — an English speaking Canadian. [1810 20] * * * … Universalium

    English Canadian — an English speaking Canadian. [1810 20] … Useful english dictionary

    Canadian English — (CanE, en CA) [en CA is the language code for Canadian English , as defined by ISO standards (see ISO 639 1 and ISO 3166 1 alpha 2) and Internet standards (see IETF language tag).] is the variety of English used in Canada. More than 26 million… … Wikipedia

    Canadian popular culture — (or pop culture) is the vernacular (people s) culture that prevails in Canadian society. Canadian popular culture is influenced by Canada s British and French ancestry. Canadian pop culture is also influenced by the United States, which borders… … Wikipedia

    Canadian poetry — is poetry written in Canada, by Canadians. There are three distinct branches of Canadian poetry: French Canadian poetry (mostly written by Québécois authors), First Nations poetry and English Canadian poetry.English Canadian Poetry Beginnings The … Wikipedia

    Canadian nationalism — is a term which has been applied to >Wikipedia

    English Canada — is a term used to describe one of the following: # English Canadians, a term usually meaning English speaking Canadians, as opposed to French speaking Canadian. It is employed when comparing English and French language literature, media, or art.… … Wikipedia

    Canadian Crusoes — Canadian Crusoes: A Tale of the Rice Lake Plains is a novel by Catharine Parr Traill. Written after The Backwoods of Canada (1836), it is her second Canadian book. It was first published in 1852 by London publisher Arthur Hall, Virtue, and… … Wikipedia

    Canadian (disambiguation) — Canadian usually means a person or thing from Canada. It can also refer to:People*White Canadian *Black Canadian *Indo Canadian *Dutch Canadian *English Canadian *Scottish Canadian *Irish Canadian *Welsh Canadian *French Canadian *Native Canadian … Wikipedia

    Английский (топики / темы): Canada — Канада (1)


    Canada is the second largest country in the world. Only Russia has a greater land area. Canada is situated in North America. Canada is slightly larger than the United States, but has only about a tenth as many people. About 28 million people live in Canada. About 80 % of the population live within 320 km of the southern border. Much of the rest of Canada is uninhabited or thinly populated because of severe natural conditions.

    Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and 2 territories. Canada is an independent nation. But according to the Constitution Act of 1982 British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is recognized as Queen of Canada. This symbolizes the country’s strong ties to Britain. Canada was ruled by Britain completely until 1867, when Canada gained control of its domestic affairs. Britain governed Canada’s foreign affairs until 1931, when Canada gained full independence.

    Canada’s people are. varied. About 57 % of all Canadians have some English ancestry and about 32 % have some French ancestry. Both English and French are official languages of the country. French Canadians, most of whom live in the provinces of Quebec, have kept the language and customs of their ancestors. Other large ethnic groups are German, Irish and Scottish people. Native people—American Indians and Eskimos — make up about 2 % of the country’s population.» 77 % of Canada’s people live in cities or towns. Toronto and Montreal are the largest urban areas. Ottawa is the capital of the country.

    Today, maintaining a sense of community is one of the major problems in Canada because of differences among the provinces and territories. Many Canadians in western and eastern parts of the country feel that the federal government does not pay enough attention to their problems. 80 % of Quebec’s population are French Canadians. Many of them believe that their province should recieve a special recognition in the Canadian constitution.

    Канада — это вторая по величине страна в мире. Только Россия имеет большую площадь. Канада находится в Северной Америке. Канада немного больше Соединенных Штатов, однако в ней живет в десять раз меньше людей. В Канаде — около 28 миллионов жителей. Около 80 % населения живет в пределах 320 км от южной границы. Большая часть остальной территории Канады не заселена или мало заселена из-за суровых природных условий.

    Канада является федерацией 10 провинций и 2 территорий. Канада — это независимое государство. Но согласно Конституционному акту 1982 года английская королева Елизавета II признана главой государства Канады. Это символизирует прочные связи страны с Британией. Британия правила Канадой вплоть до 1867 года, когда Канада получила контроль над своими внутренними делами. Британия управляла иностранными делами Канады до 1931 года, когда Канада получила полную независимость.

    Население Канады разнообразно. Около 57 % канадцев имеют английское происхождение и около 32 % жителей — канадцы французского происхождения. Как английский, так и французский являются государственными языками страны.

    Французские канадцы, большинство из которых живет в провинции Квебек, сохранили язык и обычаи своих предков. Другими большими этническими группами являются немцы, ирландцы и шотландцы. Коренные народы, американские индейцы и эскимосы, составляют около 2 % населения страны. 77 % населения Канады живет в больших и малых городах. Торонто и Монреаль — самые большие города. Оттава — столица страны.

    Сегодня сохранение чувства общности является главной проблемой в Канаде из-за различий среди провинций и территорий. Многие канадцы в западных и восточных областях страны считают, что федеральное правительство не уделяет достаточно внимания их проблемам. 80 % населения Квебека — французские канадцы. Многие из них считают, что провинция должна получить специальное признание в канадской Конституции.

    1. Where is Canada situated?
    2. How many people live in Canada t
    3. Where do most Canadians live?
    4. Who is the head of state in Canada?
    5. When did Canada gain its independence?
    6. What are the official languages in Canada?
    7. What people live in Canada?
    8. What is the main problem facing Canada today?

    Vocabulary:
    land area — площадь
    population — население
    border — граница
    uninhabited — незаселенный
    thinly populated — малонаселенный
    severe — суровый
    natural conditions — природные условия
    federation — федерация
    independent — независимый
    Constitution Act — Конституционный акт
    British Monarch — английская королева
    the United Kingdom — Соединенное Королевство
    to recognize — признавать
    ties — связи
    to rule — править
    domestic affairs — внутренние дела
    to govern — управлять
    foreign affairs — иностранные дела
    ancestry — происхождение
    official language — государственный язык
    custom — обычай
    ancestors — предки
    Indians — индейцы
    to make up — составлять
    urban — городской
    capital — столица
    to maintain — сохранять
    community — общность
    government — правительство
    to pay attention — уделять внимание
    recognition — признание

    Канада; Canada — Топик по английскому языку

    Тема по английскому языку: Канада

    Топик по английскому языку: Канада (Canada). Данный текст может быть использован в качестве презентации, проекта, рассказа, эссе, сочинения или сообщения на тему.

    Страна

    Канада расположена в северной части Северной Америки. Она омывается Атлантическим, Тихим и Северным Ледовитым океанами, заливом Баффина и проливом Дэвиса. Она граничит с США на юге и севере. Население Канады составляет около 31 миллиона человек, 80% которого живет в маленьких и крупных городах в южной части страны. Канада – вторая крупнейшая страна в мире после России. Территория Канады состоит из многих островов, самыми известными из которых являются канадские Арктические острова. Столица Канады – Оттава.

    Население

    В Канаде два официальных языка: английский и французский. На последнем разговаривают 23% жителей. Большинство людей французского происхождения проживают в Квебеке, Онтарио и Новом Брансвике. Они поддерживают свою культуру и традиции.

    Климат

    Климат страны варьируется от умеренного на юге до субарктического и арктического на севере. Имея потенциально активные вулканы, такие как гора Мига, гора Гарибальди, гора Кайли и вулканический комплекс Эдзиза, Канада испытывает частые землетрясения.

    Система

    Канада состоит из 10 провинций и 3 территорий и управляется как парламентская демократия и конституционная монархия.

    Промышленность

    Канада – промышленная нация с высоко развитыми научным и технологичным сектором. Она обладает 18 Нобелевскими лауреатами в физике, химии и медицине. Канада – одна из крупнейших в мире поставщиков сельскохозяйственных культур, таких как пшено, канола и другие. Эта страна является значимым источником природных ресурсов: цинка, урана, золота, алюминия и свинца. Среди главных направлений промышленности страны можно выделить автомобильную и аэрокосмическую, сосредоточенные, в основном, в Онтарио и Квебеке.

    Заключение

    Стоит отметить, что Канада – одна из самых высокоразвитых и богатых стран в мире.

    Скачать Топик по английскому языку: Канада

    Canada

    Country

    Canada is situated in the north part of Northern America. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, the Baffin Bay and the Davis Straight. It borders on the USA in the south and in the north. The population of the country is about 31 million people, 80 per cent of which live in towns and cities in the southern areas. Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. The territory of the country includes lots of islands, most known of which is the Canadian Arctic Islands. The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

    Population

    There are two official languages in Canada: English and French. The last is spoken by 23 per cent of inhabitants. The majority of the people of the French origin live in Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick. They maintain their own culture and traditions.

    Climate

    The climate of the country varies from temperate in the south to subarctic and arctic in the north. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, such as Mount Meager, Mount Garibaldi, Mount Cayley and the Mount Edziza volcanic complex.

    System

    Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories and is governed as parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

    An industrial nation

    Canada is an industrial nation with a highly developed science and technology sector. It has 18 Nobel Laureates in physics, chemistry and medicine. Canada is also one of the world’s largest suppliers of agricultural products such as wheat, canola and other grains. The country is a major source of natural resources: zinc, uranium, gold, aluminium and lead. Among the country’s main industries are automobiles and aeronautics, concentrated mostly in Ontario and Quebec.

    Conclusion

    It is worth saying that Canada is one of the most highly developed and wealthiest countries in the world.

    Canada. Про Канаду на английском языке

    См. также

    Мы продолжаем нашу серию полезностей с интересными фактами об англоязычных странах, и на сей раз мы поделимся с Вами любопытной информацией о Канаде. Что Вам приходит на ум, когда Вы слышите слово «Канада»? Мы сразу вспоминаем хоккей, кленовый сироп и жуткий холод. Но в этой стране есть много всего другого интересного и необычного! Enjoy it!

    Insane facts about geography

    Безумные факты о географии

    31% of Canada is taken up by forests.

    31% территории Канады занимают леса.

    20% of the world’s fresh water is in Canada.

    20% пресной воды в мире находится в Канаде.

    Canada has more lakes than all other countries combined.

    В Канаде больше озер, чем во всех других странах вместе взятых.

    There are 1,453 airports in Canada.

    В Канаде 1453 аэропорта.

    About 2 km under Sudbury, Ontario is the world’s deepest underground lab, SNOLAB.

    Около 2 км под Садбери, Онтарио, находится самая глубокая в мире подземная лаборатория SNOLAB.

    Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world.

    Канада имеет самую длинную береговую линию в мире.

    The world’s first UFO landing pad was built in 1967 in St. Paul, Alberta.

    Первая в мире площадка для посадки НЛО была построена в 1967 году в Сент-Пол, Альберта.

    Insane facts about the language

    Безумные факты о языке

    «Loonies» and «toonies» are commonly used names for 1$ and 2$ coins.

    «Луни» и «туни» — общепринятые названия для канадских монет достоинством 1 и 2 доллара.

    Saint-Louis-du-Ha!-Ha! is the only town in the world with two exclamation marks.

    Сен-Луи-де-Ха!-Ха! – единственный город в мире с двумя восклицательными знаками.

    9.5 million of Canada’s 34.9 million people speak French.

    9,5 миллионов человек из 34,9 миллиона в Канаде говорят по-французски.

    «A Mari usque ad Mare» (from sea to sea) is Canada’s official motto.

    «A Mari usque ad Mare» (от моря до моря) — официальный девиз Канады.

    In Saskatchewan a hoodie is called «a bunnyhug».

    В Саскачеване балахон называется «заячье объятие».

    «A bluenoser» is a term used for people from the province of Nova Scotia.

    «Синий нос» — термин для обозначения людей из провинции Новая Шотландия.

    «Colour, behaviour, labour» — Canadian words are spelt the British way, rather than the American way.

    «Colour, behaviour, labour» — канадские слова имеют британское написание, а не американское.

    Canada’s longest place name is Pekwachnamaykoskwaskwaypinwanik Lake.

    Самое длинное географическое название в Канаде — озеро Пеквахнамайкоскваквейпинваник.

    1835 is the year of the first known use of the term «Canuck», referring to a Canadian.

    1835 год — год первого использования термина «Канук» по отношению к жителю Канады.

    Other insane facts

    Другие безумные факты

    100$ bills are rumoured to smell of maple – the Bank of Canada denies this.

    По слухам, канадские 100-долларовые банкноты пахнут кленом — Банк Канады отрицает это.

    80.5% of Canadian homes have Internet.

    В 80,5% домах Канады есть интернет.

    The number of points on the Canadian flag’s maple leaf is 11.

    Количество заостренных кончиков на кленовом листе канадского флага – 11.

    1982 is the year Canada officially became its own country.

    В 1982 году Канада официально стала суверенной страной.

    License plates in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are shaped like polar bears.

    Номерные знаки в Нунавуте и Северо-Западных территориях имеют форму белых медведей.

    Canada. Про Канаду на английском

    Insane facts about geography Безумные факты о географии 31% of Canada is taken up by forests. 31% территории Канады занимают леса. 20% of the world’s fresh water is in Canada. 20% пресной воды в мире находится в Канаде. Canada has more lakes than all other countries combined. В Канаде больше озер, чем во всех других странах вместе взятых. There are 1,453 airports in Canada. В Канаде 1453 аэропорта. About 2 km under Sudbury, Ontario is the world’s deepest underground lab, SNOLAB. Около 2 км под Садбери, Онтарио, находится самая глубокая в мире подземная лаборатория SNOLAB. Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world. Канада имеет самую длинную береговую линию в мире. The world’s first UFO landing pad was built in 1967 in St. Paul, Alberta. Первая в мире площадка для посадки НЛО была построена в 1967 году в Сент-Пол, Альберта. Insane facts about the language Безумные факты о языке «Loonies» and «toonies» are commonly used names for 1$ and 2$ coins. «Луни» и «туни» — общепринятые названия для канадских монет достоинством 1 и 2 доллара. Saint-Louis-du-Ha!-Ha! is the only town in the world with two exclamation marks. Сен-Луи-де-Ха!-Ха! – единственный город в мире с двумя восклицательными знаками. 9.5 million of Canada’s 34.9 million people speak French. 9,5 миллионов человек из 34,9 миллиона в Канаде говорят по-французски. «A Mari usque ad Mare» (from sea to sea) is Canada’s official motto. «A Mari usque ad Mare» (от моря до моря) — официальный девиз Канады. In Saskatchewan a hoodie is called «a bunnyhug». В Саскачеване балахон называется «заячье объятие». «A bluenoser» is a term used for people from the province of Nova Scotia. «Синий нос» — термин для обозначения людей из провинции Новая Шотландия. «Colour, behaviour, labour» — Canadian words are spelt the British way, rather than the American way. «Colour, behaviour, labour» — канадские слова имеют британское написание, а не американское. Canada’s longest place name is Pekwachnamaykoskwaskwaypinwanik Lake. Самое длинное географическое название в Канаде — озеро Пеквахнамайкоскваквейпинваник. 1835 is the year of the first known use of the term «Canuck», referring to a Canadian. 1835 год — год первого использования термина «Канук» по отношению к жителю Канады. Other insane facts Другие безумные факты 100$ bills are rumoured to smell of maple – the Bank of Canada denies this. По слухам, канадские 100-долларовые банкноты пахнут кленом — Банк Канады отрицает это. 80.5% of Canadian homes have Internet. В 80,5% домах Канады есть интернет. The number of points on the Canadian flag’s maple leaf is 11. Количество заостренных кончиков на кленовом листе канадского флага – 11. 1982 is the year Canada officially became its own country. В 1982 году Канада официально стала суверенной страной. License plates in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are shaped like polar bears. Номерные знаки в Нунавуте и Северо-Западных территориях имеют форму белых медведей.

    Study English in Canada (SEC)

    Study English in Canada (SEC) – языковые школы в Торонто и Ванкувере, которые существуют более 20 лет и имеют отличную репутацию в сфере обучения английскому языку. SEC входит в список специализированных учебных заведений (Designated learning institutions), что дает возможность получить разрешение на обучение в Канаде.

    Изучение английского в Канаде с SEC – это еще и богатый культурный опыт, который получают студенты, находясь в интернациональной среде и участвуя в разнообразных внешкольных социальных и образовательных мероприятиях.

    Школы SEC работают в формате бутика, а это означает, что персонал знает каждого студента, его интересы и потребности, и готов предоставить консультацию личного или учебного характера.

    Canada in English Канада

    English Canadian — an English speaking Canadian. [1810 20] * * * … Universalium

    English Canadian — an English speaking Canadian. [1810 20] … Useful english dictionary

    Canadian English — (CanE, en CA) [en CA is the language code for Canadian English , as defined by ISO standards (see ISO 639 1 and ISO 3166 1 alpha 2) and Internet standards (see IETF language tag).] is the variety of English used in Canada. More than 26 million… … Wikipedia

    Canadian popular culture — (or pop culture) is the vernacular (people s) culture that prevails in Canadian society. Canadian popular culture is influenced by Canada s British and French ancestry. Canadian pop culture is also influenced by the United States, which borders… … Wikipedia

    Canadian poetry — is poetry written in Canada, by Canadians. There are three distinct branches of Canadian poetry: French Canadian poetry (mostly written by Québécois authors), First Nations poetry and English Canadian poetry.English Canadian Poetry Beginnings The … Wikipedia

    Canadian nationalism — is a term which has been applied to >Wikipedia

    English Canada — is a term used to describe one of the following: # English Canadians, a term usually meaning English speaking Canadians, as opposed to French speaking Canadian. It is employed when comparing English and French language literature, media, or art.… … Wikipedia

    Canadian Crusoes — Canadian Crusoes: A Tale of the Rice Lake Plains is a novel by Catharine Parr Traill. Written after The Backwoods of Canada (1836), it is her second Canadian book. It was first published in 1852 by London publisher Arthur Hall, Virtue, and… … Wikipedia

    Canadian (disambiguation) — Canadian usually means a person or thing from Canada. It can also refer to:People*White Canadian *Black Canadian *Indo Canadian *Dutch Canadian *English Canadian *Scottish Canadian *Irish Canadian *Welsh Canadian *French Canadian *Native Canadian … Wikipedia

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