Columbus Day Канада
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Christopher Columbus discovered America in a blue-and-white sailor shirt, and since then, men have been wearing blue and white shirts.
While it’s impossible to know if Christopher Columbus actually discovered America in a blue and white sailor shirt, we’re going to go with it for pure fun factor. Although in most recent years, the holiday has caused some controversy, we can at least read up on it’s celebration and why Columbus became such a figure in history.
History of Columbus Day
Columbus Day is observed in the United States, parts of Canada, Puerto Rico, and even parts of Italy and Spain. It commemorates the landing of Columbus to the new world. According to History.com, the day is supposed to celebrate his discoveries and his Italian-Spanish heritage.
The first celebration of this holiday occurred in 1792, when New York’s Colombian Order, Tammany Hall, held an event to observe the historic landing’s 300th anniversary. Although during this time period it was celebrated unofficially, it did not become a federal, official holiday until 1937 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
However, according to most researchers, he landed in Central and South America instead of the northern parts of the Americas. He originally believed he landed in Asia.
The arguments that arise from this holiday in most recent years have made this holiday debatable, considering the fact that he enslaved many of the natives that existed there and the issue of previous explorers like the Vikings discovering the lands beforehand.
However, people still learn about this holiday in schools. This day is also referred to as the Day of the Race (El DÃa de la Raza), which honors the many different peoples of Latin America. School children in the larger cities join fiestas, which sometimes lasts several days.
How to celebrate Columbus Day
If you wish to celebrate this day, you can look up the history of Christopher Columbus and learn about how he became so famous in modern culture. Read essays about Columbus, and learn about the different arguments people make about his legacy. The best way to understand the images in our lives is to look into them.
Learn why modern Americans celebrate this day, and why minorities celebrate this day and even look into how previous generations celebrated the day, or if they even did at all. No matter the opinions of Columbus as a person, he is still an image to recognize, and what better day to do so than Columbus Day.
Columbus Day 2020
Columbus Day is a U.S. holiday that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the Americas in 1492, and Columbus Day 2020 is on Monday, October 14, 2020. It was unofficially celebrated in a number of cities and states as early as the 18th century, but did not become a federal holiday until 1937. For many, the holiday is a way of both honoring Columbus’ achievements and celebrating Italian-American heritage. But throughout its history, Columbus Day and the man who inspired it have generated controversy, and many alternatives to the holiday have proposed since the 1970s including Indigenous Peoples’ Day.
Christopher Columbus was an Italian-born explorer who set sail in August 1492, bound for Asia with backing from the Spanish monarchs King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella aboard the ships the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria.
Columbus intended to chart a western sea route to China, India and the fabled gold and spice islands of Asia. Instead, on October 12, 1492, he landed in the Bahamas, becoming the first European to explore the Americas since the Vikings established colonies in Greenland and Newfoundland during the 10th century.
Did you know? Contrary to popular belief, most educated Europeans in Columbus’ day understood that the world was round, but they did not yet know that the Pacific Ocean existed. As a result, Columbus and his contemporaries assumed that only the Atlantic lay between Europe and the riches of the East Indies.
Later that October, Columbus sighted Cuba and believed it was mainland China; in December the expedition found Hispaniola, which he thought might be Japan. There, he established Spain’s first colony in the Americas with 39 of his men.
In March 1493, Columbus returned to Spain in triumph, bearing gold, spices and “Indian” captives. The explorer crossed the Atlantic several more times before his death in 1506.
It wasn’t until his third journey that Columbus finally realized he hadn’t reached Asia but instead had stumbled upon a continent previously unknown to Europeans.
Columbus Day in the United States
The first Columbus Day celebration took place in 1792, when New York’s Columbian Order—better known as Tammany Hall—held an event to commemorate the historic landing’s 300th anniversary. Taking pride in Columbus’ birthplace and faith, Italian and Catholic communities in various parts of the country began organizing annual religious ceremonies and parades in his honor.
In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison issued a proclamation encouraging Americans to mark the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ voyage with patriotic festivities, writing, “On that day let the people, so far as possible, cease from toil and devote themselves to such exercises as may best express honor to the discoverer and their appreciation of the great achievements of the four completed centuries of American life.”
In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed Columbus Day a national holiday, largely as a result of intense lobbying by the Knights of Columbus, an influential Catholic fraternal organization.
Columbus Day is observed on the second Monday of October. While Columbus Day is a federal government holiday meaning all federal offices are closed, not all states grant it as a day off from work.
Columbus Day Alternatives
Controversy over Columbus Day dates back to the 19th century, when anti-immigrant groups in the United States rejected the holiday because of its association with Catholicism.
In recent decades, Native Americans and other groups have protested the celebration of an event that resulted in the colonization of the Americas, the beginnings of the transatlantic slave trade and the deaths of millions from murder and disease.
European settlers brought a host of infectious diseases, including smallpox and influenza that decimated indigenous populations. Warfare between Native Americans and European colonists claimed many lives as well.
Indigenous Peoples Day
The image of Christopher Columbus as an intrepid hero has also been called into question. Upon arriving in the Bahamas, the explorer and his men forced the native peoples they found there into slavery. Later, while serving as the governor of Hispaniola, he allegedly imposed barbaric forms of punishment, including torture.
In many Latin American nations, the anniversary of Columbus’ landing has traditionally been observed as the Dìa de la Raza (“Day of the Race”), a celebration of Hispanic culture’s diverse roots. In 2002, Venezuela renamed the holiday Dìa de la Resistencia Indìgena (“Day of Indigenous Resistance”) to recognize native peoples and their experience.
Several U.S. cities and states have replaced Columbus Day with alternative days of remembrance. Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon and South Dakota have officially replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, as have cities like Denver, Phoenix and Los Angeles.
When Is Columbus Day?
Columbus Day was originally observed every October 12, but was changed to the second Monday in October beginning in 1971.
In some parts of the United States, Columbus Day has evolved into a celebration of Italian-American heritage. Local groups host parades and street fairs featuring colorful costumes, music and Italian food. In places that use the day to honor indigenous peoples, activities include pow-wows, traditional dance events and lessons about Native American culture.
An Italian marching band makes their way up Fifth Avenue in Manhattan’s annual Columbus Day Parade.
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This 1920 postcard by John Vanderlyn portrays the landing of Columbus on San Salvador in 1492.
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Spanish monarchs King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sponsored Columbus’ expeditions to find a western water route from Europe to Asia.
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This 16th-century engraving portrays Christopher Columbus standing on his ship. Columbus and his crew set sail from Spain in the three renowned ships: the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria.
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Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa in 1451. He was the son of a wool merchant.
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Demonstrators protest Columbus Day to commemorate the Indian people who tried to defend their land from the Spanish colonizers.
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This lithograph from 1892 illustrates the landing of Columbus and his crew.
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Guatemalan native Indians protest Columbus Day outside the National Palace.
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A statue of the explorer is displayed in Barcelona, Spain.
Праздник годовщины прибытия Колумба в Америку
История испанского мореплавателя Христофора Колумба, итальянского происхождения, открывшего Америку, празднование дня Колумба в США
День Колумба — это праздник в честь годовщины прибытия Колумба в Америку, которое произошло 12 октября 1492 года по юлианскому календарю (21 октября 1492 года по григорианскому календарю).
12 октября 1492 года экспедиция Христофора Колумба достигла острова Сан-Сальвадор в Багамском архипелаге, что впоследствии было принято за официальную дату открытия Америки.
Хотя в большинстве других американских стран День Колумба отмечается 12 октября, в Соединенных Штатах он отмечается во второй понедельник октября.
В этот день население США празднуют годовщину открытия своей страны, посещая праздничные церковные службы и другие мероприятия. В некоторых городах проходят специальные службы, парады и большие торжественные церемонии. Большинство празднований сосредоточено вокруг итало-американских сообществ. Особого упоминания заслуживают праздничные мероприятия, проводимые в Нью-Йорке и Сан-Франциско.
День Колумба является общественным выходным во многих частях США, но в некоторых штатах, например, в Калифорнии, Неваде, Гавайи, день не отмечается. Государственные учреждения и школы, как правило, закрыты, но коммерческие компании могут работать. Над правительственными зданиями поднимают государственный флаг США.
Христофор Колумб (Cristoforo Colombo, Cristobal Colon) (1451–1506) — испанский мореплаватель итальянского происхождения, открывший Америку.
День Колумба отмечается в США ежегодно в честь прибытия Христофора Колумба в Новый Свет (на остров Сан-Сальвадор, известный также как остров Вейтлинга и теперь входящий в состав британских Багам) 12 октября 1492 года.
Колумб совершил четыре экспедиции в Америку и умер в убеждении, что открыл новую дорогу в Индию и Азию — а не в Северную и Южную Америку, как это было на самом деле.
Колумб был не первым европейцем, которому удалось успешно пересечь Атлантику. Примерно в 11 веке викинги создали поселение на Ньюфаундленде. Кроме того, среди ученых идут споры о других доколумбовых морских походах в Америку. Тем не менее, именно благодаря Колумбу началось постоянное общение между европейцами и обитателями Западного полушария.
Поскольку Соединенные Штаты были основаны английскими колонистами, а не Колумбом и его последователями, в США день “открытия Америки” Колумбом вообще никак не отмечался в течение многих лет. Первыми праздник стали отмечать ежегодно итальянские иммигранты, поскольку Колумб считался итальянцем.
Но национальность Христофора Колумба до сих пор является предметом научных дискуссий. Основная версия гласит, что он родился в Италии, но некоторые ученые указывают Испанию, Португалию и даже Грецию. Искусство мореплавания Колумб осваивал в Португалии, однако именно Испания спонсировала его историческую экспедицию 1492 года.
В 1937 г. Президент Франклин Рузвельт провозгласил День Колумба национальным праздником, который первоначально был назначен на 12 октября. В 1971 году Конгресс США перенес празднование с 12 октября на второй понедельник октября, чтобы присоединить его к выходным.
В Нью-Йорке, Денвере и многих других городах в День Колумба проходит пышный парад. По всей стране также проходят спортивные праздники, ярмарки, вечером устраиваются фейерверки.
Но есть в Соединенных Штатах люди, для которых День Колумба не является праздником — это индейцы. Ведь, по их мнению, именно Колумб виновен в том, что европейцы принесли на континент болезни, смерть, нищету, а оставшихся в живых индейцев загнали в резервации. Кроме того, каждый год накануне Дня Колумба в Денвере (штат Колорадо) индейцы проводят свое шествие — марш протеста против этого праздника. Почти ежегодно он сопровождается массовыми беспорядками.
Во многих местах, например, в Беркли, штат Калифорния, День Колумба заменен Днем коренных народов в честь жителей островов, на которых высадилась экспедиция Колумба. В Южной Дакоте этот праздник называется Днем американских индейцев, а в Алабаме День Колумба отмечается одновременно с Днем индейского наследия. На Гавайях этот праздник называется День открытия Америки.
В День Колумба в США закрываются все учреждения федерального правительства, а также большинство банков. Школы, как правило, в этот день открыты, как и большинство американских предприятий.
Это событие отмечается также в ряде других стран ежегодными праздниками: на Багамских островах это День открытия, в Испании — Праздник испаноязычных народов, а в большинстве стран Латинской Америки — День Расы.
Имя Колумба носит государство Колумбийская республика в пылающему континенту, Колумбийское плато и река республика Колумбия в Северной Америке, федеральный округ Колумбийская республика в США и провинция Британская республика Колумбия в Канаде; в США есть пять городов с названием Колумбус и четыре с названием Колумбийская республика.
Columbus Day Parade 2020
The celebration of the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas
October 14, 2020
Columbus Day Parade Featured in
The biggest celebration of American-Italian culture in the world, the Columbus Day parade attracts around a million spectators and 35,000 marchers each year. For over 73 years, Fifth Avenue is filled with Italian flags and people dressed as Christopher Columbus. Marching school bands, professional musicians, and traditional folk groups perform on their way from Midtown to Upper East Side, creating a lively atmosphere.
The Columbus Day parade praises the courage and spirit of exploration that motivated Christopher Columbus back in the 15th century to sail across the Atlantic and open a new world. It’s one of the main events in NYC in the fall.
Columbus Day in the United States
When Is Columbus Day 2020?
|This year:||пнд 14 окт 2020 г. 35 states|
|Next year:||пнд 12 окт 2020 г. 35 states|
|Type:||Federal Hol >34 states Local observance Florida|
Related Hol >Indigenous People’s Day, 12 окт 2020 г.
Columbus Day, which is on the second Monday of October, remembers Christopher Columbus’ arrival to the Americas on October 12, 1492. This holiday is controversial because the European settlement in the Americas led to the demise of the history and culture of the indigenous peoples.
Is Columbus Day a Public Holiday?
The Christopher Columbus monument in Barcelona, Spain.
Observe Columbus Day
Some Americans celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of their country with church services and other activities. In some towns and cities, special church services, parades and large events are held. Many celebrations happen in the Italian-American community. The celebrations in New York and San Francisco are particularly noteworthy. In Hawaii Columbus Day is celebrated as Discoverers’ Day, but it is not a state holiday.
Many states now celebrate Native Americans’ Day/Indigenous People’s Day instead of Columbus Day.
What’s Open or Closed?
Columbus day is a public holiday in many parts of the United states, but is not a day off in some states. Some government offices are closed because Columbus Day is still a federal government holiday. The day is a legal observance in states like Florida.
Many businesses and shops are open in states that don’t have Columbus Day as a public holiday. Schools are not required to close but check with your school district or school calendar on Columbus Day school holiday closures. The same goes for post offices — check with your local post office.
About Columbus Day
Christopher Columbus is often portrayed as the first European to sail to the Americas. He is sometimes portrayed as the discoverer of the New World. However, this is controversial on many counts. There is evidence that the first Europeans to sail across the Atlantic were Viking explorers from Scandinavia. In addition, the land was already populated by indigenous peoples, who had ‘discovered’ the Americas thousands of years before.
Columbus Day originated as a celebration of Italian-American heritage and was first held in San Francisco in 1869. The first state-wide celebration was held in Colorado in 1907. In 1937, Columbus Day become a holiday across the United States. Since 1971, it has been celebrated on the second Monday in October. The date on which Columbus arrived in the Americas is also celebrated as the DÃa de la Raza (Day of the Race) in Latin America and some Latino communities in the USA. However, it is a controversial holiday in some countries and has been re-named in others.
Columbus Day celebrations are controversial because the settlement of Europeans in the Americas led to the deaths of a very large proportion of the native people. It has been argued that this was a direct result of Columbus’ actions. It is clear that the arrival of the European settlers led to the demise of a large proportion of the history and culture of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. It has also been argued that Columbus should not be honored for discovering North America, as he only went as far as some islands in the Caribbean and never got as far as mainland America.
Note: timeanddate.com states the facts and issues associated with this observance but does not disclose its opinion on the matter.
Columbus Day Observances
|2015||пнд||12 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida, Vermont|
|2015||пнд||12 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||10 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida, Vermont|
|2020||пнд||10 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||9 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||9 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida, Vermont|
|2020||пнд||8 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||8 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida, Vermont|
|2020||пнд||14 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2020||пнд||14 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||12 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2020||пнд||12 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2021||пнд||11 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2021||пнд||11 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2022||пнд||10 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2022||пнд||10 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2023||пнд||9 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2023||пнд||9 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2024||пнд||14 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
|2024||пнд||14 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2025||пнд||13 окт||Columbus Day||Federal Holiday||All except AK , AR , CA , DE , FL , HI , MI , MN , ND , NM , NV , OR , SD , TX , VT , WA , WY|
|2025||пнд||13 окт||Columbus Day||Local observance||Florida|
We diligently research and continuously update our holiday dates and information. If you find a mistake, please let us know.
Other Names and Languages
|Spanish||Día de la Raza|
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День Колумба (Columbus Day): история праздника
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Во второй понедельник октября Соединенные Штаты Америки отмечают День Колумба (Columbus Day). Отношение к этому празднику сложилось неоднозначное: будучи символом распространения западной цивилизации, для коренного населения Колумб стал скорее предвестником разрушения их мира. Именно по этой причине в День Колумба по улицам США проходят не только праздничные парады, но и демонстрации, участники которых скандируют лозунги о том, что Колумб был убийцей. Три американских штата, Гавайи, Аляска и Южная Дакота, вообще не признают этого праздника. В Южной Дакоте второй понедельник октября – День Коренных Американцев (Native American Day).
Как бы там ни было, Колумб стал легендарной личностью. Отправляясь на поиски кратчайшего пути в Индию, он открыл для западной цивилизации путь в Новый Свет и новые торговые пути, тем самым изменив политическую карту мира. Предлагаем вашему вниманию видеоматериал канала “History”, в котором вы найдете краткую информацию об истории Дня Колумба в Соединенных Штатах и о путешествии в Индию, закончившимся открытием новых земель.
Italians have long celebrated Christopher Columbus in tribute to their shared heritage. In 1937 President Roosevelt proclaimed October, 12 as Columbus Day. And in 1971 President Nixon declared Columbus Day a national holiday to be observed on a second Monday of October. [Thank you]. And why? Because Columbus discovered America and proved that the Earth was round except that’s not quite really happened which is into saving or have planning the thankings. Let’s take a look at Christopher Columbus, the man behind the myth, behind the holiday.
We all know how it started. On August 3rd 1492 Columbus and his three ships, the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria, set out from Spain and embarked on a historic journey. True, but let’s settle the “why” once in for all. Columbus wasn’t trying to prove the Earth was round, he didn’t need to. Greek mathematician Pythagoras suspected we were living on a sphere as early as the 6th century B.C. and Aristotle backed him up two centuries later when he notices the Earth’s shadow could be seen during a lunary eclipse sliding past the Moon in miniature and it was round. So why did Columbus bothered getting off the couch at all? Money. In the 15th century spices were hot commodity. Traders shipping them between Asia and Europe could get rich quick. However with the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, Europe lost its most popular route to the treasures of the East. Columbus realised his opportunity become the first person to plot a western route to Asia and enjoy unprecedented glory and riches. Inconsistent maps made calculating routes difficult. Columbus finally charted the south-western course he believed was short enough to keep him and his men from dying of starvation and thirst. Spain’s queen Isabella eager to expand her empire agreed to roll the dice on Columbus’s route. So on that August morning in 1492 Columbus and his men sailed off in those famous ships laden with hopes of finding their way to Asia and making both Spain and themselves a heck a lot of money. After a pit stop in the Canary Islands the charted world was behind them. Columbus had been right not to trust existing maps, but he didn’t realised that his own plotted course to Asia was short by nearly 10 000 miles. Luckily, a seria of islands (the future West Indias) lay almost exactly where he believed India to be. And the relieved sailors made land fall. This is where things get tricky. We’re still not sure of the exact location where Columbus first landed, but he was convinced he’d made it to India and declared the route successfull. Mission accomplished. The Indians who greeted him were actually an indigenous people who had lived there for centuries. So the claim that Columbus discovered the Americas is only true from a European perspective. But as far as Columbus was concerned he was right where he’d expected to be – in an exotic land full of natives and spices. Columbus returned to the Spanish court a hero. All were convinced the route was a success and it surely was, but not as they had expected. Columbus inadvertently achieved the monumental task of joining the two hemispheres. In effect doubling the size of a habitable planet and establishing trade between the continents. So on Columbus Day raise a glass to fail of a navigator Christopher Columbus who missed the mark and did it just the thing.
Useful words and phrases:
- Tribute, n – дань.
Со словом holiday в данном материале было использовано три глагола: to proclaim, to declare, to observe.
- Proclaim, v — провозглашать, объявлять.
- Declare, v – заявлять, объявлять.
- Observe, v – праздновать, отмечать.
- Set out (from), v – начинать путешествие.
- Embark on, v – начинать, браться за.
- Settle, v – положить конец (разногласиям).
- Back up, v – поддерживать (напр. мнение).
- For all – несмотря на, что бы ни.
- Lunary eclipse – лунное затмение.
- Hot commodity – товар повышенного спроса (товар, пользующийся большим спросом).
- Inconsistent, adj – несогласованный, противоречивый.
- Chart (a course), v – наносить на карту (маршрут).
- Die of (starvation, thirst), v – умирать от (голода, жажды).
- Plat the route, v – планировать, прикидывать, вести расчёты; набрасывать схему, план; составлять (карту, смету и т. п.).
- Roll the dice, v – кидать кости.
- Be laden with – быть полными (грусти, надежд).
- Pit stop, n – остановка, привал.
- Mission accomplished – миссия завершена.
- Indigenous, adj – аборигенный, местный, туземный.
- Inadvertently, adv – случайно, ненамеренно, непреднамеренно, неумышленно, нечаянно (о действиях и поступках).
- Habitable, adj – обитаемая.
- Raise a glass to, v – выпить за…
- Miss the mark, v – бить мимо цели, не достичь (своей) цели, не добиться своего, потерпеть неудачу; ≈ делать невпопад.
- Just the thing – как раз то, что надо.
А теперь предлагаем вам выполнить короткий тест на эрудицию и понимание данного сюжета.
When is Columbus Day in 2020?
Columbus Day in 2020 is on the Monday, 12th of Oct (10/12/2020).
Columbus Day is on the 286th day of 2020. There are 80 days left in the year.
Columbus Day Facts
- Date: Oct 12, 2020
- Also Called: Day of the Race
- Celebrations: Parades, Family reunions, Picnics, Fireworks and Public art events
Celebrated in most states of the United States, Columbus Day is a federal holiday to remember the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the country. Christopher was an Italian explorer who is believed to have discovered America in October 1942. Columbus Day is observed on the second Monday in October and falls on the same day as Thanksgiving Day in Canada. As a federal holiday, most government offices remain closed.
About Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in the year 1451. Although Columbus had very little formal education, he was a dedicated self-taught man who defeated all odds to become one of the greatest explorers in the world. By the time he was 32 years of age, he had already been promoted to the position of a chief mariner while working with the Portuguese Merchant Service. The Columbus Day meaning is derived from explorer Christopher Columbus victory as the first man to discover North America.
History Of Columbus Day
Columbus Day has been observed as early as 1792. According to historians, Christopher Columbus, was the first to discover America. King Ferdinand of Spain who had hoped to sail to India sponsored that expedition. Columbus set off with three ships namely the Nina, The Santa Maria and The Pinta. He had intended to take a western sea route to China, India and the Islands of Asia. However, due to the unreliable geographical calculations those days, he found himself in the Bahamas two months later.
The first Columbus Day was celebrated in New York on October 12, 1792, to mark the 300th anniversary of Christopher’s discovery of America. The day was also observed in 1892 after President Benjamin Harrison called upon all people to celebrate the 400th anniversary.
In 1971, President Richard Nixon officially declared Columbus Day holiday as the second Monday of October.
Controversy About Columbus Day
Many people have argued that Columbus should not be honored but rather condemned for his actions. They say that it is because of Columbus that the European settlers landed in America leading to colonization, slave trade and the loss of history and culture of the native people of America.
Which States Do Not Celebrate Columbus Day?
Although Columbus Day is celebrated in major part of the United States, some states do not take part in the celebrations. These include Hawaii, South Dakota, Oregon, Vermont, and Alaska. Instead, they celebrate the day with an alternative holiday. For instance, Hawaii observes it as Discoverer’s Day, Vermont calls it Indigenous Day while South Dakota celebrates Native American Day.
How Columbus Day Is Celebrated?
Some of the Columbus Day traditions observed on this day include lessons about Christopher Columbus and his voyage. The celebrations are incomplete without traditional dances and a taste of the Italian-American heritage such as street fairs with colorful costumes, Italian music, and food. For states that do not recognize Columbus Day, the activities of the day include powwows, lessons about the indigenous American culture and traditional dance events.
The hashtag #ColumbusDay is used on social media to mark this day. You can, therefore, use it to send Happy Columbus Day messages to family and friends. Similarly, you can celebrate this holiday by attending or watching one of the community’s Columbus Day parades. New York City holds the largest parade in the US. You may also take advantage of the Columbus Day Sales to treat yourself to some good Italian food such as Pizza, Lasagna, and Bolognese. If you love working with kids, give them a chance to become explorers by hosting a scavenger hunt.
Who Gets The Day Off On Columbus Day?
Columbus Day is a public holiday but not a day off in some parts of the United States. Most government offices and banks close on this day. However, a majority of shops remain open especially in the states that do not observe it as a public holiday. Although schools and post offices are not required to close on this day, it is good to check with your institution to be sure.
Columbus Day in USA in 2020
|This holiday next takes place in 329 days.||Add to calendar|
|This national holiday commemorates the exact date when Christopher Columbus first set foot in the Americas|
Columbus Day internationally
When is Columbus Day?
This U.S. federal holiday commemorates the date when Christopher Columbus first set foot in the Americas. In the USA it is observed on the Second Monday in October.
Though Columbus Day is one of the 10 U.S. legal federal holidays, it is not considered a major one. There will be no postal service.
It is a Federal Reserve Bank holiday, so while banks may open, some transactions will not be processed. Most businesses remain open and retail stores may run special sales.
The New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq remain open on this federal holiday.
In addition to a state level, in many cities, the day is now celebrated as Native Americans’ Day or Indigenous People’s Day.
Which states observe Columbus Day?
Columbus Day is no longer observed in every state. For a detailed list of which states observe Columbus Day, please use our state by state guide.
Even if a state observes Columbus Day as a holiday, some state offices may be still be open.
In addition to a state level, in many cities, the day is now celebrated as Native Americans’ Day or Indigenous People’s Day.
According to data from the Society for Human Resource Management, only 14% of organizations closed on Columbus Day in 2014.
History of Columbus Day
Columbus’ voyages across the Atlantic Ocean initiated the European exploration and colonization of the Americas.
While the first voyage in 1492 was immensely significant, Columbus did not actually reach the American mainland until his third voyage in 1498.
Instead, while trying to find a sea route to India, he made landfall on an island in the Bahamas that he named San Salvador.
Did you know?
It is now generally accepted that Columbus was not the earliest European explorer to reach the Americas and that Viking sailors had ventured as far as Newfoundland around 1000 AD.
While there had been celebrations in 1792 to mark the 300th anniversary, Columbus Day was first officially proclaimed by President Benjamin Harrison in 1892, to mark the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the Bahamas.
Colorado was the first US state to make Columbus Day an official holiday and Franklin Roosevelt established the first federal observance of Columbus Day in 1937. Since 1971, the holiday has been celebrated on the second Monday in October.
How is Columbus Day celebrated?
The largest celebration of Columbus Day is in New York City, which hosts a huge parade. Communities with large Italian American populations may hold special Columbus Day festivities.
Columbus Day Quiz
Test your knowledge of Christopher Columbus and this federal holiday by taking our Columbus Day Quiz.
Did you know?
Three facts about Columbus Day
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How to Enjoy the Columbus Day Parade in New York City
Everything you need to know about New York City’s gigantic celebration
Stephanie Keith/Stringer/Getty Images
«In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.» We all remember this rhyme from school, but each year, Italian-American community in New York City shows their pride for their «hometown hero» Christopher Columbus with one of the largest annual parades.
October 12th is the official anniversary of Columbus’ arrival to American shores, but in the United States, the holiday is celebrated on the second Monday in October. While the St. Patrick’s Day Parade and the Thanksgiving Day Parade draw tremendous crowds and make it tough to get around the parade, the Columbus Day Parade has all the great features of an NYC parade without the need for intense planning or dealing with lots of crowds and chaos.
The Columbus Day Parade has been organized by the Columbus Citizens Foundation in New York since 1929. Over 35,000 people participate in the Columbus Day Parade in New York City each year, including over 130 groups, with bands, floats, and contingents. The parade attracts around one million spectators and is the largest celebration of Italian-American culture in the world.
2020 NYC Columbus Day Parade Information
The Columbus Day Parade will take place on Monday, October 14, 2020. This year marks the 75th anniversary of the parade. The route begins on Fifth Avenue at 44th Street and continues north along Fifth Avenue to 72nd Street. The grandstands, the «red carpet area,» will be located on Fifth Avenue between 67th and 69th Streets.
Where you choose to the view parade should be determined by personal taste. The most scenic spots for viewing are along Central Park, of course, but for many—New Yorkers and suburbanites alike—Midtown acts as a transportation hub, and each year there are live performances near 67th Street, so no matter where you end up, they’ll be something special along the route.
Before the parade, a mass will be held at St. Patrick’s Cathedral (50th Street/Fifth Avenue) at 9:30 a.m. Tickets are required for entry before 9:15, but at 9:15 they open the cathedral to additional attendees as space allows. The early service will allow for enough time to secure your favorite spot along the parade route when the mass is complete.
After the parade, salute Christopher Columbus again by enjoying Italian food at one of the many great options around the city. Your best bet is to head to Little Italy for the ambiance, authenticity, and abundance of restaurants.
With a full belly, the last (and arguably best) way to honor Mr. Columbus would be to explore, of course! So, head out to the «open seas» of the Hudson or East River for a boat or ferry ride, and discover what a new neighborhood has to offer!