Напиток Canada Dry Cranberry (Канада Драй Клюква) 355 мл
14 руб. зачислим на бонусную карту
В наличии в магазине
Подробнее о подарке
Для фанатов газировок советуем угощение — Canada Dry Cranberry (Канада драй клюква) со вкусом клюквы.
Газировка изготовителя Canada Dry имеет огромную известность. Она была желаемым газированным безалкогольным напитком не только в наше время. На заре создания газированного напитка Canada Dry Cranberry был также востребован среди королевских персон. Это потрясающий напиток. Его также можно использовать для приготовление коктейлей.
Ширина: 6,5 см
Длина: 6,5 см
Высота: 11,5 см
Where Are Cranberries Grown?
While North America clearly dominates the cranberry market, Eastern Europe is also emerging as an important region.
As the potential health benefits of cranberries become more widely advertised, consumption of them is increasing all across the globe. Nonetheless, the production of cranberries is not very evenly distributed across the agricultural sectors of different countries. In fact, about 98% of global production comes from the United States of America and Canada alone. Even though there are generally similar processes in place in the production of cranberries among the countries growing the fruit, each locale has its own unique qualities that determines productive outputs. We break down the top 10 list of cranberry-producing countries, based on their respective production levels in tons, and try to provide some insight into the reasons behind the marked North American advantage in growing this tart ‘super fruit’ crop.
10. Tunisia — 180
Many important parameters are necessary to be put in place by Tunisian growers to ensure the viability of commercial cranberry farming there. These include the physiological status of the plants in the wake of the crucial overwintering period, having soil or substrate that is conducive to growth, adequate cultivation area, and efficient irrigation systems. The notable assortment of cranberry varieties there include ‘Stevens’, ‘Bergman’, ‘Ben Lear’, and others. Tunisian cranberries are often cultivated neighboring blueberry growing operations. Unlike most of the rest of the countries on our list, growers in Tunisia often do not have peat soils, and must plan and modify their local soils accordingly. Tunisia produces about 180 tons of cranberries a year.
9. Macedonia — 290
Macedonia produces around 290 tons of cranberries annually. The last steps in preparations for cranberry production in the country include spreading layers of sand on the chosen territory after it is otherwise ready for planting. Cuttings from full grown cranberry plants are squeezed into the sand, and the territory is subsequently drenched with water. Consistent watering is essential until the new plants have built themselves up. New cranberry plants will start delivering edible produce within the following two years, yet it takes an extra couple of years to collect what might be considered a commercially viable crop.
8. Ukraine — 400 Tons
Ukraine produces around 400 tons of cranberries a year. The last flooding of the cranberry developing season happens at harvest time, when all Ukrainian cranberry beds are secured with water. An uncommon cranberry collecting machine is driven through the bed to foment the water and agitate the berries off their vines. The machines used for the cranberry harvest are lightweight, and furnished with inflatable tires to move over the marshes without harming the plants. Cranberries glide in water, so they ascend to the surface. ‘Coasting blasts’ are utilized to coral the berries and attract them to a gathering point along the edge of the bed. The subsequent manual gathering is the most serious and laborious work of the entire cranberry harvest. The berries are expelled from the water, stacked into wagons, and taken away to be dried and sorted by hand.
7. Romania — 563 Tons
Cranberries flourish in Romania, in particular due to a kind of acidic peat soil that actually harms numerous assortments of other flora. To build up a cranberry farm for commercial purposes in Romania, an itemized procedure must be taken. All vegetation is expelled from the chosen territory and pushed to the sides. This vegetation is later utilized as base material for dykes that encompass the future cranberry lowland. The reason for the dykes is to contain water amid times of flooding and for the creases between cranberry beds. Sooner or later amid the development process, jettison and holding lakes for water are burrowed too. Funneling for watering systems is also introduced. Romania produces around 563 tons of cranberries annually.
6. Latvia — 617
Cranberries and high bush blueberries are generally new crops for extensive commercial cultivation in Latvia. Cranberry estates as primary business operations were first established here in 1985. These days, the average size of cultivated area for individual cranberry farms is around 100 hectares, which makes them the third largest on the planet. Blueberry farms there, contrasted to those of other European states, are not much larger, at around 170 hectares on average. The Latvian regions known for their high greenery peat lowlands have been largely depleted, and are increasingly being utilized as cranberry fields. In Latvia, such cultivated marshes’ territories total roughly around 10,000 hectares. Latvian cranberry and blueberry crops are often grown on the same estates under similar programs, and are grown in all four “organic product” growing regions in the country. The country produces around 617 tons of cranberries annually.
5. Azerbaijan — 2,800
Azerbaijan records an annual production of around 2,800 tons of cranberries. Cranberry swamps in Azerbaijan are watered occasionally amid the developing seasons. The areas are scheduled to be overflowed in spring and late fall if seasonal ice covers are normal. A whole cranberry product can be lost to what is known as a ‘murdering ice’ if the blooms and youthful berries are not ensured in a shower of water. At the end of the developing season, flooding may be important to shield the adult berries from ice, while sprinkler frameworks are utilized for lighter ices. Cranberry swamps are watered occasionally in summer as well, which additionally serves as a unique kind of insect pest control. Such water is diverted from holding lakes to minimize the impacts on nearby streams.
4. Belarus — 8,000
Belarus falls in fourth, with an annual production of 8,000 tons of cranberries. At the point when individuals discover that the cranberry is a swamp plant, this obviously drives some to think cranberries develop in water. While the fruitful development of cranberries requires a decent supply of water, they don’t really develop in it. Indeed, a great deal of exposed dirt can be vital amid the developing season, and bogs are often drained at times as a result. Still, most sorts of plants need customary watering, and cranberries are among them. Belarus’s marshy lands are ideal for such reasons.
3. Chile — 82,000
In recent years, cranberry production in Chile has been on the rise, and it is expected to rise even further. The reason behind this growth is the expansion of harvestable areas. As its production of cranberries grows, Chile is becoming an even more important exporter of the fruit. The main recipients of Chile’s cranberry exports are China, North America, and Europe. One advantage of Chile’s harvesting season is their location in the southern hemisphere. This means that the growing season in Chile occurs at a different time than the growing season of other large markets in North America and Europe.
2. Canada — 176,036 Tons
Canada stands as the world’s second most productive cranberry grower, with the country registering an annual total production of 176,036 tons. In some places, growing operations have even transformed entire landscapes. The Canadian company Upper Canada Cranberries is the largest cranberry cultivating firm in Eastern Ontario, and they were among the companies to disrupt Eastern Ontario’s natural environments through their operations there. The Upper Canada Cranberries Farm location is, naturally, an undeniable marsh, as confirmed by tits massive amounts of peat and its acidic soil. Be that as it may, in the first half of the last century, seepage in the area changed this locale drastically, partly because of the strategies utilized as a part of new methods of cranberry cultivation. Accordingly, the territory now cultivated by Upper Canada Cranberries is no longer a swamp, and an environment that will not likely return to its natural state any time soon.
1. United States — 381,018 Tons
Cranberries are a notably lucrative crop in certain American states. It comes as no surprise that America leads with an annual production of 381,018 tons. Within the US, the Ocean Spray co-op is the most recognizable cranberry processor. The fruit’s long-standing history of medicinal and culinary uses there dates back to pre-Colonial times. Because of their tartness in the raw state, most cranberries are prepared into processed food products, such as juice, sauce, stick, and sweetened dried cranberries (‘craisins’), as these are more appealing to purchasers’ palates. Cranberry sauce is a traditional sweet side at Christmas and Thanksgiving dinners in the United States. Amid the developing seasons, cranberry beds here are not frequently watered, but only routinely sprayed to keep up soil dampness. Beds are overflowed in the fall to encourage harvest (creating ‘bogs’) and again amid the winter months to secure against low temperatures.
Which Country Produces the Most Cranberries?
98% of the world’s cherries come from Canada and the United States.
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There are three to four species of cranberry, classified in two sections:
Subgenus Oxycoccus, sect. Oxycoccus
- Vaccinium oxycoccos or Oxycoccus palustris (Common Cranberry or Northern Cranberry) is widespread throughout the cool temperate northern hemisphere, including northern Europe, northern Asia and northern North America. It has small 5–10 mm leaves. The flowers are dark pink, with a purple central spike, produced on finely hairy stems. The fruit is a small pale pink berry, with a refreshing sharp acidic flavour.
- Vaccinium microcarpum or Oxycoccus microcarpus (Small Cranberry) occurs in northern Europe and northern Asia, and differs from V. oxycoccos in the leaves being more triangular, and the flower stems hairless. Some botanists include it within V. oxycoccos.
- Vaccinium macrocarpon or Oxycoccus macrocarpus (Large cranberry, American Cranberry, Bearberry) native to northeastern North America (eastern Canada, and eastern United States, south to North Carolina at high altitudes). It differs from V. oxycoccos in the leaves being larger, 10–20 mm long, and in its slightly apple-like taste.
Subgenus Oxycoccus, sect. Oxycoccoides
- Vaccinium erythrocarpum or Oxycoccus erythrocarpus (Southern Mountain Cranberry) native to southeastern North America at high altitudes in the southern Appalachian Mountains, and also in eastern Asia.
Cranberries are related to bilberries, blueberries, and huckleberries, all in Vaccinium subgenus Vaccinium. These differ in having stouter, woodier stems forming taller shrubs, and in the bell-shaped flowers, the petals not being reflexed.
Some plants of the completely unrelated genus Viburnum are sometimes inaccurately called «highbush cranberries» (Viburnum trilobum).
Cranberries are susceptible to false blossom, a harmful but controllable phytoplasma disease common in the eastern production areas of Massachusetts and New Jersey.
Etymology and history
The name cranberry derives from «craneberry», first named by early European settlers in America who felt the expanding flower, stem, calyx, and petals resembled the neck, head, and bill of a crane. Another name used in northeastern Canada is mossberry. The traditional English name for Vaccinium oxycoccos, fenberry, originated from plants found growing in fen (marsh) lands. In 17th century New England cranberries were sometimes called «bearberries» as bears were often seen feeding on them.
In North America, Native Americans were the first to use cranberries as food. Native Americans used cranberries in a variety of foods, especially for pemmican, wound medicine and dye. Calling the red berries Sassamanash, natives may have introduced cranberries to starving English settlers in Massachusetts who incorporated the berries into traditional Thanksgiving feasts. American Revolutionary War veteran Henry Hall is credited as first to farm cranberries in the Cape Cod town of Dennis around 1816. In the 1820s cranberries were shipped to Europe. [ 6 ] Cranberries became popular for wild harvesting in the Nordic countries and Russia. In Scotland, the berries were originally wild-harvested but with the loss of suitable habitat, the plants have become so scarce that this is no longer done.
Geography and bog method
Cranberries are a major commercial crop in the U.S. states of Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin, as well as in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Quebec. Wisconsin is the leading producer of cranberries, with over half of U.S. production. [ 7 ] Massachusetts is the second largest U.S. producer. A very small production is found in southern Argentina and Chile, the Netherlands [ 8 ] , and Eastern Europe. [ citation needed ]
Historically, cranberry beds were constructed in wetlands. Today cranberry beds are constructed in upland areas with a shallow water table. The topsoil is scraped off to form dykes around the bed perimeter. Clean sand is hauled in to a depth of four to eight inches. The surface is laser leveled flat to provide even drainage. Beds are frequently drained with socked tile in addition to the perimeter ditch. In addition to making it possible to hold water, the dykes allow equipment to service the beds without driving on the vines. Irrigation equipment is installed in the bed to provide irrigation for vine growth and for spring and autumn frost protection.
Cranberry vines are propagated by moving vines from an established bed. The vines are spread on the surface of the sand of the new bed and pushed into the sand with a blunt disk. The vines are watered frequently during the first few weeks until roots form and new shoots grow. Beds are given frequent light application of nitrogen fertilizer during the first year. The cost of establishment for new cranberry beds is estimated to be about US$70,000 per hectare (approx. $28,300 per acre).
A common misconception about cranberry production is that the beds remain flooded throughout the year. During the growing season cranberry beds are not flooded, but are irrigated regularly to maintain soil moisture. Beds are flooded in the autumn to facilitate harvest and again during the winter to protect against low temperatures. In cold climates like Wisconsin, Maine, and eastern Canada, the winter flood typically freezes into ice, while in warmer climates the water remains liquid. When ice forms on the beds, trucks can be driven onto the ice to spread a thin layer of sand that helps to control pests and rejuvenate the vines. Sanding is done every three to five years.
Cranberries are harvested in the fall when the fruit takes on its distinctive deep red color. This is usually in September through the first part of November. To harvest cranberries, the beds are flooded with six to eight inches of water above the vines. A harvester is driven through the beds to remove the fruit from the vines. For the past 50 years, water reel type harvesters have been used. Harvested cranberries float in the water and can be corralled into a corner of the bed and conveyed or pumped from the bed. From the farm, cranberries are taken to receiving stations where they are cleaned, sorted, and stored prior to packaging or processing.
Although most cranberries are wet-picked as described above, 5–10% of the US crop is still dry-picked. This entails higher labor costs and lower yield, but dry-picked berries are less bruised and can be sold as fresh fruit instead of having to be immediately frozen or processed. Originally performed with two-handed comb scoops, dry picking is today accomplished by motorized, walk-behind harvesters which must be small enough to traverse beds without damaging the vines.
White cranberry juice is made from regular cranberries that have been harvested after the fruits are mature, but before they have attained their characteristic dark red color. Yields are lower on beds harvested early and the early flooding tends to damage vines, but not severely.
Cranberries for fresh market are stored in shallow bins or boxes with perforated or slatted bottoms, which deter decay by allowing air to circulate. Because harvest occurs in late autumn, cranberries for fresh market are frequently stored in thick walled barns without mechanical refrigeration. Temperatures are regulated by opening and closing vents in the barn as needed. Cranberries destined for processing are usually frozen in bulk containers shortly after arriving at a receiving station.
About 95% of cranberries are processed into products such as juice drinks, sauce, and sweetened dried cranberries. The remaining 5% are sold fresh to consumers.
Cranberries are normally cons > [ 9 ]
Cranberry juice is a major use of cranberries; it is usually either sweetened to make «cranberry juice cocktail» or blended with other fruit juices to reduce its natural severe tartness. Many cocktails, including the Cosmopolitan, are made with cranberry juice.
Usually cranberries as fruit are cooked into a compote or jelly, known as cranberry sauce. Such preparations are traditionally served with roast turkey, as a staple of English Christmas dinners, and the Canadian and US hol > [ 9 ]
Fresh cranberries can be frozen at home, and will keep up to nine months; they can be used directly in recipes without thawing. [ 10 ]
Cranberry wine is made in some of the cranberry-growing regions of the United States and Canada from either whole cranberries, cranberry juice or cranberry juice concentrate.
Potential health effects
Nutrients and antioxidant capacity
Raw cranberries have moderate levels of vitamin C, dietary fiber and the essential dietary mineral, manganese, as well as a balanced profile of other essential micronutrients. [ 11 ]
By measure of the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity with an ORAC score of 9,584 units per 100 g, cranberry ranks near the top of 277 commonly consumed foods in the United States. [ 12 ]
|Nutrients in raw cranberries [ 13 ]|
|Nutrient||Value per 100 grams||% Daily Value|
|Fiber, total dietary||4.6 g||15.3%|
|Sugars, total||4.04 g|
|Calcium, Ca||8 mg||0.8%|
|Magnesium, Mg||6 mg||1.9%|
|Manganese, Mn||0.15 mg||7%|
|Phosphorus, P||13 mg||1.9%|
|Potassium, K||85 mg||1.8%|
|Sodium, Na||2 mg||0.1%|
|Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid||13.3 mg||16%|
|Vitamin A, IU||60 IU||9%|
|Vitamin K, μg||5.1 μg||6.4%|
|Carotene, beta||36 μg||ne|
|Lutein + zeaxanthin||91 μg||ne|
Raw cranberries are a source of polyphenol antiox > [ 14 ] [ 15 ] such as in isolated prostate cancer cells. [ 16 ] Although polyphenols have antiox >[ clarification needed ] In addition, it is uncertain whether polyphenols and flavono > [ 15 ]
Cranberry juice contains a high molecular weight non-dializable material that might inhibit formation of plaque by Streptococcus mutans pathogens that cause tooth decay. [ 17 ] Cranberry juice components also may possibly influence formation of k > [ 18 ] [ 19 ]
One study compared cranberries with twenty other fruits, showing that cranberries had a high amount of total polyphenols. [ 20 ] Cranberry tannins have laboratory ev > [ 21 ] Raw cranberries and cranberry juice are abundant food sources of flavono > [ 22 ] and quercetin. [ 23 ] [ 24 ] These compounds have shown possible activity as anti-cancer agents in vitro. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] [ 27 ] [ 28 ] [ 29 ] However, their effectiveness in humans has not been established, and is limited by poor absorption into cells and rapid excretion.
Potential anti-adhesion properties
There is potential benefit of cranberry juice consumption against bacterial infections in the urinary system. Laboratory research shows that a possible effect may occur from a component of the juice inhibiting bacterial attachment to the bladder and urethra. [ 30 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ]
Although promising for anti-bacterial activity, long-term consumption of cranberry juice has not been proven to reduce urinary tract infections in whole populations. However, there is preliminary ev > [ 33 ] It is thought that cranberry proanthocyan > [ 34 ] Similar applications have not been successfully proven in other clinical trials of consuming cranberry juice or tablets by people with spinal cord injury associated with bladder catheterization, neurogenic bladder or infrequent urination, any of which may be associated with increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. [ 35 ] [ 36 ] [ 37 ]
In one clinical trial Cranberry juice significantly increased plasma antiox > [ 38 ]
An autumn 2004 caution from the Committee on Safety of Medicines, the UK agency dealing with drug safety, advised patients taking warfarin not to drink cranberry juice after adverse effects (such as increased inc > [ 39 ] [ 40 ] A gene (VKORC1, CYP2C9) has been shown to change warfarin sensitivity. This gene may also contribute to bruising susceptibility as a result of cranberries for carriers of the gene. A couple of possible cases of Warfarin interaction with cranberry have been reported. [ 41 ]
Marketing and economics
In 1550, James White Norwood made reference to Indians using cranberries. In James Rosier’s book «The Land of Virginia» there is an account of Europeans coming ashore and being met with Indians bearing bark cups full of cranberries. In Plymouth, Massachusetts, there is a 1633 account of the husband of Mary Ring auctioning her cranberry-dyed petticoat for 16 shillings. In 1640’s «Key Into the Language» Roger Williams described cranberries, referring to them as «bearberries» because bears ate them. In 1648, preacher John Elliott was quoted in Thomas Shepherd’s book «Clear Sunshine of the Gospel» with an account of the difficulties the Pilgrims were having in using the Indians to harvest cranberries as they preferred to hunt and fish. In 1663, the Pilgrim cookbook appears with a recipe for cranberry sauce. In 1667, New Englanders sent to King Charles 10 barrels of cranberries, 3 barrels of codfish and some Indian corn as a means of appeasement for his anger over their local coining of the Pine Tree shilling. In 1669, Captain Richard Cobb had a banquet in his house (to celebrate both his marriage to Mary Gorham and his election to the Convention of Assistance), serving wild turkey with sauce made from wild cranberries. In the 1672 book «New England Rarities Discovered» author John Josselyn described cranberries, writing:
«Sauce for the Pilgrims, cranberry or bearberry, is a small trayling plant that grows in salt marshes that are overgrown with moss. The berries are of a pale yellow color, afterwards red, as big as a cherry, some perfectly round, others oval, all of them hollow with sower (sic) astringent taste; they are ripe in August and September. They are excellent against the Scurvy. They are also good to allay the fervor of hoof diseases. The Indians and English use them mush, boyling (sic) them with sugar for sauce to eat with their meat; and it is a delicate sauce, especially with roasted mutton. Some make tarts with them as with gooseberries.»
«The Compleat Cook’s Guide» published in 1683 made reference to cranberry juice. In 1703, cranberries were served at the Harvard University commencement dinner. In 1787, James Madison wrote Thomas Jefferson in France for background information on constitutional government to use at the Constitutional Convention. Jefferson sent back a number of books on the subject and in return asked for a gift of apples, pecans and cranberries. William Aiton,a Scottish botanist, included an entry for the cranberry in volume II of his 1789 work, Hortus Kewensis. He notes that Vaccinium macrocarpon (American cranberry) was cultivated by James Gordon in 1760. In 1796, cranberries were served at the first celebration of the landing of the Pilgrims, and Amelia Simmons (an American orphan) wrote a book entitled «American Cookery» which contained a recipe for cranberry tarts. In 1816, Henry Hall first commercially grew cranberries in East Dennis, Massachusetts on Cape Cod. In 1843, Eli Howes planted his own crop of cranberries on Cape Cod, using the «Howes» variety. In 1847, Cyrus Cahoon planted a crop of «Early Black» variety near Pleasant Lake, Harwich, Massachusetts. In 1860, Edward Watson, a friend of Henry David Thoreau wrote a poem called «The Cranberry Tart.»
Cranberry sales in the United States have traditionally been associated with holidays of Thanksgiving and Christmas. Until the 1930s most of the crop was sold fresh.
In the U.S., large scale cranberry cultivation has been developed as opposed to other countries. American cranberry growers have a long history of cooperative marketing. As early as 1904, John Gaynor, a Wisconsin grower, and A.U. Chaney, a fruit broker from Des Moines, Iowa, organized Wisconsin growers into a cooperative called the Wisconsin Cranberry Sales Company to receive a uniform price from buyers. Growers in New Jersey and Massachusetts were also organized into cooperatives, creating the National Fruit Exchange that marketed fruit under the Eatmor brand. The success of cooperative marketing almost led to its failure. With consistent and high prices, area and production doubled between 1903 and 1917 and prices fell. In 1918, US$54,000 was spent on advertising, leading to US$1 million in increased sales.
With surplus cranberries and changing American households some enterprising growers began canning cranberries that were below-grade for fresh market. Competition between canners was fierce because profits were thin. The Ocean Spray cooperative was established in 1930 through a merger of three primary processing companies: Ocean Spray Preserving company, Makepeace Preserving Co, and Cranberry Products Co. The new company was called Cranberry Canners, Inc. and used the Ocean Spray label on their products. Since the new company represented over 90% of the market, it would have been illegal (cf. antitrust) had attorney John Quarles not found an exemption for agricultural cooperatives. As of 2006, about 65% of the North American industry belongs to the Ocean Spray cooperative. (The percentage may be slightly higher in Canada than in the U.S.)
A turning point for the industry occurred on November 9, 1959, when the secretary of the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Arthur S. Flemming announced that some of the 1959 crop was tainted with traces of the herbic > [ 9 ] [ 42 ] However, the scare taught the industry that they could not be completely dependent on the holiday market for their products: they had to find year-round markets for their fruit. They also had to be exceedingly careful about their use of pesticides.
After the aminotriazole scare, Ocean Spray reorganized and spent substantial sums on product development. New products such as cranberry apple juice blends were introduced, followed by other juice blends.
A Federal Marketing Order that is authorized to synchronize supply and demand was approved in 1962. The order has been renewed and modified slightly in subsequent years, but it has allowed for more stable marketing. The market order has been invoked during six crop years: 1962 (12%), 1963 (5%), 1970 (10%), 1971 (12%), 2000 (15%), and 2001 (35%). Even though supply still slightly exceeds demand, there is little will to invoke the Federal Marketing Order out of the realization that any pullback in supply by U.S. growers would easily be filled by Canadian production.
Prices and production increased steadily during the 1980s and 1990s. Prices peaked at about $65.00 per barrel (29 ¢/kg—A cranberry barrel equals 100 pounds or 45.4 kg.) in 1996 then fell to $18.00 per barrel (8.2 ¢/kg) in 2001. The cause for the precipitous drop was classic oversupply. Production had outpaced consumption leading to substantial inventory in freezers or as concentrate.
Cranberry handlers (processors) include Ocean Spray, Cliffstar Corporation, Northland Cranberries Inc.[Sun Northland LLC], Clement Pappas & Co., Decas Cranberry Products as well as a number of small handlers and processors. [ 43 ]
The Cranberries, наряду с Enya и U2, входит в тройку самых ярких музыкантов из Ирландии, снискавших мировое признание. Их неординарная исполнительская манера, работа на стыке многих жанров, от кельтик-рок до дрим-поп, и мощный вокал создали группе особое амплуа, в котором они навсегда запомнились своим поклонникам.
История создания и состав
Биография коллектива начинается в 1989 году, в третьем по величине городе Ирландии Лимерике. До появления «клюквенного квартета» городу-графству приходилось довольствоваться многовековым существованием (впервые упомянут в IX в), тройкой музеев и кружевным промыслом, но на закате 80-х этот список расширился, притом крайне удачно.
Гитарист Ноэл Хоган
История создания группы – это рассказ, где герои связаны между собой кровными или дружескими узами. Вдохновленный звучанием знаменитых The Cure, подросток Ноэл Хоган решил сколотить банду с родным братом Майком и их общим товарищем Фергалом Лоулером.
Басист Майк Хоган
Ноэл играл на гитаре, Майк — на басу, а Фергал отвечал за ударные. Очевидно, что трио не хватало вокалиста. Им стал Ниалл Куинн, присоединившийся в августе 1989. Таким был первый состав The Cranberry Saw Us. Этимология названия неизвестна, но игра слов «saw us» (в переводе с англ. «видел нас») и «sauce» («соус»), которые одинаково звучат, но по-разному пишутся, показалась участникам «Клюквенного соуса» забавной.
Барабанщик Фергал Лоулер
До ухода Куинна в марте 1990 успели записать мини-альбом Anything. Расставание, по воспоминаниям участников, было мирным. Ниалл решил сосредоточиться на собственном проекте The Hitchers, но перед этим организовал товарищам прослушивание некой Долорес О’Риордан.
Солист Ниалл Куинн
Пробы на нового вокалиста проходили в Xeric Studios, старом индустриальном помещении в центре Лимерика. Пространство было забито подростками в разгар пубертата, да и Долорес было лишь 19.
«Пока ничего не произошло», — сказала она тогда, — «прошу всех, кто не в составе группы, выйти».
Внешний вид будущей солистки контрастировал с готическим окружением: ботинки Doc Martens, черная одежда, длинные волосы. Она пришла в розовом спортивном костюме с коротко стриженными, будто бы влажными волосами и синтезатором Casio подмышкой.
Солистка Долорес О’Риордан
Майк Хоган вспоминал, что все трое были ошеломлены вокалом хрупкой девушки. Ее голос был чем-то особенным. У Долорес впечатление от первой встречи с будущей командой также сложилось отличное. Понравилось их звучание, драйв, потенциал, которому были нужны вокалист и верное направление. Одна из аранжировок, сыгранных группой вместе в тот день, позже станет песней Linger, ступенью на пути к мировой славе.
Влившаяся в квартет О’Риордан разнообразила инструментальное богатство коллектива клавишными. Окончательно сформировавшись в 1990, состав группы не менялся 28 лет вплоть до смерти Долорес в январе 2020.
Необычное звучание The Cranberries объединяет несколько рок-жанров: альтернативу, кельтик, софт, а также поп-формации дрим-поп, джангл-поп. Такая мешанина из стилей, помноженная на мощнейший вокал солистки позволили группе создать нишу, где у них не было конкурентов, но в начале творческого путь был отнюдь не гладким.
Группа «The Cranberries»
В 1991 группа записала демо из 3 песен и отправила в ближайшие музыкальные магазины 3 сотни копий. У записи был отличный спрос, поэтому следующую партию команда отослала в звукозаписывающие компании. Тогда же длинному названию группы «подрезали хвост» до The Cranberries.
Композиции получили высокую оценку и в индустрии, и в британской прессе. Сотрудничать с потенциальными звездами из Лимерика хотели практически все. Группа выбрала Island Records, под лейблом которой провалился их дебютный сингл Uncertain. Команда, которой прочили глобальный успех вчера, вмиг стала неинтересной, способной лишь на каверы чужих хитов.
Песня «Linger» группы «The Cranberries»
В 1992 они сменили менеджера на Джеффа Трэвиса, пригласили нового продюсера Стивена Стрита, который до того работал с Morrisey, Blur и The Smiths, и в обстановке, близкой к тотальной депрессии и неверию в собственные силы, приступили к записи первого альбома.
Дебютный Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can’t We? («Другие это делают, тогда почему мы не можем?») появился в марте 1993. Название диску, как и всем последовавшим за ним, дала Долорес. Она размышляла о том, что Элвис Пресли не родился Элвисом, Майкл Джексон также сделал себя сам. Почему же группе из маленького городка на юго-западе Ирландии не под силу стать известной здесь и сейчас?
Группа «The Cranberries»
Альбом продавался по 70 тыс. копий в день, что стало лучшим ответом на вопрос «Почему мы не можем?». К Рождеству The Cranberries давали масштабный тур по США и Европе, их концерты ждали тысячи меломанов. В Ирландию команда вернулась героями национального масштаба. Со слов О’Риордан, она уезжала никем, а вернулась c гастролей звездой. Хитами стали композиции Linger и Dreams.
В 1994 записан No Need To Argue, самый успешный в дискографии. Над вторым студийным альбомом с коллективом продолжил сотрудничать Стивен Стрит. Под его руководством появится еще несколько творений группы. Ode to My Family, композиция, написанная Долорес в соавторстве с Ноэлом Хоганом, повествовала о тоске о беззаботном детстве, простых радостях и счастливой юности. В «оду» влюбились слушатели от Новой Зеландии до Франции, но главной песней альбома и всего творчества команды стала Zombie, также вошедшая в No Need To Argue.
Песня «Zombie» группы «The Cranberries»
Композиция была эмоциональным протестом, откликом на трагедию 1993 года, когда от взрыва бомбы ИРА (Ирландской республиканской армии) в городке Уоррингтон погибли 2 мальчика. Гибель детей послужила толчком к созданию песни.
Клип на хит снял прославленный Сэмюэль Бейер, который делал видео для культовых песен Smells like teen spirit (Nirvana), Mama, I’m coming home (Оззи Осборн), Home (Шерил Кроу), Boulevard of broken dreams (Green Day). Спустя 20 лет после создания Zombie по-прежнему интересна слушателю, а музыкальный материал часто становится объектом для ремиксов.
Песня «Animal Instinct» группы «The Cranberries»
До конца 90-х группа записала еще 2 альбома, где было много экспериментов со звуком, громких и резких композиций. В этот период родился хит Animal instinct. С приходом нового тысячелетия вышел 5-й студийник Wake Up and Smell the Coffee.
Несмотря на возвращение продюсера Стивена Стрита, диск не имел серьезного коммерческого успеха, но стал любимым для группы: мягкая и спокойная рефлексия на событие в жизни Долорес – рождение ребенка. В 2002 группа дала ряд выступлений в мировом турне, после чего, не объявляя о распаде, приостановила работу.
Песня «Promises» группы «The Cranberries»
До 2009 участники выступали сольно. Максимального успеха достигла О’Риордан, выпустившая 2 альбома. В конце 2009 Долорес объявила о воссоединении коллектива, и уже в следующем году группа отправилась в тур, а в 2011 записала новый альбом. Спустя 6 лет молчания вышел диск Something Else.
В январе 2020 фото Долорес О’Риордан появилось в Интернете и всех мировых СМИ. Певица и мать 3 детей скоропостижно скончалась в номере отеля в Лондоне. На протяжении месяцев причина смерти вокалистки оставалась неизвестной. Окончательный вердикт, озвученный медиками, — утопление в состоянии алкогольного опьянения.
The Cranberries сейчас
После смерти О’Риордан на официальном сайте команды появился анонс выхода ремастеринга дебютной пластинки Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can’t We?, отметившей 25-летие. Идея появилась у группы еще при жизни Долорес.
Похороны Долорес О’Риордан в 2020 году
В связи с трагическими обстоятельствами выпуск диска отложили с марта на октябрь 2020. Издание доступно фанатам в формате deluxe на 4CD, а также на виниле.
На 2020 намечен выход нового альбома, для которого Долорес при жизни успела записать вокальные партии. По словам Ноэла Хогана, это последняя работа группы:
«Мы выпустим диск – и это все. Продолжение нам не нужно».
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Red Cranberries Restaurant
601 Parliament street Street, Toronto (ON), M4X 1P9, Canada
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