iecscanada Канада


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Iecscanada Канада

Canada-Uni, — Canada Pour les articles homonymes, voir Canada (homonymie). Pour l’article homophone, voir Kannada … Wikipédia en Français

Canada progressiste — Canada Pour les articles homonymes, voir Canada (homonymie). Pour l’article homophone, voir Kannada … Wikipédia en Français

Canada Day — Children watch the Canada Day parade in Montreal Also called Fête du Canada; previously named Dominion Day Observed by Can … Wikipedia

Canada at the 2010 Winter Olympics — Canada at the Olympic Games Flag of Canada – Flag bearers … Wikipedia

CANADA — CANADA, country in northern half of North America and a member of the British Commonwealth. At the beginning of the 21st century, its population of approximately 370,000 Jews made it the world s fourth largest Jewish community after the United… … Encyclopedia of Judaism

Canada (disambiguation) — Canada generally refers to the country in North America, derived from an St. Lawrence Iroquoians word meaning village or settlement . When he first used the word Canada , Jacques Cartier referred to the region of modern Quebec… … Wikipedia

Canada-Latin America relations — are relations between Canada and Latin America. This includes the bilateral ties between Canada and the indiv >Wikipedia

Cañada Real Leonesa Oriental — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Cañada Real Leonesa Oriental con una longitud de alrededor de 700 km , tiene su inicio en la zona de Riaño en la provincia de León y su final en Montemolín al sur de la provincia de Badajoz, atravesando parte de… … Wikipedia Español

Cañada Real Soriana Oriental — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Cañada Real Soriana Oriental[1] es una de las Cañadas de la Mesta, de unos 800 Km de longitud que parte de la provincia de Soria y llega a la de Sevilla. La Cañada[2] que nos proponemos analizar corresponde a la… … Wikipedia Español

CANADA — Histoire et politique — Fédéralisme, monarchie constitutionnelle et parlementarisme de type britannique, tels sont les caractères essentiels du régime politique canadien. Bien que les traditions anglaises, les coutumes françaises et le mode de vie américain aient… … Encyclopédie Universelle

Iecscanada Канада

Сообщение viking-82 » 10 мар 2009, 04:47

Re: iecscanada

Сообщение Fedot » 10 мар 2009, 04:58

Ну тогда подавайтесь в Квебек — французский не очень сложен в изучении.

ПС
Как то давно, когда я только задумывался об отходе, мне дали контору . щас даже и не вспомню какую, через которую уехали по офферу люди с Германии. Ну я вышел на них — так мол и так, что имеете мне предложить? Предлога ем поехать в Монитобу на свинофермы йаца свиньям отрезать.
Вот и выбирайте. Либо йайки резать либо типо на Аляске рыбу сортировать и жить . как это у них на сайте . соответсвующим санитарным нормам . очень расплывчато.

КИдалово на этом рынке много . может лучше франсе выучить? Ну и года через 2 вы уедите из цирка.

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Reviews From Our Customers

Canadico Inc. and especially the person in charge of my file Ms Inna Tretiak have been wonderful. The whole staff is available, professional and super helpful. I would recommend Canadico to anyone wanted advice and professional help to migrate to Canada.
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Sophie, France

October 12, 2020

Огромное спасибо Инне за проделанную работу! Оперативно, профессионально, организованно и за 6 месяцев я с PR card:) за паспортом только к вам! Однозначно рекомендую! Еще раз огромное спасибо за помощь!

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Валерия, Украина

October 11, 2020

Хочу от всей души поблагодарить Canadico и, конечно, лично Инну Третьяк за профессиональный и одновременно индивидуальный и человечный подход к своей работе и нашему конкретному случаю.
Инна всегда была на связи и, если можно так выразиться, постоянно держала руку на пульсе развития событий и была готова ответить на все возникающие вопросы и наити 100% правильное решение.
На фоне характерного для Канады низкого уровня профессионализма и ответственности работа Инны .

Михаил, Украина

Canadico — компания где мне дали подробную консультацию о иммиграции в Канаду, помогли просчитать все риски и выбрать оптимально подходящую программу для моей семьи, а так же занималась всеми документами для этого. Ребята действительно профессионалы в своем деле, благодаря которым теперь мы живем в Канаде).
Я ни разу не пожалела, что в свое время обратилась именно сюда!

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Дарья, Канада

Я жадный до денег, но не жалею что обратился. Оперативность, хороший сервис, любят своих клиентов. Рекомендую, я остался доволен.

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Анатолий, Россия

September 22, 2020

I’ve been working with several “paralegals” and once I’ve made my payment according to our agreement my case wasn’t significant anymore to anyone.

I would like to Thank Canadico (the REAL LEGAL AGENCY) for such a professional service that I’ve received from one of the educated,experienced and solicitous employees. What I’ve liked the most is that they kept me updated and always picked up the phone. It sounds obvious .

Nail, Kazakhstan

September 19, 2020

Здравствуйте! Хочу поделиться своим отзывом о компании Canadico Inc. и в частности о работе иммиграционного консультанта Инны Третьяк. Среди большого количества компаний, занимающихся иммиграционными вопросами, сразу обратил внимание на Canadico, т.к. , поговорив с Инной по телефону, я почувствовал, что этот человек действительно знает свое дело, чуткий и отзывчивый, человечный и переживающий с вами ваши удачи и неудачи. На любой вопрос я получал своевременный ответ, что довольно редко случается при .

Юрий, Беларусь

Остался очень доволен компанией Canadico. Обратился в компанию ещё зимой и мы не переставали контактировать по сей день. Хочу поблагодарить Инну за проделанную работу. Инна всегда отвечала вовремя, выбрала нужный тип эмиграции, подобрала школу английского языка и колледж. Консультировала ежедневно, всегда отвечала на мои вопросы четко и подробно. Эта компания даст вам все возможности иммигрировать в Канаду. Я получил канадскую визу и остался безмерно доволен. Спасибо, спасибо и ещё раз .

Владимир, Россия

Great Service provide with an extremely quick response rate. The information was accurate and very helpful.


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Heather, Canada

За качество предоставленных услуг наша компания получила очередную оцену 5 звезд от довольного клиента. Результаты оценки можно увидеть на Гугл используя следующую ссылку.

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Виктория, Украина

Very very good service, polite and competent lawyers.

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Elkhan, Azerbaijan

I would highly recommend this company. Inna was very responsible and without her consultation we wouldn’t come to this stage. BTW we got PPR

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Salman, Azerbaijan

Обращался в компанию и остался доволен. Все было сделано очень быстро и компетентно.

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Sergey, Japan

Inna is very professional and knowledgable! I have dealt with different immigration attorneys but she is definitely one of the best! If you need a support related to immigration matters in Canada, Inna is your go to person! Thanks Inna, David Chmel

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David, Canada

Дуже вдячна компанії Canadico та особисто Інні Третяк, яка відповідально ставиться до своєї роботи і допомогла отримати візу нашій сім’ї.

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Олеся, Україна

I am grateful to Inna and her team for helping and guiding me through the process of applying for study permit. Inna is very professional and attentive lawyer and is very diligent at her work. I am glad me and my partner started to work with her as she is a real pleasure to work with.
The team is always open for communication and does their best to help .

Natalya, Kazakhstan

Thanks to consultations with Inna, today my brother received a temporary resident visa and he will come to visit me in Toronto. Just a month ago we applied without Inna’s help and the visa was refused. We reapplied the second time and it was totally worth it.

Inna, I am extremely grateful for your help! Thank’s to you I will spend a vacation with my family in Canada, as it .

Alena, Ukraine

Получил отличную консультацию грамотного специалиста.

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Александр, Россия

Everything is super, thanks for help

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Anar, Russia

We are very satisfied with the services of Canadico, Ms.Inna was the PIC for our file. She is very cooperative, knows the subject well and goes an extra mile to help with getting assistance with course Enrollments for my wife in the Toronto dental college and mine in Centennial college. Thanks once again.

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Amitesh Patro, India

Canadico невероятно помогли мне. Очень грамотная консультация которая разъясняет детали и трудности иммиграционного процесса. Надеюсь на дальнейшее сотрудничество!

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Alina Li, Russia

December 27, 2020

Очень благодарны консультанту Инне Третьяк за профессионализм и отличную работу!
Все грамотно и подробно обьяснила по процедуре. Предоставив необходимые документы, она оперативно все оформила, заполнила анкеты. Буквально на следующий день нам уже отправила приглашения на биометрию, и через полторы недели мы с супругой получили визы на 9 лет до конца паспорта. Теперь мы с нетерпением ждем встречи нового года в Канаде. Рекомендуем!

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Дмитрий, Украина

December 11, 2020

Real professionals. They gave answers to all questions of my interest. Always ready to help. Only the most positive recommendations to all who want to get a really competent consultation.

See this feedback on Google. To assess your chances on immigration to Canada or getting visa (tourism, education, employment) book a consultation with the licensed Canadian immigration consultant

Emil, Azerbaijan

December 7, 2020

Исходя из своего опыта, никогда не обращалась за помощью в получении визы (включая визу в США). Но, когда дело дошло до канадской туристической визы, поняла, что этот процесс нереально сложный и запутанный! Поэтому приняла решение доверить это дело специалисту, и нисколько не пожалела!

Инна очень квалифицирована, на протяжении всего процесса детально все разъясняет и инструктирует, всегда на связи, по любым вопросам отвечает так же оперативно!

Марьяна, Польша

December 3, 2020

Все очень профессионально. Иммиграционный консультант все очень доступно и понятно объяснила. Советую всем кто рассматривает Канаду обращаться в это агентство. Цены доступные. Очень рады что наткнулись на Сanadico.

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Улжан, Кипр

November 20, 2020

Meet a new permanent resident of Canada. Today Oleksandr Dementyev, our client from Ukraine, got officially reunited with his beautiful wife and daughter ��‍��‍��. So many plans ahead!


Here is what Oleksandr said: «I highly highly recommend using Candico !! Me and my wife had Inna Tretiak handling our immigration process, she was absolutely amazing! We always felt reassured and any questions or concerns we had were addressed .

Alex, Ukraine

November 13, 2020

I was looking to find out more information on spousal sponsorship application and encountered Canadico website while I was searching online. I would definitely recommend Canadico Inc to anyone who needs any kind of immigration advice whether it is in relation to express entry, sponsorship, etc. Not only did the person on the phone answer all of my questions with great and accurate detail but also shared her professional opinion .

Valeria, Canada

November 4, 2020

Our team is happy to welcome Mrs.Nogay in Canada who recently joined her husband through Family Class Sponsorship immigration process!

Here is what Veronika said «Я наконец то получила свою PR Visa! 9 месяцев стресса, и нервов позади!Большое спасибо офису Canadico inc,а также особая благодарность Инне Третьяк за профессионализм и моральную поддержку! Для справки я подавала на PR т.к. мой супруг канадец и весь процесс был из Кореи .

Veronika, South Korea

Наша семья работала с компанией Canadico по вопросам иммиграции в Канаду. Убедились в качестве работы иммиграционного консультанта и ассистентов уже с первого контакта: мы не только получили очень детальную оценку шансов, разработали план подготовки и подачи документов, а уже через 9 месяцев работы(. ) прибыли всей семьёй в Канаду в качестве иммигрантов! Мы очень благодарны Инне Третьяк за её профессионализм, ответственность и внимание к деталям! Поддержка компании была ощутима 24 часов .

Светлана, Украина

September 27, 2020

Общались с лицензированным консультантом Инной 1 час по скайпу. Очень довольны, Инна объяснила все базовые варианты какие у нас есть, в целом все стало на свои места. Рекомендую тем, кто хочет сэкономить часы поисков и чтения официального сайта Иммиграции Канады и взамен получить сжатую информацию по вашему личному случаю. 100% value for money.

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Виктор, Россия

September 19, 2020

Очень Вам благодарен за профессионализм и индивидуальный подход. Это тот случай, когда люди знают своё дело идеально и очень ответственно относятся к клиенту и своей работе. С удовольствием буду сотрудничать с Вами в дальнейшем. Визу получил с первого раза.

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Игорь, Украина

September 13, 2020

Рекомендую Canadico inc всем желающим иммигрировать или учиться в Канаде! Профессиональная команда Canadico team помогла осуществить мою мечту — учиться в Канаде, несмотря на мой непростой кейс, у меня были очень слабые «связи с родиной». Хочу отметить высокий уровень професионализма в общении с клиентами! Правильный, индивидуальный подход ко всем этапам оформления визы помог ускорить и облегчить весь визовый процес, спасибо Canadico inc.

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Татьяна, Украина

September 6, 2020

Incredible service! Had really difficult immigration case and got very professional, detailed legal advice from one of the company immigration consultants — Inna. Thank you very much ! Would definitely recommend your office to anyone who going through immigration process.

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Katerina, Canada

September 5, 2020

5 звезд за оперативность, доступность в цене, а главное за профессионализм

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Рамиль, Россия

I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Canadico Inc. team and especially to Mrs. Inna Tretiak for their utmost and professional support on obtaining of Ontario Nomination Certificate and Permanent Residence Visas accordingly for my entire family.

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Ixtiyar, Azerbaijan

Получила вчера очень качественную консультацию — все разжевали и объяснили. Да, возможно, кто-то скажет, что вся информация есть в интернете, согласна. Но, когда только начинаешь процесс — на тебя обрушаются тонны новой и не всегда понятной информации, и ты просто не знаешь с чего начать. Поэтому, на самом начальном этапе надо взять качественную консультацию. Всем советую, консультант очень доброжелателен

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Айканыш, Кыргызстан

Thanks to this company and the excellent service provided by its delightful employee Inna Tretiak, whose attention to detail, great communication skills, and professionalism made the experience even better than I expected. I won’t hesitate to bring future clients to this company. With the help of Inna, we were granted with Canadian visitors visa within 3 business days. Great job Canadico.

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Anna, Canada

Canadico, with no exaggeration, the most professional company and immigration consulting team. I received an amazing service. We’ve got visas opened for entire family. Moreover, Canadico team all the time feels like they are opening our visas like for themselves, and even was available out of their regular work hours.

See this feedback on Google. To assess your chances on immigration to Canada or .

Artem, Canada

Консультант Инна проводит консультацию на высоком профессиональном уровне, дает макисмум информации, подробно разъясняет и советует. Общается вежливо и тактично. Спасибо большое ))

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Марина, Россия

Recently enlisted the services of Inna Tretiak at Canadico Inc for assisting with the LMIA application process. Her service was professional, courteous, timely, and certainly helpful. She was able to effectively answer any questions we had in a timely manner and her supportive attitude played a key role in the successful result of our application. 10/10 would recommend!

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Stan, Canada

Хочу поблагодарить за оперативную и качественную работу с клиентами. Надеюсь на продолжение положительного и продуктивного взаимодействия с Вашей организацией в будущем.

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Яков, Россия

Очень благодарен за детальную и информативную консультацию с Инной! Были рассмотренны варианты применительно к моей ситуации. Смог наметить дальнейший план действий.
Спасибо!

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Сергей, Россия

Although I contacted to several consulting companies previously, I was unable to find answers to my questions. Only Canadico was able to provide thorough explanations and find solutions for every trouble I had. They have quite professional attitude and an individualistic approach for every client. Well done, guys. Keep it up.


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Javid, Azerbaijan

Здравствуйте всей вашей комаде. Большое спасибо за помощь в получении возможности поехать к дочери в Канаду. Очень понравилось с вами работать. Высоко оцениваю вашу оперативность, качественные консультации. Спасибо Инне Третьяк — приятно было работать. При необходимости будем обращаться к вам и впредь.

Алла, Казахстан

Класно, что офис в самом центре Торонто, на метро с любой точки города. Консультация исчерпывающая, как и ожидалось так как ребята в 2020 помогли брату иммигрировать. Я за ним. Надеюсь все получится!

Всеволод, Белорусь

Поддержка и консультация от начала до конца, что весьма порадовало. Этот опыт превзошел все мои ожидания. Так рад что мне посоветовали именно эту компанию. Потому как много моих знакомых обожглись в этом вопросе. Спасибо Canadico ! Вы THE BEST!

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Дмитрий, Украина

Инна буквально вытянула наш случай, до успешного получения студ визы в 42 года! При том, что мы из Донецка. Мы безмерно счастливы, Инна настоящий профессионал, который очень внимателен к ньюансам и дает развернутые консультации по каждому вопросу. Мой опыт был успешный. Всем рекомендую!

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3 Simple Steps

To Apply For A Canadian Visa

Welcome to the website of the Canada visa application centre (CVAC) in United States. TT Services is the exclusive service provider for the Government of Canada, authorized to provide administrative support services to visa applicants in United States. The Canada Visa Application Centre is operated by VFS Global on behalf of TT Visa Services Ltd (hereinafter TT Services).

    Important Update: New service charges come into effect on Saturday, 02 November 2020. You are advised to check for updated information on this website prior to submitting an application.

As per instruction from IRCC, Canada Visa Applicants are required to install the following update before printing and bring the validated paper copies of the 2D forms as instructed via: https://helpx.adobe.com/acrobat/release-note/release-notes-acrobat-reader.html. Applicants may need to upgrade to version DC August 2020 (10.012.20040) if the current version DC August 2020(19.012.20036).

A gentle reminder to bring all pages of the 2D forms. If the barcode page is not scan able, you would be requested to re-fill the forms manually to IRCC system which is running a Certified IRCC version 11 of Adobe reader at the internet kiosk in the centre.

  • Important Notice: Please note that the waiting time for passport collection is usually longest between 13:00 to 14:00. To minimize your waiting time, please plan your trip outside peak hours.
  • Booking of appointments for enrolling your biometrics at the VAC is absolutely free of cost. No payment should be made to outside parties for the booking of your appointment. In case you are unable to book an appointment visa the website, you should reach out to our Contact Centre and/or VAC directly. For more information on how to contact us, please refer to our Contact page.
  • Important notice: Please be informed that the appointment scheduling service is necessary only for providing your biometric information. Please make your appointment when you consider you have all the necessary documents.
  • To find out if you need to give biometrics, please visit http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/visit/biometrics.asp
  • Please note that appointments are mandatory in order to enroll biometrics at the Visa Application Centre. A planned visit with a preferred time slot at the Visa Application Centre guarantees prompt service thus eliminating longer waiting time resulting in inconvenience.
    • Applicants requesting emergency appointments for the purpose of biometric collection may do so provided suitable proof of the emergency is presented at the time of the appointment. Suitable proof may include a note or other documentation from an official. Please note that this proof only needs to be presented and will not be collected by the VAC, and that this will provide an emergency biometric appointment but not affect IRCC’s processing time for the application. For any further information or questions, the Contact Centre is able to assist with any inquiries.
  • Please click here to Schedule an Appointment
  • All applicants are requested to provide the latest version of the application forms and applicable checklist available in IRCC website. Please click here to Find Form and Guides
  • The Electronic Travel authorization (eTA) from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is a new entry requirement for visa-exempt foreign nationals (apart from U.S. citizens and other specified exempt travelers) travelling to Canada by air. The online application is available at www.Canada.ca/eTA
  • The decision to issue or refuse a visa is made solely by immigration officers of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). All applications will be assessed in accordance with Canada’s immigration visa rules and guidelines. Canada Visa Application Centre has no role or influence over the outcome of an application and will not offer any evaluative advice.
  • Beware of fraudulent job offers. For more details – click here
  • Submit Passport and Other Documents

    Have you been asked to submit your passport at the Visa Application Centre?

    Iecscanada Канада

    Immigration to Canada is not easy, but it is possible — as long as you meet the eligibility requirements and receive the highest level of guidance through the process.

    Over 300,000 foreign nationals from various countries move to Canada every year, and our goal is to help you and your family do the same, and have the opportunity to enjoy the high standard of living that Canada has to offer.

    Our team of immigration experts is dedicated to helping people just like you to achieve your dream of living in Canada.

    We walk you through the Canadian immigration process by evaluating your best option for a permanent residency visa to Canada, explaining exactly what you need to do, and answering all your questions along the way.

    If you want to move to Canada, the professional team of experts at Become A Canadian is committed to facilitating your optimal Canadian immigration solution!

    Are You Eligible?

    What Can We Do For You?

    Become A Canadian makes it easy to explore your options for a work visa to Canada with our simple 5 Stage Procedure:

    1. Assessment Stage – Learn about your best Canadian work visa option, based on your personal profile.
    2. Verification Stage – The necessary documentation is collected and evaluated.
    3. Preparation Stage – Your forms are properly prepared by certified Immigration Consultants.
    4. Application Stage – Our legal team sends your details to the agency that issues Canadian visas.
    5. Final Stage – Guidance is given for the health and character confirmation and meeting with Canadian visa officials.
    Очень важная для вас статья:  Получить приглашение на работу, имея номинацию Канада

    Welcome to the law firm of Abrams & Krochak. We have helped tens of thousands of people immigrate to Canada since 1996.

    Welcome to the law firm of Abrams & Krochak. We have helped tens of thousands of people immigrate to Canada since 1996.

    Welcome to the law firm of Abrams & Krochak. We have helped tens of thousands of people immigrate to Canada since 1996.

    Immigration
    Process

    When a Canadian Immigration applicant becomes a client of Abrams & Krochak, the first thing he/she will receive from the firm is a package containing all the necessary forms, document checklists and instructions to begin the Canadian Immigration Application process.

    Life in
    Canada

    Canada is a cultural mosaic, built by a society that respects and celebrates many cultures from around the world. Immigrants count for roughly 20% of the total Canadian population, with many new Canadians choosing to reside in urban areas such as Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver.

    Legal
    Assistance

    Having professional help to guide you through your Canadian Immigration process is vital to ensure forms are filled out correctly, information is complete, and that your Application for Permanent Residence in Canada is as easy, straightforward, and flawless as possible.

    FREE Eligibility Assessment

    Abrams & Krochak offers a free eligiblity assessment upon completion of an online questionnaire. Click here to get started, or use the appropriate link below.


    Express Entry

    Federal Skilled Worker Class
    Federal Skilled Trades Class
    Canadian Experience Class

    Canada seeks the skills and experience of foreign professionals, skilled workers and skilled tradespeople.

    Self-Employed or Start-Up Visa

    Canada seeks individuals who will contribute to the cultural, artistic and athletic development of the country as well as those with farm management experience. Canada also seeks businesspeople who want to start and grow a high-potential start-up company that sets a goal of selling to customers in at least five (5) countries.

    Learn how to sponsor your loved one for Canadian Immigration.

    Be one of the thousands of families Abrams & Krochak has reunited in Canada.

    General Inquiries & Information

    Have questions not covered by our FAQs or require information not found on our website?

    Immigrate to Canada — quickly and easily! Read hundreds of our clients’ testimonials!

    Abrams & Krochak, respected Canadian Immigration Lawyers, have been helping people from around the world immigrate to Canada since 1996. We are proud of our near 100% Canadian Immigration success rate*. Read our clients’ testimonials and see how we have helped skilled workers, families, investors, entrepreneurs and the self-employed successfully immigrate to Canada and receive permanent resident status in Canada.

    * Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results and outcomes will vary according to the facts in individual cases.

    О Канаде

    Canada — A Mari Usque Ad Mare

    Общие сведения о Канаде

    Канада входит в число самых больших стран мира, занимая второе после России место по своей территории. Однако около 8% площади страны – это внутренние воды. По площади суши Канада уступает Китаю. Канада имеет богатейшие природные ресурсы, которые являются фундаментом ее интенсивного экономического развития. В частности, Канада занимает в мире второе место по добыче алмазов, является крупнейшим поставщиком лесоматериалов и лидером в производстве цинка и некоторых других металлов. К богатствам Канады можно отнести и ее живописные ландшафты: побережье с бухтами и заливами, необозримые степи и прекраснейшие горные вершины.

    Политика и экономика

    Формально Канада является доминионом Британского Содружества, то есть по своему устройству это государство – конституционная монархия во главе с британским королем, которого представляет генерал-губернатор. Однако фактически с 1867 года Канада является независимым государством с целиком суверенной внутренней и внешней политикой. По административному устройству Канада – федерация, состоящая из 10 провинций и 2 территорий, управляемых напрямую федеральным правительством. Исторически сложилось так, что особый статус в стране имеет франкоязычная провинция Квебек, значительная часть населения которой выступает за отсоединение от Канады.

    Канада на сегодняшний день входит в перечень стран с наиболее высоким уровнем жизни. В стране активно развивается машиностроение, горнодобывающие отрасли, биотехнологии, телекоммуникации и фармакология. Помимо этого, Канада – одна из мировых «житниц». Высочайший уровень развития сельского хозяйства позволяет экспортировать большие количества зерновых, овощей и фруктов на международный рынок.

    Иммигранты в Канаде

    Традиционно Канада охотно принимает иммигрантов при условии, что они принесут пользу стране и смогут без проблем интегрироваться в общественную жизнь. В XXI веке Канада ощутила демографический кризис: рождаемость падает, население неуклонно «стареет», так как средняя продолжительность жизни в стране одна из самых высоких в мире. Нехватка молодых квалифицированных кадров ощущается во многих отраслях экономики, поэтому государство разработало программы по привлечению специалистов из-за рубежа.

    Преимущества сотрудничества с CIC Canada Immigration:

    Ø Отличное знание всех тонкостей и нюансов иммиграции в Канаду

    Ø Информированность касательно ситуации на рынке труда

    Ø Подбор оптимальной программы для иммиграции

    Ø Комплексное сопровождение от подачи заявления до переезда

    Ø Работа на результат без отступлений

    Вопрос-ответ:

    1. Каково отношение к иммигрантам в Канаде?

    Канадцы, в целом, очень вежливая, законопослушная и спокойная нация. Ежегодно в страну вливается до 200 тысяч приезжих их разных уголков мира. Канадцы привыкли к иммигрантам, поэтому решающим фактором в отношении к ним, реально, являются профессиональные и личные качества.

    2. Насколько безопасно в Канаде? Есть ли вокруг агрессивно настроенные люди?

    Иммигрантов со стран СНГ практически всегда удивляет то, насколько Канада комфортная и безопасная страна. На улицах и в общественных местах просто нереально встретить человека, от которого бы исходила аура агрессии. Вечером можно спокойно совершать прогулки не только в центре города, но также в спальных районах. Люди привыкли к спокойствию. Даже громкий разговор в общественном транспорте подспудно расценивается как признак некой агрессивности и вызывает косые взгляды.

    3. Как одеваться в Канаде, чтобы не выглядеть «белой вороной»?

    Канадцы мало внимания обращают внимания на моду. Главный критерий в выборе одежды – удобство. Молодежь носит спортивные вещи, часто на несколько размеров больше, чем необходимо. Цены на одежду доступные, даже на брендовые вещи они ниже в 2-3 раза, нежели в странах СНГ. Канадцы достаточно спокойно относятся к нестандартному внешнему виду, поэтому «белой вороной» там вряд ли кого-то считают.

    Думаете об иммиграции в Канаду?

    Обращайтесь к нам за консультациями и помощью!

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    Immigration to Canada

    Are you looking to immigrate to Canada?

    There are many different categories for professionals and workers under which you may qualify for your Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa: Federal and Quebec Skilled Worker, Provincial Nominee, Federal Self-Employed, and Canadian and Quebec Experience Class. We can help you with the process of immigration to Canada.

    Quebec Immigration

    Do you intend to reside in Montreal or another city in the province of Quebec?

    The Quebec Immigration selection system is based on a human capital model so applicants do not require a job offer. You may be eligible to immigrate to Canada under the Quebec Skilled Worker, Quebec Experience Class, or Quebec Business / Investor categories.

    Work Permits

    Do you need to obtain a Canadian work visa (work permit)?

    Our law firm has a team of work permit specialists who can help foreign individuals, foreign businesses, or Canadian employers get the Canadian work visas (work permits) required for working legally in Canada.

    Study Permits (Student Visas)

    Would you like to study in Canada?

    Most international students will need to obtain a Canada Study Permit (Student Visa) in order to attend school in Canada. If you apply to attend a school in Canada and receive a letter of acceptance, you are ready to apply for a Study Permit. Studying in Canada will prepare you for work in Canada, and it can also help you fast-track your Canadian immigration application if you wish to stay in Canada after you graduate.

    Family Sponsorship/SuperVisa

    Do you wish to sponsor close family members to come to Canada?

    Close relatives of Canadian Citizens and permanent residents may qualify for Canadian immigration. Spouses, common-law partners, parents and dependent or intended adopted children may become Permanent Residents through the Family Sponsorship program. Parents and Grandparents are eligible to reside in Canada under the new Parent and Grandparent Supervisa program.

    Criminal Inadmissibility

    Have you been arrested or detained?

    Persons may be denied entry to Canada if they (or their dependents) are determined to be criminally inadmissible by a Canadian Immigration Officer. We can advise you as to the steps to be taken to overcome inadmissibility.

    Business or Investor Immigration

    Are you a business person or manager looking to immigrate to Canada ?

    Your investment could be your way of obtaining Canadian Permanent Residency. There are categories for individuals (either business managers or owners) having a high net worth: Federal and Quebec Investor, Entrepreneur, and Self-Employed programs. We can help you with Canadian Business Immigration.

    Canadian Experience Class

    Workers or students currently in Canada can become permanent residents through the Canadian or Quebec Experience Class programs.

    There are categories available specifically for individuals who are studying or working in Canada. These include the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Quebec Experience Class (PEQ) and Provincial Nomination Programs.

    H1-B or other U.S. work visa holders

    Are you a worker currently in the United States on a temporary work visa?

    If you are working in the U.S., Canada wants you. North American training and work experience is what Canadian employers prefer.

    Attorney Dav >

    Attorney David Cohen was invited to speak to the Canadian Senate to discuss proposed reforms to Canadian immigration.

    Canada

    Contents

    Canada is the world’s second largest country by area, only behind Russia. Known as the Great White North, Canada is renowned for its vast, untouched landscape, and its multicultural heritage. While much of Canada consists of forests, it has more lakes than any other country, the Rocky Mountains, the Prairies, and a sparsely populated archipelago extending into the Arctic.

    Regions [ edit ]

    Visiting Canada all in one trip is a massive undertaking. Over 7,200 km (4,475 mi) separate St. John’s, Newfoundland from Victoria, British Columbia (about the same distance separating London and Riyadh, or Tokyo and Kolkata). To drive from one end of the country could take 7–10 days or more (and that assumes you’re not stopping to sight see on the way). A flight from Toronto to Vancouver takes over 4 hours. When speaking of specific destinations within Canada, it’s better to consider its distinct regions:

    Atlantic Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island)
    This region prides itself on its history, particularly that of the formation of Canada as a sovereign state. Atlantic Canada is well-known for unique accents, the origin of Acadian culture, natural beauty (particularly around coastal areas), the historic beauty of Halifax and St. John’s, and a huge fishing and shipping industry. It is also home to the distinctive culture of Newfoundland and Labrador, which was simultaneously the first part of what is now Canada to be explored by Europeans and the last part to join the confederation.
    Quebec
    Quebec is the only province with a French-speaking majority, having been settled as part of the New France colony. The region is culturally distinct from the rest of Canada, and is known for its cultural landscape, such as Quebec City’s Winter Festival, Montreal’s classic architecture, and maple syrup and poutine (two staples of Canadian cuisine). Montreal is also a prominent global francophone city, though through centuries of influence from both the British and the French, it is also very much a bilingual city, and its inhabitants have developed a self-proclaimed distinct sense of identity.
    Ontario
    Canada’s most populous province is geographically vast, allowing for endless activities to partake in. Toronto, Canada’s largest city, is eclectic, multicultural, and vibrant with 140 unique neighbourhoods. Ottawa is Canada’s charming, bilingual capital and features an array of art galleries and museums that showcase Canada’s past and present. Farther south is Niagara Falls and the north is home to the untapped natural beauty of the Muskoka and beyond. All these things and more highlight Ontario as what is considered quintessentially Canadian by outsiders.
    Prairies (Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan)
    Known for their vast open spaces and plentiful resources, the Canadian Prairies are a dynamic set of provinces with some of the most stunning natural beauty in the world. The region is rich in geographic variety, from rolling hills and canola farm fields in Manitoba and Saskatchewan to forests rich in diversity and the rather unique rock formations of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta. This region is also one of the fastest growing in Canada, and is well-known for mountain resorts like Banff and Jasper. The major cities of Calgary, Edmonton, Regina, and Winnipeg are modern cities with massive rodeos, museums, and stunning architecture.
    British Columbia
    Vancouver is the heart of British Columbia. It is known as one of the most liberal and culturally diverse cities in North America with everything from world-class skiing to nude beaches. Travelling outside Vancouver, one finds Victoria, provincial capital with a bustling downtown and stunning legislature grounds; the Okanagan, which is home to wineries, graceful mountains, and resorts; and retirement villages. Get lost in the vastness of mountains, lakes, and other natural wonders. The province also has the mildest winters in Canada on average (though often cloudy), especially in coastal regions, making it popular with Canadians who are less enthusiastic about winter.
    The North (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon)
    The territories are some of the most remote regions on Earth and constitute most of Canada’s landmass. Though more known for their unique fauna and landscapes, the Territories also have some interesting human settlements, including Dawson City, a city that looks nearly untouched from the gold rush of 1898, and Iqaluit, Canada’s newest territorial capital, which is home to some interestingly adaptive architecture to the harsh climate of the North.

    Cities [ edit ]

    There are many cities in Canada, all of which are distinctive, welcoming to tourists, and well worth visiting, including

    • 45.424722222222 -75.695 1Ottawa — Canada’s national capital, this city is home to national government monuments like Parliament Hill, many major museums like the National Gallery, cool urban neighbourhoods like the ByWard Market, and great old architecture.
    • 51.05 -114.06666666667 2Calgary — A boom-town without a doubt, Calgary is a major Canadian financial city, but for non-business travellers, it offers the world- >44.647777777778 -63.571388888889 3Halifax — home to the second largest natural harbour in the world is rich in history with architecture dating back from English colonialism. See fortress Citadel hill, Canadian museum of the Atlantic, and the active night life where everything is a short walk away.
    • 45.508888888889 -73.561666666667 4Montreal — Once Canada’s largest metropolis, Montreal is the core of North America’s Francophone culture (you can still get by with English) and is home to some of the finest galleries, museums, venues, and festivals in the country along with great shopping on streets like Sainte-Catherine and Saint-Denis. Don’t miss Mount Royal, either.
    • 46.816111 -71.224167 5Quebec City — The Province of Quebec’s capital, founded 1608, well known for its quaint old city, its grand winter festival and gorgeous architecture like the Château Frontenac.
    • 43.670277777778 -79.386666666667 6Toronto — The largest city in Canada, fourth-largest in North America, Toronto is the media, entertainment, business, economic and cultural capital of Canada. Toronto is well known for famous landmarks like the CN Tower, but also has many great museums, theatres, sports venues, shopping districts, entertainment districts, beaches, and recreational parks.
    • 49.25 -123.1 7Vancouver — One of the most densely populated cities in Canada, Vancouver is a city of steel and glass condominiums and outstanding natural beauty. It is unique in that it is a city where one can ski and sit on the beach in the same 24 hours. The city was also the host of the 2010 Winter Olympics and is frequently ranked as one of the most livable cities in the world.
    • 60.717222222222 -135.05583333333 8Whitehorse — M >49.883333 -97.15 9Winnipeg — This city is near the heart of the continent and has a rich French-Canadian and First Nations culture, along with well preserved blocks of historic commercial buildings, renowned arts and culture, and the vibrancy of the Forks.

    Other destinations [ edit ]

    Understand [ edit ]

    Capital Ottawa
    Currency Canadian dollar (CAD)
    Population 35.7 million (2015)
    Electricity 120 volt / 60 hertz (NEMA 1-15, NEMA 5-15)
    Country code +1
    Time zone UTC−06:00 to Newfoundland Standard time and Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone, Pacific Time Zone, Eastern Time Zone
    Emergencies 911
    Driving side right
    edit on Wikidata


    Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural beauty. Canada’s economic, cultural, linguistic and social characteristics closely resemble its neighbour to the south, the United States, but there are significant differences as well, particularly in Quebec and Atlantic Canada. For one thing, over 20% of Canadians (mostly, but by no means all, in Quebec) speak French as a first language. There’s also a significant and growing number of Spanish speakers in Toronto and Montreal, but it’s a small percentage compared to the United States. Also, while Canada has somewhat more land than the US, it has only about a tenth the population, most of them living within 200 km of the US-Canada border. Large areas further north are quite sparsely populated and some is nearly uninhabited wilderness. For a comparison of population that surprises many: There are more African Americans living in the US than there are Canadian citizens.

    Though a medium sized country by its population (34 million), Canada has earned respect on the international stage and is consistently ranked as one of the wealthiest, least corrupt and most livable nations on earth.

    History [ edit ]

    The main wave of prehistoric settlers that came into the Americas from Northeast Asia via Alaska are thought to have arrived around 15,000 years ago, although the first migrants may have arrived around 30,000 years back and the last about 5,000. The main current theory as to the expansion of the prehistoric settlers is a southward migration along the coast with branching populations moving east and, later on, north. By this theory, the longest established cultures are the Pacific Coast tribes and the most recently established are the Arctic cultures.

    The first confirmed European contact with Canada was just after 1000CE: Vikings under Leif Erikson certainly reached Newfoundland and there are some controversial indications that they also sailed far up the St Lawrence and south along what is now the US coast. The next confirmed group were the Portuguese who had fishing outposts along the Atlantic coast by the early 1500s. However, neither group built permanent settlements. The Viking attempt at a settlement, L’anse Aux Meadows, was abandoned after a few years and only rediscovered in 1960. There are unconfirmed claims of several other European groups reaching Canada earlier, notably including the Irish Saint Brendan in the 6th century.

    More permanent settlements were subsequently founded by the English and the French. John Cabot, an Italian working for the English, seems to have reached Newfoundland in about 1497, but the records are neither clear nor complete. The French explorer Jacques Cartier landed on the Gaspé Peninsula in 1534 and claimed it for King Francis I of France. French fishing fleets began to sail to the Atlantic coast, where they traded with the indigenous people. Quebec City was founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608 as the first permanent settlement in New France.

    The English explorer Humphrey Gilbert landed at St John’s, Newfoundland and claimed it for Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1583 as the first English colony in North America. Under King James I, the English established more settlements in Newfoundland, from which they eventually moved on to establish the colony of Virginia further south in what is now the United States of America.

    The British took Quebec in 1759 during the Seven Years’ War. The most important battlefield of that war in Canada is on the Plains of Abraham just outside the old city walls; it is now one of Quebec City’s tourist attractions. At the end of that war in 1763, the French ceded most of their colonies in continental North America to the British, though the British agreed to permit the continued official usage of the French language and legal system in the ceded colonies, and French continues to be the dominant language in Quebec province to this day. Following the British victory, New France was split into the colonies of Upper Canada (later Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec), Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

    Under the French, most of what is now Atlantic Canada was called Acadie. The British expelled many of the French settlers and most of them went to Louisiana, where the region in which most of them settled is referred to as Acadiana; the term «Cajun» is an English corruption of the word Acadien. Some of them would later return to the region and settle in New Brunswick.

    After the American War of Independence, during which the thirteen colonies became independent from the British as the United States of America, there was considerable migration to Canada by people who wanted to remain part of the British Empire. They are known in Canada as United Empire Loyalists, though Americans might call them Tory traitors. Some of the Loyalists were of African descent, many of them former slaves who had been granted their freedom in exchange for service for the British or escapees from owners aligned with the U.S. government. Some of them or their descendants later moved to England or what is today Sierra Leone, but there are still Afro-Canadians who can trace their heritage to Black Loyalists. Other substantial waves of immigration were ex-soldiers, mostly Scots, after the Napoleonic wars and many Irish from about the time of the Potato Famine onward.

    The British and Americans fought a war in 1812 in which invasions were launched across the U.S.-Canada border in both directions. Some of the hotter heads on both sides had quite ambitious goals — drive the British out of North America entirely and annex Canada into the US, or reverse the effects of the American Revolution a few decades earlier and bring the U.S. back into the Empire. Neither side got anywhere near achieving such goals, and both ideas were thoroughly discredited by the end of the war. The U.S. national anthem was written about one of the battles in this war. Americans consider the war a draw, since no boundaries changed as a result. Canadians don’t necessarily see it that way as fending off a large-scale U.S. annexation of Canadian territory, particularly on the valuable Niagara Peninsula, is heralded as a historic British-Canadian military victory.

    Slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1834, but would remain legal in much of the U.S. until 1865, after the end of the American Civil War. The 1850 introduction of the U.S. Fugitive Slave Act, a federal law which angered abolitionist northern states by allowing black people to be abducted by slave-catchers and forcibly returned to slavery in the south, led to the establishment of an Underground Railroad of disparate routes leading north to freedom in Canada, mainly the Niagara Peninsula in Ontario and Halifax in Nova Scotia. Canada never had any large scale African descendant slave population, but both descendants of Underground Railroad refugees and «Black Loyalists» (African Americans both free and enslaved who fought for England during the American Revolution) continue to live in Canada, albeit in much smaller numbers than American blacks.

    The British established their first colony on the Pacific coast of Canada in 1849, when Vancouver Island was chartered with Fort Victoria as its capital. The colony of British Columbia was established in 1858, and the two were merged in 1866.

    The colonies of Upper Canada (Anglophone Ontario), Lower Canada (Francophone Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick federated to from the self-governing Dominion of Canada in 1867, with each former colony becoming a province. The federation was greatly expanded in 1870. A huge territory called Rupert’s Land — all the land whose rivers drain into Hudson’s Bay, much of Canada and parts of a few US states — was granted by the British crown to the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1670. In 1870, the newly formed dominion purchased it. That more than doubled the sizes of existing provinces Ontario and Quebec and led to the creation of new provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Manitoba joined the federation in 1870, followed by British Columbia in 1871, Prince Edward Island in 1873, and Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905. Following World War II, the former Dominion of Newfoundland became the final province to join the Canadian federation in 1949. Canada’s newest territory, Nunavut, was created in 1999 from part of the existing Northwest Territories.

    Canada’s relationship with the UK is somewhat complex. It was the British parliament’s British North America Act in 1867 that established the country and the British monarch is still King or Queen of Canada, with a Governor General representing him or her on the ground. However, this is a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch «reigns but does not rule»; the real governing power is Parliament. There were changes in 1931 which made Canada more-or-less fully independent of the United Kingdom. One notable difference was that in World War I, there were Canadian regiments in the British Army under British generals, but by World War II there was a Canadian Army with its own generals; Canadians and Newfoundlanders made significant contributions in both wars. Another significant change is that since the 1960s all the Governors-General have been Canadians; prior to that they were all British and often noblemen.

    Canada’s relationship with the US is also complex. In general, the two nations are friendly and there is a great deal of trade and tourism in both directions. Many Canadians migrate to the US for various work opportunities — Hollywood has dozens — and some Americans come north. The first big wave was Empire Loyalists during or after the American Revolution; later there were Underground Railroad passengers, draft dodgers during the Vietnam War, and others. The two countries have not been to war since 1814 and are proud to have «the world’s longest undefended border», but there have been tensions and even threats. In the 1840s the slogan «Fifty-four-forty or fight» was used in American elections, asserting a claim to about half of what is now British Columbia; the boundary was eventually set by negotiation at 49 °N, several hundred miles south of 54°40′. The bellicose attitude of many Americans on that issue was in part connected to the contemporary Mexican-American War which was seen as a blatant land grab of pro-slavery forces at the time and the unwillingness of the federal government to assert a claim over Northern lands as aggressively as over Southern lands was seen as yet another sign for the federal government being controlled by Southern interests. Actual animosity towards Canada or the British played a marginal role in this jingoistic fervor. Canada and the US have been allies in a number of wars, notably both World Wars, Korea, Afghanistan, the first Iraq War and the current campaign against Da’esh (ISIS). However, Canada stayed out of some American wars, notably Vietnam and the second Iraq War.

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    Canadians sometimes cash in on events in the US. Canada’s only involvement in the Civil War was selling supplies to the North, and Canada was the main source for smuggled booze during prohibition.

    Canada and particularly Newfoundland also played an important role in the history of transatlantic aviation. Gander was one of the closest points in North America that was fog free most of the year where an airport could be built and it turned into a frequent refueling stop before planes gained enough range to cross the Atlantic nonstop. During the Cold War, defections sometimes happened during those refueling stops. While its European equivalent Shannon is still the second biggest airport in Ireland, Gander has since lost most of its importance but briefly came to the centre of the world’s attention when after 9/11 countless flights that could not enter US airspace were diverted there and the locals took in stranded visitors from all over the world giving a piece of positive news to report on a generally depressing newsday.

    In 1982, the UK passed the Canada Act, with Canada simultaneously passing the Constitution Act, ending any residual power the British parliament may have had to pass laws for Canada.

    Quebec has twice had a referendum on the question of leaving Canada, the first time in 1980 with an almost 60-40 «no» vote and the second time in 1995 with an extremely narrow «no» vote of 50.58% to 49.42%. Quebec separatism is no longer a pressing issue, but it does come up from time to time, as do grumblings of other provinces — particularly the Maritimes and the Western provinces — about being left out or ignored by federal policy.

    Politics [ edit ]

    Canada has a federal system of government, consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Laws vary slightly from province to province, though they are for the most part fairly uniform.

    At the federal level, the Canadian parliament is based on the British Westminster system, with a lower House of Commons that is popularly elected by the people, and an upper Senate that is appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is typically the leader of the party with the most seats in the House of Commons. Each province has its own provincial government and legislature, based on the same system but without a senate. The premier serves as the head of the provincial government.

    The executive branch is the Cabinet, which is headed by the Prime Minister, who appoints his Cabinet ministers from among the members of the House of Commons, and occasionally from the Senate. The Supreme Court of Canada heads the judicial branch, and has served as the highest court of appeal since taking over that role from the UK Privy Council in 1949.

    Queen Elizabeth II remains the nominal head of state, with an appointed governor-general as her representative in Canada and a lieutenant-governor in each province. This is a constitutional monarchy; the roles of the Queen and her representatives are largely ceremonial, with the prime minister wielding the most authority in government.

    The Canadian constitution defines certain areas of exclusively provincial jurisdiction. For example, each province sets its own drinking age, minimum wage, sales tax, labour regulations, and administers its own roads, health care and education systems. Two of the three territories’ legislative assemblies (Nunavut and the Northwest Territories) are non-partisan – no political parties are represented and instead, all candidates run as independents in their constituency.

    There are five main parliamentary parties at the federal level consisting of four nationally represented parties and one regionally focused party: the Conservative Party (right of centre), the Liberal Party (left of centre), the New Democratic Party (left), and the Green Party (left) are nationally represented while the Bloc Québécois is a regional party that promotes the independence of Quebec from Canada, running no candidates outside of Quebec. Only the Conservatives and the Liberals have ever formed the national government, though the NDP have governed various provinces. As of 2020, the Green Party has only secured less than 10 seats wherever elected and have formed the government opposition in Prince Edward Island. The Bloc – who have generally drawn criticism from outside of Quebec for their separatist focused agenda – do not participate in provincial-level politics, but another provincial-level sovereignist party, the Parti Québécois, has won provincial elections and formed the government in Quebec on several occasions. While minority governments are somewhat common, coalition governments are almost unheard of and usually elections result in an outright majority of the seats for one party, even if this party only gained somewhere between 30 and 40 percent of the popular vote. For most of its history since Confederation, Canada has been governed by the Liberal Party, which former Liberal Prime Minister Jean Chretien referred to as «Canada’s natural governing party.» After a Conservative Government that served from 2006 to 2015, the Liberals under Justin Trudeau (son of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, another Liberal prime minister) returned to government in 2015.

    While Canada does not have the equivalent of «red states» and «blue states» as the US, there are some marked preferences for particular parties by province that have been relatively stable. However, the first-past-the-post system can cause electoral upsets as happened in 2015 in Alberta when the right-wing parties, the Progressive Conservatives and the Wildrose parties (both defunct), split the vote giving rise to an NDP government in a province that had been governed by the Progressive Conservatives parties for 44 years continuously.

    Culture [ edit ]

    Domestically, Canada has displayed success in negotiating compromises among its own culturally and linguistically varied population, a difficult task considering that language, culture, and even history vary significantly throughout the country. In contrast to the United States’ traditional image of itself as a melting pot (now falling out of use), Canada prefers to consider and define itself as a mosaic of cultures and peoples. Canadians are used to living and interacting with people of different ethnic backgrounds on a daily basis and will usually be quite friendly and understanding if approached in public. The country is largely urban-based and is home to a diverse population (less so in rural areas). As is common with any neighbouring nations, there is some rivalry between Americans and Canadians, which may be more evident in Canada than the United States. Consequently, if you are obviously an American visitor, a minority of Canadians may make comments that could offend you. However, if you aren’t «in your face» about you being American and don’t negatively compare Canada to the US the worst you will probably hear are some good-natured jokes.

    Time zones [ edit ]

    The Canadian Sir Sandford Fleming first proposed time zones for the entire world in 1876, and Canada, being a continental country, is covered coast to coast with several zones.

    Daylight saving time, when clocks are moved forward by one hour, is observed in most of the country (except Saskatchewan) from 2AM on the second Sunday in March until 2AM on the second Sunday in November; during this time, for example, British Columbia uses GMT −7 while Alberta has GMT −6.

    Anglophone Canada mostly uses the 12-hour clock system, but the 24-hour clock is generally used in francophone Canada. The 24-hour notation is also often used in English in such contexts as train and airline schedules.

    Units of measure [ edit ]

    Canada’s official measurement system is metric, but many Anglophone Canadians still use the imperial system for many things in colloquial usage. One of the most common holdovers from the imperial system is the use of feet and inches for measurement of short distances and heights, and especially the use of pounds for masses, even among younger Canadians and Francophones, though these measurements will be recorded in metric units on official documents. In Quebec and other Francophone communities, Imperial units are referred to by their French names. Feet become pieds, inches become pouces and pounds become livres. Older Canadians might still use the term ‘mile’ when referring to informal distances. Fahrenheit temperatures are only used when referring to water in pools and hot tubs, and for oven temperatures. Air temperature, both inside and outside is almost exclusively reported in Celsius. All weather forecasts will be in °C, centimetres of snow and millimetres of rain. Similarly, all road signs will use metric units, meaning that speed limits will be given in km/h and distances will be given in km. «Gallons», «quarts», «pints» and «fluid ounces» in Canada are generally used to refer to the British and not the American versions of those units.

    Climate [ edit ]

    Trying to distill the climate of Canada into an easy-to-understand statement is impossible, given the vast area and diverse geography within the country, but «Frozen North» would be a reasonable first approximation. In most places, winters are harsh, on par with Russia. The most populated region, southern Ontario has a less severe climate, similar to the bordering regions of the mid-western and northeastern United States. Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut, is just south of the Arctic Circle and remains very cold except for the months of July and August, when the July average maximum is only 12°C (54°F). On the other hand, the coastline of British Columbia is very mild for its latitude, remaining above freezing for most of winter, yet it is not far away from some of the largest mountain glaciers on the continent.

    Most of the large Canadian urban areas are within 200 km (125 mi) of Canada’s border with the United States (Edmonton, Calgary, Halifax and St. John’s being notable exceptions). Visitors to most cities will most likely not have to endure the weather that accompanies a trip to more remote northern or mountainous areas often pictured on postcards of Canada. Summers in the most populated parts of Canada are generally short and hot. Summer temperatures over 35°C (95°F) are not unusual in Southern Ontario, the southern Prairies and the southern Interior of BC, with Osoyoos being the hot-spot of Canada for average daily maximums. Toronto’s climate is only slightly cooler than many of the larger cities in the northeastern United States, and summers in the southern parts of Ontario, Quebec (including Montreal) and Manitoba are often hot and humid. In contrast, humidity is often low in the western interior during the summer, even during hot weather, and more cooling occurs at night. In the winter, eastern Canada, particularly Atlantic Canada, is sometimes subject to inclement weather systems entering from the US, bringing snow, high wind, rain, sleet, and temperatures in their wake of under −10°C (14°F).

    Many inland cities, especially those in the Prairies, experience extreme temperature fluctuations, sometimes very rapidly. Owing to a dry climate (more arid west than east on the southern Prairies), bright sunshine hours are plentiful in the 2,300–2,600 annual hours range.

    Winnipeg has hot summers with bouts of aggressive humidity, yet experiences very cold winters where temperatures around −40°C (−40°F) are not uncommon. The official hottest temperature in Canada ever recorded was in southern Saskatchewan, at 45°C (113°F), while the coldest was in Snag, Yukon −63°C (−81°F). Summer storms in the Prairies and Ontario can be violent and sometimes unleash strong damaging winds, hail, and rarely, tornadoes. On the west coast of British Columbia, Vancouver and Victoria are far more temperate and get very little snow, average low wind speeds and seldom experience temperatures below 0°C or above 27°C (32–80°F) but receive high rainfall amounts in winter then in turn dry, sunny, pleasant summers.

    The average temperature is typically colder in Canada than in the US and Western Europe as a whole, so bring a warm jacket if visiting between October and April, and earlier and later than this if visiting hilly/mountainous terrain or Northern areas. For most of the country, daytime highs in the summer are generally well above 15 °C (60 °F) and usually into the 20s–30s°C (70s–100s°F) range.

    Holidays [ edit ]

    Canada recognizes and celebrates the following national holidays (some provinces may have minor differences):

    • New Year’s Day — 1 January
    • Family Day — 3rd Monday in February (not observed in all provinces, known as Louis Riel Day in Manitoba, Islander Day in PEI)
    • Good Friday — Friday before Easter (a few institutions also close on Easter Monday)
    • Easter Sunday — late March or early April, first Sunday after first full moon after the spring equinox
    • Victoria Day—Last Monday in May before 25 May (known as Fêtes des Patriotes in Québec; always one week before the US Memorial Day)
    • St. Jean Baptiste Day (Québec) — 24 June (also known as Fête Nationale)
    • Canada Day— 1 July
    • Civic Holiday — first Monday in August (only applies in some provinces, under different names; not in Québec)
    • Labour Day — first Monday in September
    • Thanksgiving—Second Monday in October (the same day as the US holiday of Columbus Day)
    • Remembrance Day —11 November (bank holiday only; the same day as the US Veterans Day)
    • Christmas Day — 25 December
    • Boxing Day—26 December

    Canada’s Labour Day is not celebrated on 1 May, as in much of the world, but on the first Monday in September (the same day as the US celebrates its Labor Day).

    Talk [ edit ]

    Bilingualism and politics

    Although most Canadians are monolingual, one place where you can see Canada’s official bilingualism on display is in Parliament, as MPs have the right to address the House in either English or French. This bilingualism is also on display during election season, as all the major parties’ prime ministerial candidates are expected to debate in both French and English on television, making bilingualism almost essential if one has aspirations for high office.

    English and French are the only two official languages in Canada at the national level, though many other languages are spoken among immigrants or Canada’s native peoples. All communications and services provided by the federal government are required by law to be available in both official languages. However, individual provinces are free to decide which languages they wish to adopt as official languages at the provincial level, meaning that offices of the provincial governments may not necessarily offer services in both languages (e.g. British Columbia only offers services in English, while Quebec only offers services in French). Most Canadians are functionally monolingual, although some parts of the country have both English and French speakers. Over a quarter of Canadians are bilingual or multilingual. A majority of Montrealers and Gatinois, as well as about 40% of Ottawans, are at least conversationally bilingual. New Brunswick is officially bilingual as roughly one third of the province speak French as their first language, mostly in Northern New Brunswick.

    English is the dominant language in all regions except Québec, where French is dominant and actively promoted as the main language. However, there are numerous francophone communities scattered around the country, such as:

    • the national capital region around Ottawa, and various towns between Ottawa and Montréal
    • some parts of eastern and northern Ontario,
    • the city of Winnipeg (particularly St. Boniface) and areas to the south,
    • the Bonnie Doon neighbourhood in Edmonton, and several surrounding communities,
    • a few parts of the Acadian region of Atlantic Canada, scattered across Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island).

    Likewise, there are anglophone communities in Québec, such as the on-island western suburbs of Montreal. Most Francophones outside of Québec are bilingual, as are most Anglophones living in Québec.

    Canadian English uses a mixture of British and American spellings, often with US vocabulary («gas» instead of «petrol») and UK spelling (a «meter» is a measuring instrument, a «metre» is a unit of length). Some British terms not usually understood in the United States are widely used in Canada. Certain words, as well as the letter «z», follow British instead of American pronunciations, but the accents of Canadians and Americans are nonetheless quite similar. The standard Canadian accent differs from the standard American (Midwest) accent being smoother, less nasal and faster-paced (common phrases that are normally two words are pronounced as though there is no space between them) and is virtually identical to the West Coast American accent. Canadian English also tends to have a stronger French influence than other varieties of English, and Canadians are also more likely than other English speakers to pronounce loan words from French according to their original French pronunciation.


    Atlantic Canada has the greatest variety of regional accents in English-speaking North America, largely as a result of the isolated nature of the fishing communities along the Atlantic coastline prior to the advent of modern telecommunications and transportation. A visitor to the Atlantic provinces may have some difficulty understanding strong local accents rich in maritime slang and idiom, particularly in rural areas. From Ontario westward, the accent of English Canadians is more or less the same from one region to another and is akin to that spoken in northern US border states.

    English-speaking Canadians are generally not required to take French after their first year of high school, and thus most English-speaking Canadians outside Quebec cannot speak French unless they are closely related to someone who does, or have chosen to continue French studies out of personal or professional interest. Ottawa is an exception as French is needed in many civil service jobs. Education in other languages (such as Spanish, German, and Japanese) is offered, although only a small minority of students take these courses, and those that do rarely progress past the basics. As Canada is a popular destination for migrants from all over the world, you will often hear different languages being spoken in Canada’s major cities, and you will often find neighbourhoods or suburbs whose primary language is that of their respective immigrant communities. Most immigrants learn English or French in addition to speaking their native tongue with family and friends.

    In Quebec, one can usually get by with English in Montreal, Gatineau, on-the-beaten-path areas of Quebec City, and a few traditionally Anglophone rural areas such as the Lower North Shore, Chaleur Bay, and some areas along the U.S. border. However, elsewhere in the province, knowledge of French ranges from very useful to downright essential. Even if you’re just passing through, it pays to know at least enough French to read road signs (this is especially true if you’re planning to venture off the autoroutes onto country roads). It may also be useful to know at least a few basic French phrases in the larger cities, where some attempt by travellers to communicate in French is often appreciated. The varieties of French spoken in Québec and the Acadian regions differ in accent and vocabulary from each other and from European French. Some Franco-Europeans have difficulty understanding Canadian French. Nevertheless, all Francophone Canadians learn standard French in school, so they will generally be able to speak standard French if required.

    Vancouver, Toronto and Montreal are home to large Chinese migrant populations, and Cantonese is widely spoken in the Chinatowns in these cities. Due to migration from mainland China, and the increasing prominence of China’s rising tourism industry, Mandarin is becoming increasingly more widely spoken. Other Chinese dialects are also spoken, but less common.

    There are also dozens of aboriginal languages spoken by many Canadians of aboriginal descent. In Nunavut more than half the population speaks Inuktitut, a traditional language of the Inuit, with a significant minority speaking Inuinnaqtun. Nevertheless, most of these people speak English or French as well, so learning these languages is generally not a necessity to communicate, though it would certainly impress your hosts.

    Two sign languages are predominant in Canada. American Sign Language, or ASL, is used in Anglophone Canada; Quebec Sign Language, or LSQ, is used in Francophone Canada. While the two are distinct languages, they share a degree of mutual intelligibility. Both are part of the French Sign Language family, and LSQ is believed to be a mix of French Sign Language and ASL.

    Get in [ edit ]

    Citizens of the following countries do not need a visa to visit Canada for a stay of (generally) up to six months, provided no work or study is undertaken and the traveller holds a passport valid for six months beyond their intended date of departure:

    A visa exemption also applies to individuals holding nationalities that are not specified above if they are in possession of a US Green Card or can provide other evidence of permanent residence in the United States. Persons who do not require a visa and who are entering for any reason other than tourism must have a letter of invitation from the individual, business, or organization that they are visiting (information about letters of invitation and what information they need to contain).

    Foreigners entering Canada visa-free by plane are required to obtain an eTA (electronic Travel Authorization) in order to be allowed on the plane. The eTA is issued by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and is similar to the US ESTA, but the fee is lower at $7 and is valid for as long as the passport or for a maximum of five years. US citizens (but not permanent residents) and French citizens of Saint Pierre and Miquelon are exempt from this. The eTA is not required if you are entering by land or sea.

    Canada is quite strict about admitting anyone with a criminal record, and even people who would otherwise not need a visa may be denied entry or may need additional paperwork if they have a record, no matter how long ago or minor it may be. Even a drunk driving conviction counts, because that is considered a criminal offence under Canadian law. Anybody with a criminal record, including US citizens, should contact a Canadian diplomatic mission for advice before making travel plans. See Traveling with a criminal history#Canada.

    All others will be required to obtain a Temporary Resident Visa to enter the country. This can be done at the applicants’ nearest Canadian Visa Office. Applicants are required to submit, as part of their application:

    • A valid travel document (such as a passport)
    • Two properly-formatted, passport-sized photos for all applicants
    • The application fee (the fee per person is $75 for a single entry visa, $150 for a multiple entry visa or $400 for a family (multiple or single entry)
    • Reservation confirmation (for tourists) or letter of invitation (for everybody else).
    • Proof that you have enough money for your visit to Canada. The amount of money may vary, depending on the circumstances for your visit, how long you will stay and whether you will stay in a hotel, or with friends or relatives. You can get more information from the visa office.
    • Other documents as required. These documents could be identification cards, proof of employment, or a proposed itinerary. Check the website of the visa office responsible for the country or region where you live for more information.

    If you plan to visit the United States and do not travel outside the borders of the US, you can use your single entry visa to re-enter as long as the visa has not passed its expiry date.

    Working while in the country is forbidden without a work permit, although Canada does have several temporary work permits for youth from specific countries. See «Work» below.

    Quebec has been given limited autonomy in the selection of immigrants by the federal government. While its immigration rules differ slightly from the rest of Canada, these rule differences do not affect short-term visitors (such as tourists and business travellers) who do not plan to work or immigrate.

    United States citizens travelling by land (vehicle, rail, boat or foot) to Canada need only proof of citizenship and identification for short-term visits. In addition to a passport, a number of other documents may also be used to cross the border:

    • United States Passport Card (issued by the Department of State)
    • Enhanced Drivers License or Non-Driver Photo ID card (issued by Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Vermont, and Washington State)
    • Enhanced Tribal ID Card
    • Trusted Traveler Cards issued by the US Department of Homeland Security for the Canadian Border (NEXUS and FAST).

    DHS issued cards for the Mexican Border (SENTRI) and for international air travellers (Global Entry) cannot be used to enter Canada, but they are acceptable to re-enter the United States and may be used in the dedicated NEXUS lanes into the US, where available.

    Prior to 2009, it was possible to travel across the US-Canada border with just a birth certificate or a driver’s licence. Birth certificates are still acceptable to enter Canada, but United States Customs and Border Protection stopped accepting birth certificates when the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) went into effect. This is because many (especially older) certificates are little more than a typewritten piece of carbon paper with no security. If you try to re-enter the United States with your birth certificate, you will eventually be let in, but only after significant delays while CBP verifies the information on it with the issuing department. You may also be fined or prosecuted for non-compliance, although anything more than a written warning is unlikely for a first time violator.

    Residents of Greenland, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and some Caribbean nations are not required to present a passport if they can prove nationality and identity via some other means.

    Residents of Greenland, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States also benefit from arrangements where applications for work and study permits can be made upon arrival in Canada at the Immigration Office at the port of entry without the need for an advance Temporary Resident Visa or advance application at a consulate. However, all the paperwork normally needed for such a permit has to be submitted at the port of entry as it would at a consulate, including a letter of introduction/invitation, the appropriate paperwork issued by the institution/employer, and the appropriate fees.

    Transit [ edit ]

    Similar to the US, Canada also requires entry formalities even if you are transferring between two international flights at the same airport. The exception to this is if you are connecting from another international flight to a US-bound flight (but not vice versa) at an airport with US border pre-clearance, and if the connection is made in the same terminal. If you are not eligible for a visa waiver to enter Canada, then in general you will need to apply for a free-of-charge transit visa to transit through Canada. While Canada’s visa policy is in general somewhat more relaxed than the US, making it a popular route for people who wish to avoid transiting through the US, Canada’s rules on criminal inadmissibility are even more strict than that of the US. In other words, if you have a criminal record, or even a drunk-driving conviction, it is likely that you will be refused immigration clearance to transit through Canada and should plan alternative routes.

    Customs [ edit ]

    Canada has very strict biosecurity laws. Similar to the United States, Australia and New Zealand, all food items being brought into Canada must be declared to customs on arrival and inspected. Failure to declare any food items could lead to a hefty fine, even if the items are permitted.

    Canadian drug laws are considerably stricter than American ones, and attempting to bring illicit drugs into Canada is a very serious offence which carries a heavy jail term with it. In particular, while medicinal marijuana is legal in much of the US, it is illegal to attempt to bring marijuana into Canada, even if you have a prescription and even though recreational use of cannabis is legal in Canada — see the government’s Cannabis and International Travel page for details.

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    It is illegal to bring firearms and explosives across the border into Canada without declaring them, with proper paperwork, to customs. Anyone under 18 years of age cannot legally bring a firearm into Canada at all. For details, see the Canada Border Services Agency’s Import and Export a Firearm or Weapon into Canada page for firearms and the Natural Resources Canada Importing, Exporting and Transporting-in-Transit pages for ammunition.

    Although there is no restriction on the amount of money that can be brought into or out of Canada, customs requires you to declare if you are carrying $10,000 (Canadian) or more, or its equivalent in foreign currency. Failure to declare could lead to prosecution and possible seizure of the cash.

    From the United States [ edit ]

    If you are a US citizen or permanent resident and travel to Canada frequently, consider applying for a NEXUS card. NEXUS allows pre-approved, low risk travellers to use expedited inspection lanes both into Canada and the United States at many land crossings with minimal questioning. You can also utilize kiosks to make your customs declaration and clear the border at major international airports if you opt for an iris scan. The application fee is $50 and requires being legally admissible to both nations, a thorough background investigation, credit check, fingerprinting and an interview with both US Customs and Border Protection and Canada Border Services Agency.

    Participants in other DHS trusted traveller programs such as Global Entry (expedited clearance at airports), SENTRI (expedited US-Mexico border clearance) and FAST (for truck drivers) cannot utilize NEXUS lanes into Canada, although are allowed to use their Global Entry, SENTRI, or FAST card as a travel document denoting identity and citizenship. Additionally, these cards can be used in NEXUS lanes entering the United States.

    If you are travelling to Canada from the United States and you are not a permanent resident of either country you need to be careful to satisfy the US authorities on any subsequent trip that you have not exceeded their limits on stays in North America. Your time in Canada counts towards your maximum allowed United States stay if you are returning to the US prior to your departure from North America.

    • If you are returning to the US in this trip, keep your visa documents. Do not hand over your US visa or visa waiver card (I-94 or I-94W) to border control. You can enter the US multiple times during the time allocated to your visa (for Western tourists, normally 90 days), but you need to have the immigration document as well to validate the visa. If you come back from the US without that document, you will not only have to apply again for a visa or visa waiver but also will also need to satisfy US immigration of the validity of your trip (meaning to show them that you will not intend on immigrating there).
    • If your default US time is going to run out while you are in Canada, and you want to return to the US direct from Canada, you need to apply for a US visa with a longer time period (e.g. B-1/B-2, or a C-1 transit visa) before your first trip through the US. For example, if you are going to stay in Canada for six months, and you transit through the US on a visa waiver, then the US will regard your six months in Canada as not allowing you to return to the US without leaving North America first, as you have stayed more than 90 days in North America in total. In this scenario, you have not done anything wrong by visiting the US and then staying in Canada for a long time, simply that the US will not allow you to return directly from Canada, you have to reset their clock by leaving North America. Visa waiver travellers may be able to avoid this by returning their I-94W (green) form to their airline upon departing the US, or to the Canadian immigration inspector if entering Canada by land; since the US has no outbound immigration check, it’s up to the traveller to remember this.
    • If you are intending to leave North America entirely without returning to the US on this trip, return any visa documents at the time of leaving the US for Canada. This means handing over your I-94 or I-94W card to airline staff at the check-in counter if departing by air, or to the Canadian immigration inspector if departing by land. If you do not, you will need to prove to the US that you didn’t overstay to be admitted on future trips (the US CBP website has information on how to correct this mistake).

    If you leave Canada to briefly visit the United States and wish to re-enter Canada in a short period of time, you generally may do so without getting a new Canadian visa as long as you return within the initial period authorised by the immigration officer or have a valid temporary residence permit authorising you to re-enter, and you do not leave US soil before returning to Canada (i.e. not even during a cruise which begins and ends at a US point but crosses international waters in-between). If you leave US soil for a third country for any reason on a single-entry Canadian visa, you will have to apply for a new visa before re-entering Canada.

    By plane [ edit ]

    Canada’s main international airports are located in Toronto (YYZ IATA ), Vancouver (YVR IATA ) and Montreal (YUL IATA ). Many other cities have international airports as well, with the following being of particular use to visitors: Calgary, Ottawa, Halifax, St. John’s, Winnipeg, Edmonton, Regina, Saskatoon, Kelowna, Victoria and Quebec City.

    Flag carrier Air Canada and WestJet are the country’s only national air carriers, covering the entire country and international destinations. There are also regional domestic airlines, and charter airlines serving mainly international destinations.

    With rare exceptions, Canadian three-letter IATA airport codes start with a «Y» and the corresponding ICAO codes are «CY»; the last two letters of both codes almost always match.

    Luggage allowance for flights to or from Canada usually operates on a piece-wise in addition to the weight system even for foreign carriers. This means that you are allowed a limited number of bags to check-in where each bag should not exceed certain linear dimensions (computed by adding the length, width and height of the bags). The exact restrictions on weight, linear dimension and number of baggage allowed are determined by the carrier you are flying with and the class of service you are travelling in, usually individual bags may be up to 23 kg (50 lb) if travelling in economy class.

    If you are flying across the border from the United States, Air Canada and all US-based carriers (Alaska, American, Delta, and United) charge checked bag fees. Typically $25 for a single bag of up to 23 kg (50 pounds), and $35–50 for a second bag, unless you have elite status, are travelling in First or Business class, or qualify for a fee waiver (e.g. US military personnel). If you are flying to the US from a major airport, you will typically clear US customs and immigration at the Canadian airport before departure; make sure you give yourself ample time to complete all these procedures

    By car [ edit ]

    Canada has a land border with only one country – the United States. There are two land borders, Canada’s southern border with the 48 contiguous states and another between Western Canada and Alaska. See the from the United States subsection for more information on what to do when leaving the US.

    You might also enter the country by road from the United States through one of many border crossing points. The same rules will apply here, but if your case is not straightforward, expect to be delayed, as the officials here (especially in more rural areas) see fewer non-US travellers than at the airports. Also expect delays during holiday periods, as border crossings can become clogged with traffic.

    After crossing the border into Canada, road signs change into metric units; distances are in kilometres and speed limits in km per hour. One mile is 1.609 km so multiply what you see on the road signs by 5/8 to get its approximate equivalent in miles e.g. 40 km ≈ 25 miles and 100 km/h ≈ 62.5 mph. If you are driving a US-model vehicle into Canada, the speedometer will usually have US units on top or outward while metric units are below or inward. If only US units are displayed, there will usually be a switch allowing you to change the speedometer to metric units; check your owner’s manual to find where it is.

    As of 2013, drivers of US registered vehicles in Canada are no longer required to carry a separate Canadian insurance document. It is your responsibility as the driver to ensure that your US policy will cover you in Canada and meets the minimum coverage level of the provinces you’ll be driving in. C$200,000 liability coverage is the standard requirement in all provinces apart from Nova Scotia which sets the minimum at C$500,000, by contrast, most US states have statutory minimums of US$50,000 or less. Most American insurers will cover you fully in Canada although some require advanced notification and/or payment of an additional premium. Call your agent prior to any cross-border car trips to discuss requirements and procedures.

    By train [ edit ]

    Via Rail is Canada’s national passenger rail service. The US counterpart, Amtrak, provides connecting rail services to Toronto from New York via Niagara Falls; Montreal from New York and Vancouver from Seattle via Bellingham. Their trains are an inexpensive way to get into Canada, as tickets start from as low as US$43 return between Seattle and Vancouver.

    Not many take the train as a regular means of inter-city transportation. Most simply drive to where they want to go if the distance is short (which in Canada can still mean hundreds of kilometres!), or fly if distances are long.

    Important: If you’re travelling cross-border on Amtrak services, you must have your tickets validated prior to boarding. Pick up your tickets from the window (not the Quick-Trak kiosk) and show your passport or travel document to the agent (your travel document information is sent ahead of time on a manifest to border services to facilitate crossing procedures). Some stations, such as New York City, have a dedicated window for international passengers.

    As of 2020, Hostelling International members are eligible at 12.5% discount from Via Rail.

    By bus [ edit ]

    Greyhound Canada serves Montreal, Ottawa, and Toronto, with connecting service to regional lines and US Greyhound coaches.

    Many routes connect major Canadian and American cities including Montreal – New York City which is operated by New York Trailways and Vancouver–Seattle operated by Greyhound (USA). The Toronto to New York City route (via Buffalo) is operated by a number of bus companies: Greyhound and Trailways for traditional service, and Megabus (Coach Canada) on the discount side. There are also many local bus companies throughout Canada.


    Effective October 31, 2020, Greyhound Canada terminated all bus service in Northern Ontario (north-west of Sudbury) and all of Western Canada (Prairies and British Columbia). This did not affect the Vancouver-Seattle service operated by Greyhound (USA).

    By boat [ edit ]

    Several cruise lines run cruises between the eastern United States and Halifax. Most freight routes run to Montreal on the east coast and Vancouver on the west coast. International passengers will be required to pass through customs in their port of arrival.

    Ferries enter British Columbia from Alaska and Washington. Alaska Marine Highway serves Prince Rupert, whereas Washington State Ferries serves Sidney (near Victoria) through the San Juan islands. Black Ball runs a car ferry from Victoria to Port Angeles; tourist-oriented passenger-only ferries run from Victoria to points in Washington.

    A car ferry in Sonra, Ontario serves Marine City, Michigan (midway between Windsor-Detroit and Sarnia-Port Huron). A truck ferry joins Windsor-Detroit, primarily to carry dangerous goods prohibited on the Ambassador Bridge. A small car ferry operates from Pelee Island and Kingsville (Ontario) to Sandusky, Ohio when ice and weather allows. A small car ferry operates seasonally between Wolfe Island, Ontario (near Kingston) and Cape Vincent, NY.

    A ferry runs seasonally (May 1-end Oct) between Yarmouth and Portland (Maine).

    A seasonal bird-watching tour from Cutler, Maine visits Machias Seal Island in New Brunswick; capacity is strictly limited.

    A passenger ferry runs from Fortune in Newfoundland to Saint Pierre and Miquelon; it is not possible (as of 2020) to bring a car onto the ferry.

    Cruising on small craft is also an option to reach Canada from Saint Pierre and Miquelon or from US border towns on the Great Lakes, Saint Lawrence Seaway, New Brunswick’s St. Clair River and on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. The master of small craft arriving in Canada must contact Customs at +1-888-CANPASS (226-7277) before passengers disembark from the boat.

    Get around [ edit ]

    Canada is huge – the second largest country in the world by land area after Russia; this means that you will need several days to appreciate even a part of the country. The distances involved will boggle many travellers, though perhaps not those from other large countries.

    The distance from St. John’s, Newfoundland to Vancouver (over 5,000 km or 3,000 miles as the crow flies) is considerably more than from London to any major European city, including Moscow, and somewhat more than from New Delhi to either Beijing or Istanbul.

    This being said, the span of Canada’s population is actually very small: 90% of Canada’s population resides within 160 km of the American Border (excluding the Yukon-Alaska border), and 57% of Canadians reside south of the parallel on which Seattle resides. As such, getting around in Canada is almost completely restricted to the southern «Canadian Corridor» and any travel to Northern Canada requiring a plane to access.

    By plane [ edit ]

    The best way to get around the country is by air. Air Canada is the main national carrier, and has by far the largest network and most frequent schedules. For travel between major centres, WestJet offers competitive fares. Because of protectionism policies favouring Canadian carriers and high taxes, fares tend to be more expensive than flying similar distances in the United States, Australia or China, and sometimes, transiting in the US could be cheaper than a direct domestic flight. Most major airports are served by public transit. This consists of trains and feeder buses running at peak frequencies ranging from five to fifteen minutes or less (Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg, Ottawa). Service may be spotty or non-existent late at night or on weekends if you are outside the major centres. To travel to the city centre/downtown, one or more connections are required in all cities except Vancouver, Montreal, Winnipeg and Ottawa, making a taxi or shuttle a better idea for large groups or those with a lot of luggage.

    Domestic flights in Canada are generally similar to those in the US in terms of service levels; airlines charge economy class passengers for meals and check-in baggage, and these are only included in the ticket price for business class passengers.

    Air hitch-hiking [ edit ]

    Float planes, lake to lake in northern Canada is another way to travel. It’s possible to do this for free. You can Air Hitch above the Arctic Circle by flying out of any of the airports, but the trick is getting access to pilots. This can be easier at the Abbotsford Air Show, near Vancouver, Canada, in the summer.

    When you get further north, above Prince George say, you’ll need to hook up with pilots, often delivering mail lake to lake. Often there are general store and post office type places near the lakes. Many air hitchers catch up with the pilots when they stop for a meal or coffee as one does with truck drivers. In the major and regional airports, one can catch the pilots going in or out of the Environment Canada weather offices.

    Air couriers [ edit ]

    Air courier travel is a dying phenomenon. It was once common to deliver urgent documents and parcels more quickly by using the checked baggage allocation of a passenger ticket on frequently-travelled routes (such as Paris to Montréal); as checked baggage must have a corresponding passenger, the seat would be offered with carry-on luggage only to a traveller at a reduced rate. With rare exception, any time advantage has been eliminated by airlines improving their cargo operations and by major parcel carriers (such as FedEx and UPS) moving the bulk of their cargo on their own aircraft.

    If one accepts work in Canada’s high north, many employers will pay one’s passage. Because it pays so well and there is little work in places like Newfoundland, many Canadians commute from the Atlantic provinces to well- paid jobs in Northern Canada and Alberta.

    By bus [ edit ]

    Travel by intercity coach is available between most major cities in Canada. Service is best in the densely packed Windsor-Quebec corridor between Toronto, Montreal, and Ottawa. Service in this corridor is provided by a number of companies:

    • Megabus (Coach Canada): Toronto – Kingston — Montreal
    • Greyhound: Toronto – Ottawa, Montreal – Ottawa, and routes between Toronto and southwestern Ontario
    • Orleans Express: Montreal – Quebec City

    DRL runs a daily Newfoundland service, and Maritime Bus operates in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick.

    Since the discontinuation of Greyhound’s Western Canada service, a cross-Canada bus trip is essentially impossible.

    There are bus services in the most populated parts of eastern Canada, but service through northern Ontario to Winnipeg is provided on daytime runs by Kasper Bus from White River, requiring an overnight layover Thunder Bay. There is no carrier offering westbound service from Winnipeg to Saskatchewan (as of January 2020). Rider Express offers a Regina-Saskatoon-Edmonton service, and a daily Calgary-Vancouver run.

    By car [ edit ]

    Many travellers to Canada rent a car. Although somewhat expensive if you are travelling alone, this can be an economically reasonable alternative if you are sharing the costs with others. However, there are many limitations and drawbacks on car rentals in Canada, including:

    • There can be very high surcharges associated with dropping off the car at a different location than where it was picked up.
    • Unlimited kilometres are usually offered for the province you rent it in only. As soon as you enter another province, even for a few kilometres, your entire trip gets limited (mostly to 200 km a day).
    • Driving is usually permitted on paved roads only.
    • There are no manual transmission rental cars available in Canada.

    In some cases, frugal travellers may be able to «earn» budget automobile travel by delivering a car across Canada. The option is not common. Nor does it offer the opportunity to spend much time stopping along the way. However, it can be a cheap way to cross Canada while seeing the interior. Canada Drive Away and Hit the Road are options.

    Traffic moves on the right in Canada with most cars being left-hand-drive (as in the USA and France).

    Driving within Montreal, Vancouver or Toronto is not always practical; these cities are densely populated and parking can be difficult to find and/or expensive. All three cities provide extensive public transit, so it may be better to park in a central location, or at your hotel or lodging, then use public transit. You can usually obtain maps of the public transit systems at airports, subway kiosks, and train stations. Outside those cities, public transport tends to be unreliable or non-existent, so a car is almost essential just to get around at all.

    Gasoline in 2020 was $1.00-1.40 per litre in most Canadian cities. Debit and credit cards without the «chip and PIN» are not recognized at the pumps, although most companies accept the cards if they are brought inside to the cashier.

    In general, foreign visitors are allowed to drive using their foreign licence for up to 90 days if their licence is in English or French, after which they have to obtain a Canadian licence from the province or territory they are residing in. Foreign licences in other languages must be accompanied by an International Driving Permit (IDP). Most foreigners are required to take a written and practical test before they can get a Canadian licence, though individual provinces may have reciprocal agreements that exempt some foreigners from testing requirements; check with the relevant provincial government to be sure. Licensing laws and road rules vary slightly from province to province.

    Many jurisdictions also have red light and speed cameras that issue fines via mail to the car’s registered owner, again via licence plate when the car is automatically photographed running (disobeying) a red traffic light or going above the speed limit. The above warning regarding rental agency policies applies to these as well. As the ticket is sent to the vehicle owner (not the driver) long after the alleged offence, it is difficult or impossible to obtain due process or a fair trial, making these traps a lucrative source of revenue for local and provincial governments.

    By RV [ edit ]

    If you are set on a road trip, an alternative to car rental is to rent an RV (motorhome or campervan). This gives you the flexibility to explore Canada at your own pace and is ideal if your trip is geared around an appreciation of Canada’s natural environment. Costs can also be lower than combining car rental with hotels.

    By train [ edit ]

    Passenger rail service in Canada, although safe and comfortable, is often an expensive, slow and inconvenient alternative to other types of transport. The corridor between Windsor and Quebec City is an exception to this generalization. The routes outside of this corridor are either the single day trains in Ontario and Quebec or the four multi day trains outside of the Central provinces. The approximately three-day train ride between Toronto and Vancouver called The Canadian is the most famous, and VIA’s flagship train, which passes through the splendour of the Canadian prairies and the Rocky Mountains, with domed observation cars to allow passengers to take in the magnificent views. The Ocean, a two day train trip that passes from Montreal to Halifax, passes through the Canadian Maritimes and provides excellent ocean views in its journey in Northern New Brunswick. The Winnipeg-Churchill route takes two days to travel to the shores of Hudson Bay and is the only passenger train service to Northern Canada. In British Columbia, The Skeena travels from Jasper to Prince Rupert over the course of 2 days and provides some of the best scenery aboard any VIA train. However, this train overnights in Prince George and a ticket does not include accommodation in the town. Additionally, the route travels along a heavily trafficked rail route, so expect multiple delays along the way. Unlike in Europe or East Asia, Canada does not have high-speed rail lines, and the Canadian railway network is primarily used for freight transport. Although passenger trains legally have right of way on the rails, VIA trains are significantly smaller than freight trains and as such will always yield to passing freight trains. VIA travels on Canadian National owned trackage exclusively: As a result, VIA trains do not travel through Regina-Calgary-Banff as this track is owned by Canadian Pacific Rail.

    Make arrangements ahead of time to get lower fares. Via Rail is the main Canadian passenger rail company and often has 50% off sales or last minute discounts. Tickets in coach are often reasonably priced and competitive with equivalent plane tickets, however these tickets do not include food and drink on board, requiring coach passengers to pay in the service cars. Sleeper tickets, though significantly more expensive, include food in the prices and allow other privileges exclusive to such passengers.

    Some tourist trains can also get you from A to B but their focus is mostly on sightseeing, not transportation and they are usually much more expensive than a plane, car or bus trip would be. The Rocky Mountaineer is the most well known and travels from Calgary to Vancouver along the historic Canadian Pacific Railway. However, this train is not a viable inter-city train as tickets are very expensive and oriented towards sight seeing tourists exclusively.

    By thumb [ edit ]

    Canada can be a great place for hitchhiking, and is still done by younger travellers strapped for cash, or seeking adventure. It’s most common in the far western provinces, although popularity is decreasing. Hitchhiking in the urban areas of Southern Ontario and Montréal is not a sure thing as many drivers will not pick up hitchhikers in these regions.

    In heavily populated areas such as the Windsor-Quebec corridor, the main route used to be a road that went through every town as the main street. A freeway was built in the 1960s, leaving three options – hitchhike on the old road (slower, and more difficult as most of the remaining traffic is local), stand on the shoulder of the freeway (which is illegal, but not uncommon) or stand at the on-ramp and hope someone getting on at that crossroads is going your way. In less-populated areas (such as the vast stretches of Trans-Canada Highway across northern Ontario), the surface road remains the only highway, giving pedestrians (and hitchhikers) unfettered access at any point.

    The small town of Wawa in Northern Ontario was famous in the 1960s and 70s as a place where westbound hitchhikers became stranded, sometimes for days. It might still be wise not to accept a ride that only goes to Wawa; look for one that goes through to Thunder Bay. More generally, look for lifts going to decent-sized towns rather than ones that will drop you in the middle of nowhere. This makes it easier to find your next lift, or food and lodging, and reduces risks of dangerous animals or being caught without shelter in nasty weather.

    Hitchhiking in winter is best avoided (except as a last resort) as darkness falls early and drivers cannot see you easily in snowstorms or hazardous weather conditions.

    As anywhere in the world, hitch-hiking carries risks.

    By ride sharing [ edit ]

    Ride sharing is increasing in popularity among users of Internet website Craigslist and dedicated ridesharing sites such as Kangaride, LiftSurfer and RideshareOnline. This method of transport works best between major centres, for example, Toronto-Montreal or Vancouver-Calgary. Generally anything along the Trans-Canada Highway corridor (Victoria, Vancouver, Banff, Canmore, Calgary, Regina, Winnipeg, Thunder Bay, Sault Ste Marie, Sudbury, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Quebec City, St Johns, Halifax, PEI) should be no problem if your dates are flexible. Allo-Stop offers intercity carpool service in Québec but is not licensed to operate in other provinces.

    Some tourist destinations, especially those popular with young people, can be accessed via rideshare, for example: Vancouver-Whistler or Calgary-Banff. People sharing a ride will usually be expected to pay for their fair share of the fuel cost, and may also be asked to do some of the driving on long hauls.

    For best results be sure to post a request listing, and start checking for offer listings at least one week prior to your anticipated ride date. Backpacker’s hostel notice boards are also a good resource for ride sharing.

    Like hitchhiking, some common sense and discretion is advisable.

    On foot [ edit ]

    The Trans Canada Trail covers 21,500 km of a planned 34,000 km route stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and to the Arctic Ocean.

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