Licensing Process Канада
Becoming a licensed gun owner in Canada is a somewhat lengthy, but relatively straightforward procedure. Unfortunately, the process can often be confusing for those new to the shooting sports.
Step 1 – Safety course
The first step on the road to legal firearm ownership is the Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC).
The Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC) was developed in partnership with the provinces and territories, national organizations with an ongoing interest in firearms safety, and many firearms and hunter education course instructors from across Canada.
If you also want the “Restricted” designation (for handgun and restricted rifle ownership), you will also need to learn the material in the Canadian Restricted Firearms Safety Course (CRFSC).
Topics covered in the safety course include:
- the evolution of firearms, major parts, types and actions;
- basic firearms safety practices;
- operating firearm actions;
- safe handling and carry procedures;
- firing techniques and procedures;
- care of firearms;
- responsibilities of the firearms owner/user; and
- safe storage, display, transportation and handling of firearms.
Each course takes roughly a day to complete. The test (discussed in Step 2) is usually administered at the end of the course by the instructor.
Click here for a list of instructors and testing locations in Ontario. For a firearms instructor in B.C., please see here.
Alternatively, anyone can simply challenge the exam without taking the safety courses first. Even you have experience with firearms, it is highly recommended that you study the safety videos and safety course print materials.
Step 2 – Safety exam
The Canadian Firearms Safety Course Exam covers the material taught in the safety course. It has two components: a written multiple choice section and a practical firearms-handling portion. There is no live-fire testing.
The written part of the exam has 50 multiple choice questions. Applicants must answer at least 80% correctly in order to successfully complete this portion of the exam.
The practical portion of the exam requires that applicants handle at least three types of firearms (e.g. pump action, lever action and bolt action) under various different conditions. Points are deducted when an applicant points a gun outside the designated safe area, exercises poor trigger finger discipline, or attempts to load the incorrect ammunition. Like the written portion of the exam, the minimum passing mark is 80%.
Step 3 – The application
For individuals applying for their first firearms licence, this form should be used.
Processing a firearms licence application involves a variety of background checks. In some cases, in-depth investigations are conducted. The RCMP requires a minimum of 45 days to process a firearms licence application.
Step 4 – Waiting period
There is a minimum 28-day waiting period for all applicants who do not presently hold a valid firearms licence. Once this waiting period is complete, the licence should be issued without undue delay.
Step 5 – Authorization to Transport (restricted firearms)
For individuals to possess and acquire restricted firearms (handguns, short-barreled semi-automatic rifles, etc.), an additional paperwork hurdle must be overcome. In order to transport a restricted firearm (to the range, for example), an Authorization to Transport (ATT) must be acquired. In Ontario, handgun owners apply through their shooting clubs for a long-term ATT, which allows the owner to transport the gun to and from the range. These Authorizations usually expire within three years of issue.
КАНАДА КАК НАДО
КАК ПЕРЕЕХАТЬ ЖИТЬ В КАНАДУ
база знаний телеграм-чата @canadakaknado
об иммиграции в Канаду
Моя история о получении лицензии профессионального инженера в Канаде, ещё не дошедшая до стадии “и жила она долго и счастливо в статусе P.Eng.”
Данная статья — изложенный от первого лица личный опыт женщины, имеющей российское инженерное образование и опыт работы инженером в России. Юлия иммигрировала в Канаду в конце 2020 года, начала процесс лицензирования в апреле 2020-го, сдала необходимые для лицензирования экзамены в июне 2020-го (NPPE) и апреле 2020-го (FE). Через год, набрав необходимый опыт работы, то есть, по оптимистичным оценкам, осенью 2020 года, она сможет получить статус P.Eng в канадской провинции Альберте.
Подготовка и подача заявки на лицензирование
Я знала заранее, что поеду именно в Альберту, поэтому не занималась изучением всех инженерных ассоциаций в разных провинциях.
Если вы еще не знаете провинцию, в которой планируете получать лицензию, и/или вам интересны все провинции, начните с ресурса Engineers Canada. На этом сайте собрано достаточно информации, чтобы помочь сориентироваться любому, кого интересует вопрос лицензирования инженеров в Канаде.
Еще один источник информации — одна из книг для подготовки к экзамену по профессиональной практике — Canadian Professional Engineering and Geoscience: Practice & Ethics. В нескольких главах подробно разбираются принципы лицензирования, его цель, требования к инженерам и т.п.
Когда я всерьез задумалась о лицензировании, я провела на этом сайте пару часов, подробно изучая, что именно мне придется сделать и сколько это в итоге будет стоить. Хотя сайт APEGA выглядит вполне структурированным, кое-какие странности там все же наблюдаются, например, анкета-опросник, которая, как мне кажется, может пригодиться в самом начале, чтобы сориентироваться в теме пригодности под ту или иную категорию лицензии появится только при нажатии “Start your online application”. Но всем интересующимся я бы порекомендовала начать именно с этой анкеты.
Требования, предъявляемые будущему инженеру, могут различаться в зависимости от того, какая лицензия ему подойдет.
Например, мне, с 4 годами опыта из страны исхода, подходила категория Provisional Licensee — всем критериям профессионального инженера я соответствую, но года рабочего опыта в качестве инженера в Канаде не достает.
На этой странице можно видеть требования к профессиональному инженеру:
- 48 месяцев опыта
- референсы (имеются в виду не бумажные «отзывы», а контакты живых людей, ваших начальников/супервайзеров);
- подтверждение статуса в Канаде;
- знание письменного и устного английского;
- сдача экзамена по инженерной этике и законам (экзамен по профессиональной практике);
- хорошая репутация;
На сайте каждое из этих требований сопровождается ссылкой. По ссылке дана исчерпывающая информация как растолковать то или иное требование. Правда, иногда приходится перечитывать текст 3-4 раза, чтобы точно понять все изложенное вместе с нюансами.
Существует достаточно емкий пошаговый гайд, где подробно расписано про каждый элемент, необходимый для загрузки/заполнения при подаче заявки — несомненный помощник в этом нелегком процессе, особенно полезный при заполнении формы, отражающей опыт работы. Хотя, надо отметить, мне еще повезло попасть в чуть ли не последнюю партию счастливчиков, которым для описания опыта работы не пришлось заполнять Competency-Based Assessment Tool — форму, в которой требуется расписывать все знания-умения-навыки в рамках 22 ключевых инженерных компетенций.
Расскажу о некоторых моментах, которые для меня были не совсем понятными.
English competency. Раньше было указано, что для подтверждения знания английского языка аппликант может выбрать два пути: либо написать от руки специальное письмо, в котором должно быть рассказано, как он выучил анлийский язык и как использует его в работе, либо подтвердить языковые компетенции сдачей языкового экзамена toefl. Я почему-то была уверена, что письмо вместо экзамена могут писать только те, кто получил высшее образование на английском. Оказывается, это не так — это опцией может воспользоваться любой. Те, у кого все послешкольное образование было на английском, могли вообще не доказывать знание языка (но, если человек, заканчивал, например, на английском только магистратуру, то доказывать proficiency он был должен).
С 1 января 2020 года доказывать знание языка не обязательно. Комиссия оценит владение английским по тому, как вы описали свой опыт работ плюс уточнит этот момент у ваших рефенсодателей. Однако, если проверяющие не удовлетворятся этой информацией, они могут запросить дополнительное подтверждение знания языка.
Что касается подтверждения образования, то я нашла информацию о том, что ряд стран подписали соглашение о взаимном признании инженерного образования, и в этом списке есть и Канада, и Россия.
Однако взаимно признаются не в все программы программы подготовки инженеров. Если вы получили такое образование в России, то ищите свою программу в списке Ассоциации инженерного образования России. Насколько я понимаю, если ваше учебное заведение и программа, которую вы заканчивали, есть в этом списке, можете быть спокойны, вам не придется досдавать отдельные технически-специфичные экзамены.
Мне знакомы истории, когда образование из страны исхода не удовлетворяло требованиям к образованию инженера в Канаде, и претендентам приходилось добирать большое количество курсов уже на месте.
Что касается NPPE — экзамена по профессиональной практике, сдавать который допускаются только те, кто имеет 2+ года опыта, то информации в сети про него немного, так как перед сдачей экзамена каждый сдающий письменно подтверждает, что не будет разглашать информацию об экзамене и обсуждать его даже с теми, кто его к этому моменту уже успешно сдал. Так что простите, но поделиться подробностями не смогу. Рекомендованные материалы по подготовке также можно найти на сайте APEGA.
Хочу заметить, что тратить деньги на покупку книг, которые советуют по ссылке, не обязательно — их можно взять в библиотеке, правда, сроки ожидания могут сильно варьироваться. Например, за пару месяцев за экзамена, я встала на очередь на нужные книги в Calgary Public Library, но доступны они мне стали аж через две недели после того, как я уже сдала экзамен! А вот в библиотеке SAIT (местный политех) я смогла их получить довольно быстро, так что у меня остался целый месяц на подготовку.
Временные рамки рассмотрения пакета документов варьируются, сейчас на сайте есть обобщенная информация
Проверка заявки и решение комиссии
Итак, в апреле 2020-го я загрузила свой пакет документов. В течение мая 2020 года APEGA вышла на контакт с моими референсодателями — по электронной почте. Им нужно было подтвердить, что мое описание опыта работы правдиво, а также нужно было заполнить форму-опросник. Вся коммуникация, конечно, велась на английском.
В июне 2020-го, не дожидаясь запроса от APEGA, я сдала экзамен по этике.
В декабре 2020-го получила емейл с решением комиссии. Специалисты рассмотрели мои документы, и, к счастью, мои курсы их удовлетворили, но так как мое образование все-таки было не местное, и опыта работы в Канаде на инженерной позиции у меня не было, мне сообщили, что я для получения звания professional engineer я должна:
- отработать 1 год на инженерной позиции под руководством лицензированного профессионала;
- подтвердить полученное образование путем сдачи экзамена fundamentals of engineering.
Я решила начать с экзамена, так как к тому времени наслушалась про его сложность, и про то, что многие его сдают только с 3-4 раза.
Для сдачи экзамена необходимо зарегистрироваться на сайте NCEES. Регистрация даст доступ и к справочным материалам.
При регистрации необходимо, помимо указания прочих данных, выбрать из списка вуз, в котором вы получили свое инженерное образование. Если вашего вуза в списке нет, как это случилось с моим, необходимо выйти на контакт с техподдержкой — меня они попросили прислать ссылку на сайт университета, видимо, что-то проверили, и добавили его в список в течение суток.
Экзамен можно сдавать по разным дисциплинам. Когда я уточнила в APEGA, какое направление для сдачи мне выбрать (размышляла над Chemical vs. Mechanical Fundamentals), мне ответили, что им совершенно не важна тематика, главное, чтобы экзамен был Fundamentals of Engineering (FE). После размышления я выбрала Other Disciplines.
Что может помочь в подготовке к экзамену?
- Электронная версия универсальной брошюры от составителей экзамена. Она доступна бесплатно, подходит для экзамена FE в разных дисциплинах. Там можно найти основные формулы и прочую теоретическую информацию.
- Можно заказать печатную версию этой брюшюры, но уже за деньги.
- Так же есть возможность заказать (платно, через личный кабинет NCEES) печатную книгу с одним “тестовым” экзаменом от составителей, содержащую 100 задач.
- Остальные учебники, курсы и прочую полезную литературу можно найти только у сторонних организаций. К сожалению, в библиотеке их нет, поэтому я покупала все нужное на Амазоне, причем на американском, где эти книги стоят гораздо дешевле. Готовилась в итоге по “Other Disciplines Review Manual” и “Other Disciplines Practice Problems” от PPI.
К экзамену FE рекомендуют готовиться не менее 3 месяцев. Я начала в феврале, забронировав сдачу на конец апреля. Готовилась параллельно с работой, выделив три часа в день на подготовку. Это оказалось непросто. Вставала в 5 утра, час занималась, на работе занималась в обед, и дома вечером после ужина занималась еще час-два.
Сама подготовка оказалась сложной: какая-то информация вспоминалась со страшным скрипом, что-то было в принципе новым. Плюс все на английском — знали бы вы, сколько в моих тетрадях для подготовки выписано просто новых слов!
Сам экзамен состоит из 110 вопросов, длится 5 часов 20 минут, после ответа на половину вопросов — 25-минутный перерыв.
Добавлю, что использованные мной книги по подготовке (от PPI, “Other Disciplines…”) хорошие, но не обновлялись с 2014 года, поэтому в них отсутствует информация о нововведениях. Сейчас на экзамене вам встретятся не только задания с готовыми вариантами ответов, но и вопросы с восстановлением последовательности, множественным выбором, полем для ввода ответа.
В книге также написано, что задания на экзамене даются только в метрической системе мер, когда на самом деле используются обе: метрическая и имперская.
И если о том, что формы вопросов могут вполне варьироваться, я узнала заранее, хоть и незадолго до сдачи, то наличие в заданиях имперской системы было для меня на экзамене полным сюрпризом.
Те, кто не сдают экзамен с первого раза, могут пересдать его только один раз в одно экзаменационное “окно” (три месяца) и не могут сделать больше трех попыток в год.
К моему безмерному счастью, даже несмотря на некоторые сложности и растерянность в самом начале, экзамен я сдала — результаты узнала через 10 дней.
Теперь мне остался самый последний шаг — проработать год под руководством инженера, выполняя инженерную роль. Надеюсь, через положенный срок эта статья будет обновлена — stay tuned!
Home » Coach Training & Certifications » Re-Licensing Process
Coach Education Licence Renewal Process
Canada Soccer Coach Education
Licensing Renewal Process
For A & B Licences that have expired
Step 1: Email firstname.lastname@example.org and provide your name, address, telephone number NCCP number, Canada Soccer A/B licence number and date of issue.
Step 2: Following a discussion with a member of the Canada Soccer Coach Education department, you may choose one of the following options:
Complete a Video Evaluation
This option requires the coach to successfully complete the current evaluation process for the respective Licence. This requires the coach to submit a video of a training session on an assigned topic for evaluation.
The coach will be guided through the following process by an assigned Canada Soccer Learning Facilitator:
- Video review
- Debrief and Action Plan
Complete 9 NCCP Modules
This option requires the coach to complete the 9 NCCP Competition Development modules:
- Managing Conflict
- Leading Drug-Free Sport
- Psychology of Performance
- Prevention & Recovery of Injury
- Coaching and Leading Effectively
- Managage a Sport Program
- Advanced Practice Planning
- Performance Planning
- Developing Athletic Abilities
Complete the Current Licence
This option requires the coach to successfully complete the current version of the respective Licence in its entirety.
This includes full attendance and participation in all modules as well as the successful completion of all assignments and evaluations.
The Process for Licensing and Certification
During the course of their evaluations, officers might come across instances of offers of employment where they suspect fraud or other concerns of bona fides. In this scenario, officers would need to contact the applicants and the employers for clarifying the concerns raised.
Therefore, the officers would need to contact the applicants and / or the employers directly. Thereafter, the officers would need to contact:
- Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) Operational Management and Coordination
- Program Integrity Division and,
- Immigration Branch, Economic Immigration Policy and Programs Division
Doing so would enable National Headquarters to identify and address any program integrity issues.
While they contact these departments, officers would need to include the following details in their e-mails to these departments.
- The immigration file number (issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC))
- The system file number (issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC))
- The name of the applicant
- The name of the employer
- The identify of any third parties (if known and applicable)
- The reasons for the concerns and suspected fraud and,
- Any additional information about the applicant and / or the employer that the officers deem to be relevant in the context of the suspected fraud
- Officers would not award any points for arranged employment if the employer making the offer is:
- An embassy
- A high commission
- A consulate in Canada or,
- Mentioned on the list of employers referred to in R203 (6)
Source: Citizenship and Immigration
The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) licensing process includes a thorough assessment of the application submission and, if the licence is being renewed, a verification of the licensee’s compliance performance. All licence applications are assessed based on the risk-ranking of the proposed licensed use type. Read about the licensing and compliance tools that the CNSC uses.
A licence application goes through the following steps within the CNSC:
- entry into our electronic records system
- assessment for relevant cost-recovery fees, if applicable
- entry into our licensing database
- technical assessment by a licensing specialist
- quality assurance
- sign-off by a designated officer (if the application and the applicant meet all regulatory requirements)
- licence issued and mailed/faxed to licensee
New licence application
In order to obtain a nuclear substances and radiation devices licence, an application must be submitted to the CNSC. The CNSC will only issue a licence when the applicant:
- is deemed qualified to carry on the activity that the licence will authorize
- has demonstrated that they will protect the health and safety of persons and the environment
- has demonstrated that they will maintain national security
- has confirmed that they will adhere to international obligations to which Canada has agreed.
To apply for a licence, please consult REGDOC-1.6.1, Licence Application Guide: Nuclear Substances and Radiation Devices, version 2 (REGDOC-1.6.1, version 2 HTML) (REGDOC-1.6.1, version 2 PDF), and fill out the corresponding licence application form for nuclear substances and radiation devices, revision date 2020-05 (PDF).
To view the costs associated with the licensing process, please refer to the CNSC’s cost recovery program.
If the application received by the CNSC is complete, processing time could take up to 80 business days. Applicants will be contacted by the CNSC during the licence application review process and once a licence is issued.
All licensees are responsible for safely carrying out the nuclear activities authorized under their licences, from the issuance of the licence up to and including safe termination of the licensed activities. A financial guarantee ensures there are funds available for the safe termination of licensed activities when the licensee is unable to carry this out. Licensees are required to provide a financial guarantee to the CNSC.
Existing licensees follow the same process as new applicants when applying for licence renewals. The decision by the CNSC to renew a licence is based on the application information submitted as well as a satisfactory compliance performance. The CNSC conducts a review of compliance information, such as a licensee’s previous assessments, reported incidents and events, annual compliance report (ACR) submissions, Type I inspections and Type II inspections results. Read more about the licensing and compliance tools that the CNSC uses.
If the application received by the CNSC is complete, processing time could take up to four weeks for a licence renewal. Applicants will be contacted by the CNSC during the licence renewal review process and once a licence is issued.
PLEASE NOTE: CNSC licences issued for nuclear substances and radiation devices cannot have their term extended. The licence will expire on the date stated in the licence unless renewed, revoked or replaced.
Under certain circumstances – as per the Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA), sections 24(2) and 24(4) – the CNSC may authorize the transfer of a licence from one licensee to another, or to a new licence applicant, provided there has been no significant change in the licensed activity. This process is intended to simplify the regulatory process for licensees, while ensuring that all regulatory requirements are met.
A request for licence transfer can be triggered by the following changes:
- change to a corporation’s name and number
- corporate merger
- corporate restructuring
To request a licence transfer, the existing licensee must complete and submit an application form to their CNSC licensing officer including the following:
- a copy of the new proof of legal status
- the appropriate applicant authority form, including required photo identification
- the request to appoint a new radiation safety officer (RSO) form, with associated information, if there has been a change in RSO or applicant authority
Submitting an application
Before submitting a licence application to the CNSC, you must ensure:
- the application form is complete and signed in all required locations as well as the relevant application Authority form
- all supporting documents are attached, clearly identified and cross-referenced
- a copy of the radiation safety manual (RSM) is included
- proof of legal status is included if the applicant is a corporation
- the designated payment is enclosed if subject to the CNSC Cost Recovery Fees Regulations
Submit by mail:
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
280 Slater Street
P.O. Box 1046, Station B
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5S9
Submit by fax: 613-995-5086
PLEASE NOTE: The applicant authority form contains protected personal information and must be submitted by regular mail or by courier. Do not send the applicant authority form and proof of identification by e-mail.
Licence amendment requests
During the licence period, certain circumstances may require changes to the licence, and a request for amendment must be submitted. An amendment is a modification to an existing licence in order to change certain information. You are required to request an amendment if there is any change in your current regulatory program information, equipment or licensed activities.
When requesting an amendment to an existing nuclear substances and radiation devices licence, the following details must be submitted along with the licence number:
- changes to nuclear substances and/or radiation devices
- changes to the location of use and/or storage
- changes to personnel (licence contact information i.e., RSO applicant authority, alternative RSO, etc.)
- changes to policies, programs and procedures
In order to process a change in corporate name, a copy of a legal document showing the change, such as certificate of amendment, certificate of amalgamation or certificate of incorporation must be submitted to the CNSC with the licence amendment.
For changes to applicant authorities, the CNSC must be notified within 15 days in accordance with section 15 of the General Nuclear Safety and Control Regulations. Please fill out one of the following forms:
PLEASE NOTE: The Applicant Authority form contains protected personal information and must be submitted by regular mail or by courier. Do not send the Applicant Authority form and proof of identification by e-mail.
The CNSC must also be notified of changes made to radiation safety officers. Please fill out a radiation safety officer appointment form (PDF).
All requests for licence amendments must be made in writing by the licensee’s designated signing authority. This can be done by fax (613-995-5086) or by contacting a CNSC licensing specialist at 1-888-229-2672.
Processing an amendment to a licence could take up to three weeks from the date a completed submission is received.
Revoking a licence
In order to revoke a licence, proof of decommissioning of the site or building must be submitted to the CNSC staff before the site or building can be released from regulatory control. The licensee must ensure that all nuclear substances and radiation devices have been removed, and that the contamination levels of the site or building do not exceed the limits specified on the licence. Licensees must submit documentation showing that any nuclear substances and radiation devices formerly in their possession have been received by another licensee who is authorized to possess these materials.
In order for an existing CNSC licence to be revoked, a licensee must submit a request for revocation (PDF). Once the CNSC determines the information is complete, the licence will be revoked and a letter confirming the revocation will be sent to the licensee.
See the CNSC’s decommissioning checklist (PDF) to ensure you are following the right steps.
CNSC licensing and compliance tools
CNSC’s Risk Informed Regulatory Program specifies that activities with the greatest risk profile will receive the greatest regulatory oversight. The following tools allow the CNSC to monitor and verify compliance with the Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA), its regulations and the licence conditions:
Application assessment (desktop reviews)
The CNSC reviews all information provided in the application to ensure compliance with the NSCA and the regulations.This stage includes the review of a new licence application, an amendment request or a renewal application.
Licensees are required to submit annual reports of the activities they performed. Examples of items to report in the ACR include:
- transfers, purchase, disposal of nuclear substances and radiation devices
- dosimetry information
- changes in the radiation protection program
Annual compliance reports allow licensees to self-report, and allow the CNSC to monitor routine compliance indicators. ACR forms for your usetype can be downloaded for submission.
Type II inspections
A Type II inspection is an onsite snapshot of the licensee’s operations. These inspections are typically shorter than Type I, since extensive interviews are not performed, and data is collected mainly through direct observations, measurements and reviews of onsite records. At the end of the inspection, the licensee is presented with a preliminary report, and a complete report is sent to the licensee within 30 days of the inspection. The licensee is given a list of non-compliances found and must provide timelines for addressing these findings. Should something be found during the inspection that is an imminent threat to health, safety or the environment, the NSCA provides inspectors with the power to immediately order cessation of these activities.
View examples of Type II inspection worksheets:
- 811 – portable gauges (PDF)
- 812 – industrial radiography (PDF)
- 813 – laboratory studies (PDF)
- 814 – fixed gauges (PDF)
- 815 – consolidated uses of nuclear substances (PDF)
- 816 – logging – sealed source (PDF)
- 822 – servicing, installation and dismantling of devices – basic servicing (PDF)
- 823 – servicing, installation and dismantling of devices – complex servicing (PDF)
- 862 – diagnostic nuclear medicine procedure (PDF)
- 872 – therapeutic nuclear medicine (PDF)
If you have any questions relating to licensing issues, such as licence amendments, annual compliance reporting or disposal of nuclear substances and radiation devices, contact your licensing specialist at 1-888-229-2672. You can also send an email.
‘Game changer’: Health Canada changes cannabis licensing process
Health Canada to change cannabis licensing rules
Health Canada is changing the way it issues cannabis industry licences in a move that will likely alleviate a bottleneck that observers attribute to a long-running shortage of legal pot in the country.
Effective immediately, the regulator says new applicants seeking to produce, sell or process cannabis must already have a fully built facility. Previously, applicants were only required to make a paper submission.
“This is a game changer,” said Matt Maurer, a cannabis lawyer with Torkin Manes LLP, in a phone interview with BNN Bloomberg.
“We go from a situation where if you wanted to submit an application, you submit your paperwork and you sit and wait to hear back from Health Canada,” he said. “Now you’re asked to build a $30-million to $40-million facility before you even submit your application.”
Health Canada said it is making these changes after reviewing its existing process where more than 70 per cent of applicants whose paperwork was approved over the last three years failed to provide evidence of a having a cannabis facility that meets regulatory requirements.
“As a result, a significant amount of resources are being used to review applications from entities that are not ready to begin operations, contributing to wait times for more mature applications and an inefficient allocation of resources,” Health Canada said in a release Wednesday.
Industry applicants have previously complained to Health Canada about the time it takes to become licensed as well as the number of current applications waiting for approval.
For example, Aphria Inc. interim chief executive officer Irwin Simon said in January during a call with analysts that his company was still waiting for Health Canada to approve licensing for an expansion to one of its facilities in Leamington, Ont. despite submitting an application with the regulator in early 2020. The company received licensing for the facility in March.
“This is not a slam against Health Canada. It’s just we as an entire industry were not fully prepared for the [consumer] onslaught,” Simon said. “We have great pent-up demand; we are impatiently waiting, but we are waiting.”
Sherry Boodram, chief executive officer of cannabis consulting company CannDelta Inc. and a former Health Canada staffer, said the new licensing requirements will likely “hit the industry hard” and make it more difficult to get investors to commit to a cannabis-related project.
“Your business plan has to be sound and make sense,” she said in a phone interview with BNN Bloomberg. “It might deter some people who were thinking of getting into the industry, like the micro-cultivation type, because they need a lot of money up front.”
Health Canada said that since May 2020 it has licensed more than 129 new sites and counts more than 600,000 square metres of production space for legal cannabis – the equivalent of growing 1 million kilograms of legal pot in Canada annually, roughly the same amount consumed in the country.
Cannabis Canada is BNN Bloomberg’s in-depth series exploring the stunning formation of the entirely new – and controversial – Canadian recreational marijuana industry. Read more from the special series here and subscribe to our Cannabis Canada newsletter to have the latest marijuana news delivered directly to your inbox every day.
Health Canada Streamlines Medical Cannabis…
Improving the Licensing of Production of Cannabis for Medical Purposes
Health Canada is introducing several improvements that aim to streamline the licensing of medical cannabis producers and enable increased production of cannabis.
Licensed producers and applicants will need to continue to meet all of the requirements under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations, including the security and inventory control measures that help prevent diversion, and the Good Production Practices that help to provide individuals with access to quality-controlled cannabis for medical purposes.
As announced previously, Health Canada has begun conducting random testing of cannabis products produced by licensed producers to provide added assurance to Canadians that they are receiving safe, quality-controlled product.
What is a licensed producer?
A licensed producer is the holder of a producer’s licence that is issued by Health Canada under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations to produce quality-controlled cannabis under secure and sanitary conditions. They can be authorized to produce and sell dried and fresh cannabis, seeds and plants, and cannabis oil. As of May 24, 2020, there are 44 licensed producers of cannabis for medical purposes. Over the past four years, licensed producers have established a strong record of compliance and are inspected regularly by Health Canada.
Licensed producers are authorized to sell to registered clients who have been authorized by their healthcare practitioner to use cannabis for medical purposes. Products are delivered to clients securely through the mail or by courier. More than 153,000 individuals are registered to purchase cannabis from licensed producers, while more than 4,000 individuals are registered with Health Canada to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical purposes. On average, the number of registered clients has been growing by 10% a month. Sales of dried cannabis have been growing by 6% a month, and sales of cannabis oil have increased by 16% a month.
What is the current process to become a licensed producer?
All applications to become a licensed producer undergo a strict and thorough review. Applications are assessed on a case-by-case basis. All key personnel must pass a stringent security clearance process. In addition, each application must demonstrate how the security and inventory control measures and Good Production Practices at the facility meet all the regulatory requirements. This compliance is verified by Health Canada inspectors.
How will the licensing approach change?
Health Canada has drawn on nearly four years of experience administering the medical cannabis regime to identify what works well, and what can be improved. The changes that are being put in place are measures to streamline licensing and enable increased production of cannabis for medical purposes. These measures will help ensure that Health Canada’s approach to licensing and oversight continues to be aligned with the regulations, the existing evidence of risks to public health and safety, and its approach to other regulated sectors.
Effective immediately, Health Canada is implementing the following measures:
- Increasing the Department’s capacity to review and process applications
- Health Canada is allocating more resources to streamline the processing of applications to produce cannabis for medical purposes. The majority of these additional resources will focus on applications at the review stage, during which Health Canada undertakes a detailed review of all aspects of the application and assesses its compliance with the requirements of the regulations. There are currently 187 applications at the review stage. Additional resources will also be applied to applications at the intake and screening stage.
- In the past few weeks, Health Canada has dedicated additional resources to accelerate the processing of applications from individuals who are authorized by their healthcare practitioner to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical use.
- Undertaking some stages of the review of the application concurrently;
- The detailed review stage of processing applications will now happen at the same time as the personnel security screening process. Historically, the review stage did not begin until the security screening of key personnel is complete, which can lengthen the time to process the application.
- Permitting licensed producers to manage production on the basis of their vault capacity;
- Licensed producers will be permitted to increase cannabis production within their existing facility to the maximum they are authorized to store, based on the capacity and security level of their vault(s) or safe(s). This will allow licensed producers to better manage production as necessary to meet demand.
- In addition, licensed producers will be able to store low-value cannabis waste products (e.g., leaves) in a secure area and will no longer need to keep these products in a secure vault or safe, thereby creating more room for storage of finished cannabis products and enabling increased production.
- Authorizing longer validity periods for licences and security clearances in accordance with the regulations
- New licences that are issued, and existing licences that are renewed for licensed producers with a good compliance record, may now be valid for the full three years allowed in the regulations. New or renewed security clearances for key personnel at licensed production facilities may also be valid for up to five years in accordance with regulations, subject to Health Canada receiving new information that could result in a security clearance being suspended.
- Streamlining the review and approval of applications to modify or expand a production facility for licensed producers with a record of good compliance with the ACMPR;
- Where a licensed producer has a good compliance record and the proposed modification or expansion is straightforward, materially similar to an existing room or facility, and falls within an existing security perimeter (e.g., fence), applications for a production site modification or expansion may be approved following a successful application review. The physical inspection of the site modification or expansion would then occur during the regular facility inspection rather than before approval.
Health Canada will continue to inspect all facilities before cultivation begins and before a licence to sell products to the public is issued. Henceforth, Health Canada will schedule this first inspection after it has determined an application meets the regulatory requirements and it has issued the licence to cultivate and once the producer is ready to initiate production in its facility. This approach will help provide successful applicants with a decision on their application as soon as possible while ensuring that all facilities are inspected as cultivation begins.
Licensed producers and applicants must continue to meet all of the requirements under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations. These include security and inventory control measures that help prevent diversion, and the Good Production Practices that help provide individuals with access to quality-controlled cannabis for medical purposes. Since licensed production began in June 2013, licensed producers have established a solid record of compliance with the regulatory requirements and Health Canada will continue to ensure compliance through regular inspections.
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Trusted Advice for Academic and Professional Success
Paths to Employment in Canada for Licensed Professionals
Monday | July 10, 2020 | by Access Centre for Regulated Employment
Working in the career counselling profession for a combined 25 years, counsellors Deborah Canales and Jesse Morrice have helped hundreds of internationally trained individuals (ITIs) prepare for licensure and employment in Ontario’s regulated professions.
In the following interview, Ms. Canales and Mr. Morrice of the Access Centre for Regulated Employment in London, Ontario discuss some of their practical, informed, and workable approaches to the licensure or certification process in Ontario for internationally trained immigrants.
Thanks to both of you for speaking with us today. We know that many newcomers to Canada are making their way to Ontario and settling in many different communities. Once situated, new immigrants usually start looking for employment but quickly find that pathways to employment are not always straightforward.
Why do you think that is?
J.M. Definitely, for almost all immigrants, finding employment is a complicated process. In our current labour market, the process of employment is very competitive. It is also a dynamic environment. We are experiencing rapid technological change and we see companies introducing new recruitment methods. Employers are unlikely to be familiar with education and training programs throughout the world and immigrants are unlikely to be acquainted with credentialing, corporate organization, or job search processes in Canada.
Immigrant professionals in regulated professions are sometimes shocked to learn just how expensive and time-consuming the registration process can be in Ontario.
Immigrant-serving agencies must keep up with all the changes and recruitment trends and realities to effectively serve their clientele, and newcomers must work very hard to learn about employer expectations to be successful when seeking and securing employment. It is a challenge. There are pathways, but they are not always easy to find or follow.
Tell us about your role as you work with internationally trained individuals (ITIs) seeking licensure and employment in Ontario’s regulated fields.
D.C. We help professional newcomers become licensed and employed in Ontario’s regulated fields. That is our area of expertise. We partner with ITIs to build a step-by-step plan based on their prior education and experience. We must remain current regarding licensing processes in all professions because every employment plan should be personalized. Everyone is unique and we work with individuals to help them obtain licenses and employment. Our service delivery is person-to-person.
Understandably, newcomers frequently want to continue doing work they were doing before coming to Canada. Our role is to inform, collaborate, support, interpret, clarify, and advocate for them as effectively as possible. Occasionally we cajole, and hopefully, on occasion, we inspire. We do this so newcomers (as many as possible) can return to professions they know and care about. If we can do that, we know we are helping at the highest level.
The regulatory colleges’ priority is to protect the public interest, and our first responsibility is to offer services and support to individuals as they face an unfamiliar licensure process. Our hope is that licensure leads ITIs to their chosen professions. Immigrants must be given accurate information that relates directly to their own application for licensure. We want to help new immigrants understand why they are taking any of the steps in a process, and facilitating that understanding is a significant part of our role. No one wants to walk blindly into things. We try to ensure that our clients know what is required and why. It’s what anyone would want, and that’s what we try to do.
J.M. The Access Centre always provides information to our clients that is accurate and current. We know clients who have received inaccurate or incomplete information from friends, family or organizations. Recently, a dentist informed me that he wished he had been referred to us sooner because the information he had received was incomplete and cost him considerable time and effort. We are now working to correct his application. If we can work together at the beginning, we make sure the process unfolds correctly, but we can help newcomers wherever they may be in their career path.
What do you see as the most significant challenges ITIs face as they try to navigate the licensure and employment process in Ontario?
J.M. ITIs routinely identify the following factors as barriers to accreditation/licensure:
- Timely assessment and recognition of qualifications
- Obtaining and understanding available information regarding applying for a licence
- Developing concrete and attainable plans to proceed to licensure and employment
- The cost of completing all the regulator’s requirements (translations, exams, retraining, etc.)
- Lack of local opportunities for training and upgrading
- Finding relevant labour market information
- Lack of information about related employment and other opportunities
- Lack of understanding about how to compete for positions
How much advocacy is involved in your work?
D.C. A great deal and it ranges. We are in touch with the Regulatory Colleges and their third-party assessors. If our clients have questions, we call and ask those questions, unless it is something we already know, and we make it our business to know as much as can be known about licensure in Ontario.
We also help individuals understand the appeals process. We help individuals launch appeals if they have an issue or concern about the process. This is an aspect of the process with which most clients are unfamiliar. Our experience with appeals has been generally positive and we can facilitate appeals efficiently and effectively.
One of our clients was unfamiliar with the appeal process. He didn’t know it was acceptable to appeal. We helped him with a letter and his case was reviewed. Things turned in his favour. That is always wonderful when it happens, and the regulator, in this case, was very helpful and supportive throughout the process.
The costs of the licensure process can sometimes be prohibitive and we can refer individuals for financial support that can help them achieve their licensing and employment goals.
Can you work with anyone who wants to become licensed?
J.M. Not every individual who is internationally trained in a specific occupational sector can qualify as a candidate for licensure in Ontario/Canada, and of course, not everyone who was employed in a regulated profession in their country of origin wants to return to that profession here in Canada.
Depending on the education of the individual, the licensure process might prove simply too long and too costly to undertake. Such individuals will likely benefit from local community-based employment services in seeking employment in a related occupation, and we frequently make referrals to these sites for people needing alternatives.
Fortunately, most regulatory college web sites are very detailed about their application processes and most have specifically targeted information for newcomers. The information is all there. However, we find that information by itself is seldom sufficient. There is a lot to take in, and people often need help figuring it all out to understand what applies to them and what doesn’t.
Changes to how this information is provided have recently been made and many of them directly benefit newcomers. This is thanks to the efforts of the Office of the Fairness Commissioner and the regulators themselves, but many of those changes are largely imperceptible to the client. We are delighted to see any changes that make the processes transparent, objective, impartial, and fair, but there are still many bureaucratic tangles and obstacles that ITIs need assistance to identify and overcome.
Is there evidence to support the idea that ITIs fare better in the labour market with their license or certification?
D.C. Our data suggest that it does. If an individual wants to work as a licensed professional in any of the regulated professions or trades, then, of course, he or she must have a license. Period. Full stop. However, there are certainly those who prefer to work in related roles at some other level. They might be able to do that or they might not. What we have learned is that in these professional fields there are various limiting requirements, and it often isn’t easy simply to apply for work in a lower-level position. A person often still needs to earn a certification to work at lower levels in the professions.
J.M. The Fairness Commissioner has reported that licensing is outpacing employment in Ontario. There are many factors related to employability. Licensing is only one of them. Ultimately, if an ITI hopes to earn a license, it is usually a good idea to start sooner rather than later. In some cases, just having initiated a licensing process can help to increase employability.
For example, the Ontario Society of Professional Engineers conducted research published in their report “From the World to the Workforce: Hiring and Recruitment Perceptions of Engineering Employers and Internationally Trained Engineers in Ontario” (2014). In this study, researchers asked Ontario engineering employers about the importance of Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) licensure and concluded that “Employers overwhelmingly regard the P.Eng. designation as important, especially for an internationally trained engineer.”
D.C. There’s something else to add. Individuals benefit psychologically. There is so much that changes for newcomers. Imagine it…a new culture, new climate, new house, new government, new streets, new driving rules. So much adjustment is required. Working can be one important source of continuity for newcomers. In work, they have something of their previous experience that remains the same and is valued by the host country. Career continuity is generally very important to well-being…as we can all imagine.
We know that these processes take a long time and are quite expensive to go through. What is your goal as an agency working with and for newcomers?
J.M. When people return to work in commensurate occupations, they’re not the only winners. If they have kids, their kids benefit, too. Companies that employ them benefit and communities benefit. Ultimately, the province and the country benefit. The goal is to maximize employability and productivity of our newest citizens. We all desire that, but we also need it. In one sense, the first step toward that major goal is for an international professional to submit an application to a regulatory body. Nothing can happen if that critical first step is not taken. This launches the licensing process. Then we work together through each subsequent step…exams, interviews, whatever is required. An application sent means something important. It means presenting a case for credential recognition.
In some cases, at a certain point after submitting an application, an employer can search an applicant on a regulatory body’s public register, which may help build confidence in employers by reducing perceived risk.
Basically, if you don’t apply for your driver’s license, you can’t take your road test, and without a road test, there is no license.
As we mentioned earlier, it is important to recognize that some people do not want to apply for licensure or certification. They don’t want to undertake this sometimes complicated and lengthy process. And, that’s fine, but for those who qualify and do want to become licensed, they deserve the opportunity. We recommend and promote licensure as the best way to maximize productivity and security for ITIs and to help build the economic strength of our communities, the province, and our nation.
The help that you offer seems very valuable. Aside from support for licensure or certification, what other aspects of employment do newcomer professionals need to be effective job seekers in this competitive and changing labour market?
D.C. Individuals may need a host of services, including comprehensive and relevant employment preparation, mentorship, and job development, where they can get help marketing themselves effectively to recruiting employers. One service alone is often not enough and newcomers are best served by accessing services designed specifically for immigrant job seekers. The government has invested in newcomer employment, and immigrant job seekers should take advantage of those specific investments whenever possible.
What has experience taught you about what it takes for newcomers to be competitive and obtain licensure and employment in Ontario?
J.M. I think that the first step is to make an informed decision based on current information, motivation, ability to follow through, and financial resources. Once the decision has been made to pursue a license, I think the most important characteristics I’ve seen in successful clients are positivity, professionalism, and resilience. The process takes time and can sometimes involve setbacks and disappointments. Those who stay the course and persevere are often more successful than they might have thought possible at the beginning.
D.C. I agree, Jesse. Another important piece is that people can and should take full advantage of our help and service. We stay very closely connected throughout the process. Questions come up. New possibilities emerge. As I mentioned earlier, we are partners in this process and we want to stay connected start to finish.
Can you tell us a bit about your organization?
J.M. The Access Centre for Regulated Employment is the only provincially funded centre of its kind outside the Greater Toronto Area. Our regional centre serves Southwestern Ontario and provides much-needed licensure and certification information, and application assistance to newcomers seeking careers in Ontario’s regulated professions and trades. We have been at this a long time now, since early 2007, and we know our business. The people who work here are passionate about helping immigrants. Canada has a long-standing commitment to welcoming immigrants and facilitating immigration. In our small way, the Access Centre for Regulated Employment serves this goal, and we are proud of our contribution.
Our project is funded by the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration and is a cooperative partnership of three local not-for-profit organizations:
- WIL Employment Connections (managing partner)
- London Cross Cultural Learners Centre
- College Boreal d’arts appliques et de technologie
The Access Centre for Regulated Employment is funded by:
The Access Centre for Regulated Employment provides information and application assistance to internationally trained individuals seeking licensure or related employment in Ontario’s regulated professions.
Getting Your Canada Driving License — The Easier Way
Depending on your location and the type of vehicle you intend to drive, the process to get your Canada driving license can vary. In order to make the process simple and quick to start, we’ve put together everything you might need in one easy to navigate place. Regardless of what kind of vehicle, or stage of the Canada driving license process you are at, we’ve got you covered. So let’s start working on your Canadian driving license today.
- First time young drivers
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Choose a learner licence type or area of residence to get started.