My Reasons for Immigration to Canada and What I Want To Find There Канада
Immigration to Canada: 5 Easiest Ways for 2020
Immigration to Canada is not easy. There are many steps one has to take in order to successfully apply and get approved for Canada immigration. Also, the process can take a number of months and in some cases a few years. But if you know what options are available, you can improve your changes of success and avoid “pit falls”, frustrations and delays. Here’s a summary of five immigration programs that will show you how to migrate to Canada:
How to Immigrate to Canada: 5 Options for Immigrating in 2020
1. Express Entry Program
Canadian Immigration Program that allows immigrants to live and work in Canada as a skilled worker through Express Entry. The new system will allow Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to pro-actively assess, recruit and select immigrants who are skilled and/or possessed the relevant qualifications under federal economic immigration programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
The Express Entry program will also allow individual provinces and territories to use the system in order to recruit suitable candidates as part of the Provincial Nominee Programs so that labour market demands are met.
2. Family Class Sponsorship
Family Reunification remains a corner-stone of Canada immigration policy. Families in Canada can sponsor their relatives to come to Canada on a permanent basis. In order to qualify to Sponsor your relative, you have to be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. Also who you can sponsor is: your spouse and children under the age of 22 (there are some exceptions to this). Sponsoring your parents or grandparents is no longer an option at this time. However, you can bring them to Canada under the Super Visa Category.
3. LMIA Work Visa
Many applicants for Canadian immigration first get Canadian job offers, apply for a work visa and then on that basis, immigrate to Canada. The LMIA involves securing a Canadian job offer, having the Canadian employer apply for an LMIA though Service Canada and then the applicant applying for the work permit after the LMIA is approved. This is a very involved processes but can lead to Canadian permanent residence.
4. The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)
The PNP route is becoming an increasingly popular way to immigrate to Canada. Canadian provinces such as Alberta, Ontario, British Columbia and others have developed their own immigration programs that often lead to a fast-track process. However, the PNP category generally requires that applicants reside in the respective Provinces after they arrive in Canada. Further, most PNPs require a job offer from a Canadian employer in order to qualify.
5. Canadian Investor Immigration
The Investor Category is designed for high net worth individuals who have owned or managed businesses overseas. By allowing experienced business people invest in the Canadian economy, they are contributing to Canada’s overall growth and prosperity. There are essentially two investor programs in Canada: The Federal Investor Program and the Quebec program. Both programs are somewhat similar and require that the applicants have a high net worth and make a large investment in an approved investment fund for a 5 year period. Investor immigrants can bring their spouses and children as dependents to their applications.
*2020 Update: As of June 2014, applications still in the backlog of the federal Immigrant Investor Program and Entrepreneur Program were terminated. The Quebec Investor Program and Quebec Entrepreneur Program were not affected.
Are there other options for Canadian Immigration?
There are other ways to obtain Canadian immigration such as the CEC category, Humanitarian and Compassionate application, Refugee Claims, as well as
Where Can I Get More Information?
You are welcome to search our site www.visaplace.com where you will find more of information about Canada immigration. Contact us today for an evaluation of your particular immigration needs.
About Michael Niren
Michael is a graduate of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the Canadian Bar Association’s Citizenship and Immigration Section and the Associate Member of the American Bar Association. Read more
The content and comments of this blog are not legal advise and and may not be accurate or complete. If you require legal advice, contact a licensed legal practitioner directly. If you post on this blog, you assume full responsibility for disclosing your identity to the public and VisaPlace nor its affiliates are not responsible for protecting your privacy nor your identity concerning your participation in our blog and you assume any risks in participating.
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- Express Entry Draw October 30, 2020 #129 – Latest CRS Score October 30, 2020
- Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Everything You Need to Know October 28, 2020
- Canada’s Election Results: Impact on Immigration
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What would you pay for immigration to Canada ?
I am considering immigrating to Canada, and have a lot of reasons to do so.
I am qualified in a profession that is sought after.
I wish to find out what is the average cost of a consultant who aids such immigration as a service. I have seen that this can be a very costly proposition.
Please let me know what pricing is good in the market per your experience.
You don’t need a consultant. You can do all the immigration paperwork yourself, immigration Canada is at http://www.cic.gc.ca/
Just make sure your profession is really as sought after as you think it is. Look for jobs on the web, contact employers. If you can afford to, go vacation in Canada, contact companies and do interviews. Applying for immigration right off the bat can be a costly adventure if you find out when you get there that you can’t get a job.
If you are really that sought after, you could also come in on a temporary work permit and apply for residency later.
How to Move to Canada
Updated: October 24, 2020
This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Together, they cited information from 14 references. wikiHow’s Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article meets our high standards.
wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article has over 1,335,706 views, and 93% of readers who voted found it helpful. It also received 54 testimonials from readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Learn more.
Approximately 250,000 people move to Canada each year. There are multiple paths to legally move to Canada and many people will qualify for at least one of them. Detailed step by step by step instructions on making your move to Canada follow.
Ten Great Reasons to Move to Canada
A popular late-night television program in the United States has a segment in which the host reveals his “Top Ten” list for various categories, starting with Number 10 and counting down to Number One. So, here is a thoughtful list of 10 great reasons to move to Canada:
10. Canadian Scenery – People who live in Canada get to enjoy some of the most spectacular scenery on Earth, such as Niagara Falls in Ontario; Banff National Park in Alberta; Prince Edward Island; Quebec’s Laurentian Mountains; and the Capilano River area in British Columbia.
9. Canadian Cuisine – Whether you want to enjoy French-Canadian cuisine in Quebec or sample tasty treats at Canada’s many excellent ethnic eateries, Canadian restaurants have something savory to satisfy the preferences of practically any palate!
8. Sports – There are plenty of great sports to play or watch in Canada, including ice hockey, basketball, baseball, football/soccer, golf, lacrosse, rugby, cricket, tennis, curling, swimming, volleyball, and snow skiing. Of course, with so much natural beauty so readily available across Canada, other popular athletic activities include hiking, camping, backpacking, fishing, kayaking, and mountain biking (among others).
7. Immigrant-Friendly Country – Approximately 20% of Canada’s 35 million people are foreign-born, which makes Canada one of the world’s most multicultural countries. In Toronto, Canada’s largest city, almost half of all residents are immigrants, plus there are significant immigrant communities in many other Canadian cities and towns. The diversity of Canada’s population has helped to make Canadian residents very welcoming to new arrivals. In fact, the 2015 Legatum Global Prosperity Index (November 2015) revealed that 92% of Canadians are tolerant toward ethnic minorities and the same percentage of people who live in Canada also “think the country is a good place for immigrants.”
6. Free Basic Healthcare – Another good reason to move to Canada is that Canadian citizens and permanent residents receive free basic healthcare (unlike people who live in the United States, for example, who often have to pay a lot of money for health insurance and medical treatment).
5. Educational Opportunities – People who immigrate to Canada have access to its excellent education system, which includes several of the world’s top institutions of higher education.
4. Safety and Security – Canada is known for being one of the safest countries on Earth, both in terms of its relatively low level of violent crime as well as its political stability and location in a peaceful part of the planet.
3. Freedom – In November 2015, the Legatum Global Prosperity Index declared Canada to be the #1 country in the world for personal freedom. Canada is a Western democracy which protects freedoms and human rights under the rule of law and where men and women of various backgrounds can live freely, without fear of government oppression.
2. Incredible Cities – Many people decide to move to Canada so they can enjoy the high standard of living found in Canadian cities. For the past several years in a row, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has ranked Vancouver, Toronto and Calgary among the Top Five “Most Livable Cities” in the world, out of 140 cities evaluated around the globe.
1. Jobs in Canada – There are great employment opportunities available to eligible skilled foreign workers who move to Canada. Thousands of foreign workers are needed by Canadian companies to fill jobs in Canada in a range of high-demand occupations, due in large part to an ongoing labor shortage.
Many people have multiple motivations to move to Canada, but a common thread is a desire for a better life. Whatever your reason(s), Canadian immigration can provide you and your family with wonderful possibilities for a bright future, including the option to become citizens of Canada! To learn more, click here!
Survey Finds Most People Living in Canada Are Happy
A recent survey of almost 2,500 Canadian adults, which was commissioned by The Globe and Mail and conducted by the Gandalf Group, has found that 67% of the people living in Canada are “very happy” and 68% report being “very satisfied” with their lives. The national survey examined the overall happiness
OECD Report Praises Canadian Immigration System
In August 2020, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released a “very favorable” report that praises the Canadian immigration system as one of the world’s most successful and an example for other countries. In particular, the OECD report says that Canada is very effective at recruiting skilled foreign
Report Says There Are 506,000 Unfilled Jobs in Canada
According to the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey released by Statistics Canada in June 2020, there were 506,000 Canadian job openings during the first quarter of 2020. This was 44,000 more Canadian job vacancies (an increase of 9.6 percent) compared with the number of open jobs in Canada during the first
Canada Day Was Extra Special for These Immigrants
Canada Day celebrations were held across the country on July 1, 2020, to mark 152 years since the Constitution Act of 1867 officially united Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia into a new federation within the British Empire known then as the Dominion of Canada. People living in Canada
Immigrants Honored for Their Achievements in Canada
In June 2020, the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) announced the winners of its 2020 Top 25 Canadian Immigrant Awards. This was the 11th annual recognition of 25 remarkable immigrants who have made significant accomplishments or contributions to society after relocating to Canada. Immigrants were nominated by Canadians from across the
Top Canadian Job Opportunities in 2020
Whether you are currently living in Canada and planning your career path, or an immigrant searching for employment opportunities, the 2020 ranking of the 100 top jobs in Canada is worth checking out. This informative career rating guide was published in May 2020 on the Canadian Business website and it
Canadian Jobs Report Reveals Big Boost in Employment
The April 2020 Canadian jobs report revealed that hiring hit a historic high with the addition of 106,500 new jobs in Canada — the biggest monthly boost in Canadian employment ever recorded! Data released by Statistics Canada (StatCan) on May 10, 2020, also showed that 73,000 of the 106,500 Canadian jobs filled during
Most Canadians Hold Positive View Toward Immigrants
A Pew Research Center report published on March 14, 2020, says that people who live in Canada have the most positive view toward immigrants of any of the world’s top 18 immigration destinations. According to the international survey, 68% of individuals living in Canada believe that immigrants make their country stronger. By
Nigerians Looking to Immigration TO Canada: These Are Your Option
Nigeria is an important source country for Canadian immigration. If you are looking to apply for Canada permanent residence from Nigeria, read on to discover which programs are available.
What Are the Options for Immigrating to Canada From Nigeria?
Canada’s primary immigration avenues are:
- Family Class Sponsorship.
- Federal Economic Class.
- Provincial Economic Class.
- Quebec Immigration.
- Temporary Residence First, Then Transition to Permanent.
- Business Immigration.
What Is Family Class Immigration?
Family Class Sponsorship immigration allows Canadian permanent resident and citizens to sponsor family members for immigration.
Which Family Members Can Be Sponsored for Canada Immigration from Nigeria?
- Common Law partner
- Conjugal partner
- Dependent children
- Brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age and not married or in a common-law relationship
- Another relative of any age or relationship but only under specific conditions
- Accompanying relatives of the above (for example, spouse, partner and dependent children).
What Are the Requirements to Be A Sponsor?
- You must be 18 years of age or older.
- You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits you to provide financial support for your relative, if necessary. This agreement also says the person becoming a permanent resident will make every effort to support her or himself.
- You must provide financial support for a spouse, common-law or conjugal partner for three years from the date they become a permanent resident.
- You must provide financial support for a dependent child for 10 years, or until the child turns 25, whichever comes first.
There are many more options if you do not qualify through the family class.
Canada accepts the largest number of immigrants under the economic class.
Both federal and provincial immigration programs cover a multitude of skills and target occupations.
There are many immigration streams to be considered when considering applying for Canadian permanent resident from Nigeria.
What Are Canada’s Federal Economic Class Programs?
Canada’s federal economic class immigration system is managed using Express Entry. Many provinces also follow a similar expression of interest approach.
Candidates must submit a profile which is scored based on core factors such as age, education, work experience and language ability.
The highest scoring profiles are issued an Invitation to Apply to one of the above immigration programs.
Candidates then get 60 days to submit a full application.
What Is the Express Entry Process?
- Submit profile and enter Express Entry Pool.
- Get issued an Invitation to Apply if you meet minimum points requirement.
- Submit an application in 60 days.
- Get a decision in target processing time of six months.
- If successful, move to Canada.
A job offer is an important factor in increasing a Comprehensive Ranking System score.
It can be worth 200 or 50 points depending on the skill level. Visit skilledworker.com, the leader in foreign recruitment, to access our job search services.
Several of Canada’s provinces tap skilled workers from the Express Entry pool with their own streams.
A provincial nomination is worth 600 points and all but guarantees an Invitation to Apply.
The Express Entry target processing time is six months once the full application is received, making it a fast track to Canada immigration.
What Are Canada’s Provincial Programs?
Provincial streams are the next consideration for your application for permanent residence from Nigeria.
Each one of Canada’s provinces targets the specific demands of their labour markets with different immigration streams.
If you have specific skills, there could be a provincial stream waiting to accept you.
Quebec has autonomy over its immigration system, with the power to operate its own programs.
Quebec recently launched an Expression of Interest system similar to Express Entry.
Can I Transition from Temporary to Permanent Residence?
Increasingly, immigrants are coming to Canada as temporary residents and transitioning to permanent residents.
This is a popular route for candidates who do not immediately qualify for permanent residence when applying from Nigeria.
Time spent in Canada as a temporary resident counts towards a permanent residence application.
Caregivers also have their own streams for work permits (under the TFWP) and transition to permanent residence.
Can I Apply for A Business Immigration Program?
Canada also aims to attract entrepreneurs and investors through its business immigration programs, with many applications accepted from Nigeria.
At the federal level, options include:
However, by far the most popular business program is the Quebec Immigrant Investor Program.
It is the only passive investment program that leads to Canadian permanent residence.
Quebec Investor: 2020 Primary Requirements
- Legally acquired personal net worth of $2 million;
- Two years of suitable management or business experience within the five years preceding the application;
- Investment of $1.2 million into a passive government guaranteed investment for a period of five years bearing no interest;
- Intend to settle in the province of Quebec.
A selection of Canada’s other provinces also operate business programs as a route to permanent residence from Nigeria
Increasingly, the provinces require time spent in Canada setting up a business as a temporary resident before candidates are nominated for permanent residence.
Owner-Operator Business Immigration
Candidates looking to immigrate to Canada from the UAE should also consider the Buy a Business and Move to Canada Program.
Federal owner-operator rules allow a candidate to buy a business and move to Canada on a temporary work permit, before transitioning to permanent residence further down the line.
Under this policy a work permit is issued following the sale and transfer of the majority share ownership of an existing profitable Canadian business to the immigration candidate.
Interested employers: Kindly contact us here to receive further information.
Interested candidates: Find out whether you qualify to Canada by completing our free on-line evaluation. We will provide you with our evaluation within 1-2 business days.
Read more news about Canada Immigration by clicking here.
5 Ways To Immigrate To Canada | Canadian Immigration
Immigrating to a new country is a difficult process and for newcomers looking to settle in Canada, there are many immigration programs to choose from. Here are 5 popular ways to immigrate to Canada as a permanent resident!
1. EXPRESS ENTRY
In 2015, the Federal Government of Canada introduced Express Entry, an application management system that governs all federal streams of economic immigration. Since then, thousands of principal applicants and their families have been invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence.
Currently, Express Entry is an umbrella system that governs the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), and Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP). There are also some Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) that are aligned with Express Entry.
REMINDER: HOW EXPRESS ENTRY WORKS
Applicants looking to apply to one of the immigration streams governed by Express Entry must submit an Expression of Interest to the government of Canada. If you meet the minimum eligibility requirements of the program in question, you will be invited to the Express Entry pool.
There, you are given a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score that is used to rank you against other applicants in the Express Entry pool. Every so often, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) issues Invitations to Apply (ITAs) to the highest ranking individuals in the pool during an Express Entry draw. If you are among those issued an ITA, you will have 90 days to submit your application online for permanent residence.
EXPRESS ENTRY STREAMS
AM I A GOOD CANDIDATE?
As mentioned earlier, Express Entry currently governs the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), each with its own eligibility requirements.
The Federal Skilled Worker program was specifically designed for immigrants with at least one year of skilled (NOC Code 0, A, B), full-time, continuous work experience. If you meet the minimum 67 point requirement for the program, you can enter the Express Entry pool. Learn more. The Federal Skilled Trades program requires that you have a minimum of two years full-time continuous work experience in a skilled trade in the past five years. You must also have an offer of full‐time employment in Canada in your skilled trade or hold a Canadian certificate of qualification to practice your skilled trade in Canada. Learn more. The Canadian Experience Class runs on a pass-fail system and is for individuals that have at least one year of full-time, continuous work experience in Canada. Learn more. *To find out if you are eligible to come to Canada through Express Entry, click here.
2. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAMS
There are currently ten provinces and three territories in Canada, each of which has authority over its own immigration programs and policies. These provincial immigration streams are more commonly known as Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).
AM I A GOOD CANDIDATE?
With so many PNPs to choose from, it’s difficult to determine which programs you qualify for and what eligibility requirements are needed. However, ideal candidates for PNP programs usually fall under one of these categories:
- Have recently worked in Canada, or are currently working on a valid work permit
- Are currently in the Express Entry pool and meet the eligibility criteria for one of the Provincial Nominee Programs aligned with Express Entry
- Have a connection to the province, in the form of studies, prior work experience, or a formal job offer
- Have a family member living in the province in question, which may assist your application for some PNPs
To see a list of all Provincial Nominee Programs and their requirements, click here.
NOTE: If the Provincial Nominee Program you are interested in is aligned with Express Entry, you will need to submit an Expression of Interest first to enter the Express Entry pool.
3. QUEBEC IMMIGRATION
While Quebec is also a province of Canada, it has much more autonomy on how it runs its immigration programs and policies. Currently, there are no Quebec immigration streams that are aligned with Express Entry. Instead, you may choose to apply directly to the Quebec government for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program, the Quebec Experience Class, or Quebec Business Immigration.
All Quebec immigration programs are a part of a two-step process. Applicants interested in one of Quebec’s immigration streams must first apply to the Quebec government. If you are accepted, you are issued a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ). This certificate acknowledges that the Quebec government has accepted your application for your immigration program.
Afterwards, you are required to submit your application to the federal government for review. This is to ensure you are not medically or criminally inadmissible to Canada.
QUEBEC IMMIGRATION STREAMS
AM I A GOOD CANDIDATE?
No province has as much of a robust provincial category of immigration as Quebec. As mentioned earlier, there are three immigration programs individuals can choose from: Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSW), Quebec Experience Class (PEQ), and Quebec Business Immigration.
The Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW) program operates on a first-come, first-served model. In an immigration sense, this means you do not have to directly compete with other applicants in the program. Instead, if you meet the requirements of the program and submit your application before the quota fills up, you should be granted permanent residence. The program prioritizes the processing of individuals with experience in in-demand occupations, and does not require a minimum French language score to be eligible for the program. Learn more. The Quebec Experience Class (Programme de l’expérience québécoise – PEQ) is the only Quebec immigration program that requires knowledge of the French language. It is also an accelerated immigration program designed for individuals who have experience in Québec as a student or as a temporary foreign worker. It does not run on a points-based system like the QSW program, meaning that if you meet the minimum requirements of the program, you should be accepted by the Quebec Government. Learn more. Quebec Business Immigration is designed for individuals that have experience operating a business and have significant funds to invest in a business in Quebec.
4. STUDENT PATHWAY
If you’re ineligible for one of the immigration streams mentioned above, the student pathway can be an excellent option for becoming a Canadian permanent resident.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
When you choose to study in Canada, the credentials you gain make you a great candidate for permanent residence. With many immigration programs valuing Canadian student experience, your prior studies in Canada can be a great way to bridge the gap from temporary student status, to Canadian permanent resident.
If you currently qualify for an immigration program, studying in Canada can increase your chances of being accepted.
If you do not qualify for an immigration program, studying in Canada can help make you eligible.
Canadim’s Study-2-Immigrate program was designed to help you come to Canada as an international student. Our academic advisors can assist you in finding the right program and school that suits your needs and the requirements to obtain your study permit. Afterwards, we can help you transition from temporary student to Canadian permanent resident if you wish to do so!
To see if you are eligible to come to Canada as an international student, click here.
NOTE: If you are applying to the Province of Quebec, you will need to obtain a Quebec Acceptance Certificate (CAQ) before you can obtain your study permit.
5. CANADIAN FAMILY SPONSORSHIP
Family reunification is the second largest class of Canadian immigration and another way of obtaining permanent residence. If you have a spouse or child that is currently a Canadian permanent resident or citizen, they are allowed to sponsor you to come to Canada.
If you are married or are in a common-law or conjugal relationship, you partner is eligible to sponsor you through the Inland or Outland Spousal Sponsorship categories, depending on if you currently reside in Canada. The final decision, however, on whether or not to accept an application comes down to the visa officer reviewing your file. No one document can guarantee sponsorship, and it is up to you to prove that your relationship is genuine.
PARENT AND GRANDPARENT SPONSORSHIP
If you have a child over who is 18 years old or older, who can financially support you to come to Canada, and who is a Canadian permanent resident or citizen, they can sponsor you through the Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship program (PGP). The program currently runs on a lottery style system, whereby interested applicants fill out an interest to sponsor form during the period when the program is open. Afterwards, IRCC randomly selects 10,000 applicants to invite to apply to the PGP.
To discover all your options to sponsor your family to come to Canada, click here.
TIP: If you are not eligible to be sponsored, or missed the deadline to apply for the PGP, a Super Visa can be a great alternative. While it does not grant permanent resident status, it is a multiple re-entry visa valid for up 10 years, allowing your parents or grandparents to come and go from Canada as they please.
Not sure which way is right for you? Discover all of your Canadian immigration options today with our free online assessment!
Why and How to Move to Canada From USA
Moving to Canada From USA
Every year, thousands of American citizens make the decision of moving to Canada from USA. Some are attracted by economic opportunity, others are sponsored by a spouse or partner, while many other Americans come to work or study in Canada on a temporary basis. Indeed, some are enticed by more than one of these factors, or other considerations.
The United States and Canada were, by and large, settled and governed by immigrant communities — and both continue to receive hundreds of thousands of newcomers from around the world on an annual basis.
If you are considering moving to Canada from USA, the first step is to assess which programs give you the best chance of success. There are many ways to immigrate to Canada from the USA or to reside in Canada temporarily, but each pathway requires a plan.
Reasons for moving to Canada from USA
We are not going to be political in this post and discuss perceived displeasure/concerns of some Americans with President Donald Trump as a reason for moving to Canada from USA. And we should not dwell too much with ongoing immigration policy changes in the USA and the uncertainty facing migrants over there. However, it is a fact that these developments have caused many USA citizens, residents, immigrants and aspiring USA immigrants to look north of the border to Canada as an alternative.
We do believe strongly that immigration is a matter of personal life choice and preferences that could depend significantly on variables such as age, marital status, family size, work skills and more. It is also true that what attract some people to move from USA to Canada may very well not be important to others.
But let us focus on the concrete benefits of immigrating from the USA to Canada.
High quality of life is probably the biggest attraction to Canada and should be a prime consideration for moving to Canada from USA. Canada provides a high quality of life for the vast majority of residents and has the second highest standard of living of all the G20 nations. Some of the key attributes of this quality of life are:
Education: Children below 18 years of age are provided free education by the Canadian government. All young citizens and PRs have access to the best schooling available no matter what their background. The government spends more per capita on education than other country in the world.
Universal healthcare: Canada’s healthcare system is the envy of the USA and provided a prototype for some of the proposed American models leading up to Obamacare. Canada’s healthcare system is one of the fairest and most accessible in the world. Medical treatment is mostly free at the point of use and funded by government taxes. Each province is given a health budget to administer locally and issue health cards to all eligible residents allowing them to access healthcare.
Multiculturalism and ethnic diversity: Canada has long realized the benefits skilled immigrants can bring to the country and, in particular, the economy. Multiculturalism became official Canadian policy under the government of the late Pierre Elliot Trudeau (the father of the current Prime Minister Justin Trudeau) in 1971. In doing so, Canada was the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as official policy. This has reinforced Canada as a tolerant and broad-minded society and highly attractive to immigrants from all over the world.
Low crime rate: Canada’s low crime rate is envied around the world. Violent crime is extremely rare and gun ownership is almost four times lower than the US. In 2014, the OECD Better Life Index awarded Canada an impressive 9.7 out of 10 for safety and security. Many Americans point to lower crime rate as a factor in considering moving to Canada from USA.
Economic strength and stability: Canada has one of the strongest economies in the world and has a huge variety of career options for foreign skills. Canada’s banking system has been voted the most stable in the world for seven consecutive years by the World Economic Forum.
There are other benefits to consider when pondering moving to Canada from USA. For examples:
Canada immigration policy encourages family integration during or after migration with programs such as Family >Choosing a Canada Immigration Program
There are over 80 Canada immigration programs that candidates from Philippines may qualify for. So where and how does one start when planning moving to Canada from USA?
The answer is really quite simple. First choose the Canadian province or territory that you think best meets your needs (you can always move to another once you are settled). Canada has 13 provinces and territories each with vast differences in cultures, job industries and even climates.
Some Canadian provinces and territories have unique immigration requirements and programs that may not exist in other provinces and territories. For example, the Quebec Skilled Worker program is an exclusively Quebec based program where all applicants are expected to have a high level of French fluency and a specific set of job skills.
Other provinces like Prince Edward Island have a booming construction industry, due to its increasingly high population growth over the past five years. Alberta is the oil and gas king of Canada.
Other people choose to immigrate to cities like Toronto (Ontario) or Vancouver (British Columbia) because of the high ethnic/cultural diversity, urban cosmopolitan nature, and their abundance and variety of job opportunities.
What Are the Options for Immigrating to Canada from the USA?
Canada has more than 80 immigration programs available for anyone thinking of moving to Canada from USA. Which Canadian immigration program is right for you will depend on your goals and your particular situation.
The programs are not only multifarious but some tend to be quite complex with various categories and sub-categories. For example, there are many different Canada immigration programs for individuals, professionals and workers under which you might qualify for Canada permanent residency. These include:
Canada also offers a number of Family Class Sponsorship programs. These programs allow Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor family members and loved ones for Canadian immigration. As discussed below it is an attractive option for someone thinking of moving to Canada from USA.
1. Work in Canada
Securing a job in Canada is a popular pathway to moving to Canada from USA. Obtaining a Canadian work visa (referred to as a work permit in Canada) is usually an important step towards working legally in Canada. You can use any online or offline job search agencies to look for a job or simply try the Canadian government’s Job Search Tool.
If you do already have a job offer from a Canadian employer, you and your prospective employer may have to obtain a document called a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before you begin working in Canada. This document serves as proof that your employment in Canada will likely have a neutral or positive effect on the local labour market.
2. Intra-Company Transfer
The Intra-Company Transfer Program allows international businesses to bring key employees to Canada without the requirement to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). American employees who work in executive, managerial, or specialized knowledge roles may be eligible for moving to Canada from USA with their family and work as an intra-company transferee.
3. USA Students in Canada
There are thousands of Americans in Canadian universities and colleges. Canada’s immigration policy has established a pathway for people on student visa to work and become permanent residents after graduation via the Canadian Experience Class and Quebec Experience Class programs.
American students in Canada can work while studying in Canada, allowing them to supplement their income and gain vital work experience. Thereafter American students desirous of moving to Canada from USA on a permanent residency basis can do so via the appropriate programs. See International Students.
4. SWAP Working Holidays
SWAP Working Holidays (formerly Student Work Abroad Programs) facilitate international exchanges between young people from different nations. U.S. citizens between the ages of 18 to 30, inclusive, may obtain an open work permit for 12 months under this program, provided that they have been enrolled in full-time post-secondary study at some point in the past twelve months. Final year students not returning to studies are also eligible. After working in Canada for up to a year, U.S. students are permitted to repeat SWAP in Canada once they have completed another academic term in the U.S.
5. Express Entry – Economic Immigration Programs
Canada Express Entry system is an electronic system that the Canadian Government established for purposes of expediting the selection and application process for various Economic Immigration Programs. It requires online submissions of applications and documentations to ensure quicker processing times, which currently average 6 months.
Canada accepts the largest number of immigrants under the economic class. This includes federal and provincial economic immigration programs covering a vast range of skills and target occupations. Through these programs, Canada aims to attract individuals that have a significant ability to contribute to the Canadian economy.
Through Express Entry, American citizens can live and work in Canada as permanent residents in well under a year. American citizens typically have a strong chance of being invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence through Express Entry, due to strong language skills, the probability of having obtained skilled work experience, and the higher education that they may have completed earlier in life.
Because Canada is the United States’ largest trading partner and vice versa, and because of the similarity in economic skills acquisition and requirements, Americans will naturally find the economic immigration programs conducive to their Canada immigration goals.
Click the following economic immigration programs administered under the Express Entry system to see what is best for you:
Each one of Canada’s provinces and territories runs their own immigration programs, targeting the specific demands of local labour markets. Americans who have specific skills may find a faster path to Canadian permanent residency via a provincial program. For more information and the various programs visit Provincial Nominee Programs.
7. Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship
Americans whose family members are already Canadian permanent residents or citizens can apply through Family Class Sponsorship immigration. Furthermore, Canada recognizes same-sex marriage. Same-sex partners may be eligible to apply to reunite in Canada, provided they meet all eligibility requirements.
The following family members can be sponsored for Canada Immigration from the USA: Spouse; Common Law partner; Conjugal partner; Dependent children; Parents; Grandparents; Brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age and not married or in a common-law relationship; Another relative of any age or relationship but only under specific conditions; Accompanying relatives of the above (for example, spouse, partner and dependent children).
Top 10 Questions on moving to Canada from USA
This section is courtesy of moving2canada.com
Can I drive in Canada with a license issued by a US state?
Provided you can show sufficient driving experience, it should be straightforward to exchange your state-issued driving licence for a license issued by the Canadian province you are moving to. The exact requirements differ between the provinces. Click on the relevant link below for details:
Before exchanging your license, you will be able to drive in Canada on your US license for a certain period. Again, this is determined by the provinces, which typically allow you to drive for 90 to 180 days on your US license.
Will I be covered by the public healthcare system in Canada?
Healthcare in Canada is delivered through a publicly-funded system, administered by the provinces. With public health insurance, you don’t have to pay for most healthcare services. Whether or not you are covered by the healthcare system in Canada depends on two factors: your status in Canada, and your destination province.
If you are a visitor to Canada, you will not be covered.
If you are an international student on a study permit, you may be covered by the provincial plan, though most provinces require international students to take out private insurance. In many cases, health insurance is provided through the institution (college or university) you are attending, which may have a relationship with a specific provider.
If you are moving to Canada from the USA on a work permit, whether or not you may be covered by the provincial plan depends on the type of work permit. Click on the relevant link below for details:
When you arrive in Canada as a foreign worker, you may have to wait up to three months to be approved for public healthcare after applying. Therefore, it is advised that you apply as early as possible and take out a private insurance policy to cover the waiting period.
Canadian permanent residents, like Canadian citizens, are covered by the public health insurance in their province of residence. New permanent residents are advised to have private medical insurance to cover the waiting period (typically three months, though this may differ by province) before being approved for public health insurance.
Will I have to pay income taxes in Canada, the United States, or both after moving to Canada from the USA?
The short answer is both if you are considered ordinary resident in Canada, and just the United States if you are not.
In brief, you’ll be considered an ordinary resident in Canada for tax purposes if Canada is the place where you in the settled routine of your life, regularly live. So, if you work in Canada, own or rent property there and have dependents or a spouse or common-law partner, then you will be deemed as an ordinary resident of Canada.
By contrast, you will be considered a non-resident in Canada for tax purposes if:
- you normally, customarily, or routinely live in another country and are not considered a resident of Canada; or
- you do not have significant residential ties in Canada; and
- you lived outside Canada throughout the tax year; or
- you stayed in Canada for less than 183 days in the tax year.
If you are an American citizen considered to be ordinary resident in Canada, you are obliged to pay Canadian taxes, as well as filing taxes in the United States. In fact, if you earn an annual income in excess of $10,000 USD, you will need to file a 1040 Form with the United States’ Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
However, the good news is that in reality very few Americans living and working in Canada end up paying tax in both countries. This is because of the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion (FEIE). The FEIE allows you to exclude the first $104,000 USD earned from US income tax by demonstrating that you reside in Canada at least 330 days a year. This means that provided you earn less than $104,000 USD per year, you won’t have to pay taxes in the United States.
However, if you do earn more than $104,000 USD per year available under FEIE exemption, or you have earned ‘non-wage’ income, the Foreign Tax Credit can ensure that your income does not get taxed twice.
To learn more about paying tax as a US citizen working in Canada, see this guide.
Can I bring my family to Canada?
US citizens can enjoy visa-free entry to Canada as visitors, allowing you and your family the opportunity to remain in Canada, typically for up to six months. However, if you plan on moving to Canada from the USA as a permanent resident, foreign worker or international student, (see our discussion of all three options earlier above) it is important to know which family members, if any, may accompany you.
For the purposes of immigration, Canada considers accompanying family members to include a spouse or common-law partner, as well as children under the age of 22. Older children may not be included on an application to come to Canada, unless a mental or physical condition allows for an exemption. Parents, grandparents, siblings, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews and other relatives are not eligible to be included on the application.
Accompanying family members may be included on an application for permanent residence or for a study permit, as well as some type of work permit. It you are unsure about your or your family’s eligibility to come to Canada, is recommended that you speak to a regulated immigration representative for information and advice on your specific situation.
Can I bring my pet(s) to Canada?
The short answer is yes, but you will have to prepare properly to make sure that your furry or feline friend can cross the border to Canada with you stress-free. Generally, almost all pet entry to Canada is overseen by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), so make sure to read the CFIA guidelines carefully. As a rule, you may need one or more of the following when bringing a pet to Canada: an import permit, a health certificate and a visual inspection.
Simple tips like contacting your airline, if you intend to fly, to get an idea on its particular pet policies is a good start, while making sure that you have all relevant documents is also going to save you time and stress. One additional point to keep in mind is that Canada does not consider the pets coming from the United States as being rabies-free, so make sure that you have documents to prove this when crossing the border.
As you can imagine it will typically be more straightforward to bring a dog or cat with you as opposed to an iguana or even a rabbit. However, by making sure that your pet is vaccinated and rabies-tested less than a year before arriving in Canada, and sourcing all qualifying paperwork in advance of departure, should result in an easier life.
Where should I move to in Canada?
Canada’s 37 million inhabitants reside mostly live in cities and towns close to the US border, with around three-in-four living within 100 miles (160 kilometres) of the border. Canadian cities are diverse and offer a range of benefits for recently arrived Americans.
If you are looking for a fast-paced ‘big’ city, then Toronto is probably your best bet. Toronto recently overtook Chicago in population size, making it the fourth-largest city in North America. Toronto has something for everyone. If you want to merge a big city feel with some incredible scenery on your doorstep, then maybe a move to Vancouvercould be perfect for you. However, if you want a city that allows you to learn a new language and live and work in a genuine multicultural melting-pot filled with festivals and culture, then Montreal sounds like where you should aim for.
In addition to the “big three”, there are a range of smaller but nonetheless impressive Canadian cities. For instance, if you would like a coastal city with a slower pace of living and milder winters, then Halifax, Nova Scotia or Victoria, British Columbia could fit the bill. Alternatively, if you want to embrace the excitement of the fastest growing city in Canada while also taking advantage of the incredible Rocky Mountains and lower taxes, then Calgary could be just right. Whatever city you decide on, moving to Canada from the USA will provide you with lots of options.
How can I get a job in Canada?
The job hunting process after moving to Canada from the USA is similar to the process at home in the United States, with both countries having growing market economies.
Will I be able to move to Canada from the USA if I have a criminal offence or conviction on my record?
Individuals hoping to move to Canada from the USA but who have an offence on their record could be inadmissible to Canada and require special permission to enter. Even a DUI conviction could lead to inadmissibility to Canada.
Depending on the crime, how long ago it took place and how you have behaved since, you may still be able to move to Canada from the USA if you:
This is a regular concern among Americans moving to Canada from the USA.
Children born in Canada are Canadian citizens from birth, regardless of the nationality and immigration status of the parents. Children born outside the US and its outlying possessions may by US citizens, depending on the parents’ citizenship and previous residency in the US, as well as the status of the relationship.
|Parents are married|
|Both parents are US citizens||Child is a US citizen|
|1 parent is a US citizen & 1 parent is a US national||Child is a US citizen if the US citizen parent has lived in the US for a continuous period of at least one year prior to the birth.|
|1 parent is a US citizen & 1 parent is neither a US citizen nor US national||Child is a US citizen if the US citizen parent has lived in the US for at least five years prior to the birth, at least two years of which must have been after the 14th birthday OR a US citizen grandparent has lived in the US for at least five years.|
|Parents are not married|
|Both parents are US citizens||Child is a US citizen|
|Father is a US citizen, mother is not||Child is a US citizen if:
– A blood relationship between the child and the father is established by clear and convincing evidence;
– The father (unless deceased) has agreed in writing to provide financial support for the child until the child reaches 18 years of age; and
– One of the following criteria is met before the child reaches 18 years of age: The child is legitimated under the law of his or her residence or domicile; OR the father acknowledges in writing and under oath the paternity of the child; OR the paternity of the child is established by adjudication of a competent court.
|Mother is a US citizen, father is not||Child born before June 12, 2020: Child is a US citizen if the mother has lived in the US for a continuous period of at least one year prior to the birth.
Child born on or after June 12, 2020: C hild is a US citizen if the mother has lived in the US for at least five years prior to the birth, at least two years of which must have been after the 14th birthday.
Both Canada and the US recognize dual citizenship, and so your child may be a citizen of both countries from birth.
How cold is it in Canada, really?
As you may have heard, most of Canada experiences cooler weather than most of the United States. However, Canada is not the land of igloos and perma-winter that is sometimes presented to the world, and most Canadian cities have climate comparable to some US cities, with four distinct seasons. Indeed, summer in some popular destination cities can be roasting, with humidity and high temperatures into the 90s Fahrenheit.
The climate of Toronto is similar to that experienced in cities in upstate New York such as Buffalo and Rochester, and is not too different to Chicago. Montreal experiences a similar climate to Minneapolis, and though it is a few hours’ drive away and slightly warmer, Vancouver and Seattle share damp winters and sunny summers.
Other Considerations when Moving to Canada from USA
Canada and the U.S. have a Tax Treaty that ensures moving to Canada from USA is as smooth a process as possible. The Tax Treaty has several mechanisms known as foreign tax credits that ensure Americans in Canada do not have to pay duplicate taxes to both countries while also preventing tax evasion. To learn more about the tax consequences of moving to Canada from USA, click here.
Employment in Canada
Getting a head start on how employment in Canada functions is key to a successful transition. Fortunately, there are tools and resources to help you:
Job Bank has long been a valuable and resourceful platform that Canadians find jobs online. Job Bank is free for both employers and candidates to use. It is probably as close to an authoritative list of available jobs in Canada as you will be able to find online. It is worth trying.
Manpower Group is a trusted job consultant firm helping immigrants find the best Canadian jobs. Manpower Group is associated with 20+ Industries in Canada offering various jobs to immigrants from Production to Logistics to Industrial jobs.
Other Canada Job Search Tools
Many people thinking of moving to Canada from USA may not be aware that a prior offence, even one as seemingly minor as a driving violation, may render a person inadmissible to Canada. If you are in any doubt, you will need to know what steps to take before and during your Canadian immigration application process in order to be permitted to enter Canada.
Examples of convictions that could make you inadmissible to Canada include: DUI, DWAI, theft, petty theft/larceny, assault, drunk & disorderly conduct, obstruction of justice, and possession of marijuana, cocaine or other controlled substances/drugs.
An applicant may be refused entry to Canada on health grounds if their condition is likely to be a danger to public health or safety or might cause excessive demand on Canada health or social services.
The reasons Americans want to move to Canada are the reasons it’s really hard to do it
Maybe, at first, you were joking. Maybe you’ve caught yourself since then wondering if it would truly be such a bad idea.
After all, America may well elect Donald J. Trump president in November. Maybe you really should move to Canada.
You probably wouldn’t be alone. You’re certainly not alone now: The Canadian government’s immigration website crashed the day after Donald Trump swept the Super Tuesday primaries, under the force of thousands of Americans Google searching “move to Canada.”
But moving to Canada is harder than it seems. I am here to explain it to you.
To a certain extent, we’ve been here before. “Moving to Canada” is a recurring threat among American progressives — because of the romantic image of Canada as a place that’s like America, without the parts of America progressives don’t like.
The problem for anyone who’s already packing her bags and learning to spell things with extra u’s is that — spoiler alert — the Canadian commitment to tolerance and humanitarianism that makes it so appealing to American progressives also makes it really hard for Americans to move to Canada in the year 2020. And that raises questions, in turn, about the difference between people who get to consider leaving the US in the event of a Trump presidency, and people who’d actually be at risk under a President Trump.
Canada: a haven for Americans who can’t stand America anymore
In the American imagination, Canada is a more liberal, more European version of America: more polite, less religious, more cosmopolitan, and with government-run health care.
And whenever it looks like American politics are shifting to the right, American progressives start joking about shifting to the north.
Screenshot via Zack Beauchamp/Vox
Progressives’ Canadian romance managed to persist even when Canada was being run by its previous prime minister, Conservative Stephen Harper.
Neda Maghbouleh and her husband moved to Canada in 2013, to take positions at the University of Toronto. They hadn’t been planning to leave the US when they started looking on the academic job market — they were just trying to get jobs.
“But then once we actually showed up,” she told me in March, “it was like, ‘You’re going to take this job from my cold, dead hands. We’re not going back!’ We truly fell in love with Toronto, and Canada more broadly.”
But most Americans who move to Canada are like Maghbouleh — they’re moving for the typical reasons people move from one country to another, for a job or to be near family, not because they’re fed up with the political choices of the rest of the electorate. The spike in Google interest after George W. Bush’s reelection in 2004 didn’t translate to a spike in actual American emigration.
American immigration to Canada rose throughout the Bush administration, but the overall pattern of immigration seems pretty independent of election cycles and media hype.
Donald Trump might be the threat Americans needed to get out of dodge
This time, people could be serious.
The stars (or at least the electoral cycles) have aligned to encourage Americans to start dreaming of Canada again. Last fall, Harper was replaced with the dreamily good-looking, meme-ably progressive Justin Trudeau. And Obama is rounding out his term in office — to be replaced by someone who’s certainly less exciting than Trudeau to American liberals, and possibly by Donald J. Trump.
“It’s almost like a lot of Americans are embarrassed” by the rise of Trump, says Chris Reid, the founder of Canadian startup Sortable, explaining the sudden popularity of jokes about moving to his country.
“Just the whole thing seems bizarre. And that’s why we thought, ‘Oh, we should do some bizarre recruiting around it’” — placing Facebook ads encouraging American engineers to come work at Sortable and escape the Trump.
The morning after Super Tuesday, so many Americans Googled “Move to Canada” that it overloaded the website of Canada’s immigration agency. A Morning Consult/Vox poll found that 15 percent of voters would be very likely to “consider leaving the country” if Trump gets elected (though it didn’t specify whether that country would be Canada).
It’s officially hit the phase in the meme life cycle where it’s being co-opted by brands. Spotify pulled together a “Moving Up to Canada” playlist, featuring “Run Away With Me” (by Canadian Carly Rae Jepsen) and Justin Bieber’s “Sorry,” which is doubly Canadian because, as all Americans know from pop culture, Canadians apologize all the time.
Canada has a history of taking American refugees — from things like slavery and the Vietnam War
The idea of Canada as the promised land for embattled Americans — the land of the free, only freer — started among the people for whom America wasn’t the land of the free to begin with. Some escaped slaves before the Civil War fled north not just to free states but to Canada (then a British colony).
Canada became a particularly appealing option for refugees from slavery after 1850, when Millard Fillmore signed the Fugitive Slave Act — which allowed slave owners and bounty hunters to recapture slaves who’d escaped to the North, and made it illegal for abolitionist Northerners to protect them.
With the harassment, capture, and servitude of ex-slaves (or free blacks) elevated from sectional policy to national policy, Canada became the only safe place for black Americans to go. As many as 20,000 African Americans migrated to Canada between 1850 and 1860 — increasing the black population of the colony by 50 percent. (Meanwhile, some northern states, like Connecticut, actually lost black residents.)
No one, thank heavens, is comparing Americans fleeing a putative Trump (or Clinton) administration to Americans fleeing actual slavery. It’s more likely that the modern trope of “moving to Canada” has its roots in a more recent American exodus: draft dodgers fleeing the Vietnam War.
At the end of 1969, the American government started using a draft lottery to conscript thousands of young men into service in Vietnam — a war that Americans increasingly viewed as a mistake. The Canadian government, meanwhile, had passed a law two years earlier that allowed someone to arrive in Canada as a visitor, then apply for permanent residency once there.
The combination of the two presented would-be American draftees who didn’t want to fight (and didn’t have better options to get out of the draft) with an appealing, if illegal, solution: fleeing to Canada as fugitives.
One Canadian estimate says that between 30,000 and 40,000 Americans fled to Canada over the course of the war (from 1965 to 1975). Many of them stayed even after President Jimmy Carter formally pardoned draft dodgers in 1977, allowing them to return to the US safely. A Canadian government report on the country’s immigration history calls them “the largest, best-educated (immigrant) group this country had ever received.”
But what’s often lost in the draft dodgers’ history is that Canadian laws were attracting people from lots of other countries at that time, not just the US. Only for two years during the war (1971 and 1972) was America the country sending the most emigrants to Canada. And when Canada implemented an amnesty in late 1973, allowing 39,000 people to become residents, only a little more than a quarter of them were American — only a couple thousand more Americans got amnesty than natives of Hong Kong.
Emigrating to Canada is pretty easy … if you have a job there already
Canada has firmed up its laws since 1973 — if you’re going to emigrate there, you’re going to need to get your papers in order first. But what it values in immigrants (and the types of immigrants it chooses) has stayed largely the same.
Canada encourages highly educated, technically skilled people to settle in the country, while also carving out a place for humanitarian refugees. This is a pretty big difference from the American immigration system, whose first priority is family reunification. (Indeed, many pro-business Republicans like Rep. Raul Labrador have tried to push America to be more like Canada when it comes to immigration — the only time you’ll ever hear them say something like that.)
This is great news for Americans who can manage to find jobs in Canada before they arrive. A skilled immigrant with a job offer in the US still has only a slim chance of actually getting into the country — for the past several years, the government’s had to hold a lottery because it’s gotten twice as many applications on the first day visas are available as there are visas to hand out.
A skilled immigrant with a job offer in Canada, however, has a much easier time of it. “If you can show that you can’t hire the talent and you have the talent,” says Chris Reid of Sortable, “I think the government wants to support bringing people in. Because they’re going to be paid well, they’re going to be contributors, they’re going to be typically highly educated.”
It’s not a sure thing — there are still a limited number of economic immigrants the country will accept. But the Canadian government reassures employers that “[c]andidates with a valid job offer or provincial/territorial nomination will quickly receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence.” It doesn’t hurt that instead of putting hard caps on the number of immigrants who can come under particular categories, like the US does, Canada sets “targets.”
Even before getting a formal Invitation to Apply, a US citizen with a job offer in a technical field in Canada and a work permit can simply cross the border and stay in the country for up to three years — thanks to a provision in NAFTA. (That’s what Neda Maghbouleh and her husband did.)
If you, say, have tech skills, finding a job in Canada might not be hard. “We’re not the only Canadian company recruiting Americans,” says Reid, “especially in the tech space.” (His company is going to hire between 15 and 30 engineers in 2020; “it’s not like we’re Google or anything.”)
But if you’re moving to Canada to escape Trump first and ask questions later, you might not have a job lined up. And this is where things get tricky.
In which I try, and fail, to qualify for residency in Canada
The good news is that Canada makes it incredibly easy to figure out if you qualify for easy immigration — the main way that skilled workers get admitted to Canada as permanent residents. (You can also get admitted to Canada by being sponsored by a particular province — but the provinces use similar criteria, so the national website is a not-terrible guide to that, too.) And if you have a four-year degree and speak English well enough to read this article, Canada probably considers you a skilled worker.
The bad news is that you may very well find out that you don’t qualify.
When the Canadian government told me I could not move to Canada.
Canada uses a points system to figure out who qualifies for “Express Entry” — which is the pool employers can use to hire people, and from which the government accepts (some) skilled immigrants who don’t yet have job offers. The points system is supposed to score how well you’ll integrate in Canada (with factors like language and “adaptability”) and how much you can contribute to the Canadian economy (via education, experience, employment, and age).
Crucially, if you don’t already have a job offer in Canada, it also looks at whether you have enough money saved up to support yourself until you find one. This is where I washed out. I don’t have $9,199 US ($12,184 Canadian) in cash savings — and that’s the bare minimum to qualify for Express Entry.
In the service of journalistic enterprise, I went through the process again and — sorry, Canada! — pretended I had the requisite savings. With that out of the way, I managed to make it through.
That doesn’t, however, mean that if you have more savings than I do as a young journalist, you can get into Canada on a breeze.
The points system heavily favors younger workers and penalizes older ones. That puts a big hitch in the system: The people who are most likely to have accrued savings, graduate or professional degrees, and work experience have much higher standards to meet. I’m qualified for Canadian residency as a 28-year-old, but I wouldn’t qualify, with my equivalent experience, at the age of 42.
Most importantly, Express Entry is just a pool of potential immigrants — you have a better chance than most of getting into the country, but you’re still limited by the targets the government sets. And this year, the government of Canada is making it much harder for skilled immigrants to come — for a reason that any American who wants to go to Canada to begin with can hardly get mad about.
Canada is making it harder for Americans (and other immigrants) to come so it can take in more Syrian refugees
Prime Minister Trudeau has made a big deal out of Canada welcoming thousands of refugees from Syria. (He even met Syrian refugee children at the airport, as you may have seen if you know any progressive women between the ages of 20 and ever.)
Welcome to Canada. pic.twitter.com/xEOn44GjJF
— Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) December 11, 2015
And his government is working aggressively to put that in place. It is basically doubling the amount of “refugee and humanitarian” immigrants it’s admitting, raising its target from 29,900 in 2015 to 59,400 in 2020.
But those slots have to come from somewhere. In particular, they’re coming out of the allotments for economic immigrants — particularly skilled immigrants.
Canada is planning to cut the number of economic immigrants it allows in 2020 by about 11 percent. And while there isn’t exactly an apples-to-apples comparison for the programs that work through the Express Entry pool, the best estimates are that Canada will admit 20 percent fewer highly skilled immigrants at the federal level this year than it did last year.
This probably isn’t going to be a one-year thing, either. There are a lot of Syrian refugees out there, and the number of highly skilled immigrant admissions has kind of been leveling off anyway.
It’s impossible to overstate how ironic this is. The fact that Canada welcomes Syrian refugees, while American governors have been fighting to reject them, is exactly the sort of thing that makes some Americans want to move to Canada to begin with.
Canadians think your “asylum” jokes are cute, but give them a break
It’s tempting, from this side of the US/Canada border, to think of fleeing to Canada as a refugee act: Surely a Trump administration would be so terrible that it would count as persecution, or at least as a humanitarian outrage on the level of the draft.
It is vanishingly unlikely that an American could successfully claim asylum in Canada. The country has granted it to exactly one US national in each of the past two years. Even then, as a spokesperson for the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada explained, it’s probable that the asylum seeker in question was a child of people who were seeking asylum because they were persecuted in another country — not someone who was claiming to have been persecuted in the US.
Could that change under a Trump administration? Possibly. But as Neda Maghbouleh points out, Canada’s commitment to honest-to-goodness refugees makes Canadians a lot less sympathetic to the idea that “life under President Trump” constitutes humanitarian persecution.
“There is so much support for the government facilitating the migration of Syrian refugees here,” Maghbouleh says, “There is actually a real day-to-day connection people have with Syrian refugees or other people who are sponsored migrants.
“Because that’s very realistic and that’s something you can see evidence of all day, it almost makes the American pathway for refugee status even more silly, in a way. Because the refugees that are being sponsored now are coming from such tremendous chaos and trauma. I don’t see people talking about the American thing in a realistic way, because we have evidence all around us of what refugee-ism looks like around the world.”
The people who’d be under the most danger aren’t the people who can move, or joke about it
This isn’t to say that a President Trump wouldn’t necessarily pose a genuine threat to anyone. But the people to whom he’d pose the biggest threat aren’t the ones making “move to Canada” jokes — they’re the ones who already fear for their safety.
“All my friends, no matter what their racial background, make jokes on social media,” says Maghbouleh. “But the people who have reached out to me to have a substantive conversation about ‘I want to get out of here,’ the common denominator, no matter what industry they’re in or whether they’re women or men or whatever, they’re people from racialized communities.”
That includes Maghbouleh’s own parents, who are Iranian immigrants living in Oregon. “I’m literally scared for them sometimes,” she says. When she formally got permanent Canadian residency, in March, the first thing she did was Google “how to sponsor grandparents” (on behalf of her Canadian-born child). But because Canada doesn’t treat family reunification as a high priority, it will take until 2022, or later, for her to bring them over. “We’re going to have to make it work,” she told her parents, “because I’m not going to be able to get you here until after the next president has served their first term.”
The recruiters at Sortable are actually operating on similar logic. Yeah, they’re open to recruiting Americans — but their chief target is actually immigrants in America who want an easier path to citizenship (and a bigger guarantee of safety). “That demographic is a little more open to it,” says Chris Reid.
In general, though, the immigrants coming to Canada from Silicon Valley aren’t the ones who need protection either. “The Americans I see here are like professors. Or they’re people who work for Google,” says Maghbouleh. They’re “the people who would have been insulated from a lot of the BS that’s going to happen in the US.”
As for the people who won’t be insulated … they’ll have a much harder time getting to Canada. Under Canadian law, non-US citizens can’t leave the US to claim asylum in Canada — they’re supposed to apply for asylum in the US first, since Canada has designated it a “safe country.” And because the people who’d be most vulnerable under President Trump often aren’t fluent in English, or highly educated, the Express Entry pathway isn’t going to be as open to them either.
If the people who have the luxury of fleeing from the US to Canada were to, somehow, do so en masse, they’d be leaving the vulnerable ones behind.
“We’re the ones who get to come to Canada,” Maghbouleh sums up. “We’re the people who needed this pathway into Canada the least.”
Why do people want to immigrate to Canada ?
Canada offers to all its citizens free health benefits to their citizens regardless of income level. Most provinces offer free coverage, excluding dental work. If you are a senior all prescriptions are free of charge. A substantial social security network exists as well and includes unemployment insurance, welfare, family allowance and senior pension.
Canada’s GDP is ranked one of the world’s highest. In the areas of social, financial and natural resources, Canada is ranked high by the World Bank. Canada is at the top of the trading nations world wide, it’s market-oriented economy competes and production patterns rival the United Stares. Canada is a member of the G-8 ( top 8 powerful economic countries) because of this, the country’s debt is the lowest.
Canada’s education system is highly respected worldwide. Canada’s education starts off depending on what province you live in, early child education is where you start and end off in grade 12, then have a choice to go into college, university or workplace preparation ie. Apprenticeship. Part of the reason is for a low average cost for tuition.
Canada is a very ethnically diverse country, 1 out of 4 people who live in Canada are immigrants. Canada has the highest immigration rate in the world. Two of the biggest ethnically diverse cities in the world are Vancouver and Toronto. People choose Toronto or Vancouver as places to live, because they feel close to home there. Canada is known for many different cultures coming together and share their religious views, food, clothing, language, ect.
Compared to the USA, Canada’s crime record is substantially lower. In the USA, there are more murder, assault, and robbery crimes. In Canada weapons such as knives and guns are more involved. Only 33% of all crimes in Canada are involved with weapons.