Newcomer’s discrimination in Canada Канада


How can you ease your settlement in Canada?

You have prepared the proper immigration forms and received your entry visas to live in Canada, but how do you prepare for what you will face when you arrive?

Our Settle section aims to provide you with the tools, resources, and information needed to ensure your successful integration into Canadian society and the Canadian workforce.

This information will help you make key decisions and address some of the following questions:

  • Where will you live?
  • How do you apply for health care coverage?
  • How do you find work?
  • How do you manage finances?
  • How do you enter the housing market?
  • What sort of weather can be expected?
  • How do you get a drivers license?
  • Where will your children go to school?
  • What do you do in the event of an emergency?

We have designed our content to allow you to easily take advantage of the experience that we’ve gained over the years by working closely with individuals and families coming to Canada for the first time. We have also developed partnerships with a number of public and private sector institutions and organisations with many years of experience in assisting newcomers to Canada.

If you are still working on applying for the proper visas or permits to come to Canada, please fill out a free assessment to learn more about your options for immigration to Canada

Do you want to learn more about Canada?

Coming to Canada as a permanent or temporary resident might seem intimidating. If you have never been to Canada before, you might expect to face some new situations when you arrive. Fortunately, we have compiled a number of guides to assist you with this process.

Get started by checking out our list of landing guides for individual provinces and territories, or go directly to one of our most popular pages on settlement In Canada.

Life in Canada

In order to help you determine where you would like to live in Canada, we have put together a number of pages about each province and territory in Canada. These pages will introduce you to economy, geography, culture, politics, health care systems, and education systems of each province and territory.

Working in Canada

If you have already been approved for permanent residence, or if you are simply interested in coming to Canada on a temporary basis, our site has a number of resources to help you line up a job before coming here. Finding work in Canada ahead of time can fast-track your Canadian immigration application process, as well as prepare you for a quick transition into the Canadian workforce once you arrive. Securing a job can also allow you the freedom to plan for your new life in Canada while having the peace of mind that you are already employed. Click here to learn more.

Canadian Permanent Res >

Canadian permanent residence comes with certain rights and obligations. We have compiled some helpful information about your Permanent Resident Card and what to do in the event that you find yourself outside Canada without it and need a Temporary Travel Document.

Canadian Citizenship

After four years of living in Canada as a permanent resident, you may qualify to become a Canadian citizen. Learn more about the various aspects of Canadian Citizenship, and to see how we can assist with your citizenship application.

Education in Canada

Whether you plan on studying in Canada, or have dependents who may be attending school in Canada, getting to know how the Canadian and provincial education systems operate will be an important aspect of settling into Canadian life.

Canada’s immigration history one of discrimination and exclusion

Canada has a less than stellar record historically when it comes to immigration policy, having rejected or excluded Indians, Chinese, Jews and Blacks during various periods over the past century.

Today, the country no longer discriminates based on the colour of an applicant’s skin or religion.

But simply having an immigration policy discriminates or excludes certain people in one form or another, says Harold Troper, an immigration historian at the University of Toronto and co-author of None is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe.

The government rejects certain occupations, requires certain language skills, and makes immigration officers available in only certain parts of the world.

Without notice, in 2012, it also arbitrarily rejected a backlog of nearly 100,000 applications, representing 280,000 people, many of whom had waited years to come to Canada.

Every nation’s immigration policy is written through an economic prism — it’s all about what’s good for the country economically, Troper says. That means someone will always be excluded or rejected.

“We don’t have a turnstile and count people as they arrive and say ‘Keep an orderly line as you arrive,’ “ he says.

“Certainly since Confederation, we’ve developed some kind of sense that, as our immigration ministers will tell you, admission to Canada is a privilege and not a right.”

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Troper points to a series of notorious examples of past discrimination in Canada’s immigration policy: the infamous Chinese head tax; the exclusion of black Oklahoman farmers from coming to Canada in 1910; the refusal in May 1914 of most of the 375 Indians aboard the Komagata Maru after landing in Vancouver, where the ship spent two months before it was ordered back to India; the exclusion of Jewish immigrants from the 1920s until after the Second World War.

These and other examples of discrimination paint a picture of a country — not unlike others around the world at the time — that was xenophobic and saw itself as an “Anglo-British outpost of British civility,” Troper says.

According to the Canadian Council for Refugees, specific measures taken by immigration officials included: an amendment to the Opium and Narcotic Drug Act to deport “domiciled aliens” with drug-related convictions (directed against the Chinese) in 1922; the prohibition of all Chinese immigrants in 1923; refusal of the ship the St. Louis, carrying 930 Jewish refugees, to land in 1939, forcing it to return to Europe — ultimately sentencing three-quarters of its passengers to death under the Nazi regime.

Perhaps the words of Canada’s Director of Immigration Branch F.C. Blair — held responsible for the policy of not allowing Jews into Canada — best exemplifies the tone and atmosphere of the Canadian government in March 1938. Blair is quoted on the CCR website saying: “Ever since the war, efforts have been made by groups and individuals to get refugees into Canada; but we have fought all along to protect ourselves against the admission of such stateless persons without passports, for the reason that coming out of the maelstrom of war, some of them are liable to go on the rocks and when they become public charges, we have to keep them for the balance of their lives.”

Only after the Second World War did the doors to Canada begin to open — a least a little. According to Troper, officials in Ottawa were reluctant. Immigration authorities had “cut their teeth on the racist, racially-tinged immigration stuff of the 1920s and 1930s,” he explains. And they were in many ways supported by the Canadian public. Troper cites a Gallup poll in 1945 that asked Canadians who they didn’t want allowed into Canada; their first choice was the Japanese, their second were Jews.

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Despite these racist sentiments, there were cries for more labour from businesses to meet the needs of a postwar booming economy, forcing Canada to accept more immigrants.

After introduction of the 1952 Immigration Act, there was still room for discrimination. The act allowed for refusal of admission on grounds of nationality, ethnic group and geographical origin, and against homosexuals, drug addicts or drug traffickers.

Not until 1962 did the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration implement new guidelines removing most racial discrimination. In 1967, a points system was introduced and the last of racial discrimination was removed. Since then, the Immigration Act has been revamped and rewritten a number of times, including the most recent changes made by the Conservative Party last year.

That doesn’t mean immigration laws welcome everyone.

“There are administrative policies (such as how many visa officers are assigned to different posts and how the processing is done) that may have the impact of excluding, although the policy intent is never expressed to exclude,” said Naomi Alboim, a Queen’s University professor who specializes in immigration policy.

Regardless how many applications Ottawa receives, a set quota allows for about 250,000 new immigrants each year. Immigration policy-makers have to juggle who they let in and under what categories — skilled worker or professional, family member, skilled tradesman, live-in caregiver, sponsored spouse — within those confines, explains Alboim. Sometimes the number of immigrants allowed in under each category fluctuates, depending on the country’s needs. She said recent changes by Ottawa — ending the Federal Skilled Worker Program with a plan to revamp it; closure of the Business Class; replacing parent and grandparent applications with a super visa; applying conditions to permanent residency for spouses; introduction of higher fluency and language skills in English and French — all point to a tighter border for certain immigrants.

“More or less the 250,000 figure has remained constant; but who is comprising that 250,000 is a much more exclusive group and it’s not including a lot of people who would have been eligible to come to Canada in the past,” says Alboim.

Applicants from a lot of non-English-speaking countries will be excluded and Alboim questions that strategy. “I think it is very much a short-sighted policy of looking at immigration to fill immediate labour market needs. It’s looking at immigration as a kind of employment agency process rather than a longer-term nation-building process.”

She points to Chinese immigrants, for example, many of whom will be excluded because they don’t speak English well. “Do we really want the number of Chinese immigrants to go down significantly when trade with China is so important?”

Alboim believes the kind of people Canada needs are not just those who can fill a job now, but who can “adapt and develop to fill different jobs as they evolve and, most important, will stay in the country and have children and grandchildren and contribute.

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“When you allow people to bring in their spouses, their parents, it means they will stay here, spend money here, invest in the country and the future of the country, and they will look to their children as their future here rather than abroad.”

4 Tips for Banking in Canada for Newcomers!

If you’re planning on immigrating to Canada, you might be wondering what you’ll need to do to open a Canadian bank account and have access to your money! We’ve put together a list of some of the top tips and tricks for handling banking and finances for newcomers to Canada. Get ready to invest in your Canadian dreams!

Canada’s banking system is highly competitive, meaning that consumers have many options to choose from. As well, Canadian financial institutions have a high level of security, so newcomers do not need to worry when depositing their money in an account with a Canadian bank! Take a look below at our tips for banking in Canada:

1 — Debit Cards vs Credit Cards

In Canada, while most people do carry some cash with them at all times, the majority of day-to-day spending is done using two tools for accessing funds: debit cards and credit cards!

  1. Debit Card:
    A debit card, sometimes called Interac, is like a digital version of a checkbook. It is directly linked to a bank account (usually a checking account) and money is withdrawn from the account as soon as any transaction occurs.
  2. Credit Card:
    A credit card offers a line of credit. Purchases made with a credit card are borrowed transactions which must be paid back to the credit card parent company on a monthly basis. If a person fails to make their monthly credit card payments, they will have to pay a fee and it will negatively affect their credit score.

2 — How to open a bank account in Canada

Any person can open a bank account in Canada as long as they have proper identification! Whether you are already in Canada or you have yet to make the move, so long as you have ID proving who you are and your status in Canada, all you need to do is contact one of Canada’s major banks and set up an appointment to create your account.

There are different types of bank accounts for people with different levels of need. If you only need to make a few transactions each month, you can likely use a basic account which will be free or cost only a few dollars each month. If you require more freedom to do many transactions, transfers, and payments, it will probably be necessary to purchase an account with a higher monthly fee. Thankfully, because Canadian banking is a competitive industry, even the more complicated accounts are affordable!

Once you have your banking information, do not share it with anyone. Be aware of phone and email scams in which people may attempt to steal your financial information. If someone requests your banking information, you can always check with your bank directly before sharing it!

3 — Banking for temporary residents in Canada

If you are coming to Canada temporarily, on a work permit or as an international student, you are eligible to open a bank account. As long as you have the proper identification proving your identity and your status in Canada, you can contact one of Canada’s major banks to open an account. Temporary residents are eligible to open bank accounts as soon as they have the required documents, even if they are not yet in the country!

4 — What is a credit score?

Every person banking in Canada has a credit score. This score is calculated by analyzing a person’s transaction history, especially regarding the payment of bills and management of loans and credit cards. A credit score, between 300 and 900, is used to assess a person’s likelihood to be a responsible financial consumer. The higher the score, the better a person’s credit, and the more likely they will be to remain in good financial standing and be approved for future loans. The lower the score, the worse a person’s credit, and the more likely they will be to fail to make payments, default on loans, and or declare bankruptcy.

Once you have a Canadian bank account, a representative at your financial institution will be happy to give you one on one advice about earning and maintaining a high credit score!

And there you have it: all the tricks you need to succeed with banking in Canada! Take the time to plan your finances in advance and you’ll be sure to make your investment pay off!

Setting up a Canadian bank account should be a top priority as a newcomer, find out what else you should do right away when you arrive in Canada! And check out our newcomer’s guide to getting settled for more information about moving to Canada!

To find out about your own eligibility for Canadian immigration, simply complete Canadim’s free online assessment and a member of our legal team will contact you to discuss your options!

Newcomer’s discrimination in Canada Канада


Canadians enjoy many government-funded benefits, such as healthcare, education systems, interconnecting highways, clean drinking water and sanitation systems. Canadians pay a variety of taxes to the federal and provincial governments to support these benefits.

Each year, you determine your final tax obligation. On the return, you list your income and deductions, calculate federal and provincial or territorial tax, and determine if you have a balance of tax owing for the year, or whether you are entitled to a refund of some or all of the tax that was deducted from your income during the year.

Sales Taxes

When you purchase an item or a service one or more types of tax may be added:

  • Goods and Services Tax (GST) — A 5% federal tax applies to most goods and services sold in Canada.
  • Provincial Sales Tax (PST) — With the exception of Alberta, the provinces also tax many new and used items (but not services). The rate varies by province.
  • Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) — In Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and Labrador, the GST and PST are combined into a single tax — the HST. The HST is 13% (5% GST plus 8% PST) and is added to the cost of the goods or services for the final total price.
Provincial/Territorial tax rates (combined chart)*
Provinces/Territories Rate(s)
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
Nova Scotia
New Brunswick
Quebec Contact Revenu Québec
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan
Alberta
British Columbia
Yukon
Northwest Territories
Nunavut
* Source: http://www.cra.gc.ca as of September 18, 2020

Pay Deductions

The following deductions are standard for all employees in Canada. The deductions are automatically taken out from your paycheck before you receive your pay.

  • Income taxes
  • Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan
  • Employment Insurance
  • Union dues — if you belong to a union
  • Contributions to a retirement or pension plan
  • Any other necessary or agreed upon deductions between you and your employer

The above deduction could reduce your pay by as much as 25% to 35% of your total income.

Discrimination of Immigrant Women in Canada

Contents

Introduction

Discrimination is an action or a decision that treats a person or a group negatively for reasons such as their race, age or disability. These reasons are known as grounds of discrimination. There are several ways that a person could be discriminated against. The Canadian Human Rights Act calls these discriminatory practices. [1] . There are seven discriminatory practices that are prohibited by the Canadian Human Rights Act, of which include lack of employment opportunities through current policies and practices, and unequal pay for men and women that perform work of the same value [1] . The United Nations notes that «extensive discrimination against women continues to exist» and that this «violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human dignity» [2] . The UN Convention on the elimination of discrimination on women, urges all States to ensure the «full development and advancement of women, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms on a basis of equality with men» [2] . Often women’s legal status has been connected to marriage, making them dependent on their husband instead of «indiv >[2] . The Convention also affirms the equal role that men and women share in family life and their equal rights «to education and employment» [2] .

Canadian Immigration and Refugee Protections Act

The new Immigration and Refugee Protections Act, revamped in the m >[3] . During the 1960-70’s, Europeans were seen as the «preferred races» for settlement into Canada, while those from the «non-preferred races» (Asia, Africa, & Caribbean) were excluded. This was done through racialized immigration policies, such as the Head Tax, and the Exclusion Act [3] . The IRPA «primary strategic objective» is to ensure that «immigration results in the greatest possible economic and social benefits for Canada» [4] . Under the skilled foreign workers and professional section, the IRPA states that skilled workers are «especially valuable to Canada’s economy and the strength of its workforce» [5] . The selection process not only rates immigrants work skills, but also their education, work experience, age, official language acquisition, and arranged employment [4] . Under the new regulations, Citizenship and Immigration Canada defines a skilled migrant as having an education, English and French language abilities plus work experience involving certain skills rather than specific jobs [4] . Women often enter Canada under the «dependent» >[4] . The definition of «skills» is often gendered (male skills are ranked more highly than females) and biased so women’s «skills and personal qualities are either excluded or undervalued» [4] .

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Immigrant Women

4% of Canadians are not immigrants or descendants of immigrants, only indigenous people are native Canadians [6] . The population of immigrant women is growing faster than the population of Canadian-born women and in 2001, three thousand more females immigrated to Canada than males [6] . Immigrant women come from different parts of the world (eg. Asia, Africa, South America, Europe) and most speak English or French, 9% do not [6] .

visible minorities

Women of color face more discrimination than other immigrants and are more likely to be in a lower income bracket than other immigrants, regardless of their length of time in Canada [7] . Those that are in the lowest income category are more likely to face more discrimination compared to those in the higher income bracket — many that use social assistance may be perceived «as lazy, unmotivated» [8] . Immigrants that face discrimination often experience this in their place of work or when seeking employment [8] . Newcomers find it difficult to obtain Canadian references, while their foreign references are often disregarded [8] . The media often creates negative images of visible minority immigrants — stereotypical images and labels, for example «potential troublemakers who steal occupations and opportunities from real Canadian» and «abusers of the welfare state» [8] . Women of colour receive the lowest wages of all workers, and those that lack English or French language skills are «prone to being ghettoized in low-pa >[4] .

Barriers

neoliberalism

Restructuring of the neoliberal state (modern politico-economic theory favouring free trade, privatization, reduced public spending and less state intervention in businesses ) [9] — in Canada during the1980’s, have directly affected women’s economic condition [4] . Former state — subs >[4] . Women in particular rely on social and community services (users of these programs and or as a source of employment), and the elimination or downsizing of these services directly affect newcomers to Canada [4] . Dismantling of social programs together with «highly bifurcated labor markets»- emergence of flexible, part-time, insecure, disposable jobs -affect immigrants, specifically those of color [4] . Women face challenges in securing well pa >[4] .

domestic workers

Women may apply to work under the Live-in caregiver program — this prov >[6] . . This program discriminates against women as it is associated with domestic/caring work and does not fall under the skilled worker category. Women are forced to live with employers, which can lead to an abusive or exploitative relationship, such as working longer hours, and sexual harassment [6] . Women are often isolated in the home and fear losing their job. Many hope to become Canadian citizens, so they often do not complain as they must work for a minimal of 24 months out of 36, to be eligible to become a citizen [6] . .

social capital

Many immigrants lack social capital, a concept defined as «networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation within or among groups» [10] . Social capital can be further div >[10] .

professional accreditation

Foreign credentials in the labour market are often linked to the women’s country of origin, as European immigrants receive more recognition than non-European immigrants [6] . . Immigrants from countries with a higher quality education often enjoy higher returns to their foreign education than countries that are known for their lower education system. The educational system is often a reflection of economic development and less-developed countries are more likely to be non-European [11] . Many immigrant women are forced to take manual jobs, as Canada often does not recognize foreign credentials [6] . A number of factors may be attributed to this, including the inability to evaluate foreign qualifications, and the belief that credentials from less-developed countries are of lower quality than those from Canadian institutions [11] . Lack of language proficiency may prevent immigrants from obtaining employment in their field, and racial discrimination may also be a factor [11] . Immigrants entering Canada under the «skilled worker» category are accredited points based on education, and number of degrees obtained. The entry process does not distinguish, between in which country the applicant acquires their degree, or the Canadian equivalent. Thus when immigrants search for employment in Canada, their qualifications are often found lacking and those that can afford to are pushed to seek further education in a Canadian institution [11] . Men are more likely than women to pursue further education as women, are often primary caregivers in the home [11] . Women that are professionals in their country e.g.doctors, engineers, are required to go through a re-certification procedure, to work in Canada which is often expensive and time-consuming [4] .

Opportunities

There are also opportunities for immigrant women such as the «Help One Another»(HOA) program, founded in 2009 in Burundi, Africa and later expanded to Edmonton, Alberta in 2015. The non-profit organization helps immigrants, through their education and entrepreneurship programs. The «Language and Communication Program» prov >[12] .

immigrant resources

Several programs have been initiated by the federal, provincial and municipal governments such as «Changing Together» a centre for immigrant women in Edmonton, to meet, support and learn from each other. Services include workshops on parenting, counselling, legal and financial issues [13] . In Vancouver, the Pacific immigrant Resources Society (PIRS) has a «Women Development Program» that prov >[14] . In Vancouver, the «WestCoast Domestic Workers’ Association» prov >[15] .

Rural Areas and Small Cities Across Canada Eager to Attract More Newcomers

October 5, 2020 by CIC News

The latest Canadian government statistics reveal that more active immigration strategies at a local level may be necessary in order to attract more immigrants to rural areas. Several small cities and towns in central Canada have already created local immigration strategies to attract newcomers. Now, other municipalities across the country are taking note of the positive results.

In 2015, more than three-quarters of new permanent residents to Canada landed in just seven cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, and Winnipeg. The government of Canada is looking to change that, however. Fortunately, the provinces are also on board.

Canada’s Minister of Immigration, John McCallum, has stated that — in addition to the record numbers of new immigrants who have landed over the past year — the government hopes to welcome even more newcomers to Canada. But the government hopes to lure these immigrants to other locations, with Minister McCallum citing labour market shortages and aging populations as reasons to populate certain regions.

“We would like to spread the immigrants across the country relatively evenly. The last thing we want is that every immigrant either goes to Toronto or Vancouver,” said McCallum at a recent roundtable discussion. “There’s a significant feeling that Canada does need more immigrants, partly because we have an aging population, and so we need more young blood to keep our economies going.”

The situation is urgent in Atlantic Canada, where population growth from 2011 to 2014 was close to zero in all provinces except Prince Edward Island. Over the past couple of years, Nova Scotia has reacted by developing a dynamic and growing Provincial Nominee Program (the Nova Scotia Nominee Program). Earlier this year, Canada’s Atlantic provinces announced a new pilot program to facilitate the entry of more immigrants through the PNPs. The plan is part of a new Atlantic Growth Strategy.

Of the larger provinces, in 2015 new immigrants generally settled in urban areas:

  • In British Columbia, 88.6% of immigrants settled in Vancouver, Victoria, or Abbotsford-Mission.
  • In Alberta, 84.8% of immigrants settled in Calgary, Edmonton, Red Deer, or Lethbridge.
  • In Saskatchewan, 67.3% of immigrants settled in Regina or Saskatoon.
  • In Manitoba, 83.2% of immigrants settled in Winnipeg.
  • In Ontario, 94.2% of immigrants settled in Toronto, Ottawa-Gatineau, Hamilton, Kitchener-Waterloo, London, or Windsor.
  • In Quebec, 91.6% of immigrants settled in Montreal, Quebec City, or Trois-Rivières.

Governments (federal and provincial) believe that these settlement patterns drive up property prices, create demographic challenges, and are not as responsive to labour market needs as could be the case.

A case study: Morden, Manitoba

A small city in southern Manitoba, Morden, with a population of just over 9,000, is bucking the national trend in its effort to attract and retain new immigrants. The Morden Community Driven Immigration Initiative (MCDII) has so far been a great success, with immigrants arriving to this Pembina Valley community for two main reasons: quality of life and jobs.

In 2011, Morden’s population was just 7,800. Since then, the population of the area, including the neighbouring city of Winkler, has increased by 3,000, thanks in part to immigration initiatives like the MCDII.

Operating at a local level, the criteria for selecting newcomers are rather different from those used by the federal government. The MCDII favours community connections, and candidates who may not be eligible to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), or other federal programs, may be eligible to apply within the scope of the MCDII, which identifies potential candidates under the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP).

Morden targets workers in certain occupations. At the time of writing, these occupations include manufacturing jobs, cabinetmakers, factory sewing machine operators, and heavy vehicle mechanics. For a full list of eligibility requirements, click here.

Examples to follow

“Morden is the canary in the coalmine. Other municipalities across the country are looking at how its immigration drive brings positive results, both for the labour market and the community, and seeing whether similar strategies would work for their own towns and cities. Ultimately, these sorts of initiatives are what is needed, both for the existing communities and new immigrants alike,” says Attorney David Cohen.

“At a provincial level, Nova Scotia is certainly leading the way. It has recognized the challenge of changing demographics and a shifting labour market and has reacted with gusto. It has successfully lobbied for a larger PNP allocation and is now trying to reach out to towns and cities outside Halifax to bring them into the decision-making process.”

To learn more about your Canadian immigration options, please fill out a free online assessment today.

© 2020 CICnews All Rights Reserved

Finding accommodation in Canada

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Finding accommodation in Canada is one of the first things any newcomer will want to tick off their to-do list. Depending on your circumstances, you may wish to find temporary accommodation in Canada first, while you search for apartments or houses for rent in Canada. From your first night, to your first lease and beyond, this article has advice for you.

Temporary accommodation in Canada

Before you arrive in Canada, it’s crucial to at least have somewhere lined up for your first few nights. Hostels and hotels are plentiful in urban areas, though you may wish to book well in advance to ensure you have the widest choice of temporary accommodation in Canada available to you. If your budget is limited while you stay in temporary accommodation, Hostelworld have an extensive collection of short term accommodation to suit any budget.

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Note that bed bugs do exist in Canada, so research your intended place to stay online before you book.

If you wish to use AirBnb for short-term houses or apartments for rent in Canada, you can use this link to get a discount of CAD $30-50 off your first booking.

The Canadian Government helps refugees find temporary accommodation in Canada as part of its Resettlement Assistance Program.

Finding houses and apartments for rent in Canada

There are several types of rental accommodation in Canada, including houses, condominiums, and apartments.

Some houses will be available to rent in their entirety, some will be divided into several units. A house divided into two units is called a ‘duplex’. Split in three, it’s known as a ‘triplex’. In other houses for rent in Canada, rental rooms are available, with shared living and bathroom facilities.

Apartments for rent in Canada range from ‘bachelor’ units, where a single room serves as both the bedroom and living area, to those with multiple bedrooms and separate living areas.

The cost of utilities, such as electricity and water, may or may not be included in your rent. Visit our internet service providers in Canada and utilities in Canada articles for information on service providers in your area.

You can find houses and apartments for rent in Canada in the classifieds section of local newspapers, libraries, and on websites such as Kijiji and Craigslist. Facebook groups for newcomers to Canada are also useful. In many cities, you can simply walk around your preferred neighbourhood, as landlords will post signs outside their property advertising available vacancies.

Landlords will usually request information about your ability to pay rent before offering you a lease. Documents that may be requested include:

  • A letter from your current, or most recent, employer that indicates your annual income.
  • Bank statement(s) that show you have enough savings to cover rent for a few months.
  • References from previous landlords.

Many landlords will prefer Canadian documentation, and this can be cumbersome or impossible for new arrivals. However, there are landlords out there who are willing to rent their houses and apartments for rent in Canada to newcomers, so if you don’t succeed at first, keep trying!

Make the most of your move to Canada

Create a Moving2Canada account to help you settle, and get a copy of our Getting Started Guide!

Create your account

Important things to keep in mind when looking for accommodation in Canada:

  • Rentals in Canada tend to start on the 1st of every month, with a smaller number becoming available on the 15th of every month. Plan your trip with this in mind as you want to ensure you have a good range of options. Arriving around two week’s before month’s end is advisable, as you get ample time to learn about your surroundings and find suitable houses or apartments for rent in Canada.
  • Most houses and apartments for rent in Canada require at least half a month’s rent as a security deposit.
  • Most rental accommodation in Canada does not come furnished, so always ask before a viewing. Furnishing a place can take time and money, so try Craigslist for cheap or free stuff. The best time to get really good deals on furniture is towards the end of the month as people are moving and will often sell their possessions at knock-down prices.
  • Know your rights as a tenant. Become familiar with tenancy law in the province you plan on moving to.
  • Unfortunately, there are online scams that attempt to dupe people into paying deposits on properties that don’t exist. Beware of bogus ads when searching for accommodation in Canada.

How much is rent in Canada?

In a country as large and diverse as Canada, it may seem difficult to try and answer this question. However, we are nothing if not resourceful and with that in mind, we will seek to provide you with the answer to how much rent in Canada is.

A recent report released by the CBC from November 2020 has found that the average price of rent in Canada increased by 3.5 percent from October 2020 to October 2020. This upturn now means that the average price of a bachelor apartment is now $787 a month. On top of that, an average one-bedroom goes for $946, while a two bedroom costs $1,025. Apartments with three or more bedrooms cost an average of $1,097 a month.

However, remember again that these figures may represent the place you plan on calling your new home, and it’s best to be warned before you arrive that rent in Canada’s larger cities, such as Toronto, ON and Vancouver, B.C. is far higher than in smaller cities and towns. Indeed, the National Rent Report by Rentals.ca reveals that the top 18 most expensive cities to rent in are all in Ontario and B.C.

According to cost of living comparison site Numbeo — which we highly recommend you refer to, before and after arriving in Canada — one-bedroom downtown apartments in both Toronto and Vancouver are now topping $2,000 per month. Therefore you may need to compromise in some area; maybe there’s a more affordable neighbourhood outside the city centre with good public transit links, or maybe you might consider sharing on address with others, at least for starters.

What is the cheapest place to live in Canada?

Of the larger Canadian cities, Montreal, QC remains the most affordable big city in Canada to rent. The average price of a month’s rent in Canada’s second-largest city is $809. This compares favourably with other large Canadian cities. Other smaller cities in Quebec, such as Quebec City and Gatineau, are even more affordable when it comes to rent.

Their data also makes clear that while Ontario is home to Canada’s most expensive cities for renting, it’s also home to some of the cheapest. Canadians seeking more affordable rentals should look towards smaller cities in Ontario and Quebec.

MoneySense also has a useful study on rent prices in Canada, and their data makes clear that while Ontario is home to Canada’s most expensive cities for renting, as outlined above, it’s also home to some of the cheapest. Sault Ste. Marie, Timmins, and Cornwall have good accommodation for rent at a fraction of the cost you’d find in Toronto.

Newcomers to Canada seeking more affordable rentals may look towards smaller cities in Ontario and Quebec.

Leases and payment

Unless otherwise agreed, you will likely have signed a lease for a fixed-term, often one year. Once the fixed-term elapses, the term may renew for a further year, or switch to a ‘month-to-month’ arrangement. Discuss with your landlord before signing a lease.

Rules on rent increases vary from province to province.

In Ontario, rent increases must occur at least 12 months apart, and tenants need to receive at least 90 days of notice. The provincial government sets the maximum allowable rent increase – in 2020, this figure is 1.8%. To increase rent above this rate, landlords need to apply for special permission to do so.

Similar rules apply in British Columbia, however the maximum allowable rent increase in 2020 there is 4.0%.

Rents in Alberta may also only be increased if it’s been more than one year since the previous increase. However, there is no cap on the amount of increase like in Ontario and British Columbia.

City-specific guides to accommodation in Canada

The search for houses and apartments for rent in Canada begins with choosing the right neighbourhood. Visit these resources to help you learn more about your new surroundings.

Moving2Canada forum

Moving2Canada hosts an extensive community forum for newcomers and those planning or considering a move to Canada. There you can find or start discussions about accommodation in Canada and exchange information and ideas about rent or property in your particular destination in Canada. To join the conversation, register for free here and get posting.

Facebook Groups

Moving2Canada also has a network of city-specific groups you can join to find apartments and houses for rent in Canada. They’re a great place to go to pose questions and learn more about your new surroundings.

Video: Your first week in Canada

In addition to finding accommodation, here are some of the essential things you’ll need to do during your first week in Canada.

NOC Kлассификация профессий в Канаде

NOC является канадской системой классификации профессий в Канаде, используется для определения специальностей и их требований, таких как обязательные навыки, необходимое образование.

Многие из иммиграционных программ Канады используют эту систему для определения профессиональных критерий. Система NOC также помогает иностранцам, желающее иммигрировать в Канаду, правильно определить к какой категории относится их специальность и правильно оценить своё соответствие с критериями.

Каждый класс специальностей имеет своё значение 0, А, B, С и D, и делится на группы, категории и подкатегории со своим уникальным кодом.
Классификация профессий NOC, основные группы:

Класс 0 (ноль) — Специальности по управлению и менеджменту.

Примеры : менеджеры ресторанов, индустриальные менеджеры, береговые капитаны.

Класс А — Высококвалифицированные специалисты. Профессии, требующие высшее образование и ученую степень.

Примеры : врачи, инженеры, стоматологи, архитекторы.

Класс B — Технические специальности и квалифицированные специалисты имеющие средне-техническое образование или профессиональное.

Примеры : младшие инженеры, повара, электрики, механики, водопроводчики.

Класс C — Рабочие имеющие среднее образование и/или имеющие дипломы или сертификаты профессиональных курсов и подготовок .

Примеры : Водители грузовиков, мясники, работники пищевой индустрии, бармены и официанты.

Класс D — Трудовые специальности. Данная категория предназначена для людей имеющие профессиональные навыки приобретённые на работе.
Примеры : Работники конвейера, рабочие нефтяных месторождений, работники сельского хозяйства и сборщики урожаев, уборщики.

К примеру, Если вы хотите иммигрировать в Канаду как высококвалифицированный специалист по программам:

Ваша специальность и опыт работы должны быть класса 0 или А или В.

Если ваша профессия относится к квалификации С или D:

Вы можете получить ПМЖ в Канаде, по Провинциальным Программам Provincial Nomenie, Canadian Experiance Class или проработав легально в Канаде по рабочей визе.

Вы также можете иммигрировать в Канаду по Студенческой Программе, данный вариант является хорошей альтернативой для тех кто не имеет специальности но желает начать новую жизнь в Канаде

Вы можете ознакомится с полной матрицей NOC по ссылке: NOC Matrix 2011

Newcomer’s discrimination in Canada Канада

Канада поощряет равенство на рабочих местах. Законы защищают людей от дискриминации. Однако это не влияет на право работодателя решать, кто является лучшей кандидатурой на данное место.

Законы и обычаи изменяются в сторону равенства оплаты труда мужчин и женщин. Тем не менее женский труд до сих пор не всегда оплачивается справедливо. Женщины занимают лишь небольшой процент высокооплачиваемых, влиятельных позиций.

В каждой провинции существует комиссия по правам человека, которая проверяет обращения из-за дискриминации. Если вы считаете, что стали объектом дискриминации по причине расы, вероучения, происхождения или пола, сохраните письменные доказательства, запишите все факты. Затем обратитесь в комиссию по правам человека.

В каждой провинции существует трудовое законодательство, защищающее работающих. Если предложение работодателя, по вашему мнению, является нарушением законодательства, обычаев или противоречит вашим принципам, проконсультируйтесь с тем, кому вы доверяете. Ни один честный бизнесмен не станет возражать, если вы захотите посоветоваться с юристом или другом перед тем, как рисковать своим временем и финансами.

Если вы чувствуете, что вас эксплуатируют, или что вам была дана ложная информация о трудоустройстве, свяжитесь с Human Resources Development Canada или с вашим провинциальным департаментом труда. В этих департаментах вам могут даже дать объяснение на вашем родном языке. Вы также можете обратиться в комиссию по правам человека.

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