Newcomer’s discrimination in Canada Канада
How can you ease your settlement in Canada?
You have prepared the proper immigration forms and received your entry visas to live in Canada, but how do you prepare for what you will face when you arrive?
Our Settle section aims to provide you with the tools, resources, and information needed to ensure your successful integration into Canadian society and the Canadian workforce.
This information will help you make key decisions and address some of the following questions:
- Where will you live?
- How do you apply for health care coverage?
- How do you find work?
- How do you manage finances?
- How do you enter the housing market?
- What sort of weather can be expected?
- How do you get a drivers license?
- Where will your children go to school?
- What do you do in the event of an emergency?
We have designed our content to allow you to easily take advantage of the experience that we’ve gained over the years by working closely with individuals and families coming to Canada for the first time. We have also developed partnerships with a number of public and private sector institutions and organisations with many years of experience in assisting newcomers to Canada.
If you are still working on applying for the proper visas or permits to come to Canada, please fill out a free assessment to learn more about your options for immigration to Canada
Do you want to learn more about Canada?
Coming to Canada as a permanent or temporary resident might seem intimidating. If you have never been to Canada before, you might expect to face some new situations when you arrive. Fortunately, we have compiled a number of guides to assist you with this process.
Get started by checking out our list of landing guides for individual provinces and territories, or go directly to one of our most popular pages on settlement In Canada.
Life in Canada
In order to help you determine where you would like to live in Canada, we have put together a number of pages about each province and territory in Canada. These pages will introduce you to economy, geography, culture, politics, health care systems, and education systems of each province and territory.
Working in Canada
If you have already been approved for permanent residence, or if you are simply interested in coming to Canada on a temporary basis, our site has a number of resources to help you line up a job before coming here. Finding work in Canada ahead of time can fast-track your Canadian immigration application process, as well as prepare you for a quick transition into the Canadian workforce once you arrive. Securing a job can also allow you the freedom to plan for your new life in Canada while having the peace of mind that you are already employed. Click here to learn more.
Canadian Permanent Res >
Canadian permanent residence comes with certain rights and obligations. We have compiled some helpful information about your Permanent Resident Card and what to do in the event that you find yourself outside Canada without it and need a Temporary Travel Document.
After four years of living in Canada as a permanent resident, you may qualify to become a Canadian citizen. Learn more about the various aspects of Canadian Citizenship, and to see how we can assist with your citizenship application.
Education in Canada
Whether you plan on studying in Canada, or have dependents who may be attending school in Canada, getting to know how the Canadian and provincial education systems operate will be an important aspect of settling into Canadian life.
Canada’s immigration history one of discrimination and exclusion
Canada has a less than stellar record historically when it comes to immigration policy, having rejected or excluded Indians, Chinese, Jews and Blacks during various periods over the past century.
Today, the country no longer discriminates based on the colour of an applicant’s skin or religion.
But simply having an immigration policy discriminates or excludes certain people in one form or another, says Harold Troper, an immigration historian at the University of Toronto and co-author of None is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe.
The government rejects certain occupations, requires certain language skills, and makes immigration officers available in only certain parts of the world.
Without notice, in 2012, it also arbitrarily rejected a backlog of nearly 100,000 applications, representing 280,000 people, many of whom had waited years to come to Canada.
Every nation’s immigration policy is written through an economic prism — it’s all about what’s good for the country economically, Troper says. That means someone will always be excluded or rejected.
“We don’t have a turnstile and count people as they arrive and say ‘Keep an orderly line as you arrive,’ “ he says.
“Certainly since Confederation, we’ve developed some kind of sense that, as our immigration ministers will tell you, admission to Canada is a privilege and not a right.”
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Troper points to a series of notorious examples of past discrimination in Canada’s immigration policy: the infamous Chinese head tax; the exclusion of black Oklahoman farmers from coming to Canada in 1910; the refusal in May 1914 of most of the 375 Indians aboard the Komagata Maru after landing in Vancouver, where the ship spent two months before it was ordered back to India; the exclusion of Jewish immigrants from the 1920s until after the Second World War.
These and other examples of discrimination paint a picture of a country — not unlike others around the world at the time — that was xenophobic and saw itself as an “Anglo-British outpost of British civility,” Troper says.
According to the Canadian Council for Refugees, specific measures taken by immigration officials included: an amendment to the Opium and Narcotic Drug Act to deport “domiciled aliens” with drug-related convictions (directed against the Chinese) in 1922; the prohibition of all Chinese immigrants in 1923; refusal of the ship the St. Louis, carrying 930 Jewish refugees, to land in 1939, forcing it to return to Europe — ultimately sentencing three-quarters of its passengers to death under the Nazi regime.
Perhaps the words of Canada’s Director of Immigration Branch F.C. Blair — held responsible for the policy of not allowing Jews into Canada — best exemplifies the tone and atmosphere of the Canadian government in March 1938. Blair is quoted on the CCR website saying: “Ever since the war, efforts have been made by groups and individuals to get refugees into Canada; but we have fought all along to protect ourselves against the admission of such stateless persons without passports, for the reason that coming out of the maelstrom of war, some of them are liable to go on the rocks and when they become public charges, we have to keep them for the balance of their lives.”
Only after the Second World War did the doors to Canada begin to open — a least a little. According to Troper, officials in Ottawa were reluctant. Immigration authorities had “cut their teeth on the racist, racially-tinged immigration stuff of the 1920s and 1930s,” he explains. And they were in many ways supported by the Canadian public. Troper cites a Gallup poll in 1945 that asked Canadians who they didn’t want allowed into Canada; their first choice was the Japanese, their second were Jews.
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Despite these racist sentiments, there were cries for more labour from businesses to meet the needs of a postwar booming economy, forcing Canada to accept more immigrants.
After introduction of the 1952 Immigration Act, there was still room for discrimination. The act allowed for refusal of admission on grounds of nationality, ethnic group and geographical origin, and against homosexuals, drug addicts or drug traffickers.
Not until 1962 did the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration implement new guidelines removing most racial discrimination. In 1967, a points system was introduced and the last of racial discrimination was removed. Since then, the Immigration Act has been revamped and rewritten a number of times, including the most recent changes made by the Conservative Party last year.
That doesn’t mean immigration laws welcome everyone.
“There are administrative policies (such as how many visa officers are assigned to different posts and how the processing is done) that may have the impact of excluding, although the policy intent is never expressed to exclude,” said Naomi Alboim, a Queen’s University professor who specializes in immigration policy.
Regardless how many applications Ottawa receives, a set quota allows for about 250,000 new immigrants each year. Immigration policy-makers have to juggle who they let in and under what categories — skilled worker or professional, family member, skilled tradesman, live-in caregiver, sponsored spouse — within those confines, explains Alboim. Sometimes the number of immigrants allowed in under each category fluctuates, depending on the country’s needs. She said recent changes by Ottawa — ending the Federal Skilled Worker Program with a plan to revamp it; closure of the Business Class; replacing parent and grandparent applications with a super visa; applying conditions to permanent residency for spouses; introduction of higher fluency and language skills in English and French — all point to a tighter border for certain immigrants.
“More or less the 250,000 figure has remained constant; but who is comprising that 250,000 is a much more exclusive group and it’s not including a lot of people who would have been eligible to come to Canada in the past,” says Alboim.
Applicants from a lot of non-English-speaking countries will be excluded and Alboim questions that strategy. “I think it is very much a short-sighted policy of looking at immigration to fill immediate labour market needs. It’s looking at immigration as a kind of employment agency process rather than a longer-term nation-building process.”
She points to Chinese immigrants, for example, many of whom will be excluded because they don’t speak English well. “Do we really want the number of Chinese immigrants to go down significantly when trade with China is so important?”
Alboim believes the kind of people Canada needs are not just those who can fill a job now, but who can “adapt and develop to fill different jobs as they evolve and, most important, will stay in the country and have children and grandchildren and contribute.
“When you allow people to bring in their spouses, their parents, it means they will stay here, spend money here, invest in the country and the future of the country, and they will look to their children as their future here rather than abroad.”
4 Tips for Banking in Canada for Newcomers!
If you’re planning on immigrating to Canada, you might be wondering what you’ll need to do to open a Canadian bank account and have access to your money! We’ve put together a list of some of the top tips and tricks for handling banking and finances for newcomers to Canada. Get ready to invest in your Canadian dreams!
Canada’s banking system is highly competitive, meaning that consumers have many options to choose from. As well, Canadian financial institutions have a high level of security, so newcomers do not need to worry when depositing their money in an account with a Canadian bank! Take a look below at our tips for banking in Canada:
1 — Debit Cards vs Credit Cards
In Canada, while most people do carry some cash with them at all times, the majority of day-to-day spending is done using two tools for accessing funds: debit cards and credit cards!
- Debit Card:
A debit card, sometimes called Interac, is like a digital version of a checkbook. It is directly linked to a bank account (usually a checking account) and money is withdrawn from the account as soon as any transaction occurs.
- Credit Card:
A credit card offers a line of credit. Purchases made with a credit card are borrowed transactions which must be paid back to the credit card parent company on a monthly basis. If a person fails to make their monthly credit card payments, they will have to pay a fee and it will negatively affect their credit score.
2 — How to open a bank account in Canada
Any person can open a bank account in Canada as long as they have proper identification! Whether you are already in Canada or you have yet to make the move, so long as you have ID proving who you are and your status in Canada, all you need to do is contact one of Canada’s major banks and set up an appointment to create your account.
There are different types of bank accounts for people with different levels of need. If you only need to make a few transactions each month, you can likely use a basic account which will be free or cost only a few dollars each month. If you require more freedom to do many transactions, transfers, and payments, it will probably be necessary to purchase an account with a higher monthly fee. Thankfully, because Canadian banking is a competitive industry, even the more complicated accounts are affordable!
Once you have your banking information, do not share it with anyone. Be aware of phone and email scams in which people may attempt to steal your financial information. If someone requests your banking information, you can always check with your bank directly before sharing it!
3 — Banking for temporary residents in Canada
If you are coming to Canada temporarily, on a work permit or as an international student, you are eligible to open a bank account. As long as you have the proper identification proving your identity and your status in Canada, you can contact one of Canada’s major banks to open an account. Temporary residents are eligible to open bank accounts as soon as they have the required documents, even if they are not yet in the country!
4 — What is a credit score?
Every person banking in Canada has a credit score. This score is calculated by analyzing a person’s transaction history, especially regarding the payment of bills and management of loans and credit cards. A credit score, between 300 and 900, is used to assess a person’s likelihood to be a responsible financial consumer. The higher the score, the better a person’s credit, and the more likely they will be to remain in good financial standing and be approved for future loans. The lower the score, the worse a person’s credit, and the more likely they will be to fail to make payments, default on loans, and or declare bankruptcy.
Once you have a Canadian bank account, a representative at your financial institution will be happy to give you one on one advice about earning and maintaining a high credit score!
And there you have it: all the tricks you need to succeed with banking in Canada! Take the time to plan your finances in advance and you’ll be sure to make your investment pay off!
Setting up a Canadian bank account should be a top priority as a newcomer, find out what else you should do right away when you arrive in Canada! And check out our newcomer’s guide to getting settled for more information about moving to Canada!
To find out about your own eligibility for Canadian immigration, simply complete Canadim’s free online assessment and a member of our legal team will contact you to discuss your options!
Newcomer’s discrimination in Canada Канада
Canadians enjoy many government-funded benefits, such as healthcare, education systems, interconnecting highways, clean drinking water and sanitation systems. Canadians pay a variety of taxes to the federal and provincial governments to support these benefits.
Each year, you determine your final tax obligation. On the return, you list your income and deductions, calculate federal and provincial or territorial tax, and determine if you have a balance of tax owing for the year, or whether you are entitled to a refund of some or all of the tax that was deducted from your income during the year.
When you purchase an item or a service one or more types of tax may be added:
- Goods and Services Tax (GST) — A 5% federal tax applies to most goods and services sold in Canada.
- Provincial Sales Tax (PST) — With the exception of Alberta, the provinces also tax many new and used items (but not services). The rate varies by province.
- Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) — In Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland and Labrador, the GST and PST are combined into a single tax — the HST. The HST is 13% (5% GST plus 8% PST) and is added to the cost of the goods or services for the final total price.
|Provincial/Territorial tax rates (combined chart)*|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||