How we rank your Express Entry profile
The Express Entry system lets us create a pool of candidates who may be eligible to immigrate to Canada permanently.
You must be eligible for one of the immigration programs in Express Entry to get into the pool. You get points based on the information in your profile, including your skills and experience.
To be chosen from the pool and invited to apply, you need to have one of the highest-ranking scores when we send out invitations. If you are invited, you can apply for permanent residence.
Comprehensive Ranking System
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the points-based system we use to assess and score your profile and rank you in the Express Entry pool.
The points you get from the CRS include a core set of points up to 600 and a set of additional points of up to 600. Your total score will be out of 1,200.
Core: Up to 600 points
- Skills and experience factors
- Spouse or common-law partner factors, such as their language skills and education
- Skills transferability, including education and work experience
Additional: Up to 600 points
- Canadian degrees, diplomas or certificates
- a valid job offer
- a nomination from a province or territory
- a brother or sister living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident
- strong French language skills
Core points + Additional points = your total score
If you’d like to see what your score would be if you filled out a profile, use our Comprehensive Ranking System tool.
Saskatchewan Expression of Interest (EOI) System
Skilled workers looking to immigrate to Saskatchewan under the SINP’s Occupation In-Demand and Express Entry sub-categories are required to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) profile to demonstrate their skills and qualifications.
The first step in applying for the Saskatchewan Express Entry and Occupation In-Demand sub-categories is the submission of an EOI profile through the SINP’s online application system, OASIS.
Submitting an EOI to the SINP functions as a ‘pre-application’ that determines an individual’s eligibility for these International Skilled Worker sub-categories. Eligible candidates who score at least 60 points on the SINP’s EOI Points Grid are entered into the SINP International Skilled Worker EOI system pool and are ranked based on their EOI score.
Candidates who are selected from the SINP International Skilled Worker EOI system pool receive an Invitation to Apply for a provincial nomination under either the SINP’s Express Entry or Occupation In-Demand sub-categories.
How to submit a SINP Expression of Interest (EOI) profile:
- Create an OASIS account by registering either as an applicant or an immigration consultant.
- Provide basic information, including name, date of birth, home country, and email address.
- Answer questions to determine eligibility and sub-category (In-Demand or Express Entry).
- Declare the details of the immigration consultant (if applicable).
- Complete the EOI profile to obtain an EOI point score (out of 100) based on the SINP’s EOI points grid.
- Review and submit the completed Expression of Interest (EOI).
The SINP urges candidates in the EOI pool to continue updating their profile with new information that could increase both their EOI point score and the likelihood of receiving an Invitation to Apply from Saskatchewan. This information includes improvements to language test scores and/or demonstrating additional work experience.
EOI candidates must assess their foreign education by obtaining an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from a designated organization. An ECA is a required document to obtain an Invitation to Apply for either the Saskatchewan Occupation In-Demand or Express Entry sub-categories.
How the SINP EOI system works
Expression of Interest (EOI) profiles will be valid for one year from the day of submission and candidates will only be allowed to have one active EOI profile at any given time.
Candidates in the SINP EOI pool will be ranked based on their assigned EOI point score. The highest-ranked candidates will be invited to submit a complete SINP application for a provincial nomination certificate.
Invitations to Apply will be issued by the SINP during draws from the EOI pool that will be held at least once a month.
How candidates in the SINP EOI pool are ranked
When ranking candidates in the EOI pool, the SINP says it will take the following steps:
- Identify EOI candidates with the highest point score.
- When selecting among candidates with equal scores, the SINP will first prioritize candidates with connections to the province. This includes candidates who receive points for having a close family relative in Saskatchewan, past work experience in Saskatchewan, and/or past study experience in Saskatchewan.
- The province will then prioritize candidates with the most work experience years declared and the highest language scores obtained.
Candidates who receive an Invitation to Apply from the SINP will have 60 days to submit a complete online application to the SINP and provide all the required documentation to support the information declared in their EOI profile.
After obtaining an Invitation to Apply to either the Saskatchewan Occupation In-Demand or Saskatchewan Express Entry sub-category, applicants will be expected to pay a non-refundable application fee.
Calculate your Saskatchewan Expression of Interest (EOI) points
Use the CanadaVisa Saskatchewan Expression of Interest (EOI) Points Calculator to find out your potential Saskatchewan EOI ranking score against the SINP’s unique points grid for the Saskatchewan Express Entry and Occupation In-Demand sub-categories. By assessing your responses to a series of questions, our calculator will determine your potential score.
SINP International Skilled Worker — Saskatchewan Express Entry
This sub-category allows the province to nominate individuals who are already in the federal Express Entry pool and who meet the education, skilled work experience, language ability, and other requirements settle in the province and enter Saskatchewan’s labour market and communities.
Express Entry candidates who are successfully nominated by the SINP receive an additional 600 points toward their Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.
SINP International Skilled Worker — Occupation In-Demand
This sub-category is for skilled workers who don’t have a job offer but have work experience in one of Saskatchewan’s in-demand occupations. Candidates for this sub-category who later obtain a successful nomination from the SINP are issued a provincial nomination certificate from the Government of Saskatchewan.
Air Canada To Undergo Huge System Migration
Travelers looking to amend or purchase flights with Air Canada on 18-19 November have been warned of service unavailability. This is whilst Air Canada undergoes a migration of its reservation system.
Air Canada will be temporarily suspending booking as it overhauls its reservation system. Photo: Simple Flying
As of 20:00ET on 18th November until midday on 19th November, creating new bookings and amending existing bookings will be unavailable at www.aircanada.com. The airline is undergoing a revamp of its reservations system to allow it to improve booking management.
But Air Canada has assured its passengers that flights will operate as normal and bookings after 18th November are secure. Moreover, for those passengers worried about data protection, the airline has assured its customers that privacy protection is a top priority. It has placed a number of safeguards to ensure personal data is not shared.
But some services on the platform will still be available during downtime. Online and kiosk check-in will still function during the migration. As will mobile check-in via Air Canada’s app. Passengers will also be able to review their flight status online and via the app too.
It appears that Air Canada has also gone to great length to ensure that all eventualities have been met. Any customers wishing to book flights within these times are able to contact a Travel Agent to evaluate their options. This suggests that emergency travel bookings are not totally off the cards.
Some functions will still be available, like online, app and kiosk check-in. Photo: Air Canada
But Air Canada has gone to a lot of effort to protect bookings, its customers and ensure a smooth migration. Why the effort?
Better management of passenger bookings
Well, the planned change is going to be quite a step-up in allowing Air Canada to manage bookings. Its current booking system is 40 years old. Needless to say, the delicate operation is relatively essential. Air Canada will be switching out its Sabre system for another provided by Amadeus.
The Amadeus system will allow the airline to offer a more tailored approach as well as more effective passenger management. The new reservation system will offer personalized promotions to customers as well as operational solutions like departure control and inventory management. It’s a system that Texas-based airline Southwest has also prospered from in the past year.
Since other airlines have also adopted packages with the software provider, confidence is growing in its capabilities. Passengers of Air Canada might not necessarily notice the difference, but it should revolutionize and solve the problems that the airline had previously faced. With a growing passenger base, the airline needs technology to match.
But the reservation system overhaul is just one of the changes that will help Air Canada adapt to modern travel. The airline also recently received updates on its Airbus A220 order. The livery was revealed earlier this month on 45 jets that the airline hopes to receive soon. The order is part of a fleet renovation that will allow Air Canada to create more profitable routes and open new ones as well.
The airline has invested over 45 A220 to modernize its fleet. Photo: Air Canada
If you think your travel might be affected by the planned maintenance, you can find more information on Air Canada’s website.
Моя Канада. Дневник иммиграции.
Мой персональный блог об иммиграции в Канаду, и о жизни в ней.
- Адаптация (16)
- Английский язык (2)
- Венский этап (10)
- Жизнь (9)
- Иммиграция (49)
- Интервью (4)
- Канада (31)
- Квебек (32)
- Начало (3)
- Провинции (6)
- Разное (22)
- Федеральный этап (13)
- Французский язык (6)
12 июля 2011 г.
Иммиграция в Канаду. CAIPS или Уж в Канаду невтерпёж :-).
Если же Вы немного потратите времени, то сможете сами разобраться в полученной выписке, используя пособие по расшифровке кодов CAIPS, расположенное здесь .
Сайт одной из фирм, оказывающих данную услугу расположен здесь . Там же Вы найдете сравнительную информацию о других фирмах, оказывающих подобную услугу.
Подать заявление о предоставлении данной выписке можно и самостоятельно. Процедура данного процесса описана здесь .
Форма доверенности, необходимой для получения выписки из CAIPS по Вашему досье расположена здесь .
Форма запроса на получения выписки из CAIPS по Вашему досье расположена здесь .
Пример того, как выглядит выписка из Вашего досье, которую Вы можете получить.
Практически весь «пустой». Везде абсолютно ясно написано «not started». То есть, никто наши документы ваще никогда даже не смотрел (только когда лишь AOR присваивали), и не начинал рассматривать.
В КАИПС ясно написано, что мы подали документы 28 сенятбря, что 16 февраля нам присвоили номер-«аккузе», AOR; ну и вообщем данные какая профессия, по какой программе и т.д.
НО. КАИПС для нас оказался очень информативен. По крайней мере мы узнали и поняли процесс обработки, рассмотрения наших документов.
Итак, срок проверки документов- 12-14 месяцев, с момента присвоения AOR. Там написано, что они должны проверить наши документы и конкретно дата стоит до какого числа это должно быть сделано. Но это только проверка, не рассмотрение. так что сколько времени может занять весь процесс. загадка.
Так же еще, что интересно, проверяют по 8 этапам.
Проверяют соответствие сертификату отбора, т.е. образование, опыт и т.д. только у главного заявителя. У супруга (супруги) проверяют лишь criminality и medical параметры. У детей проверяют лишь medical.
Еще, что, тоже я считаю важно отметить, это факт того что:
— есть запись о том что мы отсылали новые ментосправки, их получили и приложили к делу (но это никак не ускорило и не повлияло на сроки ),
— то, что Посольство сохраняет письма электронные, факсы, которые я им слала с вопросами о нашем деле (я спрашивала почему так долго ничего не происходит и т.п.)
— то, что офицер рассматривает главного заявителя, супруга (супругу) и детей, рассматривает просто «администратор», «сотрудник».
— и последнее, запрос на КАИПС был в Посольстве 16 июня, и это также никак не повлияло на скорость работы Посольства ! То есть у нас как стояло в екас «документы получены» так и стоит, и никто там не ринулся резко рассматривать наши документы».
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CANADIAN IMMIGRATION LAW CONSULTING FIRM
IMMIGRATE, STUDY, WORK, START A BUSINESS
WITH CANADIAN IMMIGRATION LAW CONSULTING FIRM
Canadapt Consulting is an Immigration Law Consultanting Firm in Toronto, committed to providing Immigration and Citizenship Services.
The company is helping individuals and families aiming to immigrate, study, work, start a business in Canada, and sponsor their family members.
As a member of Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council, we evaluate the applicants’ background, suggest the best option and start their immigration case accordingly.
If a client does not meet the criteria for eligibility; no retainer agreement will be signed with Canadapt Consulting.
At Canadapt, we take every case individually and our ICCRC licensed Immigration Law Consultants will handle all of your immigration-related issues efficiently and effectively.
Please contact us today or start your evaluation now, to get your free assessment on immigration to Canada.
THINKING OF STARTING A BUSINESS IN CANADA?
ARE YOU A SKILLED TRADESPERSON?
Federal Skilled Trades Program
NEED HELP WITH IMMIGRATION TO CANADA?
GET YOUR FREE ASSESSMENT AND ADVICE FROM
IMMIGRATION LAW CONSULTANTING FIRM
HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT IMMIGRATION TO CANADA?
Who is eligible for a Canadian Immigration Visa?
Both federal, and Quebec skilled workers, provincial nominees and individual who have studied in Canada and/or have a work experience in the country; and as well as business individuals falling under Canada’s economic immigration category streams may be qualified for Canada Immigration Visas. Also, if you are a close family member Canadian citizen or permanent resident, then you may receive Canada Immigration Visas by family sponsorship. Finally, the Canadadian Government assigns permanent resident visas to eligible asylum seekers and as well as certain persons based on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
How do I find out if I qualify for Immigration to Canada?
If you complete and submit an online assessment, we will evaluate at no charge.
What is Express Entry?
Express Entry is an electronic management application system for immigration to Canada.
It is not an immigration program and it facilitates the selection and processing of Canada’s economic immigration programs:
- the Federal Skilled Worker Class (formerly the Federal Skilled Worker Program),
- the Federal Skilled Trades Class (formerly the Federal Skilled Trades Program),
- the Canadian Experience Class, and
- a portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs.
Applicants make an “expression of interest” (EOI) in immigrating to Canada; and, if they are eligible for at least one of the aforementioned programs, they then enter the Express Entry pool. The federal government and provincial governments, as well as Canadian employers, are then able to select candidates from this pool. The candidates will then receive an Invitation To Apply (ITA) for immigration to Canada under one of the programs.
What is the procedure to study in Canada?
First, you need to get admission to a Canadian Designated Learning Institution (DLI) recognized by the government of Canada. Upon receiving a letter of acceptance from a DLI, he or she may be able to apply for a study permit online or by mail.
Please be advised that new study permits are issued at a Canadian port of entry. An applicant who has submitted an application to a foreign Canadian Visa Office will be issued a letter of approval advising him or her to travel to a Canadian port of entry to have the study permit issued. A study permit is generally issued for the duration of the person’s studies.
Do I need to show proof of funds when applying for a study permit?
Study permit applicants must prove they have sufficient funds to cover tuition fees and financial capacity to support living expenses for the first year of study. Followings show the minimum funds required to support yourself as a student and family members who come with you to Canada:
|Number of people||All provinces except Quebec|
|Single student||Tuition plus $10,000 for a 12-month period (or $833 per month)|
|For one accompanying family member add:||$4,000 for a 12-month period (or $333 per month)|
|For each additional family member, add:||$3,000 for a 12-month period per dependent child of any age (or $255 per month)|
Is it possible to stay in Canada after graduation?
There are many ways to stay and settle in the country after graduation. The most popular option is the possibility for an open work permit under the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). Under the PGWPP, an individual who has studied full-time at a participating Designated Learning Institution (DLI) may be eligible to apply for a PGWP.
Gaining work experience in Canada after graduation may help you qualify for permanent residence in Canada through a variety of immigration available immigration programs. Generally, if a PGWP is issued, it is for the same duration as the applicant’s studies for a minimum of eight months and a maximum of three years.
Can a spouse be included in the application?
A spouse or common-law partner of a valid study permit holder may be eligible to apply for an open work permit . The open work permit for a spouse or common-law partner may be valid for the same period of time as the study permit, and as long as the study permit remains valid. In the study permit application, the applicant should indicate that the spouse will accompany him or her to Canada. If a spouse later decides to study in Canada, he or she should submit his or her own study permit application.
Who can I include in my application for a Canada Immigration Visa?
You must include your spouse/common-law partner/conjugal partner and any dependent children under 22 years in the application. If dependent children are 22 and older, they must be full-time students in Canada. Your dependents will be subject to medical and security clearance requirements. A change in family status after your application has been submitted may affect the processing of your application.
To point out, you can not include your parents in your application. However, Canadian citizens and permanent residents may bring their parents and grandparents to Canada through one of two popular programs: Family Class sponsorship and/or the Super Visa program.
IRCC affords equal rights under the Canada immigration application process to same-sex partners.
Does a cand >
Not necessarily, though for many candidates, obtaining a valid job offer from a Canadian employer significantly increases their chances for receiving an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence.
WE WILL HELP YOU
The system of accelerated data processing introduced on January 1, 2015 by Citizen and Immigration Canada has led the consideration of applications for the previously known Independent Immigration to the fundamentally new technological level.
WE WILL HELP YOU
The system of accelerated data processing introduced on January 1, 2015 by Citizen and Immigration Canada has led the consideration of applications for the previously known Independent Immigration to the fundamentally new technological level.
The mentioned system does not provide a quick entry into the country, as it may seem from the title. It allows processing the received applications, using both modern IT tools and new approach that consists in evaluating basic information of the main applicant and his spouse through a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
Under this system, the main applicant can score a maximum of 1200 points based on the selection criteria determining the success of an immigration application such as age, English / French language proficiency, level of education, work experience, ability to adapt in a new country and a job offer from a Canadian company.
Express Entry system manages applications under main programs:
• Federal Skilled Worker Program (High-qualified specialists)
• Federal Skilled Trades Program
• Canadian Experience Class (Individuals with Canadian experience)
Only after processing data in the Express Entry, the system determines the number of points and the category for which the applicant may obtain a further invitation to apply for permanent resident status.
In case the low score does not allow receiving the invitation, the application of the candidate remains in the system for 12 months. Each month the total score is reviewed automatically. Applicants have the opportunity to update their system profile, by adding or changing information affecting their total score, such as, for example the received authorized job offer ( with a LMIA issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)\ Service Canada.
It is important to know that the cumulative score is determined by the system every month based on the data entered in the system at the time of selection.
Thus, the immigration process through the Express Entry consists of two stages:
Enter personal information and create an online profile,which is going to be further processed by the system;
Apply for permanent resident status, after receiving through the system an official invitation from the immigration service.
In case of low score and removal of candidate’s profile from the system, the applicant’s data can be re-entered in the Express Entry after improvement of performance factors (additional education or work experience, higher level of proficiency etc),.
To determine your chances for entering personal information into the system, and the probability of receiving an invitation to apply for permanent resident status, you can contact us and our experts will make a preliminary assessment of your data !
After the introduction of the Express Entry system at the federal level, the majority of Canadian provinces and territories received a quota to select candidates through this system.
Provinces of Alberta and Quebec do not use this system. Candidates for these provinces are selected through previously adopted provincial programs, such as AINP and PNP Quebec.
To be selected for the Provincial Nominee Program through Express Entry, the applicant must first be registered in the system. Then, in the Expess Entry database, the applicant may select his candidature to be considered by the appropriate provincial program.
In such case, the applicant must first meet general Expess Entry system selection criteria, as well as the criteria of the selected provincial program in the category Express Entry PNP *
*PNP – Provincial Nominee Program (selection of candidates by provinces for further consideration of their applications for permanent residency in Canada provinces by the Federal Immigration Service).
In 2015, most provinces have exhausted their quotas in Express Entry.
Quatas for 2020 will be announced at the end of 2015
Since January 2015, this category of workers is selected for further permanent residence immigration through Express Entry. Those who want to immigrate to the province of Quebec are not subject to this category (See. Independent Immigration for Provinces Programs).
The main selection criteria are:
Have at least 12 months full-time official work experience in Canada during the last 3 years ( or an equal amount of part-time experience)
Note: Self-employment or experience gained during full-time studies do not count under this program .
2. Language proficiency:
2 А. Individuals with Canadian skilled work experience within jobs of level 0 and type A classified in under Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC), must meet the following criteria:
English – minimum required level is IELTS 6 in each language ability
French – minimum required level is TEF in the following ratio
2 B. Individuals with Canadian skilled work experience within jobs of type B classified under Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC), must meet the following criteria:
English – minimum required level is IELTS 5 in each language ability
French – minimum required level is TEF in the following ratio
Requirements to the Canadian education are not applicable under this category. Education in Canada may only add points to the candidate, in the existing Comprehensive Ranking System).
In order to check if you comply with the requirements for immigration under the category of workers who have Canadian experience, you can fill in the form on our website, and our consultants will make a preliminary analysis of your data.
FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM
Since January 2015, this category of skilled trades runs the selection for further immigration through Express Entry.
Individuals willing to immigrate to the province of Quebec are not subject to this category (See. Independent Immigration of Provinces Programs).
The selection is carried out for the skilled trades, with expertise in the following areas according to the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC):
Industrial, electrical and construction trades (NOC 72)
Maintenance and equipment operation trades (NOC 73)
Supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture (NOC 82)
Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators (NOC 92)
Chefs and cooks (NOC 632) – catering
Butchers and bakers (NOC 633) – catering
The main selection criteria are :
Have at least 2 years full-time official work experience, in a skilled trade, within last 5 years (or an equal amount of part-time experience)
Note: apprenticeship does not count as work experience.
2. Have an employment offer from a Canadian company (together with the LMIA issued by Service Canada or a Certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial authority
3. Meet the required level of official language of Canada by including a certificate with results of one of the tests in GENERAL category, with minimum following scores:
There is no education requirement under this category. Education may only add points to the candidate, in the existing Comprehensive Ranking System).
In order to check if you comply with the requirements for immigration under this category of workers who have Canadian experience, you can fill in the form on our website, and our consultants will make a preliminary analysis of your data.
How Grades Work in Canadian Universities
Oh, Canada! You wonderfully polite, hockey-playing, healthcare having, “oot and aboot” country. Why are your grading systems so complicated?
Dependent on the region, university and form of education, the Canadian grading systems are a combination of percentage, GPAs (Grade Point Average) and letter grades. This makes the question “What grade did you get?” a whole other essay and a math exam on its own. Let’s discover together how grades work in Canadian universities.
In Canada, the grading system depends on the state you’re in
Canada is part of North America, and, to better understand what grades will apply to your study programme, you should simply get a map. Depending on the territory your future university is based in, you can figure out by yourself the way your grades will be converted and what constitutes “fail” or “pass”.
The Canadian territories are:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
The grading system in Alberta
It is customary for universities situated in Alberta to let the teacher or each institution settle the way letter grades convert in percentages. For instance, an A+ can be translated as a 4.0 grade point at the University of Alberta, SAIT Polytechnic, MacEwan University, or University of Calgary, while, for the rest of the territory, it converts with 4.3.
Other universities use a nine-point academic grading scale, where 9 = A+, 8 = A or A-, 7 = B+ or B, and so on.
You should check the grading system of your Canadian university prior to applying, but only if you have a curiosity that can’t be quenched. No grading system will ever provide you with a huge mark for nothing. I’m sorry, students everywhere, but that’s the truth.
Some of the universities that can be found in Alberta are:
The grading system in British Columbia
The only sure thing in life in British Columbia are death, taxes, and F means you failed.
Yes: even faculties within the same university sometimes follow other grading systems when it comes to converting letter marks into percentages.
The grading system in Manitoba
In Manitoba, the main grading system is based on a student’s GPA, so the formula has to be ingrained in your memory more than that catchy song you once heard on the radio.
The grading system in Newfoundland and Labrador
Just like in British Columbia, the sole failing mark is an F. Apart from that, all is fair in love, war, and the Canadian education system’s grades.
The grading system in Nova Scotia
For Nova Scotia, the easiest way to convert grades is by following the table below. Other than that, we can only wish you good luck and a lot of patience.
The grading system in Ontario
Ontario, the region in which the capital, Ottawa, is located, made all forms of grading systems official. Yes, you read that right: Ottawa is the capital of Canada, not Toronto.
Also, yes. The University of Ottawa uses letter grades, numerical values, and percentages. Because, why not?
If this puts you off the University of Ottawa, you can always check other universities in Ontario, such as:
The grading system in Quebec and New Brunswick
If we could pinpoint a scale that sums up and has the most in common with the other scales of the other territories, then this one is it.
There are a lot of variations, of course: some universities have the F mark, as well, other universities use a 4.3 scale, instead of the 4.33, and so on.
If you’re curious what other grading systems you can find in Quebec and New Brunswick, you can always check out:
The grading system in Saskatchewan
The territory of Saskatchewan, although it is the most difficult to pronounce, probably has the easiest grading system. The universal consensus across faculties and universities is the use of a percentage. And that’s it!
Canada’s electoral system
Posted October 19, 2015
Curious about how Canadians elect their leaders? The following information will help you become better informed about this important event and help you prepare for the time you are qualified to vote. And if you’re a first-time voter, congratulations! We hope this information will make the process clearer and help you have a hassle-free voting experience:
A brief background of Canada’s electoral system:
Canada’s political system is a constitutional monarchy, composed of the Queen of Canada, officially represented by the Governor General (by the lieutenant-governor at the provincial level), the Senate and the House of Commons. The 105 members of the Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. The House of Commons, on the other hand, has 338 members who are elected by citizens. So, in a constitutional monarchy, although the Queen is the head, she does not govern.
It is through federal general elections that citizens choose the 338 members of the House of Commons. Essentially, people do not directly vote for the prime minister. The leader of the political party that has the most candidates elected becomes the prime minister. This is what they mean by the “single- member plurality” system, or more commonly called the “first-past-the-post” system. Federal general elections are held every five years, on the third Monday of October as specified in the Canada Elections Act.
Aside from federal elections, there are also provincial elections. This is where citizens vote for the Members of the Legislative Assembly, for which Manitoba has 57 seats. According to Elections Manitoba, the next provincial election is set for October 6, 2020.
Meanwhile, on the municipal level, citizens vote for their representatives in municipal or city politics. You get to choose a mayor and a councillor, and in some cases you will also vote for a school board trustee, regional councillor or regional chair. It is held every four years in October (Elections Manitoba).
Who can vote?
You can vote in a federal election if you:
- are a Canadian citizen
- are at least 18 years old on election day
- can prove your identity and address
You also have to register before you vote. A few weeks before the elections, Elections Canada sends a Voter Information Card to all registered voters. If you have not received one, you can check online by using the Online Voter Registration Service or by phone.
You can also register on election day at the polling place. You have to bring a printed registration certificate, sign it only at the polling place witnessed by the poll worker who is processing your registration, find your polling place and the hours it is open, and bring accepted ID to register and vote.
Watch this video from Elections Canada to know how to get ready to vote:
For provincial and municipal elections, the same basic criteria applies, plus residency. For provincial elections, you should have resided in Manitoba for at least 6 months immediately before election day. For municipal, you have to be a resident of the municipality where you plan to vote.
Ways to vote
There are several ways to vote:
On election day – If you are registered, you would have received your voter information card by mail. On it are details that will tell you when and where to vote. You can also use the online Voter Information Service to find out where your polling place is. If you are not registered, you can register at the polling place just before you vote (see requirements above). Polls are open for 12 hours.
On advance voting day – advance voting days are held 10th, 9th, 8th, and 7th days before election day based on the Canada Elections Act. The polling place for advance voting is also indicated on the voter information card and may also be found in the Voter Information Service. The advance polling place is open from noon to 8:00 p.m.
At one of Elections Canada offices – Elections Canada sets a schedule to allow people to vote at any of their 400 offices across Canada (this starts Tuesday before election day). This is done to provide an easily accessible venue for voters. They are also open on extended hours. Elections Canada may also set up offices in school campuses, youth and Friendship centres to make it easier for young people to vote. You will use a special ballot voting kit when you vote at an Elections Canada office.
By mail – you will need prior registration to vote by mail and will have to send your vote earlier for your marked ballot to reach Elections Canada by election day. To apply for a voting kit, you need to fill out an application form available at elections.ca, any Elections Canada office, Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate.
How to vote
If you’re a first-time voter, this video will give you an idea of what to do and what goes on inside a polling place:
Who do you vote for?
As mentioned, in a federal election, you vote for members of the House of Commons which has 338 seats. In a provincial election, you vote for Manitoba’s 57 MLAs, and in municipal elections, for a mayor and a councillor, and in some cases, for a school board trustee, regional councillor or regional chair.
During the election period, candidates campaign for votes through advertisements, flyers, televised debates, visiting door-to-door, speaking at community meetings, and through newspaper stories. They will also let their platforms (what they believe in or the policy they will work for when elected), credentials, and qualifications be known through these venues. If you need to research more about the candidates and political parties, you can go to their respective websites (you can find their addresses at the Elections Canada website). It is good to know all that you can about the candidates and parties so that you can arrive at an informed decision when you vote.
Sources: Everything a voter should know on the Elections Canada and Elections Manitoba.ca; Guide to the Canadian House of Commons. Retrieved May 2020.
Visit Elections Canada for more resources on the elections and information on Canada’s electoral system.
For more information about (provincial) elections in Manitoba, visit Elections Manitoba.