Vancouver (British Columbia, Canada) is situated on the west coast not too far from the U.S. border. The metropolitan area has about 2 million inhabitants. Vancouver hosted the 1986 World Expo.
The Vancouver Metro, called SkyTrain, is an automated metro system, similar to the VAL system of Lille and Toulouse. Since August 2009, there have actually been two systems, incompatible with each other, the older Expo/Millennium Line and the newer Canada Line:
The Expo & Millennium Lines used to start in downtown Vancouver and served the southeastern neighborhoods of the metropolitan area. Expo & Millennium Lines run mainly on an elevated structure with trains every 2-5 minutes. In anticipation of the opening of a new branch from Lougheed o Coquitlam (previously known as the Evergreen Line), the service was restructured on 22 Oct 2020, with only the Expo Line now running from Waterfront towards the southeast, splitting into two branches at Columbia, while the Millennium Line operating between VVC-Clark and Lougheed Town Centre before its extension to Lafarge Lake-Douglas.
Station platforms are 80 m long, which allows 6-car-trains; SkyTrain normally operates 4-car mark II trains, and 4 or 6-car mark I trains. The average station distance is 730 m in the city centre area and 1750 m in other areas. All stations now have elevators, after Granville was retrofitted with one in 2006. In the beginning trains got names like Spirit of Victoria, Spirit of Vancouver, etc. For the inauguration of the second line a new type of train (mark II) was ordered with cars 17.3 m long (earlier stock 12.3 m) and three doors per side each 1.6 m wide (compared with two 1.2 m wide doors per side on original cars).
Until Oct. 2020, the total length of the first line, now referred to as the Expo Line, was 28.6 km (only 1.3 km in a former railway tunnel in downtown Vancouver — Burrard and Granville; plus a short tunnel around Columbia station in New Westminster), total travelling time is 39 minutes. With the branch to Production Way-University it now has a total length of 35 km (with 1.8 km being shared with the Millennium Line).
The second line, the Millennium Line opened in 2002 to connect Commercial-Broadway to Columbia via Lougheed Town Centre. The line is mostly elevated (800 m underground near Columbia station). Until Oct. 2020, both lines used to operate along a common stretch from downtown Vancouver (Waterfront station) to Columbia station. Construction began in Jan. 2004 on the remaining part of the Millennium Line, from Commercial-Broadway to the line’s western terminus at Vancouver Community College (VCC). This section was opened in January 2006.
From the existing Lougheed Town Centre station, construction on a Skytrain branch to Coquitlam Centre was launched in early 2012 for completion in 2020. The 11 km Coquitlam route was named the ‘Evergreen Line’ in Dec. 2005. On 18 April 2008, TransLink and the BC Ministry of Transportation announced that the Evergreen Line would follow the ‘northwest route’ from Lougheed Station, elevated on North Road to Clarke Road, head into a tunnel from Clarke Road north of Como Lake Avenue, emerging at the bottom of the Clarke Road hill to run on an at-grade alignment adjacent to the Canadian Pacific railway line. It would then continue to the Ioco Road overpass where it would turn eastward, change back to an elevated guideway northward along the Lougheed Highway to Pinetree Way, and finally turn northward to a terminus just north of Douglas College in Coquitlam. Eventually, instead of creating a separate line, the Evergreen Line [Project Website] opened on 2 Dec 2020 as an extension of the Millennium Line (now 25.3 km) in a reconfigured overall network layout.
Canada Line — initially referred to as the Richmond-Airport-Vancouver line (RAV) (see map) began construction in late 2005. It opened on 17 Aug 2009, a few months ahead of the 2010 Winter Olympics. The line is 19.5 km long, and extends from the Waterfront, down through Cambie Street, over the North Fraser River, and it branches from there letting you go westward to Vancouver International Airport, or southward to Richmond Centre. The line from Waterfront up to somewhere near Marine Drive — which runs alongside the Fraser River — is completely underground, while the line going over the river, to the airport, and to Richmond Centre is above-ground, as the soil in the area was not suitable for building a subway-like system (See details). 20 2-car trainsets were delivered by Rotem; these are 41 m long, 3.6 m high and 3 m wide. The system is fully automatic, but technologically not compatible with the existing Skytrain Expo & Millennium lines.
Apart from SkyTrain there is the West Coast Express, which only operates into Vancouver in the mornings and from Vancouver in the evenings (5 trains each direction).
03 Jan 1986: Waterfront — New Westminster full revenue service after weekend trial service since 11 Dec 1985 (21.4 km)
14 Feb 1989: New Westminster — Columbia (0.6 km)
16 March 1990: Columbia — Scott Road (2.5 km — including the 616 m Sky Bridge across Fraser River)
28 March 1994: Scott Rd — King George (4 km)
05 Jan 2002: Columbia — Braid (3.8 km)
31 Aug 2002: Braid — Commercial Drive (15.4 km)
21 Nov 2003: Lake City Way station added
06 Jan 2006: Commercial Drive — VCC-Clark (0.8 km)
02 Dec 2020: Lougheed Town Centre — Lafarge Lake-Douglas (11 km)
17 Aug 2009: Waterfront — YVR-Airport/Richmond-Brighouse (Canada Line — 19.5 km)
A 6 km western extension of SkyTrain’s existing Millennium Line will be built from VCC-Clark Station along Broadway to Arbutus Street in the Vancouver Westside; possibly later extended by another 6 km to University of British Columbia. [Project Website] [Project Website2]
A 16 km extension beyond King George in Surrey to Langley is planned. [Project Website]
Photos © John Day (1, 2), Rob Chew (3-6), J. Martнnez Cuevas (7), C. Lee (8), Ken Chow (9)
SkyTrain Canada Line
The Canada Line is a SkyTrain line operated by ProTransBC, a subsidiary of InTransitBC, a contractor under TransLink in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
The Canada Line connects Waterfront Station in Vancouver with Vancouver International Airport and Richmond. The line was built through a P3 model. SNC-Lavalin built the line and its subsidiary, ProTransBC, will operate it under contract under 2044. The line and rolling stock is owned by TransLink.
Unlike other SkyTrain lines, the Canada Line does not run on linear induction but on conventional motors.
Most of the line is underground, with some sections at grade and elevated. The line has two bridges. From Waterfront to Olympic Village, the line travels in a tunnel built with a tunnel boring machine. From Olympic Village to north of Marine Drive, the line travels in a cut-and-cover tunnel. Elevated sections are from Marine Drive to Richmond-Brighouse and directly east of Templeton and the approach to YVR-Airport is also elevated. Most of the line on Sea Island is at grade to compensate for future airport taxiway expansion.
To save costs, YVR–Airport and Richmond–Brighouse run single track.
In the early 1990s, proposals were made to connect Vancouver and Richmond with rapid transit, restoring a similar rail corridor to the BC Electric Railway Lulu Island Line. By the late 1990s, a bus rapid transit plan was established and in 2001, the 98 B-Line was introduced. In 2000, a study began on evaluating modes and routes for the Canada Line, or what was known as the RAV Line, an acronym for Richmond-Airport-Vancouver Line at the time. The plan was narrowed down to either a SkyTrain route down Cambie or a light rail line down Arbutus. With financial support from both the federal and provincial governments, requests for consortia went out and was narrowed down to three: RAVLink Transportation (Fluor Canada, Siemens AG Canada, MTR Corporation, and Balfour Beatty Capital Projects), RAVxpress (Bombardier, AMEC, Bouygues Travaux Publics, and Bilfinger Berger), and SNC-Lavalin/Serco (InTransitBC, but Servco was no longer a partner in 2005).
In 2004 after twice voting to cancel the project, the TransLink Board approved the construction of the RAV Line but maintained the right to cancel the project if bids went over the budget of $1.35 billion. Construction started in October 2005 and RAV Line was renamed to Canada Line. The line was completed in 2009 ahead of schedule and on budget.
Construction of the line involved two different tunneling methods: tunnel boring and cut-and-cover. From Waterfront to Olympic Village, tunnel boring was used and from Olympic Village to Marine Drive, cut-and-cover. Both methods resulted in disruptions to traffic along Granville Street and Cambie Street.
Service on the Canada Line runs 7 days a week.
Frequency is estimated and fluctuates based on operational requirements.
(Waterfront to Bridgeport)
|Waterfront to YVR–Airport||Waterfront to
|Peak Hours||3 mins.||6 mins.||6 mins.|
|Midday||3-4 mins.||6-7 mins.||6-7 mins.|
|Evening||6 mins.||12 mins.||12 mins.|
|Late Night||10 mins.||20 mins.||20 mins.|
|Early Saturdays and
|6 mins.||12 mins.||12 mins.|
|4-10 mins.||7-20 mins.||7-20 mins.|
First and Last Trains
|Waterfront to YVR–Airport||Waterfront to
|YVR–Airport to Waterfront||Richmond–Brighouse
|First Train||4:48 a.m.||5:30 a.m.||5:07 a.m.||5:02 a.m.|
|Last Train||1:05 a.m.||1:15 a.m.||12:56 a.m.||12:46 a.m.|
On weekdays, select inbound trips short-turn at Bridgeport Station in the evening. There are three short-turn trips on the YVR–Airport branch and three short-turn trips on the Richmond–Brighouse branch.
There are 16 stations on the Canada Line. All stations are wheelchair accessible.
Outbound trains are bound for both YVR–Airport and Richmond–Brighouse.
|Article by||Lani Russwurm|
|Updated by||Nathan Baker|
|Published Online||March 10, 2020|
|Last Edited||July 13, 2020|
The SkyTrain is the rapid transit rail system serving Metro Vancouver, British Columbia. It uses mostly Advanced Light Rapid Transit (ALRT) technology, an automated rail system that operates mainly on a raised guideway, although some sections run underground or at street level. Regular service began 3 January 1986. The SkyTrain’s opening coincided with Expo 86, the world’s fair hosted by Vancouver as part of its 100th anniversary celebrations. The system is run by TransLink, the provincial transit agency for the South Coast of British Columbia. It was the world’s first driverless urban rail system. Now, it is one of the longest fully automated rapid transit systems in the world. The SkyTrain has three lines connecting 53 stations in seven municipalities. A six-station extension is in the pre-construction stage.
Vancouver lost its public transit rail system when the British Columbia Electric Railway Company (BCER) ended rail service in favour of buses in the 1950s. Streetcar ridership had been declining for years due to the increasing number of buses and private cars. After decades of use, including years of depression and war with few upgrades and little maintenance, BCER ended streetcar service in 1955. Similarly, the interurban rail network that connected Vancouver to other Lower Mainland municipalities stopped running in 1958.
In Vancouver and other North American cities in the postwar years, urban planners preferred freeways as the solution to traffic problems. Vancouver’s freeway plans were never realized, however, due to public backlash, especially from affected communities. The only pieces of the freeway network that were built are the Georgia and Dunsmuir Viaducts connecting downtown to East Vancouver. These viaducts bridged an area where a section of False Creek and later rail yards once divided the city. They were completed in 1972, and in 2015, City Council voted to demolish them. (See also Hogan’s Alley.)
With more cars and no rail networks or freeways, Vancouver’s traffic problems worsened in the 1960s and 1970s. Many studies tackled the issue. Beginning with a 1968 report, they looked to rapid transit as the solution rather than increasing capacity for cars. A conventional heavy rail system like the subways or metros in other cities was proposed in one study, but ultimately rejected as too costly. Conventional rail would have too much capacity for Vancouver’s relatively low population density. It would also not address the needs of the suburbs. By 1975, planners considered Light Rapid Transit (LRT) to be the best option for Vancouver. LRT systems have lower operating and construction costs. They are similar to streetcars in that they run at street level, are slower and have less capacity than conventional subways.
In 1980, the provincial government decided on a new and relatively untested technology, Advanced Light Rail Transit (ALRT). After years of studies and discussions about the need for rapid transit, the motivation to build the SkyTrain was the world’s fair planned for Vancouver in 1986. The fair had a transportation theme that was later broadened to “World in Motion, World in Touch.” Originally to be called “Transpo 86,” it was renamed Expo 86, with the SkyTrain as its centrepiece. Tying the construction of the SkyTrain to a major international event made it a priority for all levels of government.
The political reason for choosing ALRT was that it was Canadian-owned technology. ALRT was developed by Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), an Ontario government crown agency set up after Toronto’s Spadina Expressway was cancelled. A small ALRT line was built in the Toronto suburb of Scarborough, but the technology had not been used on a city-wide scale. The federal government offered financial protection against the risks of the system being relatively untested. It hoped that showcasing the SkyTrain as fully functional and state-of-the-art would encourage non-Canadian cities to buy their own Canadian-made ALRT transit systems. An added advantage for British Columbia’s Social Credit government, which frequently clashed with unions, was that the driverless ALRT would add fewer unionized public sector workers than other options.
The current SkyTrain network consists of the original Expo Line, the Millennium Line (along with its Evergreen Extension) and the Canada Line. The Broadway Extension of the Millennium Line is in the pre-construction stage.
The original SkyTrain line cost approximately $854 million. It ran 21.4 km through Vancouver, Burnaby and New Westminster, mostly on the old Central Park interurban line and downtown through the Dunsmuir Tunnel, an old rail tunnel built by the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1930s. The line was extended in 1990 and again in 1994, adding 7 km and bringing the total number of stations to 20. The 1990 phase crossed the Fraser River into Surrey and included the construction of the SkyBridge, a dedicated 616 metre-long cable-stayed bridge. The line was named Expo Line in 2002 when the Millennium Line opened.
The Millennium Line runs from VCC-Clark Station to Lafarge Lake-Douglas Station in Coquitlam. Until October 2020, it shared the Expo Line track from Waterfront Station to Columbia Station in New Westminster and looped back on a separate track to VCC-Clark Station. The 2020 changes, which reconfigured the network for the Evergreen Extension, reduced the route to east-west service between VCC-Clark and Lougheed Town Centre Station.
The Millennium Line began operations in 2002. By the next year, it had added 12 new stations from Commercial-Broadway Station to Sapperton Station in New Westminster. Critics called it the “SkyTrain to nowhere.” This was because it did not connect to Richmond or Coquitlam, where there was greater demand for rapid transit, and because the current terminus, VCC-Clark Station, sat empty until it became operational in 2006. VCC-Clark Station was chosen for its proximity to a proposed hi-tech park that was never built.
The opening of the Evergreen Extension in December 2020 added six stations and 11 km to the Millennium Line. The SkyTrain has since reached beyond the Lougheed Town Centre Station in Burnaby to serve Port Moody and Coquitlam. Two kilometres of the extension are underground and the rest runs on a raised guideway. TransLink has called the Evergreen Extension a success. By the end of 2020, the agency had seen a 12 per cent increase in boardings on the Expo and Millennium lines. It had also reported a spike of more than 25 per cent in weekday transit ridership in the Tri-Cities area (Coquitlam, Port Coquitlam and Port Moody).
Yet another six-station addition to the Millennium Line, the Broadway Extension, is in the pre-construction stage. It will run underground along Broadway from VCC-Clark Station to Arbutus Street. A possible second phase would continue to the University of British Columbia (UBC). Transit demand along the corridor has increased dramatically since the City of Vancouver and TransLink first recommended extending the Millennium Line to central Broadway in 1999. Today, the Broadway Corridor between Commercial Drive and UBC in Point Grey is North America’s busiest bus corridor. It is travelled by more than 100,000 passengers daily, and the population along the route is expected to grow in the coming decades.
The Canada Line connects Vancouver to Richmond. It opened in 2009, in the lead-up to the 2010 Winter Olympics. By 2010, it was carrying more than 100,000 passengers a day, exceeding ridership projections by three years. Although the Canada Line is also fully automated and driverless, it is a conventional heavy rail train and therefore not integrated with the other SkyTrain lines. It runs 19.2 km with 16 stations from Vancouver International Airport to Waterfront Station. At Waterfront, passengers can transfer to the Expo Line, the SeaBus ferry to cross Burrard Inlet, and the West Coast Express commuter train. Two bridges were built for the Canada Line. The North Arm Bridge connects Vancouver and Richmond. The Middle Arm Bridge crosses from Richmond to Sea Island where Vancouver International Airport is located.
Canada Line cars were built by Hyundai Rotem of South Korea. They use conventional electric motors and are more spacious than the Bombardier cars used on the other lines, but are noisier than ALRT cars. The Canada Line also differs from the other SkyTrain lines in that it is a public-private partnership — the largest in Canadian history. The line was built and is operated by InTransitBC, a joint venture company owned by engineering firm SNC-Lavalin, the Investment Management Corporation of BC, and investment firm Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec. InTransitBC is independent from TransLink and is contracted to run the line for 35 years. Bombardier claims that it lost the bid because it proposed to tunnel beneath Cambie Street. InTransitBC instead used the much more disruptive but cheaper and quicker cut-and-cover method.
ALRT was conceived as an Intermediate Capacity Transit System (ICTS). This is a middle option between heavy rail and Light Rapid Transit. (“Heavy” and “light” refer to carrying capacity, not train weight.) The capacity of ALRT cars is less than conventional trains, but ALRT can run more frequently during peak hours. During slower periods, capacity can be reduced by running fewer trains with fewer cars. This makes ALRT flexible and economical. Compared to LRT, the SkyTrain is faster and does not require any street-level crossings that would impact other traffic, but it costs significantly more to build.
ALRT uses Linear Induction Motors (LIM) and steerable axle trucks. LIMs have no moving parts and the wheels move with the curve of the tracks to minimize friction, noise, and wear-and-tear. LIMs use electrified magnets and a “third rail” on the track that pulls or slows the train. Compared to conventional trains propelled by the cars themselves, LIMs have superior braking and all-weather performance.
Expo Line stations were designed to be inexpensive to build and maintain. They use a “kit of parts” modular system with steel hoop trusses that hold up the station roofs and the concrete box beams carrying the tracks. Metal mesh was used instead of glass because it was cheaper and less vulnerable to vandals. In contrast, the Millennium Line stations were designed by different architects using a community consultation process in each neighbourhood. The architects agreed to incorporate standard features and use the same materials to give the stations a consistent look and to reduce costs.
Beginning with the Millennium Line, SkyTrain stations have incorporated crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) principles. These including features such as good lighting and clear sightlines to allow commuters to better see and watch out for one another. Some Expo Line stations have been upgraded using CPTED principles. Several more are undergoing extensive upgrades to improve capacity, accessibility and CPTED security features. Security was further enhanced in 2005 when the SkyTrain became the only urban transportation system in Canada to introduce its own fully armed police force.
Canada Line stations are relatively uniform. They use glass and timber roof canopies and reinforced concrete for the platforms and track supports. Each station includes space for curated public art installations as part of TransLink’s public art program. Permanent art installations are included in Expo Line upgrades. TransLink partners with fine art institutions to curate its art spaces and has also directly funded public art on SkyTrain lines. As a result, TransLink has drawn criticism for prioritizing aesthetics while being unable to secure funding to improve and expand transit services.
The SkyTrain network is a large, expensive infrastructure project funded by three levels of government. For these reasons, decisions about its expansion and funding tend to generate much debate.
A 2015 plebiscite (vote) seeking approval for a 0.5 per cent provincial sales tax increase to finance the Vancouver region’s share of its “10-Year Vision” plan failed to pass. (The 10-Year Vision plan represents $7.5 billion worth of transportation upgrades including the Broadway Extension.) Despite a general consensus that transportation improvements were necessary, the “No” campaign emphasized TransLink’s overall performance and high executive salaries to win 62 per cent of the vote. Commentators criticized the plebiscite itself as an expensive political scheme by a government abandoning its responsibility for public transit to keep taxes low.
Nevertheless, Phase One of the 10-Year-Vision was launched in 2020. The federal and provincial governments have each promised $2.2 billion toward Phase Two, which includes construction of the Broadway Extension. These commitments represent 80–85 per cent of the plan’s cost, with TransLink needing to secure the remaining 15–20 per cent before construction can begin. The Vancouver Mayors’ Council proposed several measures to close the gap, which it put to public consultation and approved in 2020. These measures include an increase in transit fares, parking sales taxes and property taxes.
A 10.5 km rapid transit line is being planned for the city of Surrey. The SkyTrain already connects Vancouver to Surrey, but city planners are proposing Light Rapid Transit rather than ALRT. Surrey’s population is rapidly growing and it is the major hub south of the Fraser River. It is primarily a suburban and rural area with a low population density. It therefore requires less transit capacity than Vancouver, but more than a bus system alone can handle.
As part of being fully automated, the SkyTrain was designed without fare collectors, turnstiles or gates. Periodic ticket checks was the only way to enforce fare payment. To reduce fare evasion, TransLink retrofitted stations with fare gates. In 2015, it introduced a new smartcard fare system called Compass for a total cost of $194.7 million, $23 million over the original budget. The new system was implemented two years late because of technical problems such as slow and inaccurate card readers. Compass replaced paper tickets and monthly passes on 1 January 2020.
The BC Liberal Party, which governed the province during the construction of the Canada Line and the Evergreen Extension, was criticized for its business relationship with Montreal-based SNC-Lavalin. A donor to the party, SNC-Lavalin led the consortium that was awarded the Evergreen Extension contract at the same time the RCMP was investigating the company for corruption in 2012–13. During the Evergreen project, there were issues with SNC-Lavalin’s Italian tunneling subcontractor, SELI, using temporary foreign workers who could not communicate with English-speaking workers and who lacked proper certification. Evergreen construction was plagued by health and safety problems. It was also delayed by sinkholes and other geological issues that slowed or halted tunnelling.
Like the streetcar and interurban systems before it, the SkyTrain has helped shape Vancouver’s development. Urban planners view rapid transit as a way to encourage development and densification in target areas. It can also help manage growth. For example, rapid transit offers the opportunity to create small commercial hubs throughout the city, reducing the need to travel long distances to shop and work. This relieves congestion on the city’s road and transit networks. But while the SkyTrain has spurred development in some neighbourhoods, it has failed to stimulate or revitalize others as expected.
Despite the touted advantages of ALRT and claims in the 1980s that it was the future of public transit, the technology was not adopted on a large scale. With few exceptions, other cities did not choose ALRT for their own rapid transit systems. Even one of the newer additions to the SkyTrain system, the Canada Line, uses conventional heavy rail technology. Nevertheless, the Canada Line is also fully automated, and driverless systems are increasingly popular for new rapid transit systems. Some experts argue that ALRT is simply a variation of a heavy rail system rather than a separate, intermediate category between light and heavy rail.
UTDC, the agency that developed ALRT, was acquired by Quebec-based Bombardier in 1991. Bombardier rebranded the technology Advanced Rapid Transit (ART), and then Innovia ART. It has continued to develop and produce Innovia ART, in part to service Vancouver’s SkyTrain, but also for smaller systems in other cities, such as those at airports.
Expo 86 was a milestone event in Vancouver’s history and the SkyTrain is its most significant and enduring legacy. Ridership on the three existing lines averaged approximately 460,000 passengers per weekday in 2020. Only the Toronto and New York systems are used more per capita in North America. With the SkyTrain’s expansion and Metro Vancouver’s growing population — expected to increase by more than one million people by 2040 — ridership will undoubtedly skyrocket. In the foreseeable future, as Vancouver increasingly strives towards environmental sustainability , density and livability, the SkyTrain’s importance in the region’s transportation infrastructure will only grow.
SkyTrain — система лёгкого метро в Ванкувере (Канада). Поезда управляются в автоматическом режиме (без машинистов).
Система включает в себя три линии, в которые входят 47 станций. Линия Экспо (Expo line) была построена к Всемирной Выставке 1986, линия Миллениум (Millennium line) была открыта в 2002 и линия Канада (Canada line) в 2009 во время подготовки к Зимним Олимпийским играм 2010. Также в систему SkyTrain входит метромост SkyBridge, введенный в эксплуатацию в 1990 году. Сегодня этот мост является самым продолжительным вантовым мостом, используемым только метрополитеном.
Три линии имеют общую конечную «Уотерфронт» (Waterfront) на берегу океана, на северо-западе центра города. Участок «Уотерфронт» — «Коламбия» используется линиями Экспо и Миллениум совместно. Линия Экспо проходит до пригорода Суррей. Линия Миллениум — самопересекающаяся с пересечением на станции «Коммершл-Бродвей» (Commercial-Broadway). Помимо Суррея, линии также проходят через города Бёрнаби и Нью-Вестминстер. Линия Канада направлена с севера на юг. На станции «Бриджпорт» (Bridgeport) линия разветвляется — одна ветвь в аэропорт, другая в центр пригорода Ричмонд.
Маршруты линий проложены преимущественно на наземных эстакадах. Подземных участков два: северная часть линий Экспо и Миллениум (станции «Бёррард» и «Гренвилл») и северная часть линии Канада (от станции «Уотерфронт» до станции «Лангара — 49-я авеню»).
Рекордный пассажиропоток был зарегистрирован во время Олимпийских Игр, когда системой пользовались в среднем 622 тысячи пассажира ежедневно на протяжении 17-дневных игр.
Один из поездов Bombardier Skytrain, обслуживающих желтую ветку.
На данный момент ведется строительство новой линии. Длина Evergreen Line составляет 11 километров, на ней расположится 7 станций. Линия обеспечит быструю и удобную связь района Coquitlam с центральной частью Ванкувера через Port Moody и Burnaby. Время движения по всей ветке составит около 15 минут.
Ожидаемая стоимость линии составляет $ 1,4 млрд.
Максимальная рабочая скорость поездов — 80 км/ч.
Первоначально планировалось строительство легкорельсовой наземной системы. Тем не менее, 1 февраля 2008 года было объявлено, что предпочтитение было отдано развитию существующей автоматизированной системы SkyTrain.
Строительство идет полным ходом с лета 2014 года. Открытие Evergreen Line планируется к осени 2020 года
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Metro of Vancouver
SkyTrain is the metro service in Vancouver, Canada. It was opened to the public on December 11th, 1985. It has 53 stations and three lines. The metro makes connections with buses, ferries and other trains. It goes directly to Vancouver International Airport. The stations open around 5:00 am and close around midnight. Ticket prices start at $2.75. As a tip, buy a two zone ticket if you want to go from YVR-Airport station to any other station. Do not block the metro’s doors since the metro would be delayed. As a fun fact, part of the movie Minority Report was filmed in the metro. A new line called UBC Line will be opened. You can use the metro to go to attractions like Grouse Mountain.
Metros in Canada: The Vancouver Metro (SkyTrain)
Vancouver is a city in the region of British Columbia in Canada. It has a population of approximately 600,000 people, which makes Vancouver the most populous city of British Columbia, and the 8th most populous city in Canada. Many people consider this city as one of the best places to live in the world. If you want to go to Vancouver, you could go to any of the following airports: Vancouver International Airport, which is the biggest airport, Bellingham International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, and Abbotsford International Airport.
Public transportation in Vancouver consists of buses, ferries, trains, and the metro. The metro service is called SkyTrain. Most of the transportation services in Vancouver are owned by TransLink.
The metro was inaugurated on December 11th, 1985. The first plans to have a train system in Vancouver were the construction of a monorail during the 1950s, but the idea was scrapped. However, the government of Vancouver wanted once again to build a train service since the city was elected to host Expo 86.
The first line to be inaugurated was the Expo Line, in 1985. The next line to be inaugurated was the Millennium Line, which opened in 2002. The final line to be inaugurated was the Canada Line, which was inaugurated on August 17th, 2009.
Lines and stations
The metro has 53 stations and three lines: the Expo Line, the Millennium Line, and the Canada Line.
It has the following 24 stations: 22nd Street , Braid, 29th Avenue, Columbia, Burrard, Edmonds, Commercial-Broadway, Columbia, Granville, Gateway, King George, Joyce-Collingwood, Main Street-Science World, Lougheed Town Centre, Metrotown, Surrey Central, New Westminster, Nanaimo, Production Way-University, Patterson, Sapperton, Royal Oak, Stadium-Chinatown, Waterfront.
It has the following 17 stations: Brentwood Town Centre, Commercial-Broadway, Burquitlam, Gilmore, Coquitlam Central, Inlet Centre, Holdon , Lake City Way, Lafarge Lake-Douglas, Moody Centre, Lincoln, Lougheed Town Centre, Renfrew, Production Way-University, Sperling-Burnbaby Lake, Rupert, VCC-Clark
It has the following 16 stations: Aberdeen, Broadway-City Hall, Bridgeport, Langara-49th Avenue, King Edward, Marine Drive, Lansdowne, Olympic Village, Oakridge-41st Avenue, Sea Island Centre, Richmond-Brighouse, Vancouver City Centre, Templeton, Yaletown-Roundhouse, Waterfront, YVR-Airport.
The metro makes connections with other means of transportation belonging to TransLink. In other words, with a metro ticket, you can transfer to ferries from the SeaBus service, and buses. The metro also makes connections to transportation services from other companies, such as buses from the B-Line service (owned by Coast Mountain Bus Company,) the commuter railway of West Coast Express (owned by West Coast Express Ltd.), and the trains from Via Rail (owned by the Canadian government). Some of the connections available at each station are the following:
- 1) Burrard: Bus 95 from B-Line.
- 2) Broadway-City Hall: Bus 99 from B-Line.
- 3) Coquitlam Central: West Coast Express.
- 4) Commercial-Broadway: Bus 99 from B-Line.
- 5) Main Street-Science World: Trains from Via Rail.
- 6) King George: Bus 96 from B-Line.
- 7) Surrey Central: Bus 96 from B-Line.
- 8) Moody Centre: Trains from the West Coast Express.
- 9) Waterfront: Bus 95 from B-Line, the ferries from SeaBus, and the trains from the West Coast Express.
Connection to the airport
The closest airport to Vancouver is the Vancouver International Airport. The metro goes directly to this airport via YVR-Airport station. The trip between downtown Vancouver and this airport lasts around 30 minutes via the metro.
Schedule, calendar, and timetables
Each line has their own departure frequency and opening and closing times for their stations.
— Expo Line: This line has three routes, which are the King George to Waterfront route, the Production Way-University to Waterfront route, and the Columbia to Waterfront route.
a) Departure frequencies:
- a.1) King George to Waterfront route: four minutes during peak hours, five minutes during the day, 7 minutes during nights, 9 minutes during late nights, 9 minutes during weekend mornings, and 7 minutes during weekends and holidays.
- a.2) Production Way to Waterfront route: six minutes during peak hours, five minutes during the day, 7 minutes during nights, 9 minutes during late nights, 9 minutes during weekend mornings, and 7 minutes during weekends and holidays.
- a.3) Columbia to Waterfront route: two minutes during peak hours, three minutes during the day, four minutes during nights, four minutes during late nights, five minutes during weekend mornings, and three minutes during weekends and holidays.
b) Opening and closing times for stations:
- b.1) King George to Waterfront route: during weekdays, they open at 5:32 am, and they close at 1:16 am. During Saturdays, they open at 6:48 am, and they close at 1:16 am. Finally, during Sundays and holidays, they open at 7:48 am and close at 12:16 am.
- b.2) Production Way to Waterfront route: from Monday through Thursday, they open at 5:10 am and close at 12:31 am. On Fridays, they open at 5:10 am and close at 12:30 am. On Saturdays, they open at 6:11 am and close at 12:30 am. Finally, on Sundays and holidays, they open at 7:11 am, and close at 11:31 pm.
— Canada Line: This line has four routes, which are the YVR-Airport to Waterfront, Richmond-Brighouse to Waterfront, Bridgeport to Waterfront, and Waterfront to YVR-Airport.
a) Departure frequencies:
- a.1) YVR-Airport to Waterfront: eleven minutes during mornings, five minutes during peak hours, 7 minutes during the day, 11 minutes during nights, 19 minutes during late nights, and 13 minutes during weekends and holidays.
- a.2) Richmond-Brighouse to Waterfront: eleven minutes during mornings, five minutes during peak hours, six minutes during the day, 11 minutes during nights, 19 minutes during late nights, and 13 minutes during weekends and holidays.
- a.3) Bridgeport-Waterfront: five minutes during mornings, four minutes during peak hours, three minutes during the day, five minutes during nights, 9 minutes during late nights, and 7 minutes during weekends and holidays.
b) Opening and closing times for stations:
- b.1) YVR-Airport to Waterfront: they open at 5:07 am and close at 12:56 am.
- b.2) Richmond-Brighouse to Waterfront: they open at 5:02 am and close at 12:46 am.
- b.3) Waterfront to YVR-Airport: they open at 4:48 am and close at 1:05 am.
- b.4) Waterfront to Richmond-Brighouse: they open at 5:30 am and close at 1:15 am.
— Millennium Line: It has only one route.
a) Departure frequencies: three minutes during peak hours, five minutes during the day, 7 minutes during nights, 9 minutes during late nights, 7 minutes on weekend mornings, and five minutes during weekends and holidays.
b) Opening and closing times for stations: during weekdays, they open at 5:30 am and close at 1:22 am. During Saturdays, they open at 6:30 am and close at 1:22 am. On Sundays and holidays, they open at 7:30 am and close at 12:22 am.
Prices, tickets, and cards
You can pay for your ride with tickets or with the Compass Card.
— Tickets: They are called Compass Tickets, and they are divided into the following categories: Weekdays before 6:30 pm, weekdays after 6:30 pm and weekends ($2.75 for adults, and $1.75 at a discounted rate,) and HandyDart ($2.75.) The tickets for weekdays before 6:30 pm have the following prices: one zone ($2.75 for adults, $1.75 at a discounted rate,) two zones ($4 for adults, $2.75 at a discounted rate), and three zones ($5.50 for adults, $3.75 at a discounted rate.)
— Cards: The main card is the Compass Card. Other cards available are the Handy Cards, and the Concession Cards. You will have to pay $6 to get a Compass Card, which will be refunded if you decide to return the card. To use the Compass Card, you need to load passes or cash into it.
— Passes: You need a Compass Card to use them. Passes are divided into the following categories: Day Passes, and Monthly Passes. Day Passes are divided into the following prices: Adults ($9.80,) and Concession ($7.60.) Monthly Passes are divided into the following prices: one zone ($90,) two zones ($125,) three zones ($165,) and Concession ($50.)
Tips in SkyTrain
- 1) Buy a two zone ticket if you are travelling from YVR-Airport station. This way, you will not need to buy an additional ticket to make a connection.
- 2) If you are in Vancouver International Airport, and you are located at international arrivals, you have two ways to go to YVR-Airport station. The first choice is to go to level 3 in the airport, go outside and go through the walkway to reach YVR-Airport station. The second choice is to walk to the Link Building, and then go to the YVR-Airport station. The latter choice may be the slowest option, but this choice is recommended during rainy weather since you could reach the metro while staying indoors.
- 3) The ticket vending machines accept cash, debit cards, and credit cards. Additionally, if you are located in YVR-Airport station, you could also buy tickets at a 7-Eleven shop.
- 1) Avoid blocking the metro’s doors. The trains will stop working if the doors are kept open for too long. This would cause delays on the metro.
- 2) Do not listen to loud music.
- 3) Do not sit on seats reserved for pregnant women, people with disabilities, and the elderly. Also, give up your seat if someone who really needs it asks you to.
- 4) Do not talk loudly while using your cell phone.
- 5) Do not drink nor eat in the metro.
- 6) Put your belongings on the floor and in front of you so it does not obstruct other people. It is especially important that you do not put your belongings on a seat.
- 7) Let other people exit the train before boarding it.
- 8) If you use the escalator, walk on the left side or stand on the right side.
- 9) It is recommended that you use deodorant. However, do not use colognes or perfumes excessively.
You can bring bicycles for free. You can bring folding and electric bicycles as well. The maximum number of bicycles allowed per train is two in the Millennium and Expo lines, and one in the Canada line. Bicycles are allowed 24/7 in the Canada Line. However, during the following times at the following stations, bicycles will not be allowed in the Millennium and Expo lines.
- a) Weekdays, 4:00 pm to 6:00 pm: If travelling from Waterfront station or VCC-Clark Station.
- b) Weekdays, from 7:00 am to 9:00 am: If travelling from King George Station, Columbia station, and Lafarge Lake-Douglas station.
You can bring bicycles to elevators or the stairs, but not to the escalators. You cannot bring bicycles to the Metrotown Station due to the poor conditions of the facilities. The maximum length allowed for the bicycles is 73 inches (185 cm) long. You cannot bring scooters. In the Expo line, you can bring bicycles 24/7 between Sapperton station and Production Way-University station, unless the operators impose a time restriction for bikes.
— Safety with bicycles
Let the other passengers exit the train before you exit with your bicycle. Do not bump into other passengers with your bicycle. Do not ride your bicycle in neither the stations nor the metro. Keep your bicycle with you at all times. Give space to people with guide dogs, people on wheelchairs, and people with strollers. You cannot enter the metro with a dirty bicycle. You need to remain near the metro’s doors. Finally, store your folding bicycle inside a bike cover.
— Lost and Found
The lost and found office is located at the following address: Stadium-Chinatown SkyTrain Station, 590 Beatty Street, Vancouver, V6B 2L3. Their phone number is 001 604 953 3334. Their offices hours are: a) Weekdays: 8:30 am — 5:00 pm. b) Saturdays: From noon until 4:00 pm. No phone calls are answered during Saturdays.
If you want to retrieve a bicycle, you need to talk to the lost and found staff beforehand to choose a day when you can retrieve it. In case that you find a lost Compass Card, give it to the metro staff, so they send it to the lost and found office. The metro staff will only accept lost items that were found inside the trains. You can report your lost item at www.translink.ca, in the “lost and found” tab.
Security in the metro is offered by the Transit Police. You can call them at 001 604 515 8300. Dial 911 in case of an emergency. If you call 911, provide the mode of transit (SkyTrain in this case,) the direction where you are travelling, and the city or the last station that you were located. You also need to provide the train’s vehicle number, which is located both inside and outside of the train, both in the front and the back of the train.
The metro is monitored at all times by the metro staff.
There are many ways in which you can report emergencies in the metro. Each train has a speakerphone that allows you to talk to the operators of the metro. Next is the Silent Alarm, which is an alarm located above the train’s windows that silently calls the train operators in case of an emergency. The third emergency feature is the emergency cabinets at the stations, which contain buttons that stop the metro, an emergency phone, and a fire extinguisher. The fourth feature is the Designated Waiting Area, which are waiting areas monitored by cameras that have emergency phones. The security cameras monitor the escalators, elevators, stations, and ticket booths.
The metro staff know how to give first aid. Besides that, they can help you with any issue at the metro or at the stations. The metro staff will ask anybody at any time to show their tickets.
- 1) There are no turnstiles at the stations.
- 2) Trains have air conditioning.
- 3) The SkyTrain is the longest driverless metro service in the world.
- 4) The metro’s tracks are 1.4 meters wide.
- 5) The metro uses 600 volts of electricity, which come from a third rail.
- 6) Some scenes from the movie Minority Report were filmed in the metro.
- 7) The metro is driverless because it uses a technology called Linear Induction Motor (LIM,) which uses magnets to move the steel wheels.
- 8) The Millennium Line and the Expo Line offer beautiful panoramic views.
- 9) The trains belong to the US Bombardier ART models. These train models are the same models used in trains in Detroit, Beijing, Miami, Kuala Lumpur, Toronto, New York, and Yongin.
- 10) Some stations have a unique architectural design. They are made using a combination of wood, glass, and metal.
- 11) The metro is called SkyTrain because most of the tracks are elevated.
TransLink will expand the Expo Line and will build a new line, called the UBC Line. The Expo Line will have two types of expansion: its trains will be able to carry more passengers, and the line will have a longer railway. First, in order to carry more passengers, TransLink will make the following three modifications to the metro:
- a) The trains will run faster during peak hours, therefore, more trains will be available for passengers.
- b) The platforms will be expanded to allow longer trains to be used.
- c) Longer trains will be bought for the stations.
Next, Expo Line’s railway will be expanded. This line will have approximately 3.6 miles (six kilometers) of new railway. This new railway will allow rides from King George Station to 168 Street, 152 Street, the Fraser Highway, and Guilford.
The UBC Line will be made by 2020. It will cost almost $3 billion. The UBC line will offer rides throughout Broadway Corridor. The UBC Line will allow connections from the VCC-Clark station to new stations in University of British Columbia and Arbus Street. The 99 B-Line bus service will be replaced by this line.
The YVR-Airport station will be used as a reference point. To go from this station to the closest touristic attractions by using the metro, follow these instructions:
1) Grouse Mountain: The trip lasts one hour and 20 minutes, and costs 9$. From YVR station, board the metro in the Canada line, and travel for 25 minutes towards Waterfront. Get off at Vancouver City Centre station. Next, walk to Westbound West Georgia Street at Granville Street. Board bus 246, and travel for 20 minutes towards Highland. Get off at Northbound Highland Boulevard at Woodbine Drive. Then, board bus 232, and travel to Grouse Mountain for 15 minutes. Get off at Mountain Skyride. Finally, walk towards 6400 Nancy Greene Way, North Vancouver.
2) Kitsilano Beach: The trip lasts 40 minutes, and costs 9$. From YVR station, board the metro in the Canada line, and travel for 20 minutes towards Waterfront. Get off at Olympic Village station. Walk to Westbound West 2 Avenue at Cambie Street. Board bus 84, and travel for 10 minutes towards UBC. Get off at Westbound West 4 Avenue at Vine Street. Finally, walk towards 2305 Cornwall Avenue, Vancouver.
3) Gastown: The trip lasts 35 minutes, and costs 9$. From YVR station, board the metro in the Canada line, and travel for 25 minutes towards Waterfront. Get off at Waterfront Station Canada Line. Walk to Eastbound West Hastings Street at Granville Street. Board bus 95, and travel for three minutes towards SFU B-Line. Get off at Eastbound West Hastings Street at Cambie Street. Finally, walk towards Gastown.
4) Stanley Park: The trip lasts 45 minutes, and costs 9$. From YVR station, board the metro in the Canada Line, and travel for 25 minutes towards Waterfront. Get off at Waterfront Station Canada Line. Walk to Westbound West Pender Street at Granville Street. Board bus 19, and travel for 10 minutes towards Stanley Park. Finally, get off at Stanley Park Loop Bay 1.
5) Granville Island: The trip lasts 30 minutes, and costs 9$. From YVR, board the metro in the Canada Line, and travel for 20 minutes towards Waterfront. Get off at Olympic Village station. Walk to Westbound West 2 Avenue at Cambie Street. Transfer to Bus 50, and travel for five minutes towards Waterfront Station. Get off at Westbound West 2 Avenue at Anderson Street. Finally, walk to Granville Island, Anderson Street at Johnston Street, Vancouver.
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Смотреть что такое «SkyTrain (Ванкувер)» в других словарях:
SkyTrain — или Skytrain: Общественный транспорт SkyTrain (Ванкувер) скоростная транспортная система в Ванкувере (Канада). Bangkok Skytrain надземная скоростная транспортная система в Бангкоке (Таиланд). Changi Airport Skytrain … … Википедия
Skytrain — или Skytrain: Общественный транспорт SkyTrain (Ванкувер) скоростная транспортная система в Ванкувере (Канада). Bangkok Skytrain надземная скоростная транспортная система в Бангкоке (Таиланд). Changi Airport Skytrain интертерминальная… … Википедия
Ванкувер (город в Канаде) — Город Ванкувер англ. Vancouver Флаг Герб … Википедия
Ванкувер — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Ванкувер (значения). Ванкувер Vancouver Город … Википедия
Ванкувер (аэропорт) — Международный аэропорт Ванкувера … Википедия
Легкорельсовый транспорт — Экспериментальный трамвайный вагон 71 630, предназначенный для системы легкорельсового транспорта Москвы Легкорельсовый транспорт (также «легкий рельсовый транспорт», ЛРТ, от англ. … Википедия
Ванкуверский метрополитен — SkyTrain Информация Страна Канада Город Ванкувер Дата открытия … Википедия
Vancouver — Город Ванкувер англ. Vancouver Флаг Герб … Википедия
Транспорт в Канаде — Канада является экономически развитой страной с сильной индустрией добычи полезных ископаемых на обширной территории, занимающей второе место в мире после Российской Федерации. Транспортная система страны включает в себя более 1,1 миллиона… … Википедия
Бёрнаби (Британская Колумбия) — Бёрнаби Burnaby Центр Бёрнаби Управление Страна … Википедия
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Skytrain Mk1 Trainset (Vancouver, Canada)
Alas! Here is the ultimate trainset for the «if-we-have-a-budget-overrun-we-will-just-increase-taxes-and-keep-on-paying-our-managers-millions-in-bonuses» type of Mayor! It’s the Expo line trainset from Vancouver BC. Originally brought into service for Expo 86, this Bombardier made train was at the leading edge of technology as it is fully automated. Today, it serves the Expo Line and the Millenium Line in the Metro Vancouver Region.
Current «Silver» Livery is available, check out my workshop items!
October 08 2015
Updated for After Dark. Do compass cards work yet?
July 22 2015
Updated the train to a 4-car variant (See first screenshot). 2 Expo livery trains mated to 2 Millenium livery trains. This reflects on how the train is mostly run in real life (before the introduction of the new, grey livery in 2014).
This asset was created with the help of the «Asset Vehicle Editor» mod, though it shouldn’t be a requirement.
Таиланд, Скайтрейн — «небесный поезд» Бангкока
Имеете ли вы представление о метро? Думаю, что большинство ответит «да». И, наверняка, тут же представили себе станцию, турникет, движущийся вверх-вниз эскалатор, многочисленную толпу пассажиров и поезда, появляющиеся из тоннеля и вновь скрывающиеся в нем… «Подземка», как называют метро в народе.
Так вот, в Бангкоке метро есть тоже. Только наоборот. Оно не подземное, а… надземное! И называется бангкокское метро SkyTrain («Скайтрейн») — «небесный поезд».
Вообще-то, официально название другое — «Надземная железная дорога в честь 6-го завершающего цикл дня рождения Его Величества Короля», но, согласитесь, «скайтрейн» все же и запомнить легче, да и короче.
Две линии метрополитена протяженностью более 23 км вполне обеспечивают не только быстрое, удобное и недорогое (от 10 до 40 бат это? $0,31 — $1,25 в зависимости от дальности поездки) перемещение по городу, но и помогут избежать пробок и столпотворения в часы пик на городских улицах.
Да и вид из окна поезда, движущегося достаточно высоко над землей, не может не вызывать восхищения!
Вот так в комфорте и прохладе можно доехать до нужного места, и заодно осмотреть город.
Интересна и система оплаты — все полностью автоматизировано. На первом уровне станции находятся билетные кассы. Там вы можете поменять деньги для автомата. Он и продаст вам магнитный билет.
Все станции двухуровневые — на первом уровне производится продажа билетов, а на втором — посадочная площадка. Исключение составляет только центральная станция CS «Сайам» — она трехуровневая и общая для обеих веток. Платформы на ней островные, а поезда приходят строго по графику и стоят достаточно долго, чтобы можно было перейти с одного уровня на другой для пересадки.
Позаботились в Скайтрейне и об удобстве самих станций. На платформах всегда присутствует готовый оказать вам помощь персонал, разметка на краю платформы укажет вам место, где будет располагаться дверь при остановке поезда, нижние уровни станций соединяются переходными мостиками с близлежащими зданиями, а все указатели содержат информацию на английском языке.
А вот что запрещено в метрополитене — так это употребление еды и напитков.
Спешим порадовать любителей «классического», подземного метро, такое тут тоже есть. Но, согласитесь, пользоваться Скайтрейном, всё же, приятнее.