study based on an award that required them to go back to hom Канада

Содержание поста:

Перевод текстов A New Beginning, One of Canada’s Finest, A Dream Come True

Перевод текста из учебника по английскому StarLight за 10 класс Баранова Дули.
Страница 96-97

1) Dining out is one of life’s great pleasures. What could be nicer than going to a fancy restaurant with family and friends? Nowadays, there are restaurants to suit every taste, from Indian to Chinese to Thai. The huge variety ensures that friends can easily find somewhere they all want to go for dinner with an exciting difference.

2) To many people, living on a farm, far away from the hustle and bustle of the city, would be a dream come true. And in many ways it is. In rural areas, there is plenty of fresh air to breathe and one is never too far from the wonders of nature. On the other hand, schools and work places could be many miles away from where you live.

3) It has recently been proven that pet owners are happier and less anxious than those people who do not have pets. The study has also shown that people with dogs, cats or other animals in their homes may even live longer. It seems that having an animal around has far more advantages than anyone had ever expected.

4) The popularity of home-schooling is increasing in parts of the US and Canada. Years ago, children who lived in isolated rural areas had no choice but to study at home, taught by their parents or a tutor. Times have changed, however, and now there are also children living in cities who do not go to school, but receive their schooling from their parents or online.

5) In some societies, sharing food with others goes hand in hand with friendship. Thanksgiving, a North American holiday, and the dinner which goes along with it, is a good example of this. This holiday originates from the first meal shared by the Native Americans and the white settlers, and has long been a celebration of peace and friendship.

6) The lion, commonly called the King of the Jungle, is a beautiful animal. The male, with his huge mane of fur around his face, is indeed majestic. The female, although she has no mane, is also wonderful in her own way. Lions tend to mate for life, and they raise their young together.

7) City life is not for everyone. Of course, if you live in a big modern city there are lots of opportunities to get a job or find a school for your children. On the other hand, there is a lot of crime in cities and, in addition, pollution from cars and factories is steadily getting worse.

A New Beginning Jake had been working for the same company for over thirty years. One day, when he was a week away from retiring, his boss said, 1) laughing loudly, «You know you’ll never leave this place. You’ll be working here long after we all leave.» Then Jake’s boss 2) left and went down the hall to his office.

Jake’s secretary looked at him and said, «You will really be missed. You 3) did some amazing things for this company.» «I think I 4) will make you a nice cup of tea. I’m sure that will cheer you up a bit.» Jake thought to himself, «What a nice woman she is, always 5) taking the time to make others feel better.» Jake looked at her and suddenly asked, «Ms Smith, 6) would (you) like to come for dinner with me next Friday to celebrate my retirement?»

Ms Smith then said to him that she 7) wasn’t busy that night and that she would love to. Jake smiled and thought that perhaps retirement might not be so bad after all.

One of Canada’s Finest
Margaret Atwood was born on November 18, 1939 in the Canadian capital of Ottawa. She is one of three 1) children and her father was an entomologist, a person who studies insects, and her mother was a dietician. Because of her father’s work, Atwood spent most of her childhood in rural areas of Canada. As a result, she did not receive any formal 2) education until she was eleven years old.

From an early age. Atwood loved books. She had no real 3) preference for any specific kind of book, but read everything from literature to murder mysteries to comic books. Her life as an author began at the age of six. and at ten Atwood knew she wanted to be a 4) professional writer when she grew up. Atwood is well known as a poet, 5) novelist, and critic. She has won numerous awards, among them the famous Booker Prize and the Governor General’s Award. Much of Atwood s 6) poetry is based on myths and fairy tales. Many of her short stories have appeared in publications such as Harper’s and CBC Anthology.

A Dream Come True
To Stella Madison, the date 25 May 2007 would stand 1) out in her mind forever. People remember certain dates for a variety of reasons. Maybe it is because they were promoted, or they got married, or even because they won a lot of money. None of these things, however, was the 2) reason why Stella remembered her red-letter day.

On 25 May 2007, Stella graduated from university. Of course, it is not 3) unusual for people to complete university. For Stella, though, it was something truly special because nobody thought she would 4) ever do it. As a young student in primary school, Stella often misbehaved in class and she rarely got good marks on her exams, but she did much better in secondary school.

Not too long after that Stella got married. She had two children and the years just seemed to 5) fly by. Before Stella knew it, she was almost fifty and had three wonderful grandchildren. Her house was empty, though, and Stella was often sad and alone. Boredom seemed to be her constant companion.

One morning Stella woke up and realised she could not face another day with nothing to do but 6) wash the dishes and mop the floors. She contacted the local college and asked about taking classes. The guidance counsellor helped Stella fill in all the application 7) forms and she was accepted at a well- known university in the city. After three years and a lot of very hard work, Stella had done it. On 25 May 2007, she received her degree.

Переводы текстов:
1. Рестораны — одно из самых больших удовольствий в жизни. Что может быть приятнее, чем ходить в ресторан с семьей или друзьями? Сегодня здесь работают рестораны на любой вкус, от Индийского до китайского и тайского. Огромное разнообразие гарантирует, что друзья могут легко найти место, куда они все хотят пойти на ужин с захватывающей разницей.

2. По мнению многих людей жить на ферме, вдали от городской суеты, было бы мечтой. И во многих отношениях — это так. В сельской местности есть много свежего воздуха, чтобы дышать, и никогда не бывает слишком далеко от чудес природы. С другой стороны, школы и рабочие места могут быть очень далеко от того места, где вы живете.

3. Недавно было доказано, что владельцы домашних животных счастливее и менее обеспокоены, чем те люди, у которых нет домашних животных. Исследование также показало, что люди с собаками, кошками или другими животными в их домах, возможно, жить даже дольше. Кажется, что иметь животное имеет намного больше преимуществ, чем кто-либо ожидал.

4. Популярность домашнего обучения растет в некоторых частях США и Канады. Много лет назад дети, живущие в отдаленных сельских районах, не имели иного выбора, кроме как учиться дома, чему их учили родители или воспитатель. Однако времена изменились, и теперь есть также дети, живущие в городах, которые не ходят в школу, но получают образование от своих родителей или в интернете.

5. В некоторых обществах, совместный прием пищи с другими идет рука об руку с дружбой. День благодарения, Североамериканский праздник, и обед, который идет вместе с ним, является хорошим примером этого. Этот праздник берет свое начало с первой трапезы, разделяемой коренными американцами и белыми поселенцами, и уже давно является праздником мира и дружбы.

6. Лев, обычно называемый королем джунглей, — прекрасное животное. Самец, с огромной гривой меха вокруг его лица, действительно величествен. Самка, хотя и не имеет гривы, по-своему прекрасна. Львы спариваются на всю жизнь, и они растят своих детенышей вместе.

7. Городская жизнь не для всех. Конечно, если вы живете в большом современном городе существует множество возможностей устроиться на работу или найти школу для своих детей. С другой стороны, в городах много преступности и, кроме того, загрязнение от автомобилей и заводов неуклонно ухудшается.

Новое начало
Джейк работал в одной компании более тридцати лет. Однажды, когда ему осталось неделя до выхода на пенсию, его босс сказал, громко смеясь: «Ты знаешь, что никогда не покинешь это место. Ты будешь работать здесь еще долго после того, как мы все уйдем.»

Затем босс Джейка ушел и пошел по коридору в свой кабинет.

Секретарь Джейка посмотрел на него и сказал: «Вас будет очень не хватать. Вы сделали удивительные вещи для этой компании.»

» -Думаю, я сделаю Вам чашечку хорошего чая. Уверен, это тебя немного взбодрит.»

Джейк подумал про себя: «Какая она милая женщина, всегда находит время, чтобы успокоить других «. Джейк посмотрел на нее и вдруг спросил: «Мисс Смит, не хотите ли вы поужинать со мной в следующую пятницу, чтобы отпраздновать мою отставку?».

Затем Мисс Смит сказала ему, что она не занята в тот вечер и что она с удовольствием, Джейк улыбнулся и подумал, что, возможно, выход на пенсию не так уж и плохо после всего этого.

Один из лучших в Канаде
Маргарет Этвуд родилась 18 ноября 1939 года в канадской столице Оттаве. Она одна из троих детей, его отец был энтомологом, изучал насекомых, а мать — диетологом.

Из-за работы отца Этвуд провела большую часть своего детства в сельской местности Канады. В результате, она не получила никакого формального образования, пока ей не исполнилось одиннадцать лет. С раннего возраста Этвуд любилa книги. Она не имела никакого реального предпочтения для любого конкретного вида книги, но читала все, от литературы до тайны убийств и комиксов. Ее писательская жизнь началась в шесть лет, и в десять Этвуд поняла, что хочет стать профессиональным писателем, когда вырастет.

Этвуд известна как поэт, писатель и критик. Она завоевала множество наград, среди которых знаменитая Букеровская премия и награда генерал-губернатора. Большая часть поэзии Этвуда основана на мифах и сказках. Многие из ее рассказов появились в таких изданиях, как Антология Харпера и CBC.

Мечта сбылась
Для Стеллы Мэдисон дата 25 мая 2007 года навсегда останется в ее памяти. Люди помнят определенные даты по разным причинам. Может быть, это потому, что их повысили, или они поженились, или даже потому, что они выиграли много денег. Ничего из этого, однако, не было причиной, почему Стелла вспомнила свой День красных букв.

25 мая 2007 года Стелла окончила университет. Конечно, это не редкость для людей, чтобы закончить университет. Для Стеллы, однако, это было что-то действительно особенное, потому что никто не думал, что она когда-нибудь это сделает. В начальной школе Стелла часто плохо вела себя в классе и редко получала хорошие оценки на экзаменах, но в средней школе она училась гораздо лучше.

Вскоре после этого Стелла вышла замуж. У нее было двое детей, и годы пролетели незаметно. Не успела Стелла опомниться, как ей исполнилось почти пятьдесят, и у нее родились трое замечательных внуков. Однако ее дом был пуст, а Стелла часто грустила и оставалась одна. Скука, казалось, была ее постоянным спутником.

Однажды утром Стелла проснулась и поняла, что не может провести еще один день, не имея ничего, кроме как мыть посуду и мыть полы. Она связалась с местным колледжем и спросила о занятиях. Консультант помог Стелле заполнить все анкеты, и ее приняли в один из известных университетов города. После трех лет очень тяжелой работы Стелла сделала это. 25 мая 2007 года она получила диплом.

Going back to school is now more affordable thanks to Skills Boost

News Release

Innovation is changing how we live and work, bringing with it new challenges and new opportunities for working Canadians. When more Canadians can afford to go back to school to upgrade their skills or even pursue a new career path, our middle class becomes stronger and more resilient. That’s why, today, the Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour, launched Skills Boost, a new plan to give adult learners the support they need to succeed in the workforce.

Government of Canada meeting the unique needs of adult learners looking to upgrade skills

January 24, 2020 Windsor, Ontario Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation is changing how we live and work, bringing with it new challenges and new opportunities for working Canadians. When more Canadians can afford to go back to school to upgrade their skills or even pursue a new career path, our middle class becomes stronger and more resilient. That’s why, today, the Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour, launched Skills Boost, a new plan to give adult learners the support they need to succeed in the workforce.

Through a new $1,600-per-year Canada Student Grant and new flexibilities for Employment Insurance, going back to school will be within reach for 43,000 more Canadians in the middle class, as well as those working hard to join it.

Skills Boost includes several measures announced in Budget 2020 that will be available for the school year beginning this fall as part of a $287.2 million three-year pilot project. Students eligible for the Canada Student Grant for Full-Time Students and who have been out of high school for at least 10 years will receive an additional $1,600 per school year ($200 per month) in top-up funding. An estimated 43,000 low- and middle-income Canadians will benefit from the top-up funding in the 2020–19 academic year. And, for the first time, working and unemployed Canadians whose employment situation has significantly changed from the previous year can see their current income used to assess Canada Student Grant eligibility. This means a person who experiences a drop in income won’t be unfairly automatically disqualified for assistance based on their previous year’s earnings.

Skills Boost also means expanded access to Canada Student Grants for part-time students and students with dependent children, to further break down financial barriers to post-secondary education. These measures are expected to benefit Canadian women in particular, who often strive to improve their career prospects while balancing family responsibilities. Women represent nearly two-thirds of the Canada Student Loans Program’s part-time recipients, while approximately four out of five students receiving the Canada Student Grant for students with dependent children are women.

Support is also coming this fall for Canadians who find themselves out of work and want to go back to school. Today, if an unemployed worker is receiving Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, they may lose their eligibility for those benefits if they return to school or undertake training, which interferes with their availability for work, without the necessary referral from designated authorities. Starting in fall 2020, an unemployed person will be able to go back to school to get the training they need to find a new job—without fear of losing the EI benefits she needs to pay rent and buy groceries.

Quotes

“As an adult learner myself, who went back to school as a single mom of two children, I know that adult learners can face challenges to pursuing post-secondary education—not only because of the cost of education itself but also because of the financial pressures and time constraints of supporting our families. Our government has Canadians covered, no matter their circumstance—whether they are going to college or university for the first time, returning to school or upgrading their skills.”
– The Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour

“Through Budget 2020, we are making better use of existing flexibilities within the Employment Insurance program to help eligible claimants go back to school while remaining eligible for the EI benefits they need to support themselves and their families. This allows us to deliver on our commitment to grow our economy, strengthen the middle class and help those working hard to join it.”
– The Honourable Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children and Social Development

«Mature students have become an increasingly significant portion of St. Clair’s enrolment during the past decade or so. Many of them come to us with challenging circumstances as they pursue their educations. They often need to brush up on new technology and techniques before commencing their studies, many of them are raising families, and many of them are also attempting to accommodate part-time or even full-time jobs in their complicated lives. This new, extremely generous assistance offered by the federal government will ease many of the pressures on these students. And providing them with a more affordable and accessible education will ultimately improve their lives in immeasurable ways.»
– Patti France, President, St. Clair College

Quick Facts

The pilot project top-up grant funding will be prorated based on the length of the study period. For example, those registered for an eight-month school year will receive $1,600, while those registered for a 12-month school year will receive $2,400. This funding will be provided on top of any other grants the student qualifies for.

Using a working or newly unemployed Canadian’s current income rather than the previous year’s earnings means they could become eligible for income-tested Canada Student Grants, including up to $3,000 for the Canada Student Grant for Full-time Students as well as the top-up funding.

To receive Canada Student Grants, students must apply to their province or territory of residence to receive financial assistance for the 2020–19 school year. For example, as of November 8, 2020, students in Ontario can start applying to the Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP) to receive both provincial and federal assistance for the 2020–19 academic year. Students who have already applied for OSAP will be eligible for this funding.

The top-up funding is available to full-time students pursuing an undergraduate degree, certificate or diploma of at least two years in duration at a designated post-secondary institution who have been out of high school for at least 10 years.

Лексико-грамматическая трансформация (преобразование слов)

На данной странице содержатся задания на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию. В каждом задании дан текст с рядом слов в начальной форме. Необходимо преобразовать (трансформировать) данные слова таким образом, чтобы они лексически и грамматически соответствовали содержанию теста. Данный вид заданий используется в ЕГЭ по английскому языку.

Задание 1 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Henry’s best friend

Henry’s best friend Stan had moved to another town during the previous school year. Henry missed his friend, but he ( HAVE ) a birthday party soon and he hoped that Stan would be able to make it.

The party was set for the following weekend. Henry ( SEND ) Stan an email several days earlier, but he wasn’t sure if Stan’s computer was up and running yet, and Stan wasn’t always the best at returning emails.

Nonetheless, Henry had a good feeling about seeing his friend. After the party had been going for about an hour, Henry saw Stan walk through the door. ‘I knew you ( COME )!’ Henry said, and gave his friend a hug.

Henry’s best friend

Henry’s best friend Stan had moved to another town during the previous school year. Henry missed his friend, but he WAS HAVING a birthday party soon and he hoped that Stan would be able to make it.

The party was set for the following weekend. Henry HAD SENT Stan an email several days earlier, but he wasn’t sure if Stan’s computer was up and running yet, and Stan wasn’t always the best at returning emails.

Nonetheless, Henry had a good feeling about seeing his friend. After the party had been going for about an hour, Henry saw Stan walk through the door. ‘I knew you WOULD COME!’ Henry said, and gave his friend a hug.

Задание 2 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Wind farms

It seems that wind energy has found a friend in the UK. A new study shows that wind farms are the ( POPULAR ) type of renewable energy source among the British.

Two thousand people were asked about their preferences for energy sources. Nearly 50% of them said they would welcome wind farms even if they ( CONSTRUCT ) within seven kilometres of their home.

Coal-powered energy is less favourable to people, as only 20% of citizens prefer to have this type of power source in ( THEY ) neighbourhood.

Despite the preference for wind farms, the UK government isn’t keen on ( ALLOW ) farms to be built inland. The aim is to build offshore wind farms and to use land for other purposes.

Wind farms

It seems that wind energy has found a friend in the UK. A new study shows that wind farms are the MOST POPULAR type of renewable energy source among the British.

Two thousand people were asked about their preferences for energy sources. Nearly 50% of them said they would welcome wind farms even if they WERE CONSTRUCTED within seven kilometres of their home.

Coal-powered energy is less favourable to people, as only 20% of citizens prefer to have this type of power source in THEIR neighbourhood.

Despite the preference for wind farms, the UK government isn’t keen on ALLOWING farms to be built inland. The aim is to build offshore wind farms and to use land for other purposes.

Задание 3 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a Russian scientist. He worked during the late 19th and early 20th century on the ( DEVELOP ) of theories in rocket science and space flight, and is considered one of the pioneers of astronautics.

His work with rockets can be easily seen today. The jet engines that steer rockets in space were developed by Tsiolkovsky, and the airlocks that allow astronauts to enter and exit space were his ( INVENT ) as well.

Tsiolkovsky often had trouble getting funding for his projects. He was quite ( PROGRESS ) for his time, and the Russian science programmes didn’t always believe in his work.

In 1903 he published an article which proved that rockets could fly into space. Although it is now a basic ( SCIENCE ) principle, no one in his field appreciated the article when it was written.

Many of Tsiolkovsky’s ideas went on to be used in rocket science and space travel. Like most scientists, though, some of his ideas were considered ( PRACTICAL ) and were ignored as a result.

One such idea stated that humans would ( EVENTUAL ) move to other parts of our galaxy to live. Science is still a long way off that, but the idea is still alive.

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was a Russian scientist. He worked during the late 19th and early 20th century on the DEVELOPMENT of theories in rocket science and space flight, and is considered one of the pioneers of astronautics.

His work with rockets can be easily seen today. The jet engines that steer rockets in space were developed by Tsiolkovsky, and the airlocks that allow astronauts to enter and exit space were his INVENTION as well.

Tsiolkovsky often had trouble getting funding for his projects. He was quite PROGRESSIVE for his time, and the Russian science programmes didn’t always believe in his work.

In 1903 he published an article which proved that rockets could fly into space. Although it is now a basic SCIENTIFIC principle, no one in his field appreciated the article when it was written.

Many of Tsiolkovsky’s ideas went on to be used in rocket science and space travel. Like most scientists, though, some of his ideas were considered IMPRACTICAL and were ignored as a result.

One such idea stated that humans would EVENTUALLY move to other parts of our galaxy to live. Science is still a long way off that, but the idea is still alive.

Задание 4 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Sepak takraw

Have you heard of sepak takraw? It’s a sport in Southeast Asia which ( PLAY ) like volleyball, except players use their feet to kick the ball and not their hands.

The sport has been around since the 15th century, with records ( SHOW ) that it was played by one of the royal families of the Malay region at that time.

The word ‘sepak’ is Malay for ‘kick’ and ‘takraw’ is Thai for ‘woven ball’; thus, the name of the sport literally means ‘kick ball’. The combination of these words from different languages represents a symbol of solidarity between two of the ( POWERFUL ) countries in the region.

Sepak takraw

Have you heard of sepak takraw? It’s a sport in Southeast Asia which IS PLAYED like volleyball, except players use their feet to kick the ball and not their hands.

The sport has been around since the 15th century, with records SHOWING that it was played by one of the royal families of the Malay region at that time.

The word ‘sepak’ is Malay for ‘kick’ and ‘takraw’ is Thai for ‘woven ball’; thus, the name of the sport literally means ‘kick ball’. The combination of these words from different languages represents a symbol of solidarity between two of the MOST POWERFUL countries in the region.

Задание 5 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

A special occasion

Sarah and John worked for a transport service helping elderly people get round town. It was Friday and they ( DRIVE ) through heavy London traffic to get to Ms Harris’s house to take her to her doctor’s surgery.

When they arrived, they rang the bell and were greeted by Ms Harris. ‘Please, come inside. I’m not quite ready to leave, so have a seat and make ( YOU ) comfortable,’ she said.

They sat in her living room and waited, but after about fifteen minutes, they started to worry. ‘Maybe she ( FALL ) down and she can’t get up,’ said Sarah.

Just then, they heard Ms Harris coming down the stairs. She was wearing a black evening gown and a diamond tiara. Sarah and John were surprised and thought Ms Harris ( MAKE ) a mistake. When John asked where they were going, Ms Harris replied, ‘To Dr Amherst’s surgery. I’m his date for the awards ceremony honouring his work!’

A special occasion

Sarah and John worked for a transport service helping elderly people get round town. It was Friday and they WERE DRIVING through heavy London traffic to get to Ms Harris’s house to take her to her doctor’s surgery.

When they arrived, they rang the bell and were greeted by Ms Harris. ‘Please, come inside. I’m not quite ready to leave, so have a seat and make YOURSELVES comfortable,’ she said.

They sat in her living room and waited, but after about fifteen minutes, they started to worry. ‘Maybe she HAS FALLEN down and she can’t get up,’ said Sarah.

Just then, they heard Ms Harris coming down the stairs. She was wearing a black evening gown and a diamond tiara. Sarah and John were surprised and thought Ms Harris HAD MADE a mistake. When John asked where they were going, Ms Harris replied, ‘To Dr Amherst’s surgery. I’m his date for the awards ceremony honouring his work!’

Задание 6 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

British English

British English is a form of English used in many parts of the world. Generally, areas of the world that have been strongly influenced by the British, such as the Commonwealth Nations, or areas that are ( GEOGRAPHY ) closer to the UK than the United States, use and study this form of English.

Because of the UK’s influence on the world for hundreds of years, British English has become an ( NATIONAL ) language, along with American English.

Many phrasal verbs, idioms and other ( EXPRESS ) have slightly different wording in other forms of English. The phrasal verb ‘get on’ in British English, meaning have a good relationship, is ‘get along’ in American English, for example.

Differences between the forms have also resulted in many students writing ( SPELL ) words when they try to write in one form or the other.

British English is the official form of English used in the European Union, along with 24 other languages. This was made ( EFFECT ) in 1973, when the UK joined the European Community.

Culturally, British English is thought to be the most definitive form of the English language. The dozens of distinct accents in the UK add another level of ( RICH ) to the language.

British English

British English is a form of English used in many parts of the world. Generally, areas of the world that have been strongly influenced by the British, such as the Commonwealth Nations, or areas that are GEOGRAPHICALLY closer to the UK than the United States, use and study this form of English.

Because of the UK’s influence on the world for hundreds of years, British English has become an INTERNATIONAL language, along with American English.

Many phrasal verbs, idioms and other EXPRESSIONS have slightly different wording in other forms of English. The phrasal verb ‘get on’ in British English, meaning have a good relationship, is ‘get along’ in American English, for example.

Differences between the forms have also resulted in many students writing MISSPELT words when they try to write in one form or the other.

British English is the official form of English used in the European Union, along with 24 other languages. This was made EFFECTIVE in 1973, when the UK joined the European Community.

Culturally, British English is thought to be the most definitive form of the English language. The dozens of distinct accents in the UK add another level of RICHNESS to the language.

Задание 7 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Michelle’s big night

Michelle was quite nervous about her performance in the school play. She thought she would feel ( GOOD ) , though, if her brother Frank came to see to the show.

She asked him, even begged him to be there, ( THINK ) he might just say yes but then not turn up. ‘I promise you, Michelle. I’ll be sitting in the front row from the beginning to the end of the play.’

On the night of the show, Michelle did wonderfully. As a show of support, her brother clapped the ( LOUD ) of everyone in the theatre.

Michelle’s big night

Michelle was quite nervous about her performance in the school play. She thought she would feel BETTER, though, if her brother Frank came to see to the show.

She asked him, even begged him to be there, THINKING he might just say yes but then not turn up. ‘I promise you, Michelle. I’ll be sitting in the front row from the beginning to the end of the play.’

On the night of the show, Michelle did wonderfully. As a show of support, her brother clapped the LOUDEST of everyone in the theatre.

Задание 8 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Trans-Siberian Railway

Russia’s Trans-Siberian Railway is a source of great pride for the country. No railway in the world goes ( FAR ) than this one, stretching 9,289 kilometres to connect Moscow with the Russian Far East.

Construction on the line began in 1891 and ended in 1916, at which point Moscow and Vladivostok, a Russian city that lies on the Sea of Japan, ( JOIN ) by a single railway track.

Linking the two sides of the continent meant that development could accelerate in Siberia. Before the railway, rivers were the main form of transport, and in the winter, people rode horse-drawn carriages over ( THEY ) after they had frozen.

Nowadays, the Trans-Siberian Railway gives Russians and foreign travellers the chance to see an enormous part of the Russian countryside. More than that, however, agricultural goods and manufactured products ( TRANSPORT ) across the country on the railway.

Trans-Siberian Railway

Russia’s Trans-Siberian Railway is a source of great pride for the country. No railway in the world goes FARTHER (можно FURTHER) than this one, stretching 9,289 kilometres to connect Moscow with the Russian Far East.

Construction on the line began in 1891 and ended in 1916, at which point Moscow and Vladivostok, a Russian city that lies on the Sea of Japan, WERE JOINED by a single railway track.

Linking the two sides of the continent meant that development could accelerate in Siberia. Before the railway, rivers were the main form of transport, and in the winter, people rode horse-drawn carriages over THEM after they had frozen.

Nowadays, the Trans-Siberian Railway gives Russians and foreign travellers the chance to see an enormous part of the Russian countryside. More than that, however, agricultural goods and manufactured products ARE TRANSPORTED across the country on the railway.

Задание 9 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Getting back to nature

City life has caused people to lose touch with nature. This is ( SPECIAL ) true for children who grow up in cities and never have much of a chance to experience nature aside from public parks.

It’s quite different from how many of their parents grew up, when 71% of children regularly played outside. Ask today’s children if they like climbing trees, and it’s ( PROBABLE ) that they will ever have tried it.

The resulting loss of our children’s ( RELATION ) with nature means they’re missing out on opportunities to make discoveries about plants and wildlife, and to build a love and respect for the natural world.

Instead, children spend a lot of their time watching television, playing video games or surfing the internet. School ( ADMINISTRATE ) are beginning to notice this problem and have begun to address it.

More and more schools are taking children to nature reserves on school trips in an effort to ( CLAIM ) this lost appreciation of nature.

The experience allows children to enjoy some time outside in a ( MEANING ) way. It helps relieve the pressure that they face from their studies while providing a learning experience as well.

Getting back to nature

City life has caused people to lose touch with nature. This is (E)SPECIALLY true for children who grow up in cities and never have much of a chance to experience nature aside from public parks.

It’s quite different from how many of their parents grew up, when 71% of children regularly played outside. Ask today’s children if they like climbing trees, and it’s IMPROBABLE that they will ever have tried it.

The resulting loss of our children’s RELATIONSHIP with nature means they’re missing out on opportunities to make discoveries about plants and wildlife, and to build a love and respect for the natural world.

Instead, children spend a lot of their time watching television, playing video games or surfing the internet. School ADMINISTRATORS are beginning to notice this problem and have begun to address it.

More and more schools are taking children to nature reserves on school trips in an effort to RECLAIM this lost appreciation of nature.

The experience allows children to enjoy some time outside in a MEANINGFUL way. It helps relieve the pressure that they face from their studies while providing a learning experience as well.

Задание 10 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Gap year destination

Many young adults who turn 18 take a year off to travel the world. A gap year, as it’s known, can be the ( MEMORABLE ) time in a voung person’s life.

Where do most young adults spend this time? It seems that the top spot is usually Thailand, where students can stay cheaply, have a wide variety of activities to take part in and spend loads of time ( RELAX ) on the beach.

Because Thailand is so popular, it’s likely that young adults ( MEET ) other young adults while they’re there. It’s also an opportunity to experience another culture and learn a few words of a foreign language.

Gap year destination

Many young adults who turn 18 take a year off to travel the world. A gap year, as it’s known, can be the MOST MEMORABLE time in a voung person’s life.

Where do most young adults spend this time? It seems that the top spot is usually Thailand, where students can stay cheaply, have a wide variety of activities to take part in and spend loads of time RELAXING on the beach.

Because Thailand is so popular, it’s likely that young adults WILL MEET other young adults while they’re there. It’s also an opportunity to experience another culture and learn a few words of a foreign language.

Задание 11 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Bad day

Eugene wasn’t having a good day. First, while he was pouring coffee into his mug at home in the morning, his hand slipped and he accidentally ( SPILL ) coffee all over the kitchen worktop.

He went to wipe up the spill with a sponge and knocked the mug onto the floor, where it broke into several pieces. Upset and ( FRUSTRATE ), he left home without having any coffee at all.

At work, he ran into a colleague, literally, and nearly knocked her over. ‘I’m so sorry, Michelle. Are you OK?’ he said quickly. She wasn’t amused and told him to watch where he ( GO ).

He ( CAN NOT ) wait for the dav to end, and iust as it did, he realised he had a report to finish. ‘What a terrible day. I should have stayed in bed this morning!’ he said, as he prepared to stay late at work.

Bad day

Eugene wasn’t having a good day. First, while he was pouring coffee into his mug at home in the morning, his hand slipped and he accidentally SPILT (можно SPILLED) coffee all over the kitchen worktop.

He went to wipe up the spill with a sponge and knocked the mug onto the floor, where it broke into several pieces. Upset and FRUSTRATED, he left home without having any coffee at all.

At work, he ran into a colleague, literally, and nearly knocked her over. ‘I’m so sorry, Michelle. Are you OK?’ he said quickly. She wasn’t amused and told him to watch where he WAS GOING.

He COULD NOT (можно COULDN’T) wait for the dav to end, and iust as it did, he realised he had a report to finish. ‘What a terrible day. I should have stayed in bed this morning!’ he said, as he prepared to stay late at work.

Задание 12 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Weather in the UK

For a country so far north, the UK has mild weather in comparison to other countries that share similar latitudes. This is due to warm currents of water that are ( CONTINUAL ) pushed up from the central Atlantic Ocean and around the British Isles.

And, because it is located in a northern part of the globe and benefits from ( COAST ) breezes, it never really gets too hot, either. In fact, the warmest UK temperature on record is 38.5 degrees Celsius, recorded in Kent, England.

This makes for an interesting climate, as the UK is sandwiched between warm and cool air masses. As a result, the skies can be quite cloudy and there is often an ( ABSENT ) of direct sunlight
throughout the year.

Still, the milder weather, abundant rainfall, and fairly gentle landscape allow for a great deal of livestock farming and crop ( PRODUCE ).

While snow falls in Scotland and ( MOUNTAIN ) areas on around 40-50 days per year, the south west of England receives snow on only around 10 days annually.

And although it does get warm in the summer, a heatwave that lasts more than a few days is fairly ( LIKELY ).

Weather in the UK

For a country so far north, the UK has mild weather in comparison to other countries that share similar latitudes. This is due to warm currents of water that are CONTINUALLY pushed up from the central Atlantic Ocean and around the British Isles.

And, because it is located in a northern part of the globe and benefits from COASTAL breezes, it never really gets too hot, either. In fact, the warmest UK temperature on record is 38.5 degrees Celsius, recorded in Kent, England.

This makes for an interesting climate, as the UK is sandwiched between warm and cool air masses. As a result, the skies can be quite cloudy and there is often an ABSENCE of direct sunlight throughout the year.

Still, the milder weather, abundant rainfall, and fairly gentle landscape allow for a great deal of livestock farming and crop PRODUCTION.

While snow falls in Scotland and MOUNTAINOUS areas on around 40-50 days per year, the south west of England receives snow on only around 10 days annually.

And although it does get warm in the summer, a heatwave that lasts more than a few days is fairly UNLIKELY.

Задание 13 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Paul and Sharon

Paul and his wife Sharon were out shopping at a local shopping centre. They ( PARK ) their car in the car park and were now returning to it with their shopping bags.

Paul put the car key into the door, but it wouldn’t turn. ‘What’s wrong with this key?’ he asked Sharon. ‘It ( NOT SEEM ) to be working.’

Confused, Sharon stepped back and took a good look at the car.
‘You know what, Paul? I don’t think this car is ( WE ). It just looks exactly like it. We’re trying to get into someone else’s car!’ They walked away and tried to remember where they’d parked their own car!

Paul and Sharon

Paul and his wife Sharon were out shopping at a local shopping centre. They HAD PARKED their car in the car park and were now returning to it with their shopping bags.

Paul put the car key into the door, but it wouldn’t turn. ‘What’s wrong with this key?’ he asked Sharon. ‘It DOES NOT SEEM (можно DOESN’T SEEM) to be working.’

Confused, Sharon stepped back and took a good look at the car.
‘You know what, Paul? I don’t think this car is OURS. It just looks exactly like it. We’re trying to get into someone else’s car!’ They walked away and tried to remember where they’d parked their own car!

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Задание 14 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

City of Westminster

The City of Westminster is the borough of London that contains Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament and the Prime Minister’s residence. It is located on the northern banks of the River Thames in the centre of London, and it’s one of the ( EXPENSIVE ) places to live in the UK.

The borough is of great historical interest, and almost four fifths of ( IT ) buildings are part of a designated conservation area.

Of all the tourists that visit London, approximately 95% of them tour the City of Westminster, which ( ACCOUNT ) for about 28 million visitors each year.

Other sites within the borough are Piccadilly Circus, Kensington Gardens, the headquarters of many global corporations and several renowned learning institutes. The borough has 27 tube stations and ( CONNECT ) to south London by seven bridges.

City of Westminster

The City of Westminster is the borough of London that contains Buckingham Palace, the Houses of Parliament and the Prime Minister’s residence. It is located on the northern banks of the River Thames in the centre of London, and it’s one of the MOST EXPENSIVE places to live in the UK.

The borough is of great historical interest, and almost four fifths of ITS buildings are part of a designated conservation area.

Of all the tourists that visit London, approximately 95% of them tour the City of Westminster, which ACCOUNTS for about 28 million visitors each year.

Other sites within the borough are Piccadilly Circus, Kensington Gardens, the headquarters of many global corporations and several renowned learning institutes. The borough has 27 tube stations and IS CONNECTED to south London by seven bridges.

Задание 15 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Multimedia Art Museum

The Multimedia Art Museum is Moscow’s museum for the photographic arts and art technology. It is a ( RELATIVE ) new museum to the city, opening its doors in 2010.

The museum operates alongside the Moscow Elouse of Photography, which showcases the work of Russian photographers and other ( ART ) from past and contemporary eras.

Both museums support modern photographers and the ( ADVANCE ) of the field by collaborating with leading European art institutions.

The Multimedia Art Museum provides ( EDUCATE ) programmes for artists and for the general public, in an effort to encourage audiences to interact with the exhibits.

The museum also has special programmes aimed at helping ( ABLE ) children take part in photography. The creators of these programmes believe that despite their handicaps, these children have a unique perspective on life that adds a special creativity to their work.

( COMPETE ) are held in which photographers can submit collections of photos and receive monetary awards and a spot in the museums permanent collection. The theme is life in the Russian capital and collections can focus on people, architecture or everyday events.

Multimedia Art Museum

The Multimedia Art Museum is Moscow’s museum for the photographic arts and art technology. It is a RELATIVELY new museum to the city, opening its doors in 2010.

The museum operates alongside the Moscow Elouse of Photography, which showcases the work of Russian photographers and other ARTISTS from past and contemporary eras.

Both museums support modern photographers and the ADVANCEMENT of the field by collaborating with leading European art institutions.

The Multimedia Art Museum provides EDUCATIONAL programmes for artists and for the general public, in an effort to encourage audiences to interact with the exhibits.

The museum also has special programmes aimed at helping DISABLED children take part in photography. The creators of these programmes believe that despite their handicaps, these children have a unique perspective on life that adds a special creativity to their work.

COMPETITIONS are held in which photographers can submit collections of photos and receive monetary awards and a spot in the museums permanent collection. The theme is life in the Russian capital and collections can focus on people, architecture or everyday events.

Задание 16 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Gorodki

Gorodki is a Russian sport played with a bat and wooden pegs. Most people probably ( NOT HEAR ) of gorodki, but they know of similar games such as horseshoes or croquet, in which the goal is to throw and knock objects round a field.

This particular games objective is to knock the pegs outside a designated area using the bat, which ( THROW ) at them. Players arrange the pegs into various formations, which have names such as cannon, ‘star’, aeroplane or ‘letter’.

The game dates back to ancient times, when it was traditionally played by Russian peasants who made up their own rules. The Russian nobility were playing it in the 17th century, along with various cultural figures in the 18th and 19th centuries, and ( FOLLOW ) that, it became a legitimate sport in 1923, complete with a set of official rules.

Gorodki

Gorodki is a Russian sport played with a bat and wooden pegs. Most people probably HAVE NOT HEARD (можно HAVEN’T HEARD) of gorodki, but they know of similar games such as horseshoes or croquet, in which the goal is to throw and knock objects round a field.

This particular games objective is to knock the pegs outside a designated area using the bat, which IS THROWN at them. Players arrange the pegs into various formations, which have names such as cannon, ‘star’, aeroplane or ‘letter’.

The game dates back to ancient times, when it was traditionally played by Russian peasants who made up their own rules. The Russian nobility were playing it in the 17th century, along with various cultural figures in the 18th and 19th centuries, and FOLLOWING that, it became a legitimate sport in 1923, complete with a set of official rules.

Задание 17 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Wedding anniversary

Kellys grandparents had a very special day approaching. It was going to be their ( FIFTY ) wedding anniversary that Saturday, and her parents were planning a huge event.

For the occasion, they ( BOOK ) a dance hall several months earlier, so over 300 people could celebrate the golden couple’s milestone.

Kelly’s job was to create a seating arrangement, but people kept calling to say they wanted to come, too, which meant Kelly had to plan ( CAREFULLY ) than when she’d started.

Kellys parents also had a very special gift for her grandparents – a trip to India, a place her grandmother had always said she ( VISIT ) if she had the chance.

Wedding anniversary

Kellys grandparents had a very special day approaching. It was going to be their FIFTIETH wedding anniversary that Saturday, and her parents were planning a huge event.

For the occasion, they HAD BOOKED a dance hall several months earlier, so over 300 people could celebrate the golden couple’s milestone.

Kelly’s job was to create a seating arrangement, but people kept calling to say they wanted to come, too, which meant Kelly had to plan MORE CAREFULLY than when she’d started.

Kellys parents also had a very special gift for her grandparents – a trip to India, a place her grandmother had always said she WOULD VISIT if she had the chance.

Задание 18 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

World population

Is our planets population growth ever going to slow down? It’s ( TERRIFY ) to think about, but, by 2083, the number of people on the planet is expected to reach 10 billion.

There are people who keep track of these sorts of things. A ( DIVIDE ) of the United Nations is dedicated to tracking global population growth and making estimates of likely future totals.

The human population first hit 1 billion in 1800. This means that in mankind’s thousands of years of ( EXIST ) on the planet, our population only reached that figure just over 200 years ago.

In 1927, our population reached 2 billion, and it had become 3 billion by 1960, demonstrating that our numbers are in fact ( RAPID ) increasing, a cause for great concern.

We’ve been able to survive so far due to ( TECHNOLOGY ) advances made in agriculture, which have increased our food supply.

However, unless we improve upon existing techniques, farmers, and the planet itself, will be ( CAPABLE ) of supplying enough food for a 10-billion-strong global population. And that is only one of many problems that an ever-increasing human population creates.

World population

Is our planets population growth ever going to slow down? It’s TERRIFYING to think about, but, by 2083, the number of people on the planet is expected to reach 10 billion.

There are people who keep track of these sorts of things. A DIVISION of the United Nations is dedicated to tracking global population growth and making estimates of likely future totals.

The human population first hit 1 billion in 1800. This means that in mankind’s thousands of years of EXISTENCE on the planet, our population only reached that figure just over 200 years ago.

In 1927, our population reached 2 billion, and it had become 3 billion by 1960, demonstrating that our numbers are in fact RAPIDLY increasing, a cause for great concern.

We’ve been able to survive so far due to TECHNOLOGICAL advances made in agriculture, which have increased our food supply.

However, unless we improve upon existing techniques, farmers, and the planet itself, will be INCAPABLE of supplying enough food for a 10-billion-strong global population. And that is only one of many problems that an ever-increasing human population creates.

Задание 19 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

The letter

Michelle was looking for her sister, Lynn, because the day’s post had arrived and one of the letters was for her. She found her in the living room, ( LISTEN ) to music with her headphones on.

Michelle pulled Lynn’s headphones off and told her she had received a letter. ‘Oh, from ( WHO ) ?’ Lynn said aloud, even though she could have just looked at it.

The envelope said ‘Teen Ink’ and Lynn got very excited. She ripped open the envelope and read the letter as fast as she could without missing a word. Her article ( WIN ) first prize in a competition, and she was going to be a published author!

The letter

Michelle was looking for her sister, Lynn, because the day’s post had arrived and one of the letters was for her. She found her in the living room, LISTENING to music with her headphones on.

Michelle pulled Lynn’s headphones off and told her she had received a letter. ‘Oh, from WHOM?’ Lynn said aloud, even though she could have just looked at it.

The envelope said ‘Teen Ink’ and Lynn got very excited. She ripped open the envelope and read the letter as fast as she could without missing a word. Her article HAD WON (можно WON) first prize in a competition, and she was going to be a published author!

Задание 20 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Teacher’s pet

It seems that it would be a good idea for any student to want to be teacher’s ‘pet’, or favourite. After all, if a teacher likes you the most, that teacher ( REWARD ) you with the most privileges in class, won’t they?

Strangely, though, almost no student wants this role! If they were given the choice, they ( PREFER ) to have a good relationship, but not too favourable.

Unfortunately, kids who are labelled teacher’s pet ( MAKE ) fun of by their classmates. The other students become jealous, so they try to level things out by giving the favoured student a hard time.

If anyone ever calls you a teacher’s pet, don’t let it get to you. It’s nothing but positive to have a good relationship with teachers, so just be ( YOU ) and ignore the others.

Teacher’s pet

It seems that it would be a good idea for any student to want to be teacher’s ‘pet’, or favourite. After all, if a teacher likes you the most, that teacher WILL REWARD you with the most privileges in class, won’t they?

Strangely, though, almost no student wants this role! If they were given the choice, they WOULD PREFER to have a good relationship, but not too favourable.

Unfortunately, kids who are labelled teacher’s pet ARE MADE fun of by their classmates. The other students become jealous, so they try to level things out by giving the favoured student a hard time.

If anyone ever calls you a teacher’s pet, don’t let it get to you. It’s nothing but positive to have a good relationship with teachers, so just be YOURSELF and ignore the others.

Задание 21 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

St Ives

When the British travel in their own country for a holiday, what’s their favourite destination? This topic could lead to a ( LENGTH ) discussion, but one place that often wins awards is St Ives.

St Ives is a town in Cornwall, the most south-westerly county in England. It lies on the Celtic Sea at the tip of the Cornish peninsula, and its white-sand beaches and year-round pleasant weather make it seem ( TROPICS ) in comparison to the rest of Britain.

The town has a rich past, and some notable buildings date back centuries. A fishermans tavern known as the Sloop Inn is believed to have been built in 1312 and has displayed the ( PAINT ) artists for many years.

Although mostly regarded as a resort town now, St Ives was ( HISTORY ) a fishing port, one of the largest in the area Billions of fish have been exported from the town over the years.

Dozens of artists make St Ives their home. They gain much ( INSPIRE ) from looking out to the open seas or at the lovely landscaped hills on the inland side.

The work that the artists of St Ives do is so ( IMPRESS ) that a Tate gallery has been founded in the town and documentaries have been made to showcase the artists’s live.

St Ives

When the British travel in their own country for a holiday, what’s their favourite destination? This topic could lead to a LENGTHY discussion, but one place that often wins awards is St Ives.

St Ives is a town in Cornwall, the most south-westerly county in England. It lies on the Celtic Sea at the tip of the Cornish peninsula, and its white-sand beaches and year-round pleasant weather make it seem TROPICAL in comparison to the rest of Britain.

The town has a rich past, and some notable buildings date back centuries. A fishermans tavern known as the Sloop Inn is believed to have been built in 1312 and has displayed the PAINTINGS artists for many years.

Although mostly regarded as a resort town now, St Ives was HISTORICALLY a fishing port, one of the largest in the area Billions of fish have been exported from the town over the years.

Dozens of artists make St Ives their home. They gain much INSPIRATION from looking out to the open seas or at the lovely landscaped hills on the inland side.

The work that the artists of St Ives do is so IMPRESSIVE that a Tate gallery has been founded in the town and documentaries have been made to showcase the artists’s live.

Задание 22 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Imperial Porcelain Factory

The Imperial Porcelain Factory has been making fine porcelain in Russia for centuries. The factory, founded in 1744, was Empress Elizabeth’s idea with the aim of ( CREATE ) ceramic art.

After Empress Elizabeth, consecutive monarchs kept the factory busy with orders and allowed it to produce the ( FINE ) quality porcelain and ceramic plates, vases, tea sets and the like.

In the 1940s, the factory began to produce its famous cobalt net pattern, which consisted of intersecting lines of deep blue forming a geometric pattern on a white background. The edges of the dishes ( HIGHLIGHT ) in exquisite 22-karat gold.

Imperial Porcelain Factory

The Imperial Porcelain Factory has been making fine porcelain in Russia for centuries. The factory, founded in 1744, was Empress Elizabeth’s idea with the aim of CREATING ceramic art.

After Empress Elizabeth, consecutive monarchs kept the factory busy with orders and allowed it to produce the FINEST quality porcelain and ceramic plates, vases, tea sets and the like.

In the 1940s, the factory began to produce its famous cobalt net pattern, which consisted of intersecting lines of deep blue forming a geometric pattern on a white background. The edges of the dishes WERE HIGHLIGHTED in exquisite 22-karat gold.

Задание 23 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Burger Hut

Peter called into his favourite burger shop on his way home from college one day. He didn’t realise he was out of cash until after he ( ORDER ) his meal.

The bill came to £4.99, and luckily, the burger shop accepted bank cards, so he paid with his card and went home. He ( EAT ) his burger while he was watching TV, and then he went about the rest of his day.

A couple of weeks later, Peter noticed a £499 charge on his bank statement. ‘This charge can’t be ( I ). I haven’t used my card for anything that expensive,’ Peter said aloud.

He saw the words ‘Burger Hut’ alongside the amount, so he called his bank and explained the situation. ‘It does seem strange that someone ( SPEND ) that much money in a burger’s shop,’ the bank employee said, and he agreed to correct the charge.

Burger Hut

Peter called into his favourite burger shop on his way home from college one day. He didn’t realise he was out of cash until after he HAD ORDERED (можно ORDERED) his meal.

The bill came to £4.99, and luckily, the burger shop accepted bank cards, so he paid with his card and went home. He ATE his burger while he was watching TV, and then he went about the rest of his day.

A couple of weeks later, Peter noticed a £499 charge on his bank statement. ‘This charge can’t be MINE. I haven’t used my card for anything that expensive,’ Peter said aloud.

He saw the words ‘Burger Hut’ alongside the amount, so he called his bank and explained the situation. ‘It does seem strange that someone WOULD SPEND that much money in a burger’s shop,’ the bank employee said, and he agreed to correct the charge.

Задание 24 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Apps

Apps are those little computer programs we use on our mobile phones and other small devices. The word app’ is an abbreviation for software ( APPLY ).

Apps have been very popular since the rise of smartphones. There are apps for banking transactions, weather forecasts, video games, maps, calendars and other forms of data ( MANAGE ).

Many apps are available free of charge, or are at least ( EXPENSIVE ). Some apps with more sophisticated features can cost quite a bit of money, however.

An estimated 102 billion apps were downloaded in 2013, proving that the general public’s ( REACT ) to apps has been positive.

Some apps are quite amazing, such as one that can tell you what song is playing in a restaurant or cafe. Others are ( POSITIVE ) strange – there’s an app that makes a whistling sound that only a dog can hear!

When a software company releases a new app, it’s often a ( MASS ) event. Celebrities make appearances and loads of fans queue up to get a glimpse of them, and perhaps check out the app,
too.

Apps

Apps are those little computer programs we use on our mobile phones and other small devices. The word app’ is an abbreviation for software APPLICATION.

Apps have been very popular since the rise of smartphones. There are apps for banking transactions, weather forecasts, video games, maps, calendars and other forms of data MANAGEMENT.

Many apps are available free of charge, or are at least INEXPENSIVE. Some apps with more sophisticated features can cost quite a bit of money, however.

An estimated 102 billion apps were downloaded in 2013, proving that the general public’s REACTION to apps has been positive.

Some apps are quite amazing, such as one that can tell you what song is playing in a restaurant or cafe. Others are POSITIVELY strange – there’s an app that makes a whistling sound that only a dog can hear!

When a software company releases a new app, it’s often a MASSIVE event. Celebrities make appearances and loads of fans queue up to get a glimpse of them, and perhaps check out the app, too.

Задание 25 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Lift note

Melanie was paying a visit to her friend Henry to see his new flat. After ( ARRIVE ) at his building, she called the lift down from its previous destination, Floor 1, and stepped inside.

She noticed a sign by the panel of buttons. She ignored it for a moment and simply pressed the button for the ( FIVE ) floor, the floor that Henry lived on.

She read the note as the lift ascended. Apparently, some people in the building thought some of the other residents were a bit lazy, because the note said, ‘Dear Floor 1, are the stairs broken? Love, Floors 2-7! Melanie laughed and wondered who ( WRITE ) the note!

Lift note

Melanie was paying a visit to her friend Henry to see his new flat. After ARRIVING at his building, she called the lift down from its previous destination, Floor 1, and stepped inside.

She noticed a sign by the panel of buttons. She ignored it for a moment and simply pressed the button for the FIFTH floor, the floor that Henry lived on.

She read the note as the lift ascended. Apparently, some people in the building thought some of the other residents were a bit lazy, because the note said, ‘Dear Floor 1, are the stairs broken? Love, Floors 2-7! Melanie laughed and wondered who HAD WRITTEN the note!

Задание 26 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Pigeon fanciers

A popular pastime in Scotland is ‘pigeon fancying’, or keeping pigeons for racing or as pets. Fanciers often keep several birds at once in a special hut that they ( BUILD ) for them.

The Scottish word for a male pigeon is a ‘doo’ and one type of pigeon fancier in Scotland is called a ‘dooman’. Doomen specialise in using their doos to attract other peoples pigeons, which they then capture and claim for ( THEY ).

The fascination that doomen and other pigeon fanciers have with the birds is that a pigeon will form a bond with its owner. In other words, if you released one of them into the sky, it ( RETURN ) to you later on.

Pigeons and their owners form bonds through language. In fact, if a pigeon owner can’t use bird sounds properly, the pigeon ( FLY ) away and find a new owner.

Pigeon fanciers

A popular pastime in Scotland is ‘pigeon fancying’, or keeping pigeons for racing or as pets. Fanciers often keep several birds at once in a special hut that they HAVE BUILD for them.

The Scottish word for a male pigeon is a ‘doo’ and one type of pigeon fancier in Scotland is called a ‘dooman’. Doomen specialise in using their doos to attract other peoples pigeons, which they then capture and claim for THEMSELVES.

The fascination that doomen and other pigeon fanciers have with the birds is that a pigeon will form a bond with its owner. In other words, if you released one of them into the sky, it WOULD RETURN to you later on.

Pigeons and their owners form bonds through language. In fact, if a pigeon owner can’t use bird sounds properly, the pigeon WILL FLY away and find a new owner.

Задание 27 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Buranovskiye Babushki

If you’ve been watching the Eurovision Song Contest in the last few years, you might remember this singing group. They stood out from the rest because they were not the ( TYPE ) entrant in the contest.

Most entrants are usually quite young and very trendy. They’re dressed in ( FASHION ) clothing – or at least they try to be, and they perform wild dance routines on occasion.

Buranovskiye Babushki breaks from that mould. They’re a group of eight elderly Russian women, or ‘grannies’, which is ‘babushki’ in Russian. Most of them are in their sixties and seventies, and their ( PERFORM ) at the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest got the second highest number of votes.

Their music is sung in the Udmurt language, an official language in the region of Udmurtia, where the grannies are from. The Udmurt alphabet is ( LARGE ) the same as the Russian alphabet.

Buranovskiye Babushki’s song entry was called ‘Party for Everybody’ and most of the song was in Udmurt, with a few English lyrics. The group wrote the Udmurtian lyrics themselves, and the English parts were written by an ( AMERICA ) songwriter.

The grannies have hopes of rebuilding a church in their native Udmurtia. They have pledged to put all of their ( EARN ) from their singing into a fund for the church.

Buranovskiye Babushki

If you’ve been watching the Eurovision Song Contest in the last few years, you might remember this singing group. They stood out from the rest because they were not the TYPICAL entrant in the contest.

Most entrants are usually quite young and very trendy. They’re dressed in FASHIONABLE clothing – or at least they try to be, and they perform wild dance routines on occasion.

Buranovskiye Babushki breaks from that mould. They’re a group of eight elderly Russian women, or ‘grannies’, which is ‘babushki’ in Russian. Most of them are in their sixties and seventies, and their PERFORMANCE at the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest got the second highest number of votes.

Their music is sung in the Udmurt language, an official language in the region of Udmurtia, where the grannies are from. The Udmurt alphabet is LARGELY the same as the Russian alphabet.

Buranovskiye Babushki’s song entry was called ‘Party for Everybody’ and most of the song was in Udmurt, with a few English lyrics. The group wrote the Udmurtian lyrics themselves, and the English parts were written by an AMERICAN songwriter.

The grannies have hopes of rebuilding a church in their native Udmurtia. They have pledged to put all of their EARNINGS from their singing into a fund for the church.

Задание 28 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Listening to the radio

Many of us get our news and entertainment from television and the Internet. You might be surprised to learn, then, that people who listen to the radio are much happier than ( THAT ) people who use the other media outlets.

It makes perfect sense when you think about it. Television and the Internet offer entertainment, but negative activity ( INCLUDE ) in the mix as well. We sometimes see saddening news reports, and we do tedious things online, such as check account balances.

With radio, people listen to it because they want to feel good. It seems that in recent years we ( FORGET ) about the joy radio gives us because we focus on television and the Internet so much.

Listening to the radio

Many of us get our news and entertainment from television and the Internet. You might be surprised to learn, then, that people who listen to the radio are much happier than THOSE people who use the other media outlets.

It makes perfect sense when you think about it. Television and the Internet offer entertainment, but negative activity IS INCLUDED in the mix as well. We sometimes see saddening news reports, and we do tedious things online, such as check account balances.

With radio, people listen to it because they want to feel good. It seems that in recent years we HAVE FORGOTTEN about the joy radio gives us because we focus on television and the Internet so much.

Задание 29 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Under pressure

Leslie was under a lot of pressure at work. Her boss wasn’t certain that she would get everything done, but she reassured him by saying, ‘I promise you, the project ( COMPLETE ) on Friday.’

The truth was it would take a miracle to finish the work by then. She thought about asking her boss for more time, but as she ( PROMISE ) it on Friday she felt it was too late to ask now.

On Thursday, when Leslie was stressed the most, she ( BREAK ) her ankle while she was climbing some stairs, and she had to go to hospital immediately.

She thought it might be the ‘break’ she needed. But while she was happy to get out of work, she ( NOT LOOK ) forward to wearing a cast on her leg for two months.

Under pressure

Leslie was under a lot of pressure at work. Her boss wasn’t certain that she would get everything done, but she reassured him by saying, ‘I promise you, the project WILL BE COMPLETED on Friday.’

The truth was it would take a miracle to finish the work by then. She thought about asking her boss for more time, but as she HAD PROMISED it on Friday she felt it was too late to ask now.

On Thursday, when Leslie was stressed the most, she BROKE her ankle while she was climbing some stairs, and she had to go to hospital immediately.

She thought it might be the ‘break’ she needed. But while she was happy to get out of work, she WAS NOT LOOKING (можно WASN’T LOOKING) forward to wearing a cast on her leg for two months.

Задание 30 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

A friendlier London

A group of people in London are trying to get their fellow citizens to open up and chat with one another more often. They’ve embarke on a campaign called ‘Talk to me London, because the city has been accused of being ( FRIEND ).

The idea is to change the perception of London. The founders of the ( MOVE ) believe talking is something we all love to do, but many people are afraid to talk to people they don’t know.

The group behind ‘Talk to me London is a collection of people from ( VARY ) backgrounds, such as business, design, media and other fields. Their work on the project is voluntary.

The project has attracted some attention in the press. Some people find it to be a pleasant idea, but others have dismissed the idea ( ENTIRE ). They say they moved to London so that they wouldn’t have to talk to people!

Of course, one of the benefits of living in a big city is that you can remain anonymous. However, by rarely talking to anyone, you risk suffering from ( LONELY ).

Perhaps some people will appreciate the campaign and give life to it. After all, it shouldn’t be such a challenging task to talk to ( STRANGE ).

A friendlier London

A group of people in London are trying to get their fellow citizens to open up and chat with one another more often. They’ve embarke on a campaign called ‘Talk to me London, because the city has been accused of being UNFRIENDLY.

The idea is to change the perception of London. The founders of the MOVEMENT believe talking is something we all love to do, but many people are afraid to talk to people they don’t know.

The group behind ‘Talk to me London is a collection of people from VARIOUS backgrounds, such as business, design, media and other fields. Their work on the project is voluntary.

The project has attracted some attention in the press. Some people find it to be a pleasant idea, but others have dismissed the idea ENTIRELY. They say they moved to London so that they wouldn’t have to talk to people!

Of course, one of the benefits of living in a big city is that you can remain anonymous. However, by rarely talking to anyone, you risk suffering from LONELINESS.

Perhaps some people will appreciate the campaign and give life to it. After all, it shouldn’t be such a challenging task to talk to STRANGERS.

Задание 31 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

The ripped note

Lauren pulled a ten-pound note from her pocket but as she did so it suddenly ripped down the middle. ‘Oh no, I don’t believe it, it’s ruined! And now I ( LOSE ) ten pounds!’ she said to her friend, Pete.

Why don’t you tape the two pieces back together? I’m sure it ( BE ) fine,’ Pete replied. Lauren had her doubts about this, but she decided to try it.

She got some tape from her desk and taped the note together as Pete had suggested. But an hour later, when she tried to buy a sandwich, the shop owner refused her note. When she asked why, the surly shop owner said, ‘Sorry, but sometimes two halves ( NOT MAKE ) a whole.’

The ripped note

Lauren pulled a ten-pound note from her pocket but as she did so it suddenly ripped down the middle. ‘Oh no, I don’t believe it, it’s ruined! And now I HAVE LOST ten pounds!’ she said to her friend, Pete.

Why don’t you tape the two pieces back together? I’m sure it WILL BE fine,’ Pete replied. Lauren had her doubts about this, but she decided to try it.

She got some tape from her desk and taped the note together as Pete had suggested. But an hour later, when she tried to buy a sandwich, the shop owner refused her note. When she asked why, the surly shop owner said, ‘Sorry, but sometimes two halves DO NOT MAKE (можно DON’T MAKE) a whole.’

Задание 32 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Russian vinaigrette

Russian vinaigrette is a type of salad common in Russia, which consists of diced carrots, beetroot and potatoes as well as chopped onions and sometimes sauerkraut. Vinaigrette dressing, from which the salad gets ( IT ) name, is poured over the top.

The salad was adapted from European recipes that were popular in the 19th century. However, it is now ( WIDELY ) eaten in Russia than in western Europe.

The salad often appears at celebrations alongside other small dishes, such as cold cuts, cheeses, canapes and open sandwiches. Usually ( THIS ) dishes are laid on the table before the guests arrive.

The colourful salad is low in calories and full of nutrients, so it ( RECOMMEND ) for anyone who is on a diet or is just keen to eat healthily.

Russian vinaigrette

Russian vinaigrette is a type of salad common in Russia, which consists of diced carrots, beetroot and potatoes as well as chopped onions and sometimes sauerkraut. Vinaigrette dressing, from which the salad gets ITS name, is poured over the top.

The salad was adapted from European recipes that were popular in the 19th century. However, it is now MORE WIDELY eaten in Russia than in western Europe.

The salad often appears at celebrations alongside other small dishes, such as cold cuts, cheeses, canapes and open sandwiches. Usually THESE dishes are laid on the table before the guests arrive.

The colourful salad is low in calories and full of nutrients, so it IS RECOMMENDED for anyone who is on a diet or is just keen to eat healthily.

Задание 33 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Oases

Oases are areas where trees and plants grow around a body of water in the middle of a desert. They are ( USUAL ) phenomena because there is so little water or vegetation in desert areas.

How does the water in an oasis get there? It doesn’t come from the sky, but rather, from underneath the ground. Believe it or not, there are underground rivers and layers of rock which contain water beneath the ( SAND ) desert floor.

Pressure from underneath these water sources pushes the water to the surface. In other cases, people have drawn the water out ( ARTIFICIAL ), through the use of man-made wells.

An oasis can be quite small, only able to support a limited number of trees and to supply a little water for those who pass by. Other oases are big enough to supply considerable populations of people with ( DRINK ) water.

People who survive on oases must be very ( CARE ) with how they use the water, because they must use it to grow food as well as to drink.

Many oases have survived for years. They have been of great ( IMPORTANT ) in terms of setting up trade routes across the desert.

Oases

Oases are areas where trees and plants grow around a body of water in the middle of a desert. They are UNUSUAL phenomena because there is so little water or vegetation in desert areas.

How does the water in an oasis get there? It doesn’t come from the sky, but rather, from underneath the ground. Believe it or not, there are underground rivers and layers of rock which contain water beneath the SANDY desert floor.

Pressure from underneath these water sources pushes the water to the surface. In other cases, people have drawn the water out ARTIFICIALLY, through the use of man-made wells.

An oasis can be quite small, only able to support a limited number of trees and to supply a little water for those who pass by. Other oases are big enough to supply considerable populations of people with DRINKING water.

People who survive on oases must be very CAREFUL with how they use the water, because they must use it to grow food as well as to drink.

Many oases have survived for years. They have been of great IMPORTANCE in terms of setting up trade routes across the desert.

Задание 34 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

The London Tube

Have you ever wondered what strange things lurk within the London Underground (or ‘Tube’) system? The first things people usually think of are the mice that you can occasionally see ( RUN ) along the tracks.

In fact, mice aren’t the only strange things in the Underground system. Passengers leave behind thousands of objects. Items that were once ( THEY ) now reside in London Transport’s lost property office.

The collection is not open to the public, but a wedding dress, sets of false teeth, artificial limbs and a metre-high Mickey Mouse statue are just some of things people could see if they visited the office. Objects that ( LEAVE ) in the office for more than three months are donated to charity or sold at auction.

The London Tube

Have you ever wondered what strange things lurk within the London Underground (or ‘Tube’) system? The first things people usually think of are the mice that you can occasionally see RUNNING along the tracks.

In fact, mice aren’t the only strange things in the Underground system. Passengers leave behind thousands of objects. Items that were once THEIRS now reside in London Transport’s lost property office.

The collection is not open to the public, but a wedding dress, sets of false teeth, artificial limbs and a metre-high Mickey Mouse statue are just some of things people could see if they visited the office. Objects that ARE LEFT (можно HAVE BEEN LEFT) in the office for more than three months are donated to charity or sold at auction.

Задание 35 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Found money

Shelley was reading an article about some money a builder had found in an old house. He’d gone to the police with £64,000. She asked her friend Paul what he would do if he ( FIND ) a large amount of money.

‘Oh, the same thing he did,’ Paul ( NOT HESITATE ) to respond.
‘It’s not right to keep that kind of money. It’s not just £20, you know.’

Shelley thought about it for several moments. She couldn’t help wondering how the police would know ( WHO ) money it was.

‘Apparently,’ she said, reading the article further, ‘if nobody claims the money after a certain period of time, the police ( GIVE ) it back to the builder.’ She wondered whether the builder would be lucky on this occasion.

Found money

Shelley was reading an article about some money a builder had found in an old house. He’d gone to the police with £64,000. She asked her friend Paul what he would do if he FOUND a large amount of money.

‘Oh, the same thing he did,’ Paul DIDN’T HESITATE to respond.
‘It’s not right to keep that kind of money. It’s not just £20, you know.’

Shelley thought about it for several moments. She couldn’t help wondering how the police would know WHOSE money it was.

‘Apparently,’ she said, reading the article further, ‘if nobody claims the money after a certain period of time, the police WILL GIVE it back to the builder.’ She wondered whether the builder would be lucky on this occasion.

Задание 36 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Green living

For years, city planners in Sweden have been creating green communities. These are places that use energy ( WISE ) and cut down on waste.

In fact, what was once a d irty ( INDUSTRY ) site has been transformed into this kind of community. The area, known as Western Harbour, is found in Sweden’s third largest city, Malmo.

The area is a marvel when it comes to clean living. It has hardly any streets for cars; homes are linked by walkways and buses provide a regular ( CONNECT ) to the city centre.

Homes were designed with ‘green points’ in mind. A ‘green point’ could be a plot of ground for growing vegetables, a nest box for birds or a ( CONTAIN ) in which residents can plant flowers. Each home is required to have ten green points.

The community is powered by 100% renewable energy. Solar panels collect energy from the sun and a nearby wind turbine provides an ( END ) supply of electricity.

More than just being green, architects made sure the housing ( DEVELOP ) was pleasant to look at. Its combination of modern, futuristic design with more traditional styles helps make Western Harbour a joy to live in.

Green living

For years, city planners in Sweden have been creating green communities. These are places that use energy WISELY and cut down on waste.

In fact, what was once a dirty INDUSTRIAL site has been transformed into this kind of community. The area, known as Western Harbour, is found in Sweden’s third largest city, Malmo.

The area is a marvel when it comes to clean living. It has hardly any streets for cars; homes are linked by walkways and buses provide a regular CONNECTION to the city centre.

Homes were designed with ‘green points’ in mind. A ‘green point’ could be a plot of ground for growing vegetables, a nest box for birds or a CONTAINER in which residents can plant flowers. Each home is required to have ten green points.

The community is powered by 100% renewable energy. Solar panels collect energy from the sun and a nearby wind turbine provides an ENDLESS supply of electricity.

More than just being green, architects made sure the housing DEVELOPMENT was pleasant to look at. Its combination of modern, futuristic design with more traditional styles helps make Western Harbour a joy to live in.

Задание 37 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Swimming competition

Jane was upset after she finished the regional swimming competition. She had practised every day for several months, but despite all her hard work, she finished in ( TWO ) place.

She tried not to be too disappointed about it, but at her swimming practice the other day she ( SWIM ) her fastest time ever, which had made her really hopeful of winning the competition this time.

Her father tried to make her feel better. “There are plenty of other swimming competitions to win. Just keep practising and one day you ( GET ) the gold!” he told her, making her laugh by stretching his arms up in the air so vigorously that he fell off his chair.

Swimming competition

Jane was upset after she finished the regional swimming competition. She had practised every day for several months, but despite all her hard work, she finished in SECOND place.

She tried not to be too disappointed about it, but at her swimming practice the other day she HAD SWUM her fastest time ever, which had made her really hopeful of winning the competition this time.

Her father tried to make her feel better. “There are plenty of other swimming competitions to win. Just keep practising and one day you WILL GET the gold!” he told her, making her laugh by stretching his arms up in the air so vigorously that he fell off his chair.

Задание 38 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Where ships go to die

We might not think about it much, but most of us owe a lot to the shipping industry. Almost anyone who ( BUY ) a car, clothes or furniture recently has benefitted from the industry, because it is the cheapest way to transport goods.

No matter where a ship has sailed during its life, most ships ( SEND ) to South Asia when they are no longer usable. India, Bangladesh and Pakistan alone take up to 70% of worn-out ships.

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The ships rest along the shoreline, where workers climb on them and take them apart piece by piece. In 2012, observers recorded that 365 ships ( LIE ) on beaches in this region.

The work is quite dangerous, and occasionally, workers lose ( THEY ) lives. More must be done to make this work safe.

Where ships go to die

We might not think about it much, but most of us owe a lot to the shipping industry. Almost anyone who HAS BOUGHT a car, clothes or furniture recently has benefitted from the industry, because it is the cheapest way to transport goods.

No matter where a ship has sailed during its life, most ships ARE SENT to South Asia when they are no longer usable. India, Bangladesh and Pakistan alone take up to 70% of worn-out ships.

The ships rest along the shoreline, where workers climb on them and take them apart piece by piece. In 2012, observers recorded that 365 ships WERE LYING on beaches in this region.

The work is quite dangerous, and occasionally, workers lose THEIR lives. More must be done to make this work safe.

Задание 39 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Altai mountains

Russia’s Altai mountains are situated near the country’s border with Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. The mountain range is quite high and ( EXTREME ) difficult to cross.

The mountains were formed as a result of the Indian subcontinent pushing into southern Asia. There are many fault lines that run through the region, and although it is a rare ( OCCUR ), the region sometimes has very large earthquakes.

The name Altai means ‘golden mountain’ in the ( MONGOLIA ) language. The tallest peak is Belukha mountain, which actually has two peaks.

One of the peaks reaches a height of 4,440 metres, and the other reaches metres. The mountains are home to several glaciers, lakes and rivers, and many ( DIFFER ) types of plants and animals are found in its range of habitats.

Many species in the region have existed since the last ice age. This is because the Altai mountain range is one of the few places in the world whose climate has remained largely ( CHANGE ) since that period.

The mountain range and its surrounding area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because of the mountains’ stunning natural beauty, the region has become quite popular with ( TOUR ).

Altai mountains

Russia’s Altai mountains are situated near the country’s border with Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. The mountain range is quite high and EXTREMELY difficult to cross.

The mountains were formed as a result of the Indian subcontinent pushing into southern Asia. There are many fault lines that run through the region, and although it is a rare OCCURENCE, the region sometimes has very large earthquakes.

The name Altai means ‘golden mountain’ in the MONGOLIAN language. The tallest peak is Belukha mountain, which actually has two peaks.

One of the peaks reaches a height of 4,440 metres, and the other reaches metres. The mountains are home to several glaciers, lakes and rivers, and many DIFFERENT types of plants and animals are found in its range of habitats.

Many species in the region have existed since the last ice age. This is because the Altai mountain range is one of the few places in the world whose climate has remained largely UNCHANGED since that period.

The mountain range and its surrounding area is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because of the mountains’ stunning natural beauty, the region has become quite popular with TOURISTS.

Задание 40 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

GUM department stores

GUM is the name of the large department store in Moscow that faces Red Square. It used to be a chain of shops in the former republics of the Soviet Union, at which time these shops ( KNOW ) as State Department Store, although GUM now stands for Main Department Store.

The structure on Red Square where GUM is located has been there since the early 1890s. It’s one of the ( FAMOUS ) buildings in the city of Moscow.

The building is nearly a quarter of a kilometre long. Shops inside the building are situated on a long corridor with a glass roof, and each shop sits inside an archway, creating a luxurious shopping experience. The building ( IT ) is a work of art.

GUM department stores

GUM is the name of the large department store in Moscow that faces Red Square. It used to be a chain of shops in the former republics of the Soviet Union, at which time these shops WERE KNOWN as State Department Store, although GUM now stands for Main Department Store.

The structure on Red Square where GUM is located has been there since the early 1890s. It’s one of the MOST FAMOUS buildings in the city of Moscow.

The building is nearly a quarter of a kilometre long. Shops inside the building are situated on a long corridor with a glass roof, and each shop sits inside an archway, creating a luxurious shopping experience. The building ITSELF is a work of art.

Задание 41 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Identical twins

Beth and Mary are identical twins. They look exactly alike, and when they were ( CHILD ), their teachers didn’t know which twin was which.

People called them by the wrong name all the time! Although the girls ( HAVE ) plenty of opportunities to play tricks, they never did.

As adults, however, they once took a job on a practical joke show, where they ( PRETEND ) they were in a bathroom looking into a mirror. The mirror was actually glass, with Beth on one side and Mary on the other.

A woman came into the bathroom. She looked in the ‘mirror’ and saw Beth and her ‘reflection’, but she couldn’t see anything on her side. ( FEEL ) confused, the woman asked, ‘Is there something wrong with this mirror, or is it just me?!’

Identical twins

Beth and Mary are identical twins. They look exactly alike, and when they were CHILDREN, their teachers didn’t know which twin was which.

People called them by the wrong name all the time! Although the girls HAD plenty of opportunities to play tricks, they never did.

As adults, however, they once took a job on a practical joke show, where they PRETENDED they were in a bathroom looking into a mirror. The mirror was actually glass, with Beth on one side and Mary on the other.

A woman came into the bathroom. She looked in the ‘mirror’ and saw Beth and her ‘reflection’, but she couldn’t see anything on her side. FEELING confused, the woman asked, ‘Is there something wrong with this mirror, or is it just me?!’

Задание 42 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Stella McCartney

Stella McCartney is more than just the daughter of music legend Paul McCartney of the Beatles. She is famous in her own right as a fashion ( DESIGN ).

Born in London in 1971, McCartney studied at Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design. Alexander McQueen, another ( GLOBE ) icon of the fashion world, studied there as well.

Despite her well-known last name, not everyone was sure that she would be ( SUCCESS ) in the fashion industry, but she worked hard to create eye-catching clothing and won early awards for her sharp, confident style.

Of course, she was well-connected to the rich and famous before she made a name for herself in fashion. During her ( GRADUATE ) famous supermodels including Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss wore her clothes for the college’s runway show.

Her clothes are popular and sell well. Her 2005 collection for H&M clothing shops was designed to offer her fans a more affordable range, and sold out almost ( IMMEDIATE ).

Aside from day and evening wear, she has designed clothing for events, including the uniforms for the British ( COMPETE ) to wear in the 2012 London Olympics. She has also designed underwear, a range of skincare products and her own perfume.

Stella McCartney

Stella McCartney is more than just the daughter of music legend Paul McCartney of the Beatles. She is famous in her own right as a fashion DESIGNER.

Born in London in 1971, McCartney studied at Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design. Alexander McQueen, another GLOBAL icon of the fashion world, studied there as well.

Despite her well-known last name, not everyone was sure that she would be SUCCESSFUL in the fashion industry, but she worked hard to create eye-catching clothing and won early awards for her sharp, confident style.

Of course, she was well-connected to the rich and famous before she made a name for herself in fashion. During her GRADUATION famous supermodels including Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss wore her clothes for the college’s runway show.

Her clothes are popular and sell well. Her 2005 collection for H&M clothing shops was designed to offer her fans a more affordable range, and sold out almost IMMEDIATELY.

Aside from day and evening wear, she has designed clothing for events, including the uniforms for the British COMPETITORS to wear in the 2012 London Olympics. She has also designed underwear, a range of skincare products and her own perfume.

Задание 43 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

Funny noise

Maria was lying on her bed reading quietly. All of a sudden, she heard the strangest noise, which sounded something like insects, ( COME ) from the living room.

Initially, she tried to ignore it but it just became more and more annoying. So, finally she ( GO ) to investigate.

There in the living room, on the coffee table, was her laptop. On the screen, a pop-up advert ( APPEAR ), probably half an hour earlier, for a game with thousands of crickets. With one quick click, there was peace and quiet in the house again.

Funny noise

Maria was lying on her bed reading quietly. All of a sudden, she heard the strangest noise, which sounded something like insects, COMING from the living room.

Initially, she tried to ignore it but it just became more and more annoying. So, finally she WENT to investigate.

There in the living room, on the coffee table, was her laptop. On the screen, a pop-up advert HAD APPEARED, probably half an hour earlier, for a game with thousands of crickets. With one quick click, there was peace and quiet in the house again.

Задание 44 на лексико-грамматическую трансформацию

A knight in shining armour

Elton John is an extremely famous British pop star. People all around the world ( HEAR ) of him, but not so many know that his official title is Sir Elton John? How did he become ‘Sir Elton ?

In past centuries, only successful military commanders and politicians ( AWARD ) the title for services to their country. However, in 1917, the British government decided to extend the title to other citizens.

To become a Sir, you have to ‘receive a knighthood’, an honour only ever ( GIVE ) to men. However, many women, such as Judi Dench and Julie Andrews, have the equivalent title for females, which is ‘Dame’

When a person becomes a Sir or a Dame, they can add this title to their name. It’s one of the ( GREAT ) honours a person can receive in the UK.

A knight in shining armour

Elton John is an extremely famous British pop star. People all around the world HAVE HEARD of him, but not so many know that his official title is Sir Elton John? How did he become ‘Sir Elton ?

In past centuries, only successful military commanders and politicians WERE AWARDED the title for services to their country. However, in 1917, the British government decided to extend the title to other citizens.

To become a Sir, you have to ‘receive a knighthood’, an honour only ever GIVEN to men. However, many women, such as Judi Dench and Julie Andrews, have the equivalent title for females, which is ‘Dame’

When a person becomes a Sir or a Dame, they can add this title to their name. It’s one of the GREATEST honours a person can receive in the UK.

3_Macmillan_-_Advanced_Language_Practise

In most lines of this text there is one unnecessary word. It is either incorrect grammatically, or does not fit the sense of the text. For each line write the unnecessary word in the space beside the text. Tick each correct line.

The term ‘drugs’ covers many of kinds of chemical substance

which they are absorbed by the body, the majority being

medicines designed to cure illnesses. They are manufactured

from a variety of sources which include animal and products,

plants and minerals. In the recent years it has become possible

to synthesise in the laboratory many drugs which previously

obtained from plants and animal products. A small number of

drugs can become addictive if taken excessively, as that is either

too frequently, or in doses larger than they recommended for

medical to use. Drugs intended as painkillers, or drugs with a

hypnotic effect are used as sleeping pills, can both become

addictive if abused. It is important to make emphasise the fact

that it is the abuse of drugs which has once become a widespread

social problem in many societies, and not that the drug itself

may have many of beneficial effects when used medically. This is

why many drugs are obtainable only through prescription from

a doctor. Some people would argue that if addiction to drugs

involves both psychological and social factors, since those are

people who become addicts may do so as in order to find some

relief from personal or social inadequacies. This argument

implies that it is somehow the addict’s fault if not he or she

becomes addicted, and this is it to ignore the powerful physical

effects of many drugs. Any temporary effects of the well-being

soon wear off, leading to severe physical discomfort.

GRAMMAR 30 FURTHER PRACTICE

Using the notes as a guide, complete the letter. Use one or two words in each space. The words you need do not occur in the notes.

From: Head Librarian

Please draft a letter to all students who are leaving the college next week. Use the

Thanks for belonging to the library.

Please get all books you’ve taken out back by the end of term, earlier if poss. Pay all fines for late books by then too.

When all books are in you’ll get your £10 deposit back, minus anything you still owe.

If you don’t return your books, your graduation certificate can be kept from you.

When the library is closed, you can put your books in the box instead. But we won’t deal with them until the next day.

We would like to thank you for your (1) . membership.

library. Please note that all (2)

by the last day of term at the very

Any outstanding money owed for the late

return of books must also be paid by that date. Upon satisfactory return of all

library property, your £10 deposit will be returned to you, less any money owed.

to return books may

in graduation certificates being

in the ‘books back’ box at the

entrance to the library, but note that books returned in this way will not be

processed until (10) working day.

ADVANCED LANGUAGE PRACTICE

3 Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.

a) I am not to be disturbed under any circumstances. no

Under no circumstances am I.

t o be disturbed.

I didn’t expect to see Tim there, of all people!

This is none of your business!

I really should be going now.

Foolishly, I paid all the money before collecting the goods.

I paid all the money before collecting the goods

f) Robert had no idea of his next move.

Robert had no idea

It was only when I checked that I noticed the tyre was flat.

Only when I checked

h) This problem cannot be solved instantly.

i) My friends persuaded me to go to the party in fancy dress.

to the party in fancy dress.

j) The garden party won’t take place if the weather stays bad. picks

the garden party won’t take place.

G R A M M AR 30 FURTHE R PRACTIC E

In most lines of this text there is one unnecessary word. It is either incorrect grammatically, or does not fit the sense of the text. Write the unnecessary word in the space beside the text. Tick each correct line.

Can I add some comments to your to debate about the

value of television? Your readers may find that some of my

views reflect exactly of their own experience in this matter.

First of all, I heartily agree with your reader Mrs Goldwood who

she wrote that she has decided to abandon her television set in

protest at the mind-boggling boredom of medical dramas, soaps

and fly-on-the-wall documentaries. Six months ago I decided

that enough was that enough, and took my set to the rubbish tip

where it belongs. I can assure to Mrs Goldwood that she will not

miss with hers. Since getting rid of mine, I have discovered that

there are far more than interesting serials on the radio. I think

that she will also find herself is reading more, and at least with

books you can choose what a kind of story you want to follow,

instead of being at the mercy of the programme for planners.

I am sure that other readers can confirm that life after The Box is

richer and more rewarding.

Was I the alone in detecting that the note of superiority

in the letter from Mr Hackett about giving up television? What is

a lot of fuss about nothing! Mr Hackett seems not to think that if

you have a television you have to look at it. Surely it is a rather

question of choosing programmes carefully enough, and turning

the TV off when there is nothing worth it watching. If he is so set

against soaps, one wonders why on earth did he watched them?

A D V A N C ED L A N G U A G E PRACTIC E

5 Put one word in each space.

Recently there have been doubts about the proper functioning of the English

legal system, after several well-publicised cases in (1)

evidence was eventually shown to be suspect, but only after the wrongful

conviction of the accused. In several of (2) .

cases, the crimes

involved acts of terrorism, and the police were (3) .

pressure to discover (4) .

had been responsible. Although this in

way excuses the actions of police officers (6) .

may have falsified evidence, or suppressed evidence which worked against their

. underlines the ways (8) .

in the press and on television exercises an enormous influence,

the supposed guarantees under the law designed to prevent a

becoming unduly influenced. The specific details of a

criminal case are not discussed in the press before a case reaches the courts, and

the names of those involved (11)

, as many recent murder trials make clear, the press all too

often reaches its (13) .

verdict to suit its taste for sensationalism

and members of the police might be accused of enlisting the aid of the press by ‘leaking’ details of a prosecution. Unfortunately, far too few press reports of

court cases examine the evidence (14) .

the defence in the same

for the prosecution.

6 Complete each sentence using the word in brackets in an appropriate form.

Don’t be silly! It ..can’t have been

. (can) Sally. She’s in Scotland.

But for your help, I .

By the end of this year, we .

(marry) each other

for half a century!

(see) such heavy snow in April.

(may), your behaviour is unacceptable.

If you’d told me you were ill, I .

chemist’s for you.

(might), I just couldn’t get the car started.

h) How kind of you! But you really .

brought me a present.

i) Not until I looked at my watch .

much time had passed.

j) Philip agreed to rob the bank, but then found he couldn’t

G R A M M AR 30 FURTHER PRACTIC E

Complete the text with one suitable word in each space.

The relationship between the British royal family and the popular press is

the least. In many respects

the press has yet to

realise that the royals are indeed the goose that lays the

golden egg. Royal

scandals and royal divorces illustrated with tasteless photographs and supported by the worst kind of journalistic excess have proved to be just the thing

raising newspaper circulations. The same papers that oozed

sentimentality over royal weddings, (3)

drooled over idealised

princesses, later went out of their way to hound various royals into separation

or divorce. Every photograph became a contribution to (4)

rumour or other; even private telephone conversations were printed on the

the press has yet to realise is that

intrusions into the privacy of members of the royal family

have also helped to create an atmosphere in (7)

existence of the monarchy has been called into question. The prestige of the royal family has undoubtedly suffered. And how could this not

so when their lives have been turned (9)

absurd soap opera? Just (10)

the press feeds the illusion that the

characters on television, those awful creeps in ‘Eastenders’ and ‘Neighbours’, are somehow ‘real people’, so it has reduced the royal family to the status of

series of cardboard characters. And if you are secretly

thinking, ‘Well, that’s what they are, anyway,’ perhaps you are yet

victim of the illusion. There are real issues still

be debated about the role, and indeed the survival, of the

royal family, issues to which the popular press has hardly contributed. If the

lose its constitutional role, the press will be

largely to blame. And ironically it will then (15)

lost one of its

main circulation boosters, and killed off its golden goose for good.

Read the text and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each space.

It is now generally recognised that stress is a major (1) ..C of heart disease,

and contributes to many other illnesses. Stress is increased by (2) such as

worry, overwork and lack of exercise or relaxation. For it is just as important

from a psychological point of (3) to relax as it is to (4) physical

exercise. Relaxing does not necessarily mean just lazing about and doing

nothing. The benefits of a weekend away or the diversion of sporting activities

are considerable. If you are suffering from high stress (5) , or wish to

(6) after a trying day, it is generally advisable to have a change of

(7) Although there are some individuals who (8) on stress, for

most of us, it can lead to exhaustion, mood swings and even severe depression.

2 Choose two items from the box which are used in each activity (a-h).

V O C A B U L A R Y 1 LEISUR E ACTIVITIE S

3 Both options make sense. Underline the one which forms a common collocation.

Last week well over a thousand people (1) took place in/took part in our local round-the-city 10-kilometre fun run. This kind of race doesn’t normally

(2) appeal to me/amuse me, as, frankly, I’m not really (3) cut out for/right for long distance running. But I’ve got two friends who are dead keen runners and who keep going on about the (4) beneficial/positive effects of running. So I decided to run, partly for that reason and partly to (5) earn/raise money for charity. Friends and colleagues agreed to (6) sponsor/support me, and pay for each mile I completed. Well, I hadn’t done much training for the big event, and after two kilometres I was (7) gasping/panting for breath, so I settled down to a slow jog and resigned myself to plodding along with the (8) strugglers/stragglers at the back of the race. At least I finished, and was very pleased with myself, as I didn’t need to stop. I timed myself with a stop-watch, and reckon I (9) crossed/arrived at the finishing line in 43 minutes — not bad for a novice. The heat proved too much for a few people who’d gone off too fast for their capabilities and ended up (10) suffering from/showing exhaustion. Apparently, the course was very fast, and both of my friends ran a (11) personal best/personal record. The winner

(12) surpassed/broke the course record. I was actually very impressed with the whole event; the organisation was first- >on duty/on standby throughout, and drinks (14) stops/stations every few kilometres of the route. So now the charity of my choice is £150 the richer, and as for me, I’m well and truly bitten by the running bug. I go running with my friends regularly now, and I’m actually starting to (15) catch up with/get near to them!

4 Complete each sentence with a word formed from the word in capitals.

The new leisure centre doesn’t quite come up to my

Remarks by Pres >

Issued on: May 16, 2020

President Trump Delivers Remarks on Modernizing Our Immigration System for a Stronger America

Rose Garden
2:35 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much, everybody. Thank you. Please. Thank you. Thank you very much.

We’re here on this very beautiful spring day in the Rose Garden to unveil our plan to create a fair, modern, and lawful system of immigration for the United States. And it’s about time. (Applause.)

If adopted, our plan will transform America’s immigration system into the pride of our nation and the envy of the modern world. Our proposal builds upon our nation’s rich history of immigration, while strengthening the bonds of citizenship that bind us together as a national family.

Throughout our history, we have proudly welcomed newcomers to our shores. Out of many people, from many places, we have forged one people and one nation under God, and we’re very proud of it. (Applause.) We share the same home, we share the same destiny, and we pledge allegiance to the same, great American flag. (Applause.)

Our policies have turbo-charged our economy. Now, we must implement an immigration system that will allow our citizens to prosper for generations to come.

Today, we are presenting a clear contrast: Democrats are proposing open borders, lower wages, and, frankly, lawless chaos. We are proposing an immigration plan that puts the jobs, wages, and safety of American workers first. (Applause.)

Our proposal is pro-American, pro-immigrant, and pro-worker. It’s just common sense. It will help all of our people, including millions of devoted immigrants, to achieve the American Dream.

We are grateful to be joined this afternoon by a tremendous number of people from the House, the Senate, and my Cabinet. And I love you all, but I won’t introduce you all because I’ll be here all day long. (Laughter.) But you’re all here.

Our plan achieves two critical goals. First, it stops illegal immigration and fully secures the border. And, second, it establishes a new legal immigration system that protects American wages, promotes American values, and attracts the best and brightest from all around the world.

The proposal begins with the most complete and effective border security package ever assembled by our country — or any other country, for that matter. (Applause.) It’s so important.

This plan was not developed, I’m sorry to say, by politicians. We have a lot of politicians. But you respect the people and you know the people that have developed this plan. It was designed with significant input from our great law enforcement professionals to detail what they need to make our border — which is 100 percent operationally secure. One hundred percent.

Everyone agrees that the physical infrastructure on the border and the ports of entry is gravely underfunded and woefully inadequate. We scan only a small fraction of the vehicles, goods, and all of the other things coming across, including people. And, sadly, the drugs pour across our border. We’re going to stop it.

Investment in technology will ensure we can scan 100 percent of everything coming through, curbing the flow of drugs and contraband, while speeding up legal trade and commerce. It’s the most heavily traded — monetarily — border anywhere in the world, and it’s not even close.

To make certain that we are constantly making the upgrades we need, our proposal creates a permanent and self-sustaining border security trust fund. This will be financed by the fees and revenues generated at the border crossings itself.

Importantly, we’re already building the wall, and we should have close to 400 miles built by the end of next year, and probably even more than that. It’s going up very rapidly. (Applause.)

And I want to thank the Army Corps of Engineers. They’re doing a fantastic job on the wall. And that’s a wall that is desperately needed.

As we close the gaps in our physical framework, we must also close the gaps in our legal framework. Critical to ending the border crisis is removing all incentives for smuggling women and children. Current law — (applause). That’s right. That’s right. Women and children. People have no idea how bad it is unless you’re there, and unless you are a member of law enforcement. They see it every day, and they can’t believe what they see.

Current law and federal court rulings encourage criminal organizations to smuggle children across the border. The tragic result is that 65 percent of all border-crossers this year were either minors or adults traveling with minors. Our plan will change the law to stop the flood of child smuggling and to humanely reunite unaccompanied children with their families back home — and rapidly. As soon as possible. (Applause.)

We must also restore the integrity of our broken asylum system. Our nation has a proud history of affording protection to those fleeing government persecutions. Unfortunately, legitimate asylum seekers are being displaced by those lodging frivolous claims — these are frivolous claims — to gain admission into our country.

Asylum abuse also strains our public school systems, our hospitals, and local shelters, using funds that we should, and that have to, go to elderly veterans, at-risk youth, Americans in poverty, and those in genuine need of protection. We’re using the funds that should be going to them. And that shouldn’t happen. And it’s not going to happen in a very short period of time. Have to get this approved.

My plan expedites relief for legitimate asylum seekers by screening out the meritless claims. If you have a proper claim, you will quickly be admitted; if you don’t, you will promptly be returned home.

Crucially — (applause) — our plan closes loopholes in federal law to make clear that gang members and criminals are inadmissible. These are some of the worst people anywhere in the world — MS-13 and others. Inadmissible. Not coming in. We’re taking them out all the time by the thousands, a year, but they come in. They are no longer admissible. And for criminals already here, we will ensure their swift deportation. (Applause.)

We will keep our communities safe. Americans can have complete and total confidence that under this plan, the borders will finally be fully and totally secured. (Applause.)

And I know a number of our Republican friends and others — Lindsey, I see you sitting right there, and Steve, you’re working on a plan — an immediate plan. A smaller plan, but a very immediate plan to stop it as of this afternoon. So, as fast as you can get something done. This is the big, beautiful, bold plan, but we need something very quickly. And if you can get it done, that would be fantastic. Okay? Thank you. (Applause.) Appreciate you working on it.

A topic of less discussion in national media, but of vital importance to our country, is our legal immigration system itself. Our plan includes a sweeping modernization of our dysfunctional legal immigration process. It is totally dysfunctional. The system will finally be fair, transparent, and promote equality and opportunity for all.

Every year, we admit 1.1 million immigrants as permanent legal residents. These green card holders get lifetime authorization to live and work here and a five-year path to American citizenship. This is the most prized citizenship anywhere in the world, by far.

Currently, 66 percent of legal immigrants come here on the basis of random chance. They’re admitted solely because they have a relative in the United States. And it doesn’t really matter who that relative is. Another 21 percent of immigrants are issued either by random lottery, or because they are fortunate enough to be selected for humanitarian relief.

Random selection is contrary to American values and blocks out many qualified potential immigrants from around the world who have much to contribute. While countless — and you wouldn’t believe how many countries, like Canada, create a clear path for top talent. America does not.

Under the senseless rules of the current system, we’re not able to give preference to a doctor, a researcher, a student who graduated number one in his class from the finest colleges in the world — anybody. We’re not able to take care of it. We’re not able to make those incredible breakthroughs. If somebody graduates top of their class from the best college, sorry, go back to your country. We want to keep them here.

Companies are moving offices to other countries because our immigration rules prevent them from retaining highly skilled and even, if I might, totally brilliant people. We discriminate against genius. We discriminate against brilliance. We won’t anymore, once we get this passed. And we hope to get it passed as soon as possible. (Applause.)

Some of the most skilled students at our world-class universities are going back home because they have no relatives to sponsor them here in the United States. And that’s the only way. We want these exceptional students and workers to stay, and flourish, and thrive in America. (Applause.) Thank you.

As a result of our broken rules, the annual green card flow is mostly low-wage and low-skilled. Newcomers compete for jobs against the most vulnerable Americans and put pressure on our social safety net and generous welfare programs.

Only 12 percent of legal immigrants are selected based on skill or based on merit. In countries like Canada, Australia, and New Zealand — and others — that number is closer to 60 and even 70 and 75 percent, in some cases.

The biggest change we make is to increase the proportion of highly skilled immigration from 12 percent to 57 percent, and we’d like to even see if we can go higher. (Applause.) This will bring us in line with other countries and make us globally competitive.

At the same time, we prioritize the immediate family of new Americans — spouses and children. The loved ones you choose to build a life with, we prioritize. And we have to do that. They go right to the front of the line. Right to the front of the line, where they should be. (Applause.)

America’s last major overhaul of our legal admissions policy was 54 years ago. Think of that. So a major update — and that’s what this is: merit system and a heart system — is long overdue.

The millions of legal immigrants who have come to America over the past half century are now cherished members of our national family. Going forward — (applause) — it is their interest, and in their interest, and their children’s interest, to adopt a green card system that promotes a rising standard of living for all of our citizens.

Three in four new jobs at the end of last year went to Americans previously out of the workforce. Our economy is better probably than it ever has been in the history of our country. (Applause.) And because of that great economy, we’re able to do things that nobody ever thought possible before, and that’s what we’re going to do for immigration, finally.

Wages are rising but our current immigration system works at cross-purposes, placing downward pressure on wages for the working class, which is what we don’t want to do.

Last year, we also passed historic criminal justice reform. (Applause.) And we had tremendous backing — bipartisan — from Democrats, Republicans, conservatives, liberals. I guess we could also use the word “progressives.” A new word that’s come about.

Americans with criminal records are getting a second chance at life in higher numbers than ever before. Unfortunately, the current immigration rules allow foreign workers to substitute for Americans seeking entry-level jobs. So, foreign workers are coming in and they’re taking the jobs that would normally go to American workers.

America’s immigration system should bring in people who will expand opportunity for striving, low-income Americans, not to compete with those low-income Americans. (Applause.)

Our proposal fulfills our sacred duty to those living here today, while ensuring America remains a welcoming country to immigrants joining us tomorrow. And we want immigrants coming in. We cherish the open door that we want to create for our country, but a big proportion of those immigrants must come in through merit and skill. (Applause.)

The White House plan makes no change to the number of green cards allocated each year. But instead of admitting people through random chance, we will establish simple, universal criteria for admission to the United States. No matter where in the world you’re born, no matter who your relatives are, if you want to become an American citizen, it will be clear exactly what standard we ask you to achieve. It will be made crystal clear. (Applause.)

This will increase the diversity of immigration flows into our country. We will replace the existing green card categories with a new visa, the Build America visa — which is what we all want to hear. (Applause.)

Like Canada and so many other modern countries, we create an easy-to-navigate points-based selection system. You will get more points for being a younger worker, meaning you will contribute more to our social safety net. You will get more points for having a valuable skill, an offer of employment, an advanced education, or a plan to create jobs.

We lose people that want to start companies, and, in many cases, they’re forced to leave our country; go back, usually, to the country where they came from; and they’ll start up companies, and some of those companies are among the biggest and most successful companies today in the world. They could’ve started them right here in the United States, where they wanted to do it in the first place. Now they’ll have a chance. (Applause.)

Priority will also be given to higher-wage workers, ensuring we never undercut American labor. To protect benefits for American citizens, immigrants must be financially self-sufficient.

Finally, to promote integration, assimilation, and national unity, future immigrants will be required to learn English and to pass a civics exam prior to admission. (Applause.)

Through these steps, we will deliver an immigration system that respects, and even strengthens, our culture, our traditions, and our values.

Four months ago, I had the honor of participating in a swearing-in ceremony for new Americans, right here in the Oval Office. It was a beautiful reminder that American citizenship is the most precious gift our nation has to offer. When we swear in new citizens, we do more than give them a permit; we give them a history, a heritage, a home, and a future of limitless possibilities and potential.

Our nation used to pride ourselves on this capacity: our unique ability to instill the spirit of America into any human heart, into any human being. Many of the Democrats have claimed to be for these concepts at different times in their careers and, in many cases, in very recent history. And I hope that they will end up joining me and all of the people gathered together today in putting politics aside, putting security and wages first, and pursuing these historic reforms. It’s time. (Applause.)

And if for some reason — possibly political — we can’t get the Democrats to approve this merit-based, high-security plan, then we will get it approved immediately after the election, when we take back the House, keep the Senate, and, of course, hold the presidency. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you very much.

But wouldn’t it be nice to do it sooner than that? (Laughter.) But it’s not a very long time, is it? Sixteen months.

One of the reasons we will win is because of our strong, fair, and pro-America immigration policy. It’s time to restore our national unity and reaffirm our national purpose. It is time to rebuild our country for all Americans.

Together, we will create an immigration system to make America safer, and stronger, and greater than ever before.

Thank you. God bless you all. Thank you very much. (Applause.) Thank you.

Вариант 14

Раздел 1. Аудирование

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. It is important to teach pupils important elements of storytelling.

2. The compelling tone and atmosphere are important.

3. It is significant that students make their own choice.

4. Creative writing makes students nervous and bored.

5. Analyzing the development of characters improves writing.

6. The use of active verbs make stories alive.

7. These tasks are difficult for both students and teachers.

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

A. Linda and Frank are going to the movies.

B. Mel Gibson’s character fights in the War of Independence.

C. Frank thinks the plot benefits from love stories.

D. Gibson’s character falls in love with a British girl.

E. Frank finds the film unrealistic in many ways.

F. Frank is sure costumes will be the main attraction for Linda in the film.

G. Linda plans to see the film that very night.

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3—9 выберите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

David has some work experience as .

1. a military pilot.

2. a pilot of regional airlines.

3. a British Airlines representative.

David’s present duties include .

1. helping his senior colleagues with their luggage and uniform.

2. paging important information to his senior colleagues.

3. replacing his senior colleagues when they are ill.

What is annoying to David in his current job?

1. The airline’s plans can go wrong.

2. It takes him too long to get to the airport.

3. Being paged interrupts his personal life.

Describing some difficulties in his current job, David says that .

1. it is a normal part of a reserve pilot’s career.

2. other pilots have more serious problems.

3. he expects his job to become more difficult in the future.

What is the biggest disadvantage of David’s current job?

1. Lack of free time.

2. Irregular working hours.

Speaking about his flat-mates. David says that .

1. they are not very friendly to him.

2. they always argue about who will cook the meals.

3. he doesn’t have the opportunity to see them very often.

What kind of training will David need in the future?

1. Training in flying A320.

2. Training for keeping up with changes.

3. Training in the company’s operations.

Раздел 2. Чтение

1. Comparing insects

2. Some special features

3. Some dragonflies migrate

4. Excellent vision

5. Keeping them warm or cool

6. Masters of flight

7. Ancient insects

8. Risks of extinction

A. Long before the dinosaurs walked the Earth, dragonflies took to the air. If we could transport ourselves back 250 million years, we would immediately recognize the familiar sight of dragonflies flying in pursuit of prey. Ancient dragonflies may have been considerably larger than those we see today. A fossilized impression of a dragonfly wing, found in a coal mine in England, is the oldest known dragonfly specimen. This dragonfly lived 320 million years ago and had a wingspan of 8 inches.

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B. Relative to other insects, dragonfly vision is extraordinarily good. The head consists almost entirely of two huge compound eyes, which gives the dragonfly nearly 360° vision. Each compound eye contains as many as 30,000 lenses, or ommatidia. A dragonfly uses about 80% of its brain to process all this visual information. They can see a wider spectrum of colours than humans. This remarkable vision helps them to detect the movement of other insects and avoid collisions in flight.

C. Dragonflies can move each of their four wings independently. In addition to flapping each wing up and down, they can rotate their wings forward and back on”an axis. This flexibility enables them to put on an aerial show like no other insect. Dragonflies can move straight up or down, fly backwards, stop and hover, and make hairpin turns, at full speed or in slow motion. A dragonfly can fly forward at a speed of 100 body lengths per second, or up to 30 miles per hour.

D. A number of dragonfly species are known to migrate. As with other organisms that migrate, dragonflies relocate to follow or find needed resources, or in response to environmental changes like cold weather. The globe skimmer is one of several species known to develop in temporary freshwater pools. Forced to follow the rains that replenish their breeding sites, the globe skimmer set a new insect world record when a biologist documented its 11,000 mile trip between India and Africa.

E. Fifty years ago there were twice as many ponds in Britain as there are today. The draining of agricultural land, «filling in and pollution have all contributed to the disappearance of most countryside ponds. Canals have also suffered from pollution, especially by chemicals used on farmland draining into water. The loss of suitable fresh water habitats has affected dragonflies enormously and they are becoming increasingly rare. Some of dragonflies which can be found living only in the Norfolk Broads, is on the list of British endangered species of insects.

F. A dragonfly has two large compound eyes which take up most of its head. Dragonflies have long, delicate, membranous wings which are transparent and some have light yellow colouring near the tips. Their bodies are long and slender and they have short antennae. Dragonflies are very colourful. Some are red like the Comet Darner and yellow like the Emerald Darner. They can beat each pairs of wings together or separately and their rear wings can be out of phase with the front wings. Their wing beat is around 50-90 beats per second.

G. Dragonflies and butterflies possess two pair of wings. The butterfly’s wings are made up of two large pairs of wings each possessing a forewing and a hindwing. Butterflies can’t fly if the temperature of their body falls below 8″5 degrees and therefore need to sun themselves in order to warm up. Butterflies also have a pair of antennae with small receptors attached for smelling. Dragonflies have two pairs of wings that are transparent, rigid, straight, and have few veins. Unlike butterflies, dragonflies are adept at flying.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.

1. the realization of everyone’s right to education

2. one of its principal activities to achieve this aim

3. make education systems more effective

4. to respond to contemporary global challenges

5. stimulating teachers to work more effectively

6. to higher education, including vocational education

7. improving quality, and ensuring that education

Since its creation in 1945, UNESCO’s mission has been to contribute to the building of peace, poverty eradication, lasting development and intercultural dialogue. Education is A ______ . The Organization is committed to a holistic and humanistic vision оf quality education worldwide, В ______ and the belief that education plays a fundamental role in human, social and economic development.

UNESCO’s educational objectives are to support the achievement of education for All (EFA), to provide global and regional leadership in education; to strengthen education systems worldwide from early childhood to the adult years; C ______ through education.

UNESCO’s work encompasses educational development from pre-school through D ______, non-formal education and literacy.

The Organization focuses on increasing access, E ______ develops knowledge and skills in areas such as sustainable development, human rights and gender equality. UNESCO works with governments and a wide range of partners to F ______ through policy change. It coordinates the Education for All movement, tracks education trends and raises the profile of educational needs on global development agendas.

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

The Maya civilization was one of the most advanced cultures in Mesoamerica, and their empire’s incredible reign (and mysterious collapse) is a source of fascination for all types of scholars. The culture is well-known for its long-count calendar, inscribed on a large stone, as well as its incredible architecture, and for having the first fully developed written language in the Americas. This is known due to the codices, or folding books, which have been found in various historical sites and are considered some of the era’s most important artifacts.

While many of these volumes were destroyed in the years during and after the Spanish conquest, three of the codices have been established as authentic beyond doubt. They are named after the cities in which they eventually came to reside: the Dresden, Madrid, and Paris codices. Other Maya books are extremely rare due to disintegration; many excavations of archaeological sites have unearthed lumps of plaster which are the remains of tomes where all organic matter has decomposed.

The Dresden Codex is one of the more well-known books, found in Chichen Itza. The last is believed to be the central city of the Maya civilization. The Dresden Codex is the oldest book written in the Western Hemisphere that’s ever been found, and consists of 39 double-sided sheets of amate paper. One of the most interest about the book is that it was written by different authors in a variety of colors, styles, and glyphs. The volume has an extraordinarily accurate astronomical table, including a chart that predicts the movement Venus in the sky. It’s believed that the Maya rulers would organise their wars to occur only when the planet had risen. We still can’t explain what made it possible for the Maya people to make such accurate astronomical observations without special equipment, so there are constant talks about possible contacts of Maya with other interspace civilizations.

The Madrid Codex is more varied than the Dresden, and is thought to have been written by only one person after the Spanish had already arrived in Mesoamerica. It may have been sent back to Spain by Herman Cortes himself, and it now resides in the Museo de America in Madrid. The source city for this book is believed to be Tayasal, which was conquered by conquistadors in 1697.

The Paris Codex was qcquired by France in 1832, and promptly disappeared for several years shortly after a few reproduction drawings had been made. It was rediscovered in 1859 in a basket of papers in the National Library, and is in poor condition as a result. The book contains prophecies relating of Maya long-count calendar as well as their zodiac. Many people still believe in the verity of Maya prophecies, or at least in our ability to decipher them.

While these three are the only authenticated Maya codices, there are a number of others which are believed to be forgeries; the rarity of this type of artifact naturally causes a spike in the price for a new one. The Grolier Codex surfaced in the 1970s, and consists of 11 pages, which were discovered in a cave. It is an extremely convincing artifact, but scholars are in serious disagreement over its legitimacy. While the paper is ancient enough, the pictures on it have many inconsistencies and errors, and no consensus has yet been reached.

Which of the following is, according to the author, NOT what the Maya civilization is famous for?

Problem Gambling Help | Responsible Gambling Guide

Problem gambling is “a problem”, it really is that obvious. That’s why we offer our Responsible Gambling Guide. What might not be as obvious are the signs of a problem gambler.

By the time you have bet the farm, it’s probably too late to simply quit; regardless of whether you win or lose that wager.

But simply being aware of a bad feeling at the end of a session, or even moving your threshold, or floor, or cut-off point in a session a little lower than you planned is not enough to determine a problem.

Even when we only play with what we can afford to lose; and let’s be honest, we have no business doing anything else; we might still regret losing our bankroll for that session. And though it is rare, there are times when ‘just one more spin’, or ‘I’m going high-variance-balls-to-the-wall with what’s left’ is all it takes to get back in the black and cash out a princely sum.

Don’t get me wrong – I don’t advocate that sort of play . The house always has the edge and I never sit down with more than I am willing to risk (as in give away for the potential thrill of a win) but this is gambling and sometimes I do it. Does that make me a problem gambler? Nope, not in and of itself.

Now if I’m a little short on bills for the month or shy of milk-money for the week, and I sit down with the thought in mind of winning enough to make up the difference; or if I’m betting with money that I planned on using for savings, or another improvement in my life.. Well Houston, we might just have a problem here and be in dire need of reading a good Responsible Gambling Guide.

It’s surprising how many avid gamblers don’t really have a household budget per se. A truly responsible gambler – and those are the only ones who are truly happy gamblers – have all the bills paid, savings and retirement planned for, miscellaneous and emergency funds set aside, and other entertainment expenses budgeted. That’s a pretty tall order, especially these days! At the very least a responsible gambler has a predetermined and limited bankroll, or only plays with ‘found money’ or windfalls – and even those are predetermined bankrolls. Responsible gamblers will also benefit from our Responsible Gambling Guide.

If I’m depriving my family or myself of anything so that I can have a little fun, ‘get a little relief’ or ‘reduce my stress’ or ‘just escape for a little while’, I’m afraid I might have a gambling problem. If I’m on full tilt or even making another $20 deposit with money I can’t afford to lose in hopes of winning back my losses or getting further ahead… I’m afraid I really do have a problem and I definitely need to gather some info from a Responsible Gambling Guide.

We’re not talking about bankroll management here. As far as we’re concerned that is an entirely separate subject. And there are no ‘little’ gambling problems! The ‘bet max’ button is one click away and the same effort needed to make one hundred twenty cent spins to burn through a twenty dollar bill is the same number of clicks needed to do ten thousand or more dollars worth of spins with potentially disastrous results!

Leave Your Credit Cards At Home!

Now, we’re not painting the single parent who dips into next weeks gambling budget – knowing that if they lose they won’t be able to play next week – with the same brush as the executive poker player on full-tilt who calls in to their broker in the middle of the game. And we know there is certainly a difference between ‘forgetting where the cash-out button is’ and the decision to make another deposit when we hadn’t planned to.

Almost all of us push the envelope a little bit now and then even though we shouldn’t. But that’s no reason to chase losses or give up hope for anything but a jackpot or other big win… that truly is a recipe for disaster.

Gambling is supposed to be fun! It’s no fun lying to a mate or avoiding creditors, feeling like a failure, drinking or using some other behavior in excess to cover the pain, and it’s certainly no fun to want to play and not be able to because you don’t have any ‘mad-money’ for the next next session!

If you think you might have a gambling problem, or you just aren’t sure, please look over the information here in our Responsible Gambling Guide. We’ve gathered all this info from places that help people with a gambling problem and they each offer a type of a Responsible Gambling Guide.

It’s up to you to decide if you have a gambling problem. By all means involve family and friends if you think they may see some things about you that you don’t. But ultimately you are the one responsible for your actions and the only one who can do anything about them.

If any of those scenarios described above fit you, then you need to read our Responsible Gambling Guide here.

You may have noticed that we have links on the bottom of our pages, just as every casino we list here does, to solutions for problem gambling with their Responsible Gambling Guide. Addiction Recovery is not an exact science so sometimes treatment modalities will conflict and contradict each other. The good news is that if you have a problem there is most likely a form of help for you; one that you are comfortable with. There’s no sense in getting all torn up inside trying to decide which one to choose or which way to go. If you think you have a problem, just do something about it. We’re behind you 100% of the way. Read Gambling Gurus ‘Responsible Gambling Guide’ often if needed.

Gamblers Anonymous (GA) Responsible Gambling Guide

GA Responsible Gambling Guide is a twelve step program with its gambling help origins in two problem gamblers who started the first meeting in LA in 1957. According to ‘Wikipedia Gamblers Anonymous’ as of 2005 there was over 1,000 GA meetings the world over. The program is a mirror image of the Alcoholics Anonymous Program and states that it is based on spiritual principals and each participant may interpret those as they see fit.

They provide a list of 20 questions as a self-diagnosis tool.

  1. Did you ever lose time from work or school due to gambling?
  2. Has gambling ever made your home life unhappy?
  3. Did gambling affect your reputation?
  4. Have you ever felt remorse after gambling?
  5. Did you ever gamble to get money with which to pay debts or otherwise solve financial difficulties?
  6. Did gambling cause a decrease in your ambition or efficiency?
  7. After losing did you feel you must return as soon as possible and win back your losses?
  8. After a win did you have a strong urge to return and win more?
  9. Did you often gamble until your last dollar was gone?
  10. Did you ever borrow to finance your gambling?
  11. Have you ever sold anything to finance gambling?
  12. Were you reluctant to use “gambling money” for normal expenditures?
  13. Did gambling make you careless of the welfare of yourself or your family?
  14. Did you ever gamble longer than you had planned?
  15. Have you ever gambled to escape worry, trouble, boredom or loneliness?
  16. Have you ever committed, or considered committing, an illegal act to finance gambling?
  17. Did gambling cause you to have difficulty in sleeping?
  18. Do arguments, disappointments or frustrations create within you an urge to gamble?
  19. Did you ever have an urge to celebrate any good fortune by a few hours of gambling?
  20. Have you ever considered self destruction or suicide as a result of your gambling?

Gamblers Anonymous states that a compulsive gambler will answer ‘yes’ to at least seven of the previous questions. If you think you may have a problem and would like to get in touch with GA, please click the following link Gamblers Anonymous Help or dial toll free in the US 888-GA-HELPS (888-424-3577) for the location of a meeting near you.

GamCare Responsible Gambling Guide

GamCare Responsible Gambling Guide takes a progressive and scientific approach and quite possibly has a much higher success rate than ‘traditional’ 12-Step programs. And although they are London-based and Live Counselors are only available online to residents of Great Britain, they also provide support for all interested without regard to country of origin through a forum and chat room. According to their website, “GamCare Advisors frequently visit the Forum and moderate each Chat session to answer questions and give advice and ensure a safe environment.”

Nevada Council on Problem Gambling Responsible Gambling Guide

The “Nevada Council on Problem Gambling” mission is to generate awareness and promote education and advocate for quality treatment of problem gambling in the State of Nevada. Although their site is not geared toward the online gambler we still feel that it is a very beneficial site that will offer you a Responsible Gambling Guide. Along with much needed help should you find yourself with a true gambling problem.

Recovery.Org.UK – Helpline and Intervention Service

Recovery.org.uk has been helping people into rehab and turning their lives around to have a successful recovery process for many years. Ran by people in recovery who have experienced the horrors of addiction, turned their lives around and found a new way to live. From process addictions like gambling, love addiction and debt to substance abuse like alcohol and drugs. We provide a free helpline to point you in the right direction for the help you need.

Gam-Anon Responsible Gambling Guide

Gam-Anon Responsible Gambling Guide provides information for the general public and professional community about problem and compulsive gambling. Gam-Anon too, is a 12 Step self-help fellowship of men and women who have been affected by gambling problems or gambling problems of a loved one. If a gambling problem is affecting your life or the life of a loved one, you may find help at a Gam-Anon meeting.

*****
The following two programs do not focus specifically on problem gambling or a Responsible Gambling Guide, but they have been known to be very effective in addressing other addictive behaviors. By no means are we endorsing them or suggesting that they may be more effective, but we offer them by way of an alternative to those who may have tried the more traditional help programs with little or no success.
*****

Rational Recovery

RR is based on AVRT, or Addictive Voice Recognition Technique. In a nutshell how you would self-diagnose under this model is to simply ask yourself the questions:

Have I ever decided not to gamble but did it anyway?
Do I feel both ways about gambling? Do I need to read a Responsible Gambling Guide?
Am I emotionally involved and conflicted when I say to myself … “I want do but I don’t, I might have a problem, I might not?”

According to their model this is enough to diagnose yourself as having an addiction. They state that if addicted; any thought, feeling, or belief that points to ever again safely indulging in your problem behavior again is your ‘Addictive Voice’. It must be recognized and dominated. They state that addiction occurs in the mid-brain, or ‘animal brain’ and that the neo-cortex is where the decision to indulge is made and that your mid-brain can not make decisions to move your body, only you, or your neo-cortex can. This could be picking up and opening a beer or pushing the ‘spin’ button on a slot machine.

The website uses the term ‘alcohol’ which is replaceable with anything from ‘drugs’ to ‘food’, to ‘gambling’.

SMART Recovery – Self Management and Recovery Training

SMART Recovery is based on Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy or REBT and is a scientifically progressive outgrowth of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. They offer over 500 face to face meetings, sixteen online meetings per week, and a message board where you can get advice, coaching, or exercises. The basis of their behavioral modification program is the ABC exercise. A sample follows:

A. (Activating situation) I spent more than I planned to when I gambled today.

B. (Irrational Belief I have about A) …such a bad run, my luck HAS to change so I’ll deposit some more money.

C. (Consequences of having those beliefs about A) I lost all my money, spent money I needed for other things. I feel guilty and remorseful, life sucks. I think I’m a born loser.

D. (Dispute the irrational Belief/s in B) WHY does my luck have to change? The odds are the same on every spin. The house always has the advantage. Chasing losses is not a solution to anything.

E. (Effective new thinking) I may have lost my first deposit but I’m not going to deposit again. I had a bankroll. I had my chance. I’m done gambling for today. I will CHOOSE to not upset myself about this. Being upset only sets me up to try to feel better by winning. It’s in the past and time to move on.

Whichever modality you choose, the important thing is that if you feel you have a gambling problem, it’s time to do something about it! All casinos we list here will assist you if you don’t wish to gamble there any longer.

Simply contact customer support and inform them that you would like to exclude yourself from their casino. You may have options for how long you wish to exclude, and some may even impose another ‘cooling down’ period after the time expires and you contact them to re-open your account.

If you opt for lifetime exclusion, you should never be able to gamble there again, or at other casinos they share that sort of information with.

We suggest that you contact one of the Responsible Gambling Guide programs we have listed here before you make that decision; they should be able to help you determine if you have a problem.

See those Responsible Gambling Guide logos in the footer below? Now you know more about them and you know what to do if you need to.

Тестовые задания по учебному предмету «Английский язык» в рамках апробации автоматизированной системы сопровождения аттестации педагогических работников (43 вопроса): 1. Дополните предложениe: When the owner of a one-person firm fails, it means that he … 2. Дополните предложениe: For anyone who.

1. Дополните предложениe: When the owner of a one-person firm fails, it means that he …
a) is fired
b) gets into business
c) goes out of business
d) breaks away

2. Дополните предложениe: For anyone who has some trade it is easier to … entrepreneur
a) turn into
b) turn down
c) set up
d) see about

3. Дополните предложениe: When the government lowers taxes it …
a) respects flourishing business
b) runs some promising business
c) encourages business
d) holds back business

4. Дополните предложениe: He earns very little. So he can hardly …
a) afford to work
b) work by himself
c) make both ends meet
d) turn around

5. Дополните предложениe: Jake wants to have a business of his own. He is going …
a) to have some trade
b) to work for someone else
c) to set up a firm
d) to keep down business

6. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие данному выражению: Knowledge and skills which you acquire during all your life
a) experience
b) education
c) school background
d) upbringing

7. Вставьте подходящие предлоги: An entrepreneur takes … responsibility … other people
a) for … on
b) on … for
c) on … to
d) in . about

8. Дополните предложение: They offered her the job, but she … an opportunity
a) turned down
b) set up
c) turned into
d) took over

9. Traditionally, America’s fast-food companies have hired teenagers. While teenagers provide cheap labor, they are sometimes unreliable. Consequently, fast-food companies often use another source of cheap labor – the elderly. Older people are less likely to skip a day work or quit without giving a notice, but because they have not been brought up with computers, they view the high-tech fast-food counter with terror. Training centers have opened in order to teach “mature workers” how to operate computerized cash registers. These students are put into classrooms with their peers and, since mental arithmetic is a thing of the past, are taught how to use a calculator.
The phrase “These students” in the passage refers to
a) teenagers
b) fast-food employers
c) the elderly
d) peers

10. Дополните предложение: The economy is booming and small businesses …
a) are flourishing
b) are going broke
c) are making both ends meet
d) are wearing off

11. Дополните предложение: A 10p rise in cigarette prices is not enough … smokers to stop
a) to encourage
b) to borrow
c) to expand
d) to make for

12. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Overseas students … campus accommodation
a) are provided with
b) are provided for
c) is guaranteed
d) are called for

13. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Usually four students … a flat in the hostel
a) live
b) accommodate
c) share
d) occupy

14. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Part-time students … for one day a week
a) released from work
b) are released from work
c) get partial support
d) get around to work

15. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением:In their final year undergraduates are obliged to undertake …
a) pre-employment experience
b) non-credit program
c) post-graduate course
d) special courses

16. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: An American Style credit … system will be soon introduced at our institute
a) accommodation
b) accumulation
c) application
d) distribution

17. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Working hard throughout the course of studies students … knowledge and prepare themselves for their final exam
a) assess
b) apply
c) accumulate
d) receive

18. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Continuous assessment of knowledge … students to work hard not only for their written exams
a) encourages
b) requires
c) supports
d) reduces

19. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом: Full-time students in the UK get a grant and apply … some loan
a) for
b) from
c) to
d) about

20. Differences in the way men and women process language is of special interest to brain researches. It has been known that aphasia – a kind of a speech disorder – is more common in men than in women when left side of the brain is damaged in an accident or after a stroke. However, women are more likely than men to suffer aphasia when the front part of the brain is damaged. This clearly indicates that the brains of men and women are organized differently in the way they process speech.
The word “they” in the passage refers to
a) men
b) women
c) brains
d) researches

21. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом: Passes … 5 subjects in GCE are enough to get you to this University
a) for
b) in
c) on
d) about

22. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом: What are the requirements for admission … this institute?
a) for
b) in
c) to
d) of

23. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Studies … correspondence usually take longer
a) for
b) by
c) to
d) at

24. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом: What does the amount of grant depend … ?
a) for
b) from
c) on
d) in

25. Верно ли данное высказывание: Only first-year students are provided with on-campus accommodation in the UK
a) да
b) нет
c) частично верно
d) зависит от успеваемости

26. Верно ли данное высказывание: Each flat in a hostel may accommodate only one student in the UK
a) да
b) нет
c) зависит от доходов
d) зависит от ВУЗа

27. Верно ли данное высказывание: In the final year all students with unsatisfactory marks have to undertake pre-employment experience
a) да
b) нет
c) частично верно
d) зависит от специальности

28. Верно ли данное высказывание: A student who completed the 3d course of the university in the UK is called a Bachelor
a) да
b) нет
c) зависит от возраста
d) зависит от ВУЗа

29. Верно ли данное высказывание: The head of the University in the UK is Rector
a) да
b) нет
c) не всегда
d) иногда

30. Дополните предложение. A person becomes unemployed when he …
a) is laid off
b) retires
c) looks for a job
d) breaks off

31. Дополните предложение: Their services are free. It means that …
a) they charge nothing for their services
b) they don’t have to pay for their services
c) they don’t require an advance payment
d) they pay no taxes

32. Дополните предложение. When you start your business you need to have your own clients and establish …
a) temporary enterprise
b) an operating firm
c) business connections
d) a Board

33. Дополните предложение. “A decline in business activity” means …
a) unemployment
b) recession
c) expansion of production
d) advance

34. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). Some employment agencies require a deposit, and you have to pay up THE REMAINDER after you get the job
a) the advance payment
b) the deposit
c) the rest
d) the tax

35. Вставьте пропущенный предлог. Funds are spent … manufacture of goods and this accelerates economic growth
a) on
b) of
c) to
d) in

36. Вставьте пропущенный предлог. … time … time you receive invitations to visit exhibitions
a) Between… and
b) From … to
c) Either … or
d) Neither . nor

37. Вставьте пропущенный предлог. They suggest you to have a look … their new model
a) at
b) for
c) through
d) on

38. Вставьте пропущенный предлог. Commercials are very expensive and not all companies can afford … them
a) for
b) ¬―
c) of
d) to

39. Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Another way of advertising is distribution of GIFTS
a) price
b) costs
c) goods
d) presents

40. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). You may ACQUIRE experience in doing business while working for somebody else
a) accumulate
b) earn
c) require
d) run through

41. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). If a person is at the RETIREMENT AGE it means that …
a) he works somewhere
b) he has a vacation
c) he doesn’t work because of the age
d) he is laid off

42. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие выделенному слову (из предлагаемых вариантов). JOB-PLACEMENT — this is what employment agencies are busy doing
a) job-hunting
b) getting you a job
c) looking for a job
d) describing a job

43. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие ВЫДЕЛЕННОЙ фразе (из предлагаемых вариантов).If employees ARE LAID OFF «WHOLESALE» it means that …
a) they are fired in few number
b) they are fired in great number
c) they are not fired
d) half of them are fired

Переводы текстов New Millennium English 10 класс Unit 1 Lesson 7-8

Полезный совет! Переводы упражнений в решебнике более актуальны и правильные, чем здесь.
Перейти в решебник.

1 Посмотрите на фотографию.
. Как вы думаете, кто эти подростки?
. Из каких стран они могут быть?
Посмотреть ответ

2 Прочитайте следующие истории и ответьте на вопросы.
1 Почему вы думаете, что эти подростки пакуют чемоданы?
2 Как вы думаете, интересно ли поговорить с ними? Почему?
3 С какими проблемами, по-вашему, они могли бы столкнуться?
4 Почему студенты запоминают свой опыт навсегда?

А
От Европы до Австралии, от Африки до Азии, эти подростки упаковывают свои сумки, говорят «до свидания» друзьям и семье, затем они летят в самолете в течение многих часов, чтобы прибыть в страну, о которой они, вероятно, только читали или видели по телевидению. Вы когда-либо разговаривали с этими людьми? Спрашивали их, где они были, и что они видели? Вы когда-либо задавались вопросом, на что бы это походило, если бы побыть в их шкуре? Будучи в их ситуации сам, я знаю то, как чувствует себя подобный человек. Предположите проснуться однажды в стране, в которой Вы никогда не были, не знаете языка, и никого не знайте там. Это — невероятный опыт, и что-то то, что эти студенты будут помнить всегда.

В
До нашего опыта в обменной программе, единственные чувства, которые мы имели к России и ее жителям, были связаны с «холодной войной». Программа позволила нам начать помещать имена и лица к стране, которая во время нашего детства была нашим врагом. У нас есть две дочери, Мэлори и Аманда. Им четыре и семь. Наши дочери узнали о России через глаза старшей сестры Джейр. По сей день, когда мы видим что-то в новостях о России, Аманда, наша самая молодая, говорит, «Это — там, где Катя живет.» Мы знаем, что мы оказали влияние на жизнь нашей российской дочери, которая никогда не будет уходить: в то время как здесь, она была выставлена искусству и начала рисовать в школе. Она сказала, что у нее действительно никогда не было возможности изучать рисование прежде. Что бы там ни было, но подвергание искусству в школе, возможно, изменило ее жизнь. Когда она поехала домой, мы были столь грустны — мы любили ее так же, как свою. Её всегда будет встречать наш дом. Всегда будет небольшая часть наших без вести пропавших сердец, потому что мы отослали это назад в Россию.

1 Знали ли люди много о России до программы?
2 Что изменила программа в жизни автора?
3 Какое влияние программа оказала на их маленьких дочерей?
4 Как программа повлияла на жизнь их российских дочерей.
Посмотреть ответ

3 А. Вы собираетесь прослушать интервью с человеком, ответственным за программы обмена.
. Работайте в парах или в небольших группах,
. Решите, как американские и русские студенты могут извлечь выгоду из таких программ,
. Перечислите ваши идеи.
Посмотреть ответ

Текст аудирования:
Ну, я, отвечаю за программы обмена в этой части России. Наши программы имеют очень разные цели. Первая очень важная цель для россиян, чтобы узнать правду об Америке, какова Америка, что они видят по телевизору и в кино. Второй еще более важной задачей является для американцев, чтобы узнать о русских, чтобы узнать, каковы русские на самом деле не взирая на стереотипы. Таким образом, программы в основном о нарушении стереотипов и подготовке новых поколений молодых россиян и американцев, чтобы жить в будущем мире. Я вижу это как способ построения нового моста между двумя странами. У нас есть очень много претендентов на каждую вакансию. Конечно для того, чтобы учиться в Соединенных Штатах некоторые знания английского языка не требуется, таким образом, мы ищем хороших студентов с английским языком. Но это не единственный критерий. Есть несколько важных критериев: способность говорить на английском языке, способность адаптироваться к совершенно иному образу жизни и способность подружиться легко и представлять свою страну.
Я бы сказал, вы должны быть гибкими, дружелюбными, вам нужно иметь хорошее чувство юмора. Если мы возьмем начальную точку программы российско-американского обмена, я должен признать, что было очень мало обменов между нашими двумя странами в

советское время. В советский период очень ограниченное число американцев приезжали в Россию, в основном в Москву и Санкт-Петербург. Но почти ни один русский не смог поехать в Штаты. В наши дни совсем противоположная ситуация: намного больше россиян приезжают в Америку на учебу или по профессиональным программах обмена. Эти программы очень успешны. Желание узнать больше о Штатах — важная причина, почему студенты решили принять участие в программе, и в том, что они многое хотят узнать об Америке и принести эти знания обратно в Россию для того, чтобы построить лучшее будущее в собственную страну. Мы хотели бы думать, что они перенимают все хорошие вещи, которые они изучают в США и пытаются применить их к жизни здесь, в России. Ну, конечно, есть проблемы. Мы часто говорим, что студенты собираются в Америку почувствовать, что они находятся на другой планете, все так отличается: то так, американцы едят, спят, работают и все различные виды досуга такие разные. Таким образом, есть некоторые проблемы адаптации, особенно для тех студентов, живущих в семьях — людям, живущим в новой семье нужно привыкнуть друг к другу. Но я думаю, что эти программы чрезвычайно позитивные для обеих стран: Американцы получают возможность увидеть реальную Россию, в советский период я думаю, что они понятия не имели, какова настоящая Россия и каковы русские по-настоящему, как и российские дети узнают о реальной Америке — и хорошее, и плохое — и они применяют эти знания, когда они возвращаются в Россию.

B. Прослушайте интервью.
. Посмотрите на список, который вы сделали и скажите, какие выгоды упомянул говорящий.
Посмотреть ответ

C. Прослушайте снова и сделайте заметки, чтобы ответить на следующие вопросы:
1 Каковы цели программ обмена для учащихся средних школ?
2 Что нужно человеку для того, чтобы быть успешным кандидатом?
3 Каковы причины успеха программ обмена?
4 Каковы основные проблемы студентов по обмену?
5 Какое влияние оказали программы на лиц, на сообщества, на страны, вовлечённые в программы?
Посмотреть ответ

D. Соотнесите выражения из А с ближайшими по смыслу из B.
Письмо
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4 А. Прочитайте часть письма заявителя, который был принят в программу.
. Определите, что делает письмо успешным.
Дорогой(ая) Сэр/Миссис,
Я хотел бы поучаствовать в программе обмена студентов. Есть несколько причин, почему я подаю заявление.
Во-первых, я очень интересуюсь США, её культурой, историей, и людьми. Программа даст мне хорошую возможность для сравнения с тем, что я уже знаю о США с тем, какой народ на самом деле. Я думаю, что американское общество является очень эффективным во многих областях: государственные учреждения являются прозрачными, промышленность хорошо развита, уровень жизни высок, а люди говорят в своем будущем. Я хочу понять, как США достигла всего этого и принести эти знания обратно в Россию и применить его здесь. Я твердо верю, мое поколение может сделать много для России.
Во-вторых, на мой взгляд, обе страны очень похожи. Россия и США — страны очень многокультурного разнообразия, что является общей чертой двух народов. Если Вы представляете группу фотографию людей, живущих в разных странах, было бы забавно, как по-разному они будут выглядеть! Кроме того, обе страны являются очень большими — я имею в виду размер территории и населения. Американцы и

русские имеют очень богатую историю, уникальную культуру, а также выдающиеся технологические достижения (в освоении космоса, например). Американские и русские солдаты защищали демократию вместе во время Второй мировой войны, когда они победили фашизм. Студенческие обмены могут преодолеть разрыв между нашими странами и сделать всех нас лучше.
Подводя итог, когда я вернусь, у меня будут свои собственные впечатления и образ США, мой личный опыт, который, когда совместно с моими друзьями здесь, в России, будет способствовать лучшему пониманию культур участие и сделает мир немного безопаснее.
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B. Представьте, что вы принимаете участие в конкурсе, чтобы получить грант по программе обмена в США.
. Напишите ваше заявление о намерениях в форме письма, объясняя, почему вы хотите участвовать в программе.
. Следуйте структуре, данной рядом с образцом письма в упр. 4A.
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Well, I am in charge of exchange programs in this part of Russia. Our programs have very distinctive goals. The first very important goal is for Russians to learn the truth about America, what America is beyond what they see on the television and in the films. The second even more important goal is for Americans to learn about Russians, to learn what real Russians are beyond the stereotypes. So the pro¬grams are mostly about breaking the stereotypes and preparing new generations of young Russians and Americans to live in the future world. I see it as a way of building a new bridge between the two countries. We have a great many applicants for each vacancy. Of course in order to study in the United States some knowledge of English is required, so we are looking for good students of English. But that is not the only criterion. There are several important criteria: ability to speak English, ability to adapt to a very different way of life and ability to make friends easily and to represent your country.
I would say you need to be flexible, outgoing, you need to have a good sense of humour. If we take the starting point of the Russian-American exchange programs I must admit there was very little exchange between our two countries during the Soviet period. During the Soviet period a very limited number of Americans came to Russia, mostly to Moscow and St Petersburg. But almost no Russians were able to go to the States. These days it’s the opposite situation: many more Russians go to America to study or under the professional exchange programs. The programs are very successful. The desire to know more about the States is an important reason why students decide to participate in the program, and in fact they do learn a lot about America and bring this knowledge back with them to Russia in order to build a better future in their own country. We’d like to think that they are taking all of the good things they learn in the States and trying to apply them to life here in Russia. Well, of course, there are problems. We often say that students going to America feel like they are on a different planet, everything is so different: the way Americans eat, sleep, work and all the various leisure activities are so different. So there are some problems of adaptation especially with those students living with host families — people living in a new family need to get used to one another. But I think the programs are tremendously positive for both the countries: Americans get to see the real Russia, in the Soviet period I think they had no idea what the real Russia and real Russians were like, and the Russian children learn about the real America — both the good and the bad — and they apply that knowledge when they return to Russia.

А
From Europe to Australia. Africa to Asia, these teenagers pack their bags, say goodbye to friends and family, then they sit on a plane for hours to arrive in a country they have probably only read about or seen on TV. Have you ever sat down and talked to these people? Asked them where they’ve been, and what they’ve seen? Have you ever wondered what it would be like to be in their shoes? Having been in their situation myself, I know what it feels like Imagine waking up one day in a country that you’ve never been to, don’t know the language, and know no one there. It is an incredible experience, and something that these students will remember for ever.
1 Did the people know much about Russia before the program?
2 What has the program changed in the author’s life?
3 What impact did the program have on their little daughters?
4 How did the program influence their Russian daughter’s life?
В
Before our experience with the exchange program, the only feelings we had toward Russia and its people, were «cold war» related. The program allowed us to begin to put names and faces to a country that during our childhood was our enemy. We have two daughters, Mallory and Amanda. They are four and seven. Our daughters learn about Russia through their elder sister’s eyes. To this day, when we see something on the news about Russia, Amanda, our youngest says, «That’s where Katya lives.» We know we had an impact on our Russian daughter’s life that will never go away: while here, she was exposed to art and started drawing in school. She said she had really never had an opportunity to learn drawing before, For better or worse, that exposure to art at school may have changed her life. When she went horne, we were so sad — we loved her just as one of our own. She will always be welcome in our home, There will always be a little part of our hearts missing, because we sent it back to Russia.

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